Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1932 [1905]

The storie and Examinations of Rafe Allerton, Martyr

MarginaliaAnn. 1557. September. MarginaliaIoyce Lewes brought to the place of Martyrdome.Now when she was brought through the towne with a number of bill men, a great multitude of people being present, she being led by ij. of her frendes (whiche were M. Michaell Reniger and M. Augustine Bernher) 

Commentary  *  Close

Only Reniger is mentioned by name in the 1563 edition; later editions also name Bernher. Augustine Bernher was a friend of the Glovers (Mary Glover was the niece of Hugh Latimer, Bernher's friend and employer) and they were, as this account shows, spiritual mentors of Lewes. His presence at her execution is not surprising. Reniger's presence is interesting, as he had gone into exile in Germany and Switzerland (Garrett, Marian Exiles). Although Garrett does not comment on it, Reniger had obviously returned from exile before the end of Mary's reign.

[Back to Top]
she was brought to the place of execution: and because the place was far of, and the throng of the people great, and she not acquainted with the fresh ayre (being so long in prison) one of her frends sent a messenger to the Sheriffes house for some drinke: and after she had praied three seuerall times, in the which prayer she desired God most instantly to abolish þe idolatrous masse, and to deliuer this Realme from Papistry MarginaliaHer praiers. (at the ende of whiche prayers the most part of the people cried Amen, yea, euen the Sheriffe that stoode hard by her, ready to cast her in the fire for not allowyng the masse, at this her praiers said with the rest of the people, Amen) when she had thus praied, shee tooke the cup into her handes saiyng: I drinke to al them that vnfainedly loue the gospell of Iesus Christ, and wish for the abolishment of Papistrie. When she had dronken, they that were her frendes, dranke also. After that a greate number, specially the women of the towne did drinke with her: MarginaliaWomen put to penaunce, for pledging Ioice Lewes.which afterward were put to open penaunce in the Churche by the cruell Papistes, for drinkyng with her.

[Back to Top]

When she was tied to the stake with the chayne, she shewed such a cherefulnes, that it passed mans reason, beyng so well coloured in her face, and so pacient, that the most part of them that had honest harts did lamēt, and euen with teares bewaile the tiranny of the Papistes. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of mistres Ioyce Lewes.When the fire was sette vppon her, she neither struggled nor sturred, but onely lifted vp her hands towardes heauen, being dead very speedely: for the vnder Sherieffe at the request of her frendes had prouided such stuffe, by the whiche she was sodeinly dispatched out of this miserable world.

[Back to Top]

This amongest other thinges may not be forgotten, that the papistes had appointed some to rayle vpon her openly, and to reuile her, both as she went to the place of Execution, and also when she was at the stake. Amongest others there was an old Priest, whiche had a payre of writing Tables to note both the names of the women that dranke of her cuppe (as before you heard) and also described her frendes by their apparell: for presently hee could not learne their names, and afterwardes enquired for their names, and so immediately processe was sent out for them, both to Couentry and to other places: 

Commentary  *  Close

See 1563, p. 1683; 1570, p. 2220; 1576, p. 1815 and 1583, pp. 2023-24.

but GOD, whose prouidence sleepeth not, did defend them from the handes of these cruell tirantes. Vnto the which God, with the Sonne and the hyly ghost be honour and glory for euer, Amen.

[Back to Top]
¶ The Matrydome of Rafe Allerton, Iames Awstoo, Margery Awstoo, and Richard Roth, burned at Islington. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom of Ralph Allerton and Others

Apart from a brief section, added in 1570, describing alleged attempts to intimidate Margery Austoo, this entire account first appeared in the 1563 edition. It is based partly on official documents - the articles and answers of Ralph Allerton - partly on the testimony of informants and largely on the writings of Allerton and Roth. Apart from the anecdotes added in 1570, this account remained unchanged in subsequent editions.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaSeptember. 17.
The storie of Rafe Allerton.
IN searching out the certaine nomber of the faithfull Martyrs of God that suffered within the time and raigne of Queene Mary: I find that about the xvij. day of September, were burned at Islington, nigh vnto London, these foure constant professours of Christe, Rafe Allerton, Iames Awstoo, Margery Awstoo his wife, and Richard Roth. Amongest the whiche: it first appeareth that this Rafe Allerton was more then a yere before his condemnation, apprehended & brought before the Lord Darcy of Chich, and was there accused, aswel for that he would not consent and come vnto the idolatry and superstition which then was vsed, as also that he had by preachyng entised others to doe the like. Beyng then hereupon examined, he confessed that he commyng into his parish church of Bentley, and seeyng the people sittyng there, either gasing about, or els talking together, exhorted them that they woulde fall vnto praier and meditation of Gods most holy worde, and not sit still idely. Whereunto they willingly consented. Then after praier ended, he reade vnto them a chapiter of the Newe Testamente, and so departed.

