Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1922 [1895]

Q. Mary. X. Martyrs burnt at Lewes. Ambrose, Rich. Lush, Iohn Hullier, Martyrs.

MarginaliaRom. viij. Marginalia1557. Iune.God. Neither high nor low, riche nor poore, life nor death, shalbe able to put you from Christ: but by him I trust you shall enter into new Hierusalem, there to liue for euer, beholdyng the glory of God with the same eyes that you now haue, and all other faythful people that continue to the end. Geue all honour and glory to God the father, God the sonne, and God the holy Ghost, thre persons and one God, to be honoured now and euer, Amen.

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After these examinations thus had and commensed betwene Richard Woodman and the Byshops, he was (as is afore told) iudged by sentence of condemnation, and so depriued of his lyfe: with whom also was burned 9. other, to witte, fiue mē and foure women, which were taken not past two or three dayes before their Iudgement. The names of all whiche beyng also before expressed, here agayne follow in this order. Richard Woodman, George Steuens, William Maynard, 

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Quite possibly this is the William Maynard whose arrest for unlicensed preaching had been ordered by the privy council in April 1555 (APC V, p. 110).

Alexander Hosman his seruaunt, Tomasine a Wood his mayde, Margery Moris, Iames Moris her sonne, Denis Burgis, Ashdownes wife, Groues wife.  
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Margery Morris and James Morris and John Ashdon are all mentioned in a later list of those persecuted in the diocese of Chichester: see 1563, pp. 1633-34; 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1917 and 1583, p. 2024.

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These persons here aboue named, and blessed Martyrs, were put to death at Lewes, the xxij. of Iune.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of x. godly Martyrs of Christ at Lewes. Anno. 1557. Iune. 22.¶ The burnyng of x. Martyrs at Lewes.
woodcut [View a larger version]
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This was the largest number of martyrs attempted in a small cut (this of Type 1) and the designer has not tried to convey so many individuals in the crowded space, though there is a suggestion of perhaps more than three stakes.

Of the whiche number the viij. last were apprehended (as is sayd) either the same day, or the second or third day before, and so with the sayd Wodman and Steuens were together committed to the fire: in whiche space no write could come downe from London to the Iustices, for their burnyng. 

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It was illegal to execute a person for heresy without a writ from the lord chancellor authorizing the execution.

Wherfore what is to be sayd to such Iustices, or what reckenyng they will make to God and to the lawes of this Realme, I referre that to them that haue to do in the matter. MarginaliaCertayne Iustices charged for burning of Christes people without any lawfull warrant: or writte.The like whereof is to be founde also of other Iustices, who without any lawfull writte of discharge, or order of law, haue vnlawfully & disorderly burnt the seruaūts of Christ (whose bloud the law both may and also ought to reuenge): especially at Salisbury, 
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See 1563, pp. 1702-03; 1570, pp. 2254-56; 1576, pp. 1947-48 and 1583, pp. 2054-55.

and also at Canterbury,  
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See 1563, pp. 1672-73; 1570, pp. 2253-54; 1576, pp. 1905-06 and 1583, pp. 2013-14.

and Gernesey.  
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See 1563, 1541-45; 1570, pp. 2127-34; 1576, p. 1849-55 and 1583, pp. 1943-47.

But concernyng these matters though mās law do wincke or rather sleepe at them, yet they shall be sure Gods law will finde such murtherers out at length. I pray God the doers may repent betyme.

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¶ One Ambrose dyed in Maydstone prison. 
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This brief note is that all that Foxe ever printed on Ambrose; it appeared without change in all four editions.

MarginaliaAmbrose died in prison, Confessor.AFter these x. aboue named burnt at Lewes, about the same tyme and moneth, one Ambrose dyed in Maydstone prison, who els should haue bene burned in the like cause and quarell, as the other were.

¶ The condemnation and Martyrdome of Richard Lush. 
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Richard Lush

Richard Lush is not mentioned in the 1563 edition; this account first appeared in the 1570 edition and remained unchanged in subsequent editions. It was based on a copy of a section of the diocesan registers of Bath and Wells which remains in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 111r-114r).

MarginaliaThe condemnation of Richard Lushe.IN the Registers of Gilbert Byshop of Bathe & Welles, I finde a certificate made to K. Philip and Q. Mary, of one Richard Lush, ther condemned and geuen to the secular power to be burned for the cause of heresy, whose affirmations in the sayd certificate be expressed in tenour and effect, as followeth.

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MarginaliaHis articles.FIrst, for denying the verity of the body & bloud of Christ in the Sacrament of the aulter.

