Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1778 [1752]

Q. Mary. Persecution in Canterb. dioces. v. Martyrs D. Crāmer Archb.

MarginaliaAnno. 1556. Ianuary.uer, speaking vnto the Priestes: MarginaliaThe wordes of Anne Albright to the Priestes.You Priests (saide she) are the children of perdition, and can doe no good by your confession. And likewise speakyng vnto the Iudge and his assistauntes, she tolde them that they wer subuerters of Christes truth.

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And as touchyng the Sacrament of the aulter, MarginaliaAnne Albright denieth the Sacrament of the aulter.she said it was a noughty and abominable idoll, and so vtterly denied the same sacrament. Thus persistyng and perseuering in her former saiynges and aunsweres, MarginaliaCondemnation of Ioane Albright. Ianuary 18.she was condemned the said. xviii. day of the said moneth, with the other aboue mencioned: with whom also shee suffered quietly and with great comfort for the right of Christes Religion.

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Ioane Sole.

Ioane Sole, Martyr.
Ianuary 31.
JN like maner Ioane Sole, of the parish of Horton, was cōdemned of the same Phariseis and Priests, MarginaliaCondemnation of Ioane Sole. Ianuary. 18. for not allowyng confession auricular, and for deniyng the reall presence and substaunce of Christ to be in the sacrament of the aultar. Who after their Pharisaicall sentence being promulgat, was brought by the Sheriffes to the stake with the other fower, and sustained the like Martyrdome with them through the assistaunce of Gods holy grace and spirite mightely working in her, to the glory of his name, and confirmation of his truth.

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Ioane Catmer.

Ioane Catmer, Martyr.
Ianuary. 31.
THe fift and laste of this heauenly company of Martyrs was Ioane Catmer of the parish of Hith, wife (as it should seeme) of George Catmer burned before. Who beeyng asked what she saied to Confession made to a Priest, denied to bee confessed to anye suche priest. And moreouer the Iudge speaking of the sacrament of the altar, she said and affirmed that she beleued not in that Sacrament, as it was then vsed, for that it was made (said she) a very idoll. In this her confession she remainyng and persisting, was by the like sentence cruellye of them condemned, and so suffered with the foresaide Thomas Lomas and the other three fellowe Martyrs, ratifiyng and confessing with their bloud the true knowledge and doctrine of the glorious Gospell of Christ Iesus our Sauiour.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Iohn Lomas, Agnes Snoth, Anne Albright, Ioane Sole, Ioane Catmer, at Canterbury. An. 1556. Ianuary. 31.¶ The burnyng of the foresayd man and foure womē.

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This small illustration of a multiple burning (Type 1), accurate in its representation of the five burned at two stakes in one fire (perhaps in the act of singing psalms together) stereotyped though it may seem in the repeating imagery of the small cuts, could have been tailored to this event. And it was not reused.

These. v. persons were burnt at. 2. stakes and one fire together at Canterbury, as is before said. Who, when the fire was flaming about their eares, did sing Psalmes. Wherat the good knight Syr Iohn Nortō beyng there present, wept bitterly at the sight thereof. 

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This detail was added in the 1570 edition and was undoubtedly sent to Foxe by an eyewitness to Catmer's death.

The Iudges and the other assistants which set vpon her and the other foure aboue mencioned, were MarginaliaPersecutours.Richard Faucet, Iohn Warren, Iohn Milles, Robert Collins, and Iohn Baker the Notarye.

¶ The life, state, and story of the Reuerend Pastour and Prelate Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Caunterbury, Martyr, burned at Oxford for the confession of Christes true doctrine vnder Queene Mary. An. 1556. March. 21. 
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The Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer

There was a lengthy account of Cranmer's life, career and martyrdom in the Rerum (pp. 708-25). Most of this account came from a single informant whosenarrative of Cranmer's life and death survives in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 417, fos. 90r-94v; printed in Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, ed. John Gough Nichols, Camden Society, original series, [London: 1860], pp. 218-33). This account was sent to Foxe by Grindal while Foxe was compiling the Rerum during his exile (The Remains of Edmund Grindal, ed., W. Nicholson [Parker Society: 1843], p. 220). Foxe added two items to the Rerum account which were not in this narrative: additional praise of Edward VI, undoubtedly composed by Foxe himself (Rerum, pp. 712-13), and the account of Henry Sydall and Juan de Villagarcia persuading Cranmer to recant and of events up through Henry Cole's sermon at Cranmer's execution (Rerum, pp. 717-21).

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe used the Rerum account of Cranmer as the basisfor his new account but he made some important additions to it. He provided a new narrative of Cranmer's trial, also adding Cranmer's letter to Mary denying any involvement in Northumberland's scheme to place Jane Grey on the throne, the papal commission to try Cranmer and the account of his degradation. All of this was based on documents related to Cranmer's trial. Foxe also obtained a newaccount, from an unknown source, of Cranmer's denial that he had celebrated mass at Canterbury. And Foxe also added material on Cranmer's execution written by a catholic eyewitness, known only by his initials 'J. A.'.

