Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1813 [1787]

Q. Mary. Persecution in Suffolke. Agnes Potten, Ioane Trunchfield, Martyrs.

Marginalia1556. March.¶ Vnto these former Letters of Doctour Cranmer Archbyshop, written by him vnto others, it seemeth to me not much out of place to annexe withall a certain letter also of Doctour Taylor writtē to him and his fellow prisoners: the tenour of which Letter here foloweth.

¶ To my deare fathers and brethren Doctour Cranmer, Doctour, Ridley, and Doctour Latimer prisoners in Oxford for the faythfull testimony of Gods holy worde. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter is first printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 171-72. BL, Additional MS 19400, fo. 29r is the original of this letter.

MarginaliaA letter written to Doct. Cranmer and his fellowes, by D. Taylour.RIght reuerend fathers in the Lord, I wish you to enioye continually Gods grace and peace through Iesus Christ: & God be praysed againe, for this your most excellent promotion whiche ye are called vnto at this present, that is, that ye are counted woorthy to be allowed amongest the number of Christes recordes and witnesses. England hath had but a fewe learned Byshoppes that would sticke to Christ MarginaliaMany professe God ad ignē exclusiuè, that is, in wordes and outward profession, but few sticke to hym ad ignem inclusiuè, that is, in deed, and in suffering for his ignem inclusiuè. Once agayne I thanke God hartly in Christ for your most happy onset, most valiaunt proceedyng, most constaunt sufferyng of all such infamies, hyssinges, clappynges, tauntes, open rebukes, losse of liuyng and libertie for the defence of Gods cause, truth, and glory. I can not vtter with pēne how I reioyce in my hart for you three such Captaines in the foreward vnder Christes crosse, banner, or standerd in such a cause and skirmishe, when, not onely one or two of our deare redeemers strong holdes are besieged, but all his chief Castels ordeined for our safegard, are traiterously impugned. This your enterprise in the sight of all that be in heauen, and of all Gods people in earth, is most pleasaunt to behold. This is an other maner of nobilitie, then to be in the forefronte in worldly warefares. For gods sake pray for vs, for we fayle not dayly to pray for you. We are stronger and stronger in the Lord, his name be praysed, and we doubt not but ye be so in Christes owne sweete schole. Heauē is all and wholy of our side: therfore Gaudete in domino semper, & iterū gaudete & exultate. i. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Taylor, citing Philippians, 4. 4.
Foxe text Latin

Gaudete in domino semper, & iterum gaudete & exultate.

Foxe text translation

Reioyce alwayes in the Lord: and agayne reioyce and be glad.

Actual text of Philippians, 4. 4. (Vulgate)

gaudete in Domino semper iterum dico gaudete.

Reioyce alwayes in the Lord: and agayne reioyce and be glad.

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Your assured in Christ
Rowland Taylour.

¶ De Tho. Cranmeri Archiepiscopi qui carcere detinebatur palinodia. 
Commentary  *  Close

This verses were first printed in the 1570 edition; they celebrate Cranmer overcoming his weakness to retract his recantation and thus frustrating the catholics.

Te Cranmere, grauis sontem prope fecerat error,
Sed reuocas lubicros ad meliora pedes.
Te docuit lapsus magis vt vestigia firmes,
Atq; magis Christo consociere tuo:
Vtq; tuæ melius studeas hærescere causæ:
Sic mala non rarò causa fuere boni.
Et benè successit, nam ficta & adultera turba
Illudens alijs, luditur arte pari,
Nempè pia sic est frustatus fraude papismus:
Et cessit summo gloria tota Deo.

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¶ Persecution in Suffolke, Agnes Potten, and Ioane Trunchfield, Martyrs. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield

This entire account appears in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions. It is based partly on official documents; Foxe had copies of the articles charged against Agnes Potten and her replies (BL, Harley 421, fo. 191r-v), the articles charged against Joan Trunchfield and her replies (BL, Harley 421, fo. 192r-v and the sentence condemning them (BL, Harley 421, fos. 189r-190v).These documents were copied from a now lost Norwich diocesan court book. Foxe also received the story of Agnes Potten's dream and of Joan Trunchfield's behaviour at the stake from oral sources. Another anecdote concerning Joan Trunchfield came into Foxe's hands as the 1563 edition was nearing completion and was printed in an appendix at the end of the book (1563, p. 1734).

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MarginaliaAgnes Potten. Ioane Trunchfield, Martyrs.IN the story of Robert Samuell, mention was made before page. 1603. of two Godly women in the same Towne of Ipswitch, whiche shortly after hym suffered likewise, and obtained the crowne of Martyrdome: the names of whom was Agnes the wife of Robert Potten, and an other wife of Michaell Trunchfield, a Shoomaker, both dwellyng in one Towne: who about the same tyme that the Archbyshop aforesayd was burned at Oxford, suffered likewise in the foresayd Towne of Ipswitch, either in the same moneth of March, or (as some say) in the ende of February the next moneth before.

