Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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269 [268]

K. Richard. I. The viage of king Richard. The winning of Achon.

stane, betwene kyng Stephen and Roger Bishop of Salisbury, the Byshop of Lincolne, and Roger Bysh. of Ely hys sonne, an. 1138. betwene Pope Innocent 2. and Anacletus the space of seuen yeares, the Cardinals for money (sayth Geruasius) sometyme holdyng with the one, sometyme with the other and at last the electiō was determined by a sore battaile betwene Lotharius Emperour, and Rogerius Duke of Apulia. an. 1137. Also betwene pope Innocent 4. and Fridericke Emperour 2. betwene kyng Hēry 3. and Williā Rale byshop of Winchester, when the kyng bad the gates of Winchester towne to be shut agaynst hym. an. 1250. betwene Boniface archbyshop of Canterbury and Canons of S. Paule. MarginaliaEx. Mat. Paris.Item, betwene the sayd >Boniface and monkes of S. Bartholomew, who sat there in harnes in his visitation. an. 1250. betwene the Abbot of Westminster, and mōkes of the same house. an. 1251. Item, betwene the foresayd William Rale Bishop of Winchester and Boniface archbishop of Canterbury for a Priest of the Hospitall in Southwarke. an. 1252. betwene the sayd Boniface, and Canons of Lyncolne after the death of Robert Grosted, for giuyng of Prebendes. an. 1253. betwene the mōkes of Couentry, and Canons of Lichfield, for chusing their Byshop in tyme of kyng Henry 3.

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MarginaliaNo vnitie, in the Popes Church.And what should I speake of the discord, which cost so much money betwene Edmund archbishop of Canterbury and the Monkes of Rochester, for chusing Richard Wandour to be their Bishop. an. 1238. betwene Robert Grosted Byshop of Lyncolne, and Canons of the same house, for whiche both he and they were driuen to trauaile to Rome. an. 1244. betwene Gilbert Bishop of Rochester delegate to archbishop Baldwyne, and Robert the Popes Legate for sittyng on the right hand of the Legate in his counsell at Westminster. an. 1190. betwene the Abbot of Bardeney, & the said Grosted, about visitation of their Abbay. an. 1243. Item, betwene the Couent of Canterbury & the sayd Robert Byshop of Lyncolne. an. 1243. betwene Hugo Bishop of Durham, and Hubert Byshop of Sarum: and Geffray Archbishop of Yorke. an. 1189. betwene William Bishop of Ely the kynges Chauncellor, and the Canons of Yorke, for not receauyng him with procession. an. 1190. betwene the Abbot of Westminster, and his Couent of Blacke Mōkes, whom kyng Henry 3. had much ado to still and agree. an. 1249. Item, betwene the foresayd Byshop of Lyncolne, & the Abbot of Westminster. Likewyse betwene Nicolas byshop of Durhā, and Iohn Abbot of S. Albans. an. 1246. Also betwene Hubert Archbishop of Caunterbury and the mōnkes there for the house of Lambeth. an. 1196. And what a styrre was betwene the preachyng Friers, and the gray Friers mentioned In Math. Paris. for superioritie. an. 1243. Also betwene the sayd gray Friers, and the Prelates and Doctours of Paris about ix. conclusions, cōdemned of the Prelates to be erroneous. MarginaliaConclusions of the Friers condemned for erroneous by the Prelates of Paris.
Ex Mat. Paris. fol. 167.

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1. Concernyng the diuine essence, that it can not be sene of the aungels or men glorified.

2. Concernyng the essence of the holy Ghost.

3. Touchyng the procedyng of þe holy Ghost, as he is loue.

4. Whether men glorified shalbe in cœlo Empyreo, or in cœlo Cristallino.

5. That the euill Aaungell at his first creatiō was euill & neuer good.

6. That there haue bene many verities from the begynnyng, which were not God.

7. That an aūgell in one instant may be in diuers places.

8. That the euill aūgell neuer had wherby he might stād, no more had Adam in his state of Innocency.

9. That he which hath meliora naturalia, þt is to say, more perfect strength of nature workyng in him, shall haue more full measure, of necessitie to obtaine grace and glory. To the which article the Prelates aunswering, did excommunicate the same as erroneous, affimyng, that grace and glory shall be geuen accordyng to that God hath elected and predestinate. &c. Ex Math. Paris. fol. 167.

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MarginaliaContention betwene Friers about the Conceptiō of our Lady.In like maner betwene the sayd Dominicke Friers, & the gray Friers what a braule and tumult was about the Conception of our Lady, whether she was without originall sinne conceaued or not, in the reigne of kyng Henry vij. and kyng Henry viij. an. 1509. Adde moreouer to these the xxiiij. haynous schismes and not so few, which happened betwene Pope and Pope in the Church and sea of Rome. But what doe I stand to recite the diuisions and dissensions in the popes Church, which is as much almost to rekē the sandes of the Sea. MarginaliaContinuall variance in the Popes Church.For what Church, Chapter, or Couent was in all that Religion, whiche either had not some variance with themselues, or with others? Vpon which continuall strife and variance amongest them, the readers hereof may iudge of them & their Religiō as pleaseth them: In the meane time my iudgement is this: that where such dissension dwelleth, there dwelleth not the spirite of Christ.

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MarginaliaAn. 1190.These thynges thus discoursed touchyng the tragicall dissension betwene Baldwyne archbishop and Monkes of Caunterbury, now to procede (by the Lordes assistence) in continuation of our story: 

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Richard I and Third Crusade

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaKyng Rychard taketh his iorney toward the land of Hierusalem.After kyng Richard had thus, as is declared, set the Monkes & the archbyshop in some agreement, and had composed such thynges as were to be redressed within the Realme, he aduaunceth forward his iourney, & came to Turon, to meete with Philip the Frēch kyng and so after that went to Vizeliace, where the Frēch kyng and he ioyning together for the more continuance of their iourney, assured themselues by solemne othe, swearyng fidelitie one to the other: the forme of whose othe was this: MarginaliaThe oth of fidelitie betwene Philip second Frēch king, and kyng Richard the first, goyng to the holy land.That either of them should defend and mainteyne the honour of the other, and beare true fidelitie vnto him, of lyfe, members, and worldly honour, and that neither of them should fayle the other in their affaires: but the Frenche kyng should ayde the kyng of England in defendyng his land and dominions, as he would himselfe defend his owne Citie of Paris if it were besieged: and that Richard kyng of England likewise should ayde the Frēch king in defendyng his land and dominions, no otherwise thē he would defend his owne Citie of Roan, if it were obsieged. &c. But how slenderly this othe did hold betwene these two kynges, and by whose chief occasion first it fell asunder, the sequele of the story (the Lord willyng) shall declare hereafter.

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MarginaliaDiscipline & orders set by kyng Richard for malefactors.Furthermore, touchyng the lawes and ordinaunces appointed by kyng Richard for his nauy, the forme therof was this.

1. That who so killed any person on shypbord, should be tyed with him that was slayne and throwen into the Sea.

2. And if he killed him on the lād, should in like maner be tyed with the partie slayne, and be buryed wt him in the earth.

3. He that shalbe coōuicted by lawfull witnes to draw out his knife or weapō, to the entent to strike any mā, or that hath strickē any to the drawing of bloud, shall lose his hand.

4. Also, he that striketh any person with his hād, without effusion of bloud, shalbe plunged three tymes in the Sea.

5. Itē, who so speaