Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
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1777 [1751]

Q. Mary. A Picture of vij. godly Martyrs burnt in Smithfiled.
MarginaliaAnno. 1556. Ianuary.¶ Seuen godly and constant Martyrs, sufferyng at one fire together in Smithfield.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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Although the full width of a large woodcut was given to the seven martyrs burned together at Smithfield, unlike the small cut of the Canterbury seven (1583, p.1981, portraying six martyrs) things went wrong here too. The print seems to show four women and three men instead of five men and two women. This perhaps explains the lacking label for John Tudson, while John Went's name is attached to a female figure. In 1563 the labels were all blank, perhaps reflecting the difficulties over these discrepancies. Thereafter the names remained the same, being given in italic in 1570, and in roman in 1576, and 1583 - when they were reset with small differences of placing. The allocation of a large illustration for this group may be accounted for by the space given in Foxe's text to the writings as well as sufferings of Thomas Whittle and Bartlet Green. The mistake in the figures represented raises questions about the co-ordination between Foxe, Day and the illustrators, and the possible gap between care over tailor-made narrative prints and some generalised blocks of multiple burnings. Was this kind of error deemed unimportant or unlikely to be noticed?

And thus muche concernyng the life, story, and condemnation of these vii. Martyrs aboue specified.

¶ Fiue other Martyrs in Canterbury, foure vvomen and one man, at tvvo stakes and one fyre all together burned. 
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Five Canterbury Martyrs

The deaths of these martyrs were merely listed in the Rerum. These accounts first appeared in the 1563 edition and were substantially unchanged in subsequent editions. (Although one detail, that of Sir John Norton weeping at Joan Catmer's execution, was added in the 1570 edition. These accounts were almost entirely based on diocesan records of Canterbury, now lost.

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MarginaliaIanuary. 31.AFter these seuen aboue rehearsed, martyred together in Smithfield, shortly after in the same moneth the. xxxi. daye of Ianuarye, followed an other like felowship of godly Martyrs at Canterbury, foure women and one man, whose names bee these. Marginalia4. Women and one man Martyrs.

Iohn Lomas, a yong man.
Anne Albright.
Ioane Catmer.
Annes Snoth, Widow.
Ioane Sole, Wife.

1 Iohn Lomas, Martyr.

MarginaliaIohn Lomas, Martyr.IOhn Lomas of the Parish of Tenterden, detected and presented of that Religion which the Papistes call heresie, and cited vpon the same to appeare at Canterbury, examined there of the first article, whether he beleued the catholicke church or no, aunswered thus: that he beleued so much as is contained in Gods booke and no more.

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MarginaliaThe aunswere of Iohn Lomas at his examination.Then beeyng assigned to appeare againe vnder the paine of law the nexte Wedneseday seuennyght after, which was the. xvii. day of Ianuary, the saide Lomas examined whether he would be confessed of a Priest or no, aunswered and saide, that hee found it not written that he should be confessed to any priest, in Gods boke, neither would be confessed, vnlesse hee were accused by some man of sinne. MarginaliaThe sacrament of the aultar denyed.Againe examined whether he beleued the body of Christ to be in the sacrament of the Altar really vnder the formes of bread and wine after the consecration or no, hee aunswered that hee beleued no realty of Christes body to be in the sacrament, MarginaliaRealtie of Christ, neyther vnder forme nor trestell. neither found he writtē that he is there vnder forme or trestell, but he beleued so muche as is written.  

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Notice how complicated and sophisticated the articles used in Canterbury were compared to those used in London.

Beyng then de-

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maunded whether he beleued that there is a catholicke church nor no, and whether he would bee content to be a member of the same, he answered thereunto that he beleued so much as was written in gods boke, and other aunswere then this he refused to geue. &c. MarginaliaSentence agaynst Iohn Lomas.Wherupon the sentence was geuen and red against hym the. xviii. day of Ianuary, and so cōmitted to the secular power, he constantly suffered for the conscience of a true faith, with the other fower women here folowyng.

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2 Agnes Snoth, Martyr.

MarginaliaIanuary. 31.AGnes Snoth widow, of the Parishe of Smarden, likewise accused and cited for the true profession of Christes Religion, was diuers tymes examined before the Pharisaicall fathers. Who there compelled to answere to suche articles and interrogatories as shoulde be ministred vnto her, MarginaliaConfession auricular refused.firste denied to be confessed to a Priest: notwithstandyng she denied not to confesse her offences as one to an other, but not auricularly to anie Priest. And as touching the Sacrament of the aultar, MarginaliaThe sacrament how to be receaued.she protested that if she or anye other did receiue the sacrament so as Christ and as his Apostles after hym did deliuer it, then she and they did receiue it to their comfort: but as it is nowe vsed in the churche, she saide that no man could otherwise receiue it thā to his damnation, as she thought. Afterwarde beyng examined againe concernyng penaunce, MarginaliaPenaunce is denied to be a sacrament.whether it were a Sacrament or no, shee plainlye denied the same, and that the Popish maner of their absolution was not consonant to the word, nor necessary to be taken: with suche other like, agreyng with the aunswers and cōfession of Iohn Lomas before mencioned. Wherupō the sentence likewise beyng red, MarginaliaAgnes Snoth cōdemned and cōmitted to the secular power.she was committed to the Sheriffes of Canterburye and so sufferyng Martyrdome with the rest, declared her selfe a perfect and constant witnes of Christ and of his truth, the. xxxi. day of Ianuary.

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3 Anne Albright, aliâs Champnes, Martyr.

MarginaliaAnne Albright, Martyr.AGainst Anne Albright likewise appearyng before the Iudge and his Colleagues, it was also obiected concerning the same matter of Confession. MarginaliaAuricular confession.Wherunto she aunswered in these woordes saiyng: that shee would not bee confessed of a Priest, and added moreo-

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