Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1621 [1595]

Q. Mary. The death and Martyrdome fo Thomas Iueson, and Iames Abbes.

Marginalia1555. Iuly.Catholicke and vniuersall Church of Christ.

4. Item, concernyng the Sacrament of the aultar, he beleueth, that it is a very Idoll, and detestable before God, as it is now ministred.

5. Item, that the Masse is nought, and not of the institution of Christ, but that it is of mans inuention: and demaūded whether any thyng vsed in the Masse be good, he sayd that he would aunswere no further.

6. Item, that he had not receaued the Sacrament of the aultar, since it hath bene ministred as now it is in England, neither was confessed at any tyme within this seuen yeares, nor he hath not heard Masse by the same space.

7. Item, that auricular confession is not necessary to be made to a Priest, for that he cannot forgeue, nor absolue him from sinnes.

8. Item, concernyng the Sacrament of Baptisme, that it is a signe and token of Christ, as circumcision was, and none otherwise, and hee beleueth that his sinnes are * Marginalia* He meaneth not by the mere vertue of the element. not washed away thereby, but his body onely washed: for his sinnes be washed away onely by Christes bloud.  

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Note that Foxe printed a statement regarding baptism by Iveson but seems to have deleted unorthodox statements on the subject by Carver and Launder.

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9. Item, that there bee in the Catholicke Churche of Christ, onely MarginaliaTwo Sacramentes. two Sacramentes, that is to say, the Sacrament of Baptisme, and the Sacrament of the Supper of the Lord, & no more, which are not rightly vsed at this present tyme in England, and therfore be vnprofitable.

MarginaliaAgaynst ceremonies.10. Item, he beleueth, that all the ceremonyes, now vsed in this Church of England, are vayne, superfluous, superstitious, and nought.

Furthermore the sayd Iueson beyng earnestly trauailed withall to recant, sayd in this wise: I would not recant and forsake my opinion and belief, for all the goodes in London. I do appeale to Gods mercy, and wilbe none of your Churche, nor submit my selfe to the same: and that I haue sayd, I will say agayne. And if there came an Aungell from heauen, to teache me any other doctrine, then that whiche I am in now, I would not beleue him. MarginaliaTho. Iueson condemned.Whiche aunswere thus made, hee was condemned as an hereticke, and with the same persons was committed to the secular

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Thomas Iueson, at Chichester. Anno. 1555. Iuly.¶ The Martyrdome of Thomas Iueson.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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The repeating image previously used for Thomas Wattes' burning.

power, (as they terme it) and at the place aboue mentioned was burned: perseueryng still in his constant fayth vnto the ende.

¶ Iohn Aleworth. 
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Death of John Aleworth

There is a note in the Rerum that William Aylward died in prison in Reading on 1 August 1555 (p. 510). In the 1563 edition, Foxe corrected his name to John Aleworth but removed the specific date of his death. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a defensive comment insisting that Aleworth should be considered a martyr even though he died of natural causes. This was a response to Nicholas Harpsfield's criticism of Foxe, in 1566, for praising as martyrs those who were not killed.

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MarginaliaIohn Aleworth dyed in prison.IN the latter end of this moneth of Iuly, Iohn Aleworth dyed in prison at the Towne of Readyng, beyng there in bondes for the cause and testimonie of the truth of the Lordes Gospell. Whom although the Catholicke Prelates (according to theyr vsuall solemnitie) dyd exclude out

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of their Catholicke buriall, yet wee see no cause why to exclude him out of the number of Christes holy Martyrs and heyres of hys holy kingdome.

¶ Iames Abbes, a Martyr of blessed memory sufferyng for the true cause of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdom of James Abbes

The Rerum contained a note that James Abbes was burned at Bury St Edmunds on 2 August 1555 (p. 510). The entire account of Abbes appeared in the 1563 edition and it was based partly on copies of official documents (which survive) and on personal testimony. There were no changes to this account in the subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaAugust. 2.AMong many þt trauailed in these troublesome dayes to keepe a good conscience, there was one MarginaliaIames Abbes Martyr.Iames Abbes a young man, whiche through compulsion of the tyranny then vsed, was enforced to haue his part with hys brethren in wandryng and goyng from place to place, to auoyde the perill of apprehendyng. But when tyme came that the Lord had an other woorke to do for him, hee was caught by the handes of wicked men, and brought before the Byshop of Norwich, D. Hoptō. Who examining him of his Religion, and chargyng hym therwith very sore, both with threates and fayre speach, MarginaliaIames Abbes the last the sayd poore Iames dyd yeld, and relented to their naughty persuasiōs, although his conscience consented not therto. 

