Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1943 [1916]

Quene Mary. The Martirdom Cicelie Ormes. Persecutiō in Lichfield & Chichester.

MarginaliaAnno, 1557. September.that I offer my self here vnto the death for the Lords cause, MarginaliaNote well this saiyng of Cicelie Ormes.but I beleue to be saued by þe death of Christes passion: and this my death is and shall be a witnes of my faith vnto you all here present. Good people, as many of you as beleue as I beleue, pray for me. Then she came to the stake and laid her hand on it, and sayd: welcome the crosse of Christ. Which being done, she loking on her hand, & seing it blacked with the stake, she

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Cicely Ormes at Norwiche. Anno. 1557. September. 23.¶ The burnyng of Cicelie Ormes at Norwich.
woodcut [View a larger version]
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Foxe is the main source for our knowledge of Joan Boughton, whom he reports to have been over eighty when she was burned at Smithfield, believing Wyclif was a saint. Her daughter, Lady Jane Young, who was thought to have met the same fate at a later date, is more traceable and raises interesting questions about the social networks infected by heresy.
There already existed a small block (Type 1) of a single woman at the stake, but a new image (Type 2) portrayed the 'very simple woman', Cicelie Ormes at the stake she had welcomed as the cross of Christ. This woodcut remained unique to her and did not serve any other woman martyr - a fact that says something about Foxe's estimate of these martyrs. It disappeared from the Book of Martyrs after Foxe's death, having been used to illustrate a murder pamphlet.

wiped it vpō her smocke, for she was burnt at the same stake that Simon Miller & Elizab. Cooper was burned at. Thē after she had touched it with her hand, she came and kissed it, and sayd welcome the sweete crosse of Christ, and so gaue her selfe to be bound thereto. After the tormentors had kindled the fire to her, she said: MarginaliaThe last woordes of Cicelie Ormes at the stake.My soule doth magnifie the Lord, and my spirite re,ioyceth in God my Sauiour, and in so saying, she set her hādes together right against her brest, casting her eyes and head vpward, & so stoode, heauing vp her hands by litle and litle, till the very sinowes of her armes brast asunder, and then they fell: but she yelded her life vnto the Lord as quietly as she had bene in a slumber, or as one feeling no paine: So wonderfully did the Lord worke with her: his name therefore bee praysed for euermore, Amen.

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¶ The trouble and disturbance among good men and women at Lichfield. 
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Persecution at Lichfield

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition. It is based on material taken from the Coventry diocesan registers which now survives in Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 69r-71v and 73r-74r.

MarginaliaOctober. 27.AFter the death & Martyrdome of Mistres Ioyce Lewes, a litle aboue specified pag. 1905. diuers good men and women in þe same towne of Lichfield were vexed and in trouble before the byshop and his Chauncellor, for kissing the said Ioyce Lewes, & drinking with her about the time of her death, the names of which persons were these: MarginaliaGood men and womē troubled in Lichfield, for kissing mistres Ioyce Lewes before her death.Ioane Loue, Elizabeth Smith, Margaret Byddell, Helene Bowring, Margaret Cootesfote, Nicholas Byrde, Iohn Hurleston and his wife, Agnes Glyn, Agnes Glouer, 

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Agnes was the wife of John Glover, the spiritual mentor of Joyce Lewes.

Agnes Penyfather. &c. These with other were produced to their examination before the bishop and his Chaūcellor for the cause aboue named, & therfore adiudged for heretikes, for that they did pray and drinke with þe sayd Mistres Lewes, but especially Agnes Penifather susteined the most trouble, for þt she accōpanied the sayd Ioyce Lewes going to her death. Which Agnes being examined farther of the sayd byshop, what wordes she had spoken to twoo priestes of

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the church of Lichfield, called Iohn Adye and Iames Foxe, concerning the said Ioyce Lewes after her burning, MarginaliaAgnes Penifather accused of twoo Priestes for woordes.said as followeth: that she being asked by the said twoo priestes being at her fathers house in the citie of Lichfield, at such time as she came frō the burning of the sayd Ioyce Lewes, wherefore she the sayd Agnes did weepe for suche an hereticke, meaning Ioyce Lewes, whose soule, said they, was in hell: the said Agnes Penyfather to the demaund made this aunswere, that she thought the said blessed Martyr to be in better case then the sayd twoo priestes were. With the which wordes she being charged, and willed to submitte her self as the other had done aboue rehearsed, to such penaunce as they should inioyne vnto her, refused so to doe, and therfore was commaunded to close prison, the Shrieffes being charged with her vnder payne of one hundred poundes, that none should haue any accesse vnto her. At length at the perswasion of her frendes, she was compelled to do as the other had doone before. and thus much concerning thinges done at Lichfield.

