Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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2004 [1977]

Q. Mary. The story and troubles of Thomas Rose.

Marginalia1558.thereof, eyther Maister Parker, or Maister Pollysons, to say, that the Freeses were theirs, if the question shoulde be asked. Thus when the Officers had made good cheare, they came to þe Boothe againe, and enquired after the cloth: answeare was geuen, that Cartes had conueyed it awaye. Then they turned and laied it to Hallons charge, that they were betrayed by hym: MarginaliaThe Papists misse of their pray.but Hallons also escaped among the people, and so lost their pray, both man and cloth. And thus much of the true report of his persecution and escape, written by his own hand, requested therunto by his frends, especially moued thereunto vpon conscience, not any vayne glory, to purge hym selfe of such reports as haue ben geuen out hurtful to his good name, by one Morys & Tye a priest to B. Boner. Wherfore the said Iohn Kempe desireth thee the christiā reader, for Christes cause, to remoue that infamie which the foresaid Morys, Tye, & also Carles by report of others, dyd take as a truth, and set downe in writyng. And that all men should knowe, that the report is not true, he hath geuē out his articles in his owne hand, conteinyng in effect al the doctrine which he did teach in Q. Maryes tyme, and euer since to this day, as followed:

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¶ Articles affirmed, as foloweth, by Iohn Kempe, Minister.

MarginaliaThe effect of the doctrine taught by Iohn Kempe in Queene Maries tyme.1 God of hym selfe is onely good & from hym only al good things and goodnes doo proceede, and nothyng els but good.

2 Christ is the only saueour, & that saluatiō & euery part therof commeth only and freely by him, through his merits, death, passion, resurrection, and ascension.

3 Man of his own nature or of him self is empty of goodnes, voyd of righteousnes, & of his own nature inclined only to euyl, & can by no meanes come to God, but by þe grace of his callyng and by the workyng of his spirite.

4 It is mans duetie to obey Gods calling, to be ruled by his spirit, & to walke in his commaundements al the dayes of his lyfe.

5 God hath onely elected man in Christ, and that onely of his free mercy and grace, without any desertes in man, eyther going before, or folowing after.

6 Gods election in certaine and sure in Christe, and can not be chaunged, and the elect shal neuer perish.

7 We our selues be certaine & sure to be Gods chyldren in Christ, to eternal lyfe, whē we are regenerate by the spirite of God, and walke in his commaundementes.

8 Man is iustified by faith onely before God, and before men he is iustified by workes, and not of fayth onely.

9 Man is condemned before God for his infidelitie and misbeliefe, and before mē for his leud lyfe and wicked acts.

10 God hath reprobated man onely for his owne infidelitie, blasphemous sinne, and wickednes, and the reprobate shal neuer be saued.

11 No man ought to say or thinke of hym selfe, or of any other, that he is Gods elect child to eternal lyfe, when he walketh in his wickednes, contary to Gods commaundementes.

12 Like as Christ by his merits is the only cause of saluation and euery part therof, euen so is the Deuyll & mans sinne, the only cause of damnation.

13 God neither ordeyneth, wylleth, nor commaundeth sinne to be done of man.

14 God hath his secret wyl, working, and determination which is vnknowen to man, but he hath no secret wil, working, or determination, contrary to his word & written wil.

¶ The storye of Thomas Rose yet lyuyng, a Preacher, of the age of. lxxvj. yeares, in the towne of Luton, and Countie of Bedford.

MarginaliaThe story of Tho Rose yet lyuing.THis Thomas Rose a Deuonshyre man, was borne in Exmouth, and being made priest in that countrey, was brought out of it by one M. Fabiā, to Polsted in Suffolk, where the said M. Fabian was parson & in short tyme after, by his meanes was placed in the town of Hadley wher he first cōming to some knowledge of the gospel, began first there to entreat vpon the Crede, & therupon to take occasiō to inueigh against Purgatory, praying to saints & images, about the tyme that M. Latimer beganne first to preach at Cambridge, in the tyme of Bylney & Arthur. 47. yeres ago, or therabout, in so much that many embracing the truth of Christes Gospell, against the said Purgatory and other poynts: and the number of them daily increasing, the aduersaries began to styr against hym, in so much that M. Bale (who afterwarde became a godly zelous man) was then brought to preach against þe said Tho. Rose, & so dyd. This notwithstāding he cōtinued styl very vehement against Images, & the Lord so blessed his labors, that many began to deuise how to deface & destroy them, & especially foure men,

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whose names were Ro. King, Ro. Debnam, Nic. Marsh, & Rob. Gardner, which vsually resorted to his sermons, & vpō his preaching were so inflamed with zeale, that shortly after they aduentured to destroy the Roode of Douercout, which coste three of them their lyues, as appeareth before pag. 1003. MarginaliaThree offered to haue their lyues saued to accuse Tho. Rose, but would not.The three persons which suffred, and wer hanged in chaynes, were offred their lyues, to haue accused the said Thomas Rose, as of coūsell with them, which refused so to doo, and therfore suffred. The said Thomas Rose had the coat of the said Rood brought vnto hym afterward, who burned it. The Roode was said to haue done many great myracles and great wonders wrought by hym, and yet being in the fire, could not helpe hym selfe, but burned like a blocke, as in very deede he was.