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In the 1570 edition Foxe rewrote the account of Cranmer in order to accommodate new data contained in a life of the archbishop written by Ralph Morrice, Cranmer's secretary. (This life is printed in Narratives of the Days of Reformation, pp. 238-72). Material was also added from official records as Foxe had now consulted the transcript of Cranmer's trial and had obtained a copy of his appeal to a general council. Material was also dropped from this edition. Some of it, such as the old versions of Cranmer's role in Henry VIII's divorce, were dropped because Morrice's account superseded them. Others, such as Cranmer's letter to Mary, the papal commission authorizing the archbishop's trial, and the account of Cranmer's degradation, were dropped because of their length and the shortage of paper in the 1570 edition.

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There was no change in the account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, Foxe re-inserted some of the material he had deleted from the 1570 edition: the papal commission authorizing Cranmer's trial and the archbishop's degradation.

MarginaliaMarch. 21.AS concernyng the life and estate of that most reuerend father in God and worthy Prelate of Godly memory Thomas Cranmer MarginaliaThomas Crāmer Archbishop of Canterbury and Martyr. late Archbishop of Caunterbury, and of the original cause and occasion of his preferment vnto his Archiepiscopall dignitie, who of many hath beene thought to haue procured the same by frendship onely, and of some other estemed vnworthy of so high a vocation: it is first therfore to be noted and considered that the same Tho. Cranmer MarginaliaThomas Cranmer a gentleman borne. comming of an auncient parentage, from the conquest to be deducted, and continuyng sithens in the name and family of a Gentleman, was borne in a Village called Arselacton in Notyngham shiere. Of whose saide name and familye there remaineth at these daies one Manour and mansion house in Lincolne shire called Cranmer Hall. &c. Some tymes of heritage of the saide stocke and family.  

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This information about Cranmer Hall came from Ralph Morrice and it reflects Cranmer's desire to magnify, if not flatly exaggerate, the status of his family.

Who beyng from his infancie kept at schole, and brought vp not without much good ciuility, came in processe of tyme vnto the vniuersitie of Cambridge,  
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Notice how Foxe replaced the specific information on the flaws in Cranmer's education, in the 1563 edition, with this bland formulation.

MarginaliaThomas Cranmer first commyng to Cambrige. and there prospering in right good knowledge amongst the better sort of students, was chosen fellow of Iesus Colledge in Cambridge. MarginaliaThomas Cranmer fellow of Iesus colledge. And so being Maister of Arte, and fellow of the same Colledge, it chaunced hym to mary a Gentlemans Daughter: MarginaliaCranmer maried. by meanes whereof he loste and gaue ouer his fellowship there, & became the reader in Buckingham Colledge:  
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See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 21-22 on this.

MarginaliaCranmer reader in Buckingham Colledge. and for that he woulde with more diligence apply that his office of readyng, placed his saide wife in an Inne, called the Dolphin in Cambridge, the wife of þe house being of affinitie vnto her. By reason wherof and for that his often resorte vnto his wife in that Inne hee was much marked of some popish marchauntes: wherupō rose the sclaunderous noyse and report against him after he was preferred to the Archbishopricke of Canterbury raised vp by the malicious disdaine of certain malignaunt aduersaries to Christ and his truth, bruting abroad euery where that he was but an Hosteler, and therfore without all good learning.  
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Foxe is repeating Morrice in his indignation about these rumours. See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 169-70 on how widespread derogatory reports ofCranmer as an hosteler were.

Of whose malicious reportes, one of their practises in that behalfe shal hereafter be declared as place and tyme shal serue.

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But in the meane tyme to returne to the matter present. Whilest this said M. Cranmer continued as reader in Buckinghā Colledge, his wife died in childbed. After whose death, the Maisters and fellowes of Iesus Colledge desirous againe of their old companion, namely for his towardnes in learning, chose him again fellow of the same Colledge. Where he remainyng at his studie, became in fewe yeres after, the reader of the Diuinity lecture in the same Colledge, and in such speciall estimation and reputation with the whole vniuersity, that being Doctour of Diuinitie he was commonly appointed one of the heades (which are two or three of the chiefest learned men) to examine suche as yearely professe in commencement, either Bachelers, or Doctours of Diuinitie, by whose approbation the whole vniuersity licenceth them to procede vnto their degree: and againe by whose disalowaunce the vniuersitie also reiecteth them for a time to proceede vntill they be better furnished with more knowledge. MarginaliaThomas Cranmer after the deceasse of hys wife, Chosen fellow into Iesus colledge. Marginalia
Thomas Cranmer made reader in Iesus colledge, and Doctour of Diuinitie.
Doctor Cranmer publike examiner in Cambridge of them that were to proceede.

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Now, Doctour Cranmer euer muche fauouryng the knowledge of the Scripture, would neuer admit anie to procede in Diuinity, vnlesse they were substantiallie seene in the story of the Bible: by meanes whereof certaine Fryers and other Religious persons, who were principally brought vp in þe study of schole autors with out regard had to the auctority of scriptures, were commonly reiected by hym, so that hee was greatly for that his seuere examinatiō of the religious sort, MarginaliaFriers in hatred with Doct. Cranmer.much hated and had in greate indignation: and yet it came to passe in the end that diuers of them beyng thus compelled to study the scriptures, became afterwards very wel learned and well affected, in so much, that when they proceded Doctours of Diuinitie, could not ouermuch extoll and commend Master Doctor Cranmers goodnes towardes them, who had for a tyme put them backe, to aspire vnto better knowledge and perfection. MarginaliaDoct. Barret.Amongest whō D. Barret a white Fryer who afterwards dwelt

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