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¶ The persecution and crueltie exercised by the Papistes in the Dioces of Chichester. 
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Persecution in Chichester

This brief narrative first appeared in the 1563 edition. It is based on material sent to Foxe from the Chichester diocesan archives.

MarginaliaPersecution among the Godly men at Chichester.ANd now from Lichfield to come to Chichester, although wee haue but little to reporte thereof, for lacke of certeine relation and recordes of that coūtrey, yet it semeth no litle trouble and persecution there also to haue raged, as in other countreyes. 

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Foxe is correct; the persecution started late in the diocese of Chichester, but in the final years of Mary's reign it raged with great intensity.

For what place was there almost in all the Realme, where the Popes ministers did not besturre them, murtheryng some or other, as in the Actes of this Ecclesiastical history may sufficiētly declare. Wherfore as this plague of the Popes tyranny was general to all other people and countreyes of England, so likewise in the Dioces of Chichester diuers and many there were condemned and Martyred for the true testimonie of righteousnes within the compasse of Queene Maries reigne. In the number of whom were these. MarginaliaMartyrs.

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Iohn Foremā, of Est-
Iohn Warner, of
Christian Grouer, 
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This may well be the 'Grove's wife' mentioned in 1563, p. 1646; 1570, pp. 2139-40; 1576, p. 1861 and 1583, p. 1953.

the Ardeaconry of
Thomas Athoth,
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There is no other mention in Foxe of the martyrdom of Thomas Athoth but the sentence condemning him is BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 107r-108v. This is probably Foxe's source for proclaiming him a martyr but he may have died in prison, escaped or - less likely - been pardoned.

Thomas Auyngton,
of Erdinglie.
Denys Burgis, of Bux-
Thomas Rauensdale,
of Rye.
Iohn Milles, 
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The sentence condemning John Mills is BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 105r-106r.

of Hel-
Nicholas Holden, of
Iohn Hart, of Withiā.
Margery Moris, of
Anne Trye, 
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This is the 'Mother Tree' whose execution is mentioned by Foxe in 1563, p. 1546; 1570, pp. 2139-40; 1576, p. 1861 and 1583, p. 1953. The sentence against her is among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 109r-110v).

of Est-
Iohn Oseward, of
Thomas Harland, of
Iames Moris, of Heth-
Thomas Dougate, of
Iohn Ashedon, 
Commentary  *  Close

There is no other mention of John Ashedon or his martyrdom in Foxe. Foxe does, however state that 'Ashdon's wife' was burned at Lewes on 27 June 1557 (1563, p. 1602; 1570, p. 2195; 1576, p. 1895 and 1583, p. 2003).


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The greatest doers against these godly & true faithful Martyrs, & sitters vpon their condemnation, were these: MarginaliaPersecutours.Christopherson the B. after Day, Rich. Brisley Doctour of law and Chauncellour of Chichester, Rob. Taylor Bach. of law his deputy, Thomas Paccarde Ciuilian, Anthony Clerke, Albane Langdale Bach. of Diuinitie. &c.

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¶ The examination of Tho. Spurdance one of Q. Maries seruauntes, before the Chauncellour of Norwich. 
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Thomas Spurdance

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and it was re-printed without change in subsequent editions. It is based on Spurdance's own account of his examinations. On Spurdance's being driven from his home see 1563, pp. 1677-78. BL, Harley 421, fos. 177r-178v is the sentence against him.

MarginaliaThe examinatiō of Thomas Spurdance.THe Bishops Chauncellor did aske me, if I had beene with the priest, and confessed my sinnes vnto him. And I sayd: no, I had confessed my sinnes to God, and God saith: In what houre so euer a sinner doth repent and be sory for his sinnes, and aske him forgeuenes, willing no more so to doe, he will no more recken his sinne vnto him, and that is sufficient for me.

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Then sayd the Chauncellour: thou denyest the sacrament of penance.

I said: I deny not penāce, but I deny that I should shew my sinnes vnto the priest.

Then sayd the Chauncellor: that is a denying of the sacrament of penance. Write this article.

Haue you receaued the blessed sacrament of the al-

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