Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1968 [1941]

Q. Mary. Persecution in Suffolke. Alexander Gouch, Alice Driuer, Martyrs.
Marginalia1558. August. Nouēb.¶ The vniust execution and martyrdome of foure burned at saint Edmundes Bury. 
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Four Martyrs at Bury St Edmunds

This account first appeared in the 1570 edition and was reprinted without change in subsequent editions. Although Foxe had copies of the trial records (see BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 169r-170v), he was clearly working from a sympathetic witness's account of the trial of John Cook.

MarginaliaAugust. MarginaliaThe story of 4. Martyrs in Suffolke.IN this yeare aforesaid, which was the last of Q. Maryes reigne D. Hopton being B. of Norwich, & D. Spenser bearing the roume of his Chauncellour, about S. Iames tyde, at s. Edmunds Bury, were wrongfully put to death foure christian martyrs, to wyt:

MarginaliaMartyrs.Iohn Cooke, a Sawyer.
Robert Myles, aliâs Plummer, a Shereman.
Alexander Lane, a Wheelewright.
Iames Ashley, a Bacheler.

The examination of these forenamed persons, being seuerally called before the Bishop of Norwich, and Syr Edward Walgraue MarginaliaSyr Edw. Walgraue persecutor. with others, was partly vpon these articles folowing.

MarginaliaExamination of Iohn Cooke.First Sir Edward Walgraue called Iohn Cooke to him, and said: How fortuneth it that you go not to church?

Iohn Cooke said: I haue bene there.

Sir Edward said: what is the cause that you go not thither now in these dayes?

Iohn Cooke said: because the sacrament of the altar is an abominable Idol, and (saith he) the vengeaunce of God wyl come vpon all them that doo mainteyne it.

Syr Edward said: O thou ranke traytour, if I had as good commission to cut out thy tongue, as I haue to sit here this day, thou shouldest be sure to haue it cut out. Then cōmaunded he the Constable to haue hym awaye, saying, he was both a traytor and a rebel.

MarginaliaExamination of Robert Miles.Then he called Robert Myles, and said: Howe fortuneth it that you go not to the church?

Robert Myles answeared: because I wyl folowe no false Gods.

Then said the bishop: who told thee that it is a God?

Then said Myles: Euen you and such as you are.

Then the Bishop commaunded hym aside, & to appeare before hym the next day.

MarginaliaExamination of Alexander Lane.Then he called Alexander Lane before him, & asked him how it chaunced that he would not go to the church?

He said, that his cōscience would not serue him so to do.

Then sir Edward said: How doest thou beleue?

Then said Lane: Euen as it is written in Gods booke.

Then sir Edward commaunded hym to say his beliefe.

Thē the said Lane being somwhat abashed, said his beliefe, to these wordes, which he missed vnwares: Borne of the virgine Mary.

Then sir Edward said: What, was he not borne of the virgine Mary?

Yes, said Lane, I would haue said so.

Nay, said sir Edward, you are one of Cookes schollers, and so commaunded hym away, and to come before hym the next day.

MarginaliaExamination of Iames Ashley.After the like maner they passed also with Iames Ashley, whō they warned the next day likwise to appeare before them againe. So in fine they appearing again, had their condemnation. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Cooke, Miles, Lane, and Ashley, at Bury. Anno. 1558. August.And thus these foure blessed Martyrs & seruants of Christ, innocētly suffered together at S. Edmūds Bury, as is aforesaid, about the beginnyng of August, not long before the sicknes of Queene Mary.

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¶ The Martyrdome of two godly persons, suffring at Ipswich for the Gospel of Christ and his euerlastyng testament, named Alexander Gouch, and Alice Driuer. 
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Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver

The backgrounds of Gouch and Driver, as well as their examinations, first appeared in the 1563 edition. Foxe was drawing on individual informants for their arrest and background and on official records for Gouch's examinations. (The processes against Gouch and Driver, and the sentence against Driver, are among Foxe's papers - see BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 140r-v and 142r-143r). The account ofDriver's examinations was compiled by a sympathetic observer of her trial. In the 1570 edition an account of their executions, supplied by an eyewitness, was added to this account. No further changes were made to the narrative of their martyrdoms.

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MarginaliaNouember 4MAister Noone, 

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In the 1563 edition (p. 1698) Foxe has a further account of how Francis Nunn, the JP, who hunted Gouch and Driver so relentlessly, also nearly captured John Noyes (or 'Moyse'). This account was probably dropped because of Nunn's influence (he remained a JP well into Elizabeth's reign), but it is interesting that Foxe retained the account of his hunt for Gouch and Driver.

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MarginaliaM. Noone persecutor. a Iustice in Suffolk, dwelling in Martlesham, hunting after good men to apprehend them (as he was a bloudy tyrant in the dayes of triall) at the length had vnderstanding one Gouch of Woodbridge, & Driuers wife of Grosborough, to be at Grosborough together, a litle frō his house, immediately tooke his men with hym & went thither, & made diligent search for thē, where the poore man & womā were cōpelled to step into an hay golph to hide thē selues from their crueltie. At the last they came to searche the hay for them, and by gaging thereof with pitchforkes, at the last found them: MarginaliaGouch and Alice Driuer taken at they tooke them & led them to Melton Gayle, MarginaliaGouch and Alice Driuer caryed to Melton Gaile. wher they remaynyng a tyme, at the length wer caryed to Bury, against the Assise at S. Iames tyde, and being there examined of matters of fayth, dyd boldly stande to confesse Christe crucified, defying the Pope with all his papisticall trashe. And among other thinges Driuers wife likened Queene Mary in her persecution, to Iezabel, MarginaliaQ. Mary called Iesabell. and so in that sense calling her Iezabel, for that, sir Clemēt Higham being chiefe Iudge there, adiudged her eares immediately to be cut of, MarginaliaAlice Driuers eares cut of, for likening Q. Mary to Iesabell.which was accomplished accordingly, and shee ioyfully yeelded her self to the punishment, and thought her selfe happy, that shee was counted worthy to suffer any thyng for the name of Christ