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MarginaliaThe opinions of these two Matrons and Martyrs.Their opinion or perswasion was this, that in the Sacrament was the memoriall onely of Christes death and Passion: for sayd they, Iesus Christ is ascended vp into heauen, and is on the right hand of God the father, accordyng to the Scriptures, and not in the Sacrament, as he was borne of the Virgine Mary. 

Commentary  *  Close

This was actually what Agnes Potten said (BL, Harley 421, fo. 191v).

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For this they were burned. In whose sufferyng, their constancie worthely was to be wondered at, who beyng so simple women, so manfully stoode to the confession and testimony of Gods word and veritie: MarginaliaThe strength of God in weake vessels.In somuch that, whē they had prepared and vndressed thēselues ready to the fire, with comfortable wordes of the Scripture they earnestly required the people to credite and to lay hold on the word of God, and not vpon mans deuises and inuentions, despising the ordinaunces and institutions of the Romish Antichrist, with all his superstitions and rotten Religion: and so continuing in the torment of fire, they held vp their handes and called vnto God constauntly, so long as lyfe did endure.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Agnes Potten and Ioane Trunchfield, at Ipswich. An. 1556. March.¶ The burnyng of two women.

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This Pottens wife in a night a little before her death, beyng a slepe in her bed, sawe a bright burnyng fyre, ryght vp as a pole, and on þe syde of the fire she thought there stode a nūber of Q. Maries friendes lookyng on. MarginaliaThe burning of Agnes Potten reuealed to her before in her sleepe.Then beyng a sleepe, shee seemed to muse with her selfe whether her fire should burne so bright or no: and in deede her sufferyng was not farre vnlike to her dreame.

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This also I thought further to note, how these two being alwayes together in prison, the one which was Michaels wyfe, seemed to be nothing so ardent and zelous as Pottens wife was, although (God be thanked) they dyd stoutly stande to the confession of the truth both: MarginaliaGod geueth strength many tymes, where most weaknes is.but when the said Michaels wife came to the stake and saw nothing but present death before her, she much exceeded the other in ioye, and comfort. Albeit both of them dyd ioyfully suffer, as it was maruailed at of those that knewe them, and dyd behold theyr end. And thus these two Martyrs ended their lyues wyth great triumph: the Lorde graunt we may do the like, Amen.

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¶ Persecution in the Dioces of Salisbury. 
Commentary  *  Close
Maundrel, Coberley and Spicer

In the 1563 edition, all Foxe had was a brief statement that these three martyrs were burned at Salisbury in March 1556. Foxe further complained that he had not seen any official records regarding these martyrs. This account, which first appeared in the 1570 edition, seems to have been based entirely on information supplied by individual informants. But before this another informant had sent anecdotes about Maundrel and Spicer to Foxe which Foxe received as the 1563 edition was nearing completion; these were printed in an appendix to the edition (1563, p. 1734). Except for Maundrel's remark that statues of the saints were good to roast a shoulder of mutton, which was inserted into this account in the 1570 edition (see 1563, p. 1734), these anecdotes were never integrated into the account of these three martyrs.

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MarginaliaMarch. 24. MarginaliaOther 3. Martyrs suffering at Salisbury.AFter these ij. women of Ipswich, succeeded iij. men which were burnt þe same moneth at one fire in Salisbury, who in the like quarell with the other that went before them and led the daūce, spared not theyr bodies, to bryng their soules to þe celestiall felicity, wherof they were throughly assured in Christ Iesus by his promises, as sone as the furious flames of fire hadde put their bodies and soules a sonder.

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¶ Their names were,

Robert Spicer, free Mason.
William Coberley, Taylor.
Iohn. Maundrell, husbandman. 

Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's comment in the 1563 edition that he had no further information about these martyrs 'by Register' or from these friends. Foxe never acquired official records on these martyrs but as the 1563 edition was nearing completion and before the 1570 edition was printed he received quite a bit of information from individual informants.

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¶ The story of Iohn Maundrell, William Coberley, and Iohn Spicer, Martyrs.

MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Maundrell.FIrst, Iohn Maundrell whiche was the sonne of Robert Maundrel of Rowd in the County of Wiltshyre Fermer was from his childhode brought vp in husbandry, and after he came to mans state, dyd abyde and dwell in a Village called Buchamton in the Parish of Keuel within the County of Wiltshyre aforesayd, where hee hadde wife and children, beyng of good name and fame. MarginaliaMaundrell conuerted first by Tyndals Testament.Whiche Iohn Maundrell, after that the Scripture was translated into English by the faythfull Apostle of England, W. Tyndall, became a diligent hearer and a feruent embracer of Gods true Religion,

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