2 Item, for denying auricular confession to be made to the Priest.

3 Item, for affirming onely to be three sacramentes, to wit, of Baptisme, of the supper and of Matrimonie.

4 Item, for refusing to call the Lordes Supper by the name of the Sacrament of the aulter.

5 Item, for denying Purgatory, and that prayer ande almes profite not the dead.

6 Item, that Images are not to be suffered in the Church and that all that kneele to Images at the Church, be Idolators.

7 Item, that they which were burnt alate for religion, dyed Gods seruauntes and good Martyrs. 

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In the extract from the registers in Foxe's papers, this article goes on to declare that one Roger Hues, of Somerset, had been burned in Mary's reign. Foxe never mentions Hues.

8 Item, for condemnyng the single, life of Priestes, and other votaries.

9 Item, for denying the vniuersall and catholicke Church (meanyng belike the Church of Rome).

For these assertions, as there are expressed, he was condemned, and committed to the Sheriffes, and also a certificat directed by the Byshop aforesayd, to the King and Q. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Richard Lushe in the dioces of Bathe and Welles.Whereby we haue apparantly to vnderstand, that the sayd Richard Lush, thus condemned by Bishop Borne, was there burnt and executed, vnlesse peraduenture in þe meane season he dyed or was made away in the prison: whereof I haue no certaintie to expresse.

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MarginaliaReferre this to the story of Iohn Hullier, Martyr, pag. 1800.¶ A note of Iohn Hullier Minister and Martyr burned at Cambridge. 
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John Hullier's Execution

This account first appeared in the 1570 edition and it appeared while the edition was being printed, as can be seen in its being printed in the edition about a hundred pages after Hullier's letters were printed. It is based entirely on an eye-witness account (or the accounts of multiple eyewitness) of Hullier's execution.

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MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Hullier with more matter enlarged.COncernyng the story of Iohn Hullier, Martyr, partly mencioned before pag. 1800. for the more full declaration of the death and Martyrdome of that good man, because the story is but rawly and imperfectly touched before, for the more perfettyng thereof, I thought thereunto to adde that which since hath come to my hand, as followeth.

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MarginaliaIohn Hullier first Scholer at Eaton.First Iohn Hullier was brought vp at Eaton Colledge and after, accordyng to the foundation of that house, for that he was ripe for the vniuersity, he was elected scholer in the kinges Colledge where also not tarying ful the three yeares of probation, before he was fellow of the Colledge, MarginaliaIohn Hullier Conduct in the Kings Colledge.he after a litle season was one of the x. Conductes in the Kynges Colledge, which was an. 1539. Then at length in processe of tyme, he came to be Curate of Babrame 3. miles from Cambridge, and so went afterward to Linne: MarginaliaHullier brought from Linne to the Byshop of Ely.where he hauyng diuers conflictes with the papistes, 

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How and why Hullier was initially arrested is a subject on which Foxe is silent, either through ignorance or circumspection. But Hullier had appeared before the sessions in August 1555 (Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, ed. J. G. Nichols, Camden Society, original series 77 [1860], p. 206). We do not know the outcome of this hearing but apparently Hullier was remanded into the custody of the bishop of Ely.

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was from thence caried to Ely, to D. Thurlby then Byshop there: who after diuers examinations, sent hym to Cambridge Castle, where he remayned but a while.

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From thence he was conueyed to the towne prison commonly called the Tolboth, MarginaliaHullier prisoned in the Tolboth. lying there almost a quarter of a yeare, while at length he was cited to appeare at great S. Maries on Palmsonday euen, before diuers Doctors both Diuines & Lawyers, amongest whō was chiefest Doctor Shaxton, also Doct. Young, D. Sedgewyke, D. Scot, Mytch and others. Where after examination had, for that he woulde not recant, he was first condemned, the sentence beyng red by D. Fuller.

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MarginaliaHullier disgraded.Then consequently he was disgraded after theyr popishe maner with scrapyng crowne and handes. When they had disgraded hym, he sayd cherefully: this is the ioyfullest day that euer I saw, and I thanke ye all, that ye haue deliuered and lightened me of all this paltry.

In the meane tyme whilest it was doyng, one standing by, asked Hullier what booke he had in his hand. Who aunswered a Testamēt. Wherat this man in a rage tooke it and threw it violently from him. Then was he giuen ouer to þe secular powers, Brasey MarginaliaBrasey Mayor of Cambridge. beyng Maior, who carying him to prison agayne, tooke from him all his bookes, wrytynges,and papers.

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On Maundy Thursday comming to the stake, he exhorted the people to pray for him, and after holding hys peace and praying to himselfe, one spake to him saying, the Lord strengthen the. Wherat a Sergeant named Brisley, MarginaliaBrisley Sergeant, persecutor. stayed and bad him hold his toung or els he should repent it.

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Neuerthelesse Hullier aunswered and sayd (either thus or very like, the effect was all one): MarginaliaHulliers stedfast trust in God.frend I trust that as God hath hetherto begon, so also he will strengthen me, and finish his worke vpō me. I am bydden to a Maundy, whe-

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