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After the Assie at Bury, they were carryed to Melton

Gaye agayne, where they remayned a tyme. MarginaliaAlexander Gouch.This Alexander Gouch was a man of the age of. xxxvi. yeres or theraboutes, and by his occupation was a Weauer of shredding Couerlettes, dwellyng at Woodbridge in Suffolke, & borne at Vfford in the same Countie. Driuers wyfe was a woman about the age of. xxx. yeres, & dwelt in Grousborough where they were taken, in Suffolke. Her husband dyd vse husbandry. MarginaliaGouch and Alice Driuer caryed to Ipswich.These two were caryed from Melton Gayle, to Ipswich, where they remained and were examined. The which their examination, as it came to our handes, here after foloweth.

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¶ The examination of Driuers wyfe, before Doctour Spenser, the Chauncelour of Norwiche.

FIrst, shee commyng into the place where shee shoulde be examined, with a smilyng countenaunce, Doct. Spenser MarginaliaD. Spenser after the death of D. Dunning who dyed sodenly in Lincolneshire, was Chaūcellor vnder Byshop Hopton. said: Why woman, doest thou laugh vs to scorne?

Driuers wife. Whether I doo, or no, I might well enough, to see what fooles ye be.

Doctour Spenser. Then the Chauncellour asked her wherfore shee was brought before hym, and why shee was layd in prison.

Dry. Wherfore? I thinke I neede not to tell you: for ye know it better then I.

Spens. No by my troth woman, I know not why.

Dry. Then haue ye done me muche wrong (quoth shee) thus to imprison me, and know no cause why: for I know no euyl that I haue done, I thanke God, and I hope there is no man that can accuse me of any notorious fact that I haue done, iustly.

Spens. Woman, woman, MarginaliaSacrament of the altar.what sayest thou to the blessed Sacrament of the aultar? Doest thou not beleue that it is very fleshe and bloud, after the wordes be spoken of consecration?

Driuers wyfe at those wordes helde her peace, & made no answere. Then a great chuffeheaded Priest that stoode by, spake, and asked her why shee made not the Chauncellor an answeare. With that, the sayd Driuers wyfe looked vpon hym austerely, & said: MarginaliaA fatte Priest put to silence.Why priest, I come not to talke with; thee, but I come to talke with thy Maister: but if thou wylt I shal talke with thee, commaund thy maister to hold his peace. And with that the priest put his nose in his cap, and spake neuer a word more. Then the Chauncellour bade her make answere to that he demaunded of her.

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Dry. Syr (sayde shee) pardon me though I make no answeare, for I can not tel what you meane therby: for in all my lyfe I neuer heard nor read of any such sacrament in all the scripture.

Spens. Why, what scriptures haue you read, I pray you?

Dry. I haue (I thanke God) read Gods booke.

Spens. Why, what manner of booke is that you call Gods booke?

Dry. It is the old and new Testament. What cal you it?

Spens. That is Gods booke in deede, I can not deny.

Dry. MarginaliaNo Sacrament of the altar to be found in Gods booke.That same booke haue I read throughout, but yet neuer could find any such sacrament there: & for that cause I can not make you answeare to that thing I knowe not. Notwithstanding, for all that, I wyll graunt you a sacrament, called the Lords supper: and therfore seeing I haue graunted you a Sacrament, I pray you shewe me what a Sacrament is.

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Spens. It is a signe. And one D. Gascoine, MarginaliaD. Gascoyne persecutor. being by, confirmed the same, that it was the signe of an holy thing.

Dry. You haue said the truth sir, said shee. MarginaliaWhat a sacrament is.It is a signe in deede. I must needes grant it: & therfore seeing it is a signe, it can not be the thing signified also. Thus far we do agree: for I haue granted your own saying. Then stood vp þe said Gascoine, MarginaliaD. Gascoynes oration litle to purpose.& made an Oration with many fayre words, but litle to purpose, both offensiue & odious to the mynds of the godly. In the end of which long tale, he asked her if shee did not beleue the omnipotencie of God, & that he was almighty, and able to performe that he spake. Shee answered, yes, and said: I doo beleue that God is almighty, and able to performe that he spake and promised.

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MarginaliaTalke betwene Alice Driuer and D. Gascoyne.Gascoine. Very wel. Then he said to his disciples: Take, eate, this is my body: Ergo, it was his body: For he was able to performe that he spake: and God vseth not to lye.

Dry. I pray you, dyd he euer make any such promise to his disciples, that he would make the bread his body?

Gasc. Those be the words. Can you deny it?

Dry. No, they be the very wordes in deede, I can not deny it: but I pray you, was it not bread that he gaue vnto them?

Gasc. No, it was his body.

Dry. Then was it his body that they dyd eate ouer night.

Gasc. Yea, it was his body.

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