[Back to Top]

In whiche exercise he continued vntill Candlemas, and then beyng enformed that hee might not so doe by the law (for that he was no priest or minister) he left of and kepte hymself close in his house vntill Easter then next after. At what time, certaine sworne men for the inquiry of such matters, came vnto his house and atta-

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaRafe Allerton attached.ched hym for readyng in the Parishe of Welley. But when they vnderstoode that hee had red but once, and that it was of obedience (wherunto he earnestly moued the people) they let hym for that tyme depart. Notwithstanding for feare of their crueltie he was not long after constrained to forsake his owne house, and keepe himselfe in woods, barnes, and other solitary places, vntill the tyme of his apprehension. After this examination, the Lorde Darcy sent hym vp vnto the Counsell: but they (not mindyng to trouble themselues with hym) sent hym vnto Boner. 

Commentary  *  Close

The privy council's letter of 17 November 1557, sending Allerton to Bonner is APC VI, pp. 18-19. There is a copy of this letter in Foxe's papers: BL, MS Harley 419, fo. 134r.

Who by threatninges and other subtill meanes, so abused the simple and feareful hart of this man (as yet not throughly staied vpon the ayde and helpe of God) that within short tyme he won hym vnto his most wicked will, and made hym openly at paules crosse to reuoke and recant his former profession, and therupon set him at liberty of body. Which yet brought such a bōdage and terror of soule and conscience, and to caste hym downe, that except the Lorde (whose mercies are immmesurable) had supported and lifted hym vp againe, he had perished for euer.

[Back to Top]

But the Lord, who neuer suffereth his elect children vtterly to fall, casting his pitifull eyes vppon this lost shepe, with his mercifull and fatherly chastisement, did (with Peter) raise him vp againe, geuing vnto him not onely harty and vnfained repentance, but also a moste constaunt boldnes to professe againe (euen vnto the death) his most holy name and glorious gospel. Wherfore at the procurement of one MarginaliaThomas Tye Prieste, persecutour and promotour.Thomas Tye Priest, sometime an earnest professor of Christe, but nowe a fierce persecutour of the same (as appeareth more at large before in the history of William Munt and hys wife, page 1897.) he was again apprehended, and sent vp againe vnto Boner, before whom he was the eight day of Aprill, and sondry other times elles examined, The report of which examination, written by his owne hande with bloud for lacke of other incke, hereafter followeth.

[Back to Top]
¶ The examination of Rafe Allerton at his second apprehension, appearyng before the Bishop of London at Fulham, the viij. day of Aprill. An. 1557. written by hym selfe, with hys owne bloud.

MarginaliaThe examination of Rafe Allerton.BOner. Ah Syrrha, how chaunceth it that you are come hether againe on this fashion? I dare saie thou art accused wrongfully.

Rafe. Yea my Lord, so I am. For if I were gilty of suche thinges as I am accused of, then I would be very sory.

Boner. By sainct Mary that is not well done. But let me heare: art thou an honest man? For if I can proue no heresie by thee, then shall thine accusers doe thee no harme at all. Goe to, let me heare thee: For I did not beleue the tale to be true.

Rafe. My Lord, who doth accuse mee? I pray you let mee know, and what is mine accusation, that I maye aunswere thereunto.

Boner. Ah, wilt thou so? Before God, if thou hast not dissembled, then thou needest not to be afraide, nor ashamed to aunswere for thy selfe. But tell me in faithe, hast thou not dissembled?

Rafe. If I cannot haue mine accusers to accuse me before you, my conscience doth constraine mee to accuse my selfe before you: For I confesse that I haue greeuously offended God in my dissimulation at my last being before your Lordship, for the which I am right sory, as God knoweth.

Boner. Wherein I pray thee, diddest thou dissemble, when thou wast before me?

Rafe. Forsooth my Lorde, if your Lordship remember, I did set my hand vnto a certaine writyng, the contentes whereof (as I remember) were, that I did beleue in all thinges as the Catholicke Church teacheth. &c. In the whiche I did not disclose my minde, but shamefully dissembled, because I made no difference betwene the true Church and the vntrue Church.

[Back to Top]

Boner. Nay, but I pray thee let mee heare more of this geare. For I feare me thou wilt smell of an hereticke anone. Which is the true Church, as thou saiest? Doest thou not call the heretickes church the true church, or the Catholicke churche of Christ? Now whiche of these two are the true church, saiest thou? Go to: for in faithe I will knowe of thee ere I leaue thee.

[Back to Top]

Rafe. As concernyng the church of heretickes, I vtter-

Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield