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933 [933]

K. Henry. 7. Prophecies concerning the Turkes and Antichrist.

great captaine in the North, betwen ij. mountaines, the depenes of xij. cubites, least that filthy corrupt nation should pollute the earth with their wickednes. Wherby are ment these Turkes, whiche commyng out from the vttermost parts of þe North, MarginaliaScythia iuxta Caucasum.that is, out of Scythia & the mountaines of Caucasus or els Imaus, were with holdē and kept backe of Almightie God, for Christes cause, that they might not harme his Churche a long space, duryng the tyme of xij. hundreth yeares: and then, þe sinnes of þe Christians so deseruyng, they were permitted of almighty God to breake out, & to inuade þe Church: Who now ioyning together with þe Saracens, haue wrought, & daily do worke, all these greuaunces against our Christiā brethren: as we see this day is come to passe, and more is lyke to folow, except the hād of the Lord, whiche let them out, do plucke them in agayne.

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MarginaliaVictorye of the Christians gotte agaynst the Saracens.Moreouer, in the meane space, betwene the reigne of the Saracens and the Turkes, where Methodius speaketh of the kyng of Romaines, whiche should restore quietnes to the Churche, and should reigne in Hierusalem a sabbate of times and halfe a sabbat: therby semeth to bee vnderstand the viage of Christian princes out of the Weast partes of Europe, MarginaliaEx Paulo Iouio. vnder Gotfridus Duke of Lotharyng and his ij. brethren and many other Christen princes, with 300. thousand footemen, and 100. thousand horsemen: MarginaliaThe Citie of Hierusalem recouered by the Christians, from the Saracens.who fightyng agaynst the Saracens, recouered agayne from them, the Citie of Hierusalem, in the yeare of our Lord. 1099. whiche citie before had bene in their possession, the terme of. 490. yeares. 

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From Paolo Giovio, Turcarum rerum Commentarius as excerpted in Theodore Bibliander, Machumetis Saracenorum principis…Alcoran (Basel, 1550), III, p. 107.

MarginaliaHierusalem possessed of the Christians 88. yeares.After which victory got, first Gotfridus, then Balwinus his brother, & other after them, to the number of ix. Christen kynges, reigned in Hierusalem the space of 88. yeares: MarginaliaHierusalem wonne from the Christians by the Turkes, an. 1187.and after that, through the discorde of the Christians not agreyng amongest them selues, both Hierusalem, and Syria, with other parts of Asia besides, were subdued & wōne of the Turkes, which to this day they kepe yet still. And this was in the yeare of our Lord. 1187.

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MarginaliaThe comming and markes of Antichrist described.About which yeare and tyme (as foloweth in Methodius) when the Citie of Hierusalem shall bee wonne of the Turkes, then shall Antichrist begyn to be borne of the tribe of Dan, of whom came Iudas Iscarioth, and shalbe borne in Chorosaim & bredde in Bethsaida, and reigne in Capernaum: Meanyng that this Antichrist or sonne of perdition, shalbe ful of Gods malediction, noted by Iudas Iscarioth, and these iij. Cities, agaynst whom were spoken thryse of the Lord.

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And here is moreouer to bee noted, that Methodius sayth, not that Antichrist shall be borne among the Saracens, or Turkes, but among the people of God, and of þe tribe of Israel. Wherby is to be collected, that Antichrist shall not come of þe Saracens, nor Turkes, but shal spring vp among the Christiās, & (sayth Methodius) shall seme, to come out of the temple, to deceaue many. &c. MarginaliaThe pope putting downe kinges and Emperours.Wherby the pope may seme rather then the Saracen or the Turke, to be described, for so much as the pope, being elected, nourished, and reignyng in the middest of Gods people, at Rome, sitteth in þe temple, and very place of Christ: and (no doubt) deceaueth many. &c.

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MarginaliaThe tyme of Antichrist.And now to come to þe tyme assigned of Method. here is to be added also, that which we read in Antoninus Par. 3. that about this said present time, a certain bishop of Florēce preached þt Antichrist was then cōmyng. But the Pope cōmaunded him to kepe silence & to speake no more therof. 

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St. Antoninus, Historiarum Domini Antonini Archipraesulis Florentini (Paris, 1543), III, fo. 26v.

Now why þe pope so did, & why he could not abyde þe preaching of Antichrist, I referre it to thē which liste to muse more vpon þe matter. This is certaine, MarginaliaPetrus Lombardus. Gracianus. Innocentius 3.þt about this tyme, here assigned by Methodius, came Petrus Lōbardus, Gratianus, & Pope Innocent þe third, the first authors and patrons of transubstātion. 
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Gratian flourished in the mid-twelfth century and Peter Lombard lived from c.1100-1160. But Innocent III reigned 1198-1216. It is hardly accurate to say that they created transubstantiation, but they personified (respectively) canon law, scholastic theology and papal power.

MarginaliaThe first persecution by the church of Rome.
Frier Frances.
Ex Antonino Part. 3. tit. 19. cap. 1.
At which tyme also began the first persecution by the Churche of Rome, against the Albingenses or Waldēses, about Tolous, Biturs, and Auinion. Of whom xvij. thousand the same tyme were slayne, by the popes crossed souldiours. Among whom Frier Dominicke was then the chiefest doer. About whiche tyme also was Frier Fraunces, of which ij. came the ij. orders of beggyng Friers: all which MarginaliaThe orders of fryers beganne.began much about one time together an. 1215. whiche was nere, within xx. yeares, after the kyngdome of the Christians was taken of the Turkes, accordyng to the prophesie aboue sayd.

