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1042 [1041]

K. Henry. 8. A Table of persons abiured, with their articles.

Persons abiured, with their Articles.

Iohn Me-
dwell ser-
uaunt to M.
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Foxe may have obtained this material from an oral source. The detail about the conditions of imprisonment and the lack of specific dates are both atypical of material obtained from official records. Elsewhere in the Acts and Monuments, Foxe mentions that a Richard Carket copied material from the London registers for him (This is a very valuable (and rare) indication by Foxe of the assistance he received in having official transcribed. It also indicates that, even for records in London, Foxe relied on transcriptions of archival documents, rather than examining the documents himself).

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This Medwell lay in prison xxiiij.
wekes, till he was almost lame.
Hys heresies were these: That he doub-
ted whether there was any Purga-
tory. He would not trust in pardons,
but rather in the promises of Christ.
MarginaliaHeresie with the Pope, to trust onely to the merites of Christ.
He doubted weether the merites of
any but only of Christ did helpe hym.
He doubted whether pilgrimages &
setting vp of candels to images wer
meritorious or not. He thought hee
should not put his trust in any saint.
Item, he had in his custody the new
testament in english, the examination
of Thorpe, the wicked Mammon, a
boke of Matrimonie. Ex ipsius schedula ad Episc. Scripta.

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seruaunt to a

This yong man was attached for
receiuyng certain bokes at Antwerp
of George Constantine, & transpor-
ting them ouer in to England, and sel-
lyng them to sondry persons, beyng
bokes prohibited by the proclamatiō
Item, he thought then those bookes
to haue bene good, and that he had
bene in errour in tymes past.

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Commentary  *  Close

Margaret Bowgas had already been forced to find six compurgators to clear her of charges of heresy in Colchester in July 1528 (BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 30v). Her husband Thomas had been forced to abjure his heretical beliefs and do pennance in Colchester in 1528 (Fines).

Her heresies were these: Beyng
asked if she would go on pilgrimage,
she sayd, I beleue in God, and he cā
do me more good, then our lady or a-
ny other saint, and as for them, they
shall come to me, if they wyll. &c. Thē
Rich. Sharples Person of Millende
by Colchester, asked her, if she sayd
her Aue Maria. I say (said she) haile
Mary, but I will say no further.
Then said he if she left not those opi-
nions, she would beare a fagot. If I
do (sayd she) better then I shall: ad-
ding moreouer that she would not go
from that to dye therfore. To whom
the priest answered & sayd, she would
be burned. Hereunto Margarete a-
gayn replying, asked MarginaliaTyrauntes make Martyrs. the Priest, who
made martyrs? Tyrants (quoth the
priest) make Martyrs, for they put
Martyrs to death. So they shall or
may me, quoth Margaret. At length
with much ado and great persuasiōs
she gaue ouer to Foxeford the Chā-
celler, and submitted her selfe.

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Iohn Tyrell
an Irish-
man of Bil-
lery key,

His Articles were these: That the
sacrament of the aultar was not the
body of Christ, but onely a cake of
bread. Furthermore the occasion be-
yng asked, how he fell into that here-
sie: he answered and sayd, that about
3. wekes before Midsomer last MarginaliaM. Latimer preaching agaynst Pilgrimages. past,
he heard M. Hugh Latimer preach
at S. Mary Abchurche, that men
should leaue goyng in pilgrimage a-
broad, & do their pilgrimage to theyr
poore neighbors. Also the saide M.
Latimer in his Sermon did set the
Sacrament of the aulter at litle.

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The cause layd to this man was:
That he had in his kepyng the boke
of Wickliffes wicket. Item, that he
beleued the Sacrament of the aulter
after the wordes of consecration not
to be the body of Christ really, &c. I-
tem, vpon the day of Assumption he
said, that if it were not for the speach
of the people, he would not receiue the
sacrament of the aulter.

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Rob. Top-
ley Frier.

His articles. He beyng a frier Au-
gustine, of Clare 
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I.e., an Augustinian friar from the house at Stoke by Clare, Suffolk. Robert was the brother of Thomas Topley.

, forsooke his habite,
and goyng in a MarginaliaA fryer maryed. secular mans weede,
x. yeres, maried a wife called Marga
ret Nixon, hauing by her a child: and
afterward beyng brought before the
B. he was by him abiured and con-
demned to be prisoned in hys former
monastery: but at last he escaped out,
and returned to his wyfe agayne.

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Persons abiured, with their Articles.