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At this tyme there were two sore enemies in Hadley, Walter Clerke, and Iohn Clerke, two brethren: 

Commentary  *  Close

The Clarke brothers were zealous catholic residents of Hadleigh (Suffolk) who had been largely responsible for Rowland Taylor's arrest. (See John Craig, 'Reformers, Conflict and Revisionism: The Reformation in Sixteenth-century Hadleigh', Historical Journal 42 [1999], pp. 17 and 19-20).

these cōplayned to the Counsaile, that an hundred men were not able to fetche the said Thomas Rose out of Hadley, who then was vpon examination of his doctrine, committed to the Cōmissaries keeping. And in deede such was the zeale of a number towards the truth thē in that towne, that they were much offended, that their Minister was so taken frō them, and had therfore by force fet him from the Commissary, if certain wise men had not otherwise perswaded, which at length also with more quiet dyd set hym in his office againe, which thing so angred þe two brethren, Walter Clerk and Iohn Clerke, that they complayned to the Counsaile, as aforesaid: MarginaliaTho. Rose arested by a Sergeant at Armes.wherupon a Serieant at armes named Cartwright, was sent from the Counsaile, who arested the said Thomas Rose, & brought him before the Counsaile. Then his aduersaryes being called, they laid to his charge, that he was priuie of the burning of the Roode of Douercourt, and vpon this was he committed to the prison in the Bishop of Lincolnes house in Holborne, Bishop Langley the kyngs Confessor, and there remayned he in prison, frō Shroftyde tyl mydsomer, very sore stocked frō Shroftide til after Easter. MarginaliaThe cruell handling of Tho. Rose by the Papistes.The stockes wer very hye & great, so that day & night he did lye with his backe on the ground, vpon a litle straw, with his heeles so hye, that by meanes the bloud was fallē frō his feete, his feete were almost without sense for a long tyme, & he herewith waxed very sicke, in so much that his keper pitying his estate, & hearing hym cry somtime thorow the extremitie of paine, went to the bishop, & told hym that he would not keepe hym to dye vnder his hand, & vpon this he had some more ease & libertie. Now at this time his mother was come from Hadley to see hym, but shee might not be suffred to speake with the said Tho. Rose her sonne (such was their crueltie) but the bishop flattred her, & gaue her a payre of pardon beades, & bade her goe home & pray, for shee might not see him, which thing pierced the harts both of the mother & sonne not a litle. At this time also certaine men of Hadley, very desirous to see hym, trauailed to speake with hym, but might not be suffred, tyll at length they gaue the keeper, iiij. s. & yet then might not speake to him, or see him, otherwise then through a grate. And thus continued he tyl mydsomer in prison there Then was he remoued to Lambeth, in the first yere of D. Cranmers cōsecratiō. who vsed hym much more courteously thē euer the bishop of Lincolne did, MarginaliaTho. Rose set at libertye by Doct. Cranmers meanes.& at length worked his deliuerance, & set hym at libertie: but yet so, that he was boūden not to come within. xx. myles of Hadley. After this he came to London, and there preached the Gospel halfe a yeare, tyll Hadley men hearyng therof, labored to haue hym to Hadley againe, & in deede by meanes of sir Iohn Rainsford knight, obteined at þe Archbishops hand to haue hym thyther: howbeit, by meanes one was placed in the cure at Hadley, he could not enioy his office againe there, but went to Stratford three myles of, and there cōtinued in preaching þe word three yeres, tyl at length the aduersaries procured an inhibition from the Bishop of Norwich, to put hym to silence. But a great number trauayled to haue hym cōtinue in preaching, & subscribed a supplication to the Archb. with seuen score hands, who vnder their seales also testified of his honest demeanor, so that the adueraries this way preuailyng not, they indicted hym at Bury in Suffolk, so that he was cōstrained to flee to London, & to vse the ayd of the L. Audeley then L. Chancelor, who remoued the matter frō hym, & called it before hym, & after certaine examination of the matter, dyd set hym free, & dyd send hym by a token to the L. Cromwel then L. priuie Seale, for a licence from the king, to preach, which beyng obteyned by the L. Cromwel his meanes (who hereupon also had admitted the saide Thomas Rose his chapleyne MarginaliaTho Rose Chapleine to the L. Cromwell.) forthwith he was sent into Lincolnshyre and to Yorke. In the meane tyme such complaynt was made to the Duke of Northfolke for that he had preached against auricular confession, transubstantiation, & such other poynts cōteyned in the sixe articles (which thē to haue don, by law was death) that the Duke in his owne person not onely sought hym at

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