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It foloweth moreouer in Methodius, That in his tyme all Lordship and domination shall cease and geue ouer. &c. The veritie wherof we see now accōplished in the pope. For where the Pope with his double sworde, and triple crowne doth come, there all seculare power must geue place, both emperours, kynges, & princes must stoupe.

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MarginaliaNotes of Antichrist.So kyng Iohn 

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The following incidents are described in more detail in other parts of the Acts and Monuments.

yelded vp his crown to Pandulfus the Popes Legate, and was in his hand v. dayes. an. 1217. 
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This actually took place in1213.

Childerik the French kyng had his crowne take frō hym, and geuen to Pipine. an. 747.

Hēricus 4. Emperour was forced to submit him selfe and his sceptre to Pope Hildebrand. an. 1077.

Fridericus Barbarossa Emperour, in Saint Markes Churche in Venice, was fayne to lay downe his necke vnder the Pope Alexanders feete. an. 1277 

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This actually took place in 1177.

. Whiche Friderik also before, was fayne to holde the styrrop to Pope Adrian. &c.

What should I speake of the Ambassadour of Venice, named Franciscus Dandulus, who being sent to Pope Clement. 5. was made to lye vnder the Popes table lyke a dogge, and gather vp the crommes, MarginaliaEx Sabell. Enu. 9. lib. 7.mencioned in Sabell. Enn. 9. lib. 7.

Henry the thyrd beyng Emperour, had his diademe fyrst set on with the feete of the Pope, and afterwarde strocken of from his head with the Popes foote agayne.

And what shall I speake more hereof, whē as Carolus Magnus submitted him self so lowe, to kysse the feete of Pope Leo? an. 800.

It foloweth then in þe prophesie of Methodius 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sigs. d3v-d4r.

: That in the tribulation of those dayes, shall be sent from God, ij. speciall Prophetes, MarginaliaEnoch and Hely.Enoch and Hely, to reproue and disclose the fraudulent falsehode of Antichrist, and that many seyng his delusion, shall forsake him, and folow them: Whereat Antichrist beyng greued, shall kill them. &c.

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We neuer read yet in any story, of any such ij. Prophetes to be sent either to the Saracēs, or to the Turkes: MarginaliaIohn Hus and Hierome of Prage.
Vid. in primo Tom. operum Iohan. Hus. De Anatomia.
Wheras agaynst the Pope, we read Iohn Hus and Hierome of Prage, ij. learned Martyrs & Prophetes of God to haue bene sent, and to haue reproued and described the Anatomie of Antichrist 

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This is a reference to a work by Hus, De anatomia Antichristi.

, and at last to haue bene burned for their labour. And what Prophete can speake more playnly, either Enoch or Hely, MarginaliaHierome of Prage a prophet and Martyr.then did Hierome of Prage, prophesyeng of the commyng of Martine Luther, an hundreth yeares after hym: when the Pope and his felowes should aunswere to God and to hym. The tyme we see came iust. Now let the Pope see with his felowes, what aunswere they can make.

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¶ The true plate of Hus and Hierome, among the Bohemians.
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The way in which Foxe's work honoured the Hussite martyrs pictorially is suggestive of the how he may have collected visual, as well as textual materials while he was abroad. This instance is unusual in that 'the true plate' can be pinned to an exact source. The woodcut is a close copy of a Reformation medal celebrating the Bohemian martyr, Jan Hus, and inscribed with the words 'CREDO UNAM ESSE ECCLESIAM SANCTAM CATHOLICAM', and the prophesy attributed to Hus at the stake; 'CENTUM REVOLUTIS ANNIS DEO RESPONDEBITIS ET MIHI'. This was of course wonderfully exact for linkage with Luther (as Foxe duly noted), and it is tempting to think that the martyrologist might have come by a copy of the medral while he was abroad. However, it was adapted, as well as copied, for inclusion in the Acts and Monuments, by being drafted into doing double duty for both Hus (whose name, inscribed on the medal, is omitted) and Jerome of Prague, who, by implication is the figure chained to the stake. CUL: the outer ring is purple (with pink shading), the inner is yellow (with orange shading). There is a blue upper skyline added to both images. The right-hand image, of Jerome, is damaged with metallic undercoat (?) paint. Hus is depicted in profile, wearing black, with a brown beard and brown fur collar; Jerome is tied to the stake wearing a white loincloth and his white 'crown of paper'. Note that here Jerome is depicted as clean shaven and much younger looking than in the image of him at his burning on p.754.

MarginaliaThe nerenesse of the Lordes iudgemēt.It foloweth further in Methodius concludyng hys prophecie 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sig. d4v.

, And thē (sayth he) shall appeare the cōming of the sonne of man, in the cloudes of heauē, with celestiall glory. &c.

Wherfore after the burnyng of these ij. notable Prophetes, with many other thousandes burned also since their tyme, by the Byshop of Rome, it is to be thought, that the commyng of Christes iudgement in the cloudes, is not farre of. Veni cito Domine. Amen.

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