Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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2306 [2266]

Quene Mary. Diuers deliuered by Gods prouidence. VV. Liuing. His wife. Ioh. Lithall.

MarginaliaAn. 1558.and so he let me forth till night.

MarginaliaWill. Liuing layd in the Lollardes Tower.The thursday folowyng at afternoone was I called to the Lollardes tower, and there put in the stockes, hauing the fauour to put my leg in that hole that Master Ioh. Philpots leg was in, and so lay all that night, no body comming to me, eyther with meate or drinke. At a xj. of the clocke on the Friday, Cluny came to me with meat, and let me forth, and about one of the clocke he brought me to Darbyshyres house, who drew forth a scrole of names, and asked me if I knew none of thē. I sayd I knew none of them, but Foster. And so I kneeled downe vppon my knees, and prayed hym that he would not enquire thereof any farther. MarginaliaWill. Liuing deliuered.And with that came forth two godly women, which sayd: Master Darbyshyre, it is inough, and so became suerties for me, and payde to Cluny xv. s. for my fees, and bad me go with them.

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And thus much concerning William Liuing. After thys came hys wyfe to examination, whose aunsweres to Darbyshyre the Chauncellor, here likewise follow.

¶ The examination of Iulian Liuing, wyfe to William Liuing.

MarginaliaTalke betwene Darbishyre and Liuinges wife.DArbishyre. Ah syrrha: I see by your gowne you be one of the Sisters.

Iulian. I weare not my gowne for sisterhod, neyther for nunnery, but to keepe me warme.

Darby. Nunne? No I dare say you be none. Is that man your husband?

Iulian. Yea.

Darby. He is a Priest.

Iulian. No, he sayth no Masse.

Darby. What then? He is Priest. How darest thou marry him?

Then he shewed me a role of certaine names of Citizens. To whom I aunswered, I knew none of them.

Then sayd he: you shalbe made to know them.

Then sayd I: do no other but iustice and right, for the day wyll come that you shall aunswere for it.

Darby. Why woman, thinkest thou not that I haue a soule?

Iulian. Yes, I know you haue a soule: but whether it be to saluation or damnation, I can not tell.

Darb. Ho Cluny, MarginaliaLiuinges wife cōmaunded to the Lollardes Tower.haue her to the Lollardes Tower. And so he tooke me, and caried me to his house, where was one Dale a Promotor, which sayd to me: Alas good woman, wherfore be you here.

What is that to you, sayd I?

You be not ashamed, quoth Dale, MarginaliaDale a Promotor. to tell wherfore you came hether.

No, quoth I, that I am not: for it is for Christes Testament.

Christes Testament, quoth he? it is the Deuils Testament.

Oh Lord, quoth I. God forbid that any man should speake any such word.

Well, wel, quoth he: you shalbe ordered wel inough. You care not for burning, quoth he. By Gods bloud there must be some other meanes found for you.

What quoth I, will you finde any worse then you haue found?

Well, quoth he, you hope & you hope: but your hope shalbe a slope. For though þe Queene faile, she that you hope for, shall neuer come at it: MarginaliaMarke the hope of the Papistes.For there is my Lord Cardinals Grace, and many more, betwene her and it.

Then quoth I: my hope is in none but in God.

Then sayd Cluny: Come with me: and so went I to the Lollardes Tower. On the next day Darbishyre sent for me agayn, and enquired agayne of those Citizens that he enquired of before.

I aunswered, I knew them not.

Where were you, quoth he, at the Communion on Sonday was fortenight?

And I sayd, in no place.

Then the Constable of S. Brides being there, made sute for me.

And Darbyshyre demaunded of him if he would be bound for me.

He aunswered, yea. MarginaliaThe Constable of S. Brides suertie of Iulian Liuing.And so he was bound for my appearaunce betwixt that and Christmas.

Then Darbyshyre sayd: you be Constable, & should geue her good counsell.

So do I, quoth he. For I byd her go to Masse, and to say as you say. For by the Masse, if you say the Crow is white, I will say so to.

MarginaliaLiuing and hys wife deliuered by the death of Queene Mary.And thus much concerning the examination of William Lyuyng, and his wife, whom although thou seest here deliuered through the request of womē, his sureties, yet it was no doubt, but þe deadly sickenes of Q. Mary abated and bridled then the cruelty of those Papistes, which otherwise would neuer haue let them go.

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The trouble and deliueraunce of Iohn Lithall.

MarginaliaIohn Lithall brought to examination by Iohn Auales.AT the takyng of William Lyuyng, it happened that certeine of his bookes were in the custody of one Iohn Lithal. Which knowen, the Constable of the Warde of Southwarke, with other of the Queenes seruauntes, were sent to his house, who breaking open his doores and chestes, tooke away not onely the bookes of the sayd William Lyuyng, but also all hys owne bookes, writinges, and Billes of debtes, which he neuer had againe. All this while Lithall was not at home. The next Saterday after, as he was returned, and knowen to be at home, Iohn Auales 

Commentary  *  Close

John Avales was an extremely zealous heresy hunter in London during the final years of Mary's reign. For other descriptions of his activities see 1563, p. 1696; 1570, p. 2275; 1576, p. 1964; 1583, p. 2071 and 1570, p. 2278; 1576, p. 1967 and 1583, p. 2074.

and certain of the Queenes seruauntes beset his house all the night, with such carefull watch, that as he in þe morning issued out of his doores, thinking to escape their handes, Iohn Auales sodeinly brusting out vpon him, cried, stop þe traytor, stop þe traytor. Whereat Lithall beyng amased, looked backe. And so Iohn Auales came runnyng to him, with other that were with him, saying: ha Syrra: you are a prety traitorly felleow in deede: we haue had somewhat to doe to get you. To whom he answered, that he was a truer man to the Queens Maiestie then he. For you (sayd he) are commaunded by God to keepe holy the Sabboth day, & you seeke to sheed your neighbours bloud on the Sabboth day. Remember that you must aunswere therfore to God. But he said, come on you villaine, you must go before the Counsell. So was Lithall brought into Paules Churchyard to the Bishops Chaūcellour, by Iohn Auales, saying, that he had there caught the Captaine of these fellowes, MarginaliaLithall brought before D. Darbishyre Chauncellour.and so caused him to be called to examination before Doct. Darbishyre, who entred with him talke in this wise.

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MarginaliaTalke betwene Lithall and the Chauncellour.Chauncellour. What countrey man are you?

Lithall. I am an Englishmā, borne in Staffordshyre.

Chaunc. Where were you brought vp?

Lith. In this our countrey of England.

Chaunc. In what Vniuersitie?

Lith. In no Vniuersitie, but in a free schole.

Chaunc. We haue had certaine bookes from your house and writinges, wherin is both treason & heresie.

Lith. Syr, there is neither treason nor heresie in thē.

Cha. Thē he asked for certain other mē that I knew.

Lith. If you haue ought to lay to my charge I will aunswere it: but I will haue not other mans bloud vppon my head.

Chaunc. Why come you not to þe Church? Of what Church be you, that you come not to your owne Parish Church?

Lith. I am of þe Church of Christ, the fountaine of all goodnes.

Chaunc. Haue you no Ministers of your Church but Christ?

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