Tho. Top-
ley Austen
Frier at

By the occasion of this Rob. Top
ley aforesaid, place is offred to speake
something likewyse of Tho. Topley,
his brother belike, and also a frier of
the same order and house of Stoke-
clare. This Tho. Topley had bene
conuerted before, by one MarginaliaMyles Couerdale. Rich. Foxe
priest of Bumstede, and Miles Co-
uerdale, in so much that he beyng in-
duced partly by thē, partly by reading
certain bokes, cast of both hys order
and habite, and went lyke a secular
priest. Wherupon he was espied
and brought to Cuthbert B. of London,
an. 1528. before whom this confessiō
he made as foloweth.

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The recantation of Tho. Topley.

MarginaliaThe recantation of Tho. Topley frier. ALl Christen men beware of consentyng to Erasmus fables, for by consentyng to them, they haue caused mee to shrynke in my fayth that I promised to God at my Christening, by my witnesses. Firste as touchyng these fables, I red in Colloquium MarginaliaColloquia Erasmi. by þe instruction of Syr Richard Foxe 

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Richard Foxe was the parish minister of Steeple Bumstead, Essex. He was a leading proponent of evangelical views in his parish and later informed on other evangelicals as part of his abjuration (BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 28r).

, of certeine Pilgremes, which (as the boke doth saye) made a vowe to go to S. Iames, & as they went, one of them dyed & he desired his felowes to salute S. Iames in hys name: MarginaliaEx Regist. Lond. and an other dyed homeward, and hee desired that they would salute his wyfe and hys children: & the iij. dyed at Florence, and hys felow sayd he supposed that he was in heauen, and yet he sayd that he was a great lyer. 
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Topley is describing Erasmus's colloquy 'Rash Vows'. See Colloquies, trans. and annotated by Craig R. Thompson, vols., 39-40 of TheCollected Works of Erasmus (Toronto, 1997), I, pp. 36-43.

Thus I mused of these opiniōs so greatly, that my mynde was almost withdrawene from deuotiō to Sainctes. Notwithstandyng I cōsented that the diuine seruice of thē was very good, & is though I haue not had such sweetnes in it as I shoulde haue had, because of such fables, and also because of other foolishe pastimes, as daūcing, tennes, and such other, whiche I thinke haue ben great occasions that the goodnes of God hath bene voyde in me, and vyce in strength.

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Moreouer, it fortuned thus about halfe a yeare a goe, that the sayd Syr Richard went forth and desired me to serue hys Cure for hym, and as I was in hys chamber, I found a certein boke called MarginaliaWickleffes Wicket. Wickleffes Wicket, wherby I felt in my conscience a great waueryng for the tyme that I dyd read vpon it, and afterward also when I remembred it, it wounded my conscience very sore. Neuertheles I consented not to it, vntil I had heard hym preach, and that was vpon S. Anthonies day: yet my mynde was stil much troubled wt the said booke (which did make the Sacrament of Christes body, in forme of bread, but a remēbraūce of Christes Passion) MarginaliaMyles Couerdale. till I heard Syr Myles Couerdale 

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Miles Coverdale, the bible translator and future bishop of Exeter.

preach, and then my mynde was sore withdrawen from that blessed Sacramēt, in so much þt I tooke it then but for þe remembraūce of Christes body. Thus haue I wretchedly wrapped my soule with sinne, for because I haue not ben stedfast in that holy order þt God hath called me vnto by Baptisme, neither in the holy order that God & S. Augustine hath called me to by my religion. &c.

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Furthermore he sayd and confessed, that in the Lent last past, as he was walkyng in þe field at Bumstede wt Syr Miles Couerdale late frier of þe same order 

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Coverdale had been an Augustinian friar; in fact, he was at the house in Cambridge when Robert Barnes was prior.

, going in þe habite of a secular priest, which had preached the 4. sonday in Lent at Bumstede, they did commun together of Erasmus workes, & also vpō confession: MarginaliaM. Couerdale. þe which sir Miles sayd & did hold, þt it was sufficiēt for a mā to be contrite for his sins betwixt god & his consciēce, without confessiō made to a priest: which opinion this respondēt thought to be true & did affirm & hold the same at þt time. Also he saith þt at the sayd sermon made by þe said sir Miles Couerdale at Būstede, he heard him preach against worshipping of Images in þe church, saying & preaching that mē in no wise shoulde honor or worship thē: which likewyse he thought to be true, because he had no lerning to defēd it.

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Wil. Gardi-
ner Austen
frier of Clare.

With this Topley I may also ioyne
Wil. Gardiner one of the same order
and house of Clare, who likewyse by
the motiō of the sayd Rich. Foxe cu-
rate of Bumstede, & by shewyng him
certain bookes to read was brought
lykewise to the like learning & iudge-
ment, and was for the same abiured
by Cuthbert B. the same yeare. 1528.

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