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A denunciation of Abbes and others for heretical beliefs, copied from Norwich records which are no longer extant, survives among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 421, fo. 186v). A copy of an interrogation of Abbes on 10 March 1554 is BL, Harley 421, fos. 216v-217r. A copy of a sentence against Abbes is on BL, Harley 421, fos. 199r-200r. Abbes must have abjured after this sentence.

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Nowe when he was dimissed, 

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From here until the end of the account of Abbes, Foxe is relying on personal testimony or testimonies, not official documents.

and should go from the Byshop, the Byshop callyng hym agayne, MarginaliaMoney geuen to Iames Abbes by the Byshop.gaue him a peece of money, either fourty pence or xx. pence, whether I know not: whiche when the sayd Iames had receiued and was gone from þe Byshop, MarginaliaA notable example of sting of conscience.his conscience began to rob & inwardly to accuse his fact, how he had displeased the Lord by consentyng to their beastly illusions. In which combate with him selfe (beyng pitiously vexed) he went immediatly to the Bishop agayne, MarginaliaIames Abbes throweth to the Byshop his money agayne.and there threw him his sayd money which he had receiued at his hand, and sayd, it repented him that euer he gaue his consēt to their wicked perswasions, and that he gaue his consent in taking of his money.

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Now this beyng done, the Bishop with his Chaplaines, dyd labour a freshe to wynne him agayne: but in vayne, MarginaliaIames Abbes made strong by his infirmitie.for the sayd Iames Abbes would not yeld for none of them al, although he had playd Peter before through infirmitie, but stode manfully in his masters quarell to the end, and abode the force of the fire, to the.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Iames Abbes, at Bury. An. 1555. August. 2.¶ The Martyrdome of Iames Abbes.

consumyng of his body into ashes, whiche tyranny of burnyng was done in Berie þe second day of August, an. 1555.

¶ A discourse of the apprehension, examination, and condemnation, of Iohn Denley Gentleman, Iohn Newman, and Patrike Pathingham, Martyred for the testimonie of Christes Gospell. 
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The Martyrdoms of Denley, Newman and Patingham

The Rerum has a note that Denley, exaggeratedly described as being of noble family ('genere nobilis'), was burned at Uxbridge on 2 August 1555 (p. 510). There is also a version of the articles objected against Denley and Newman together with their answers (pp. 510-13). This is followed by a reiterated mention of Denley's death at Uxbridge and a statement that Newman was burned in September (actually it was 31 August 1555) in Saffron Walden (p. 513). Finally, Foxe stated that he would later print Newman's confession of faith (p. 513). He would print this confession offaith in the 1563 edition but not in the Rerum.

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In the 1563 edition, all of the material Foxe would ever have on Denley and Patingham was present, badly arranged. Tyrrell's letter, Newman's confession of faith and a letter from Denley to Simpson and Ardley were now printed, along with a somewhat different, and more complete, version of the articles and answers of Denley and Newman (these last almost certainly taken from official records). The desciption of the final examination of the three martyrs, first printed in this edition, may have come from either official records or personal testimony, but the account of Denley's execution was certainly based on personal testimony.

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In the 1570 edition all these materials were re-arranged, but Newman's confession of faith and Denley's letter to Simpson and Ardley were dropped. On the other hand, Newman's account of his examinations in Canterbury was added to this edition, together with Foxe's 'notes' breaking Newman's arguments into syllogisms. Foxe must have received this material while the 1570 edition was being printed, as he inserted it in the text over four hundred pages after the account of Newman's martyrdom (1570, pp. 2135-37). No changes were made to this material in the 1576 edition, and Newman's Canterbury examinations were still printed hundreds of pages out of chronological order (1576, pp. 1856-58). In the 1583 edition, Newman's confession of faith was restored. His Canterbury examinations were integrated with the account of his martyrdom. But, through an oversight, these examinations were also reprinted in their old location hundreds of pages later (1583, pp. 1950-51); consequently these examinations were printed twice in the 1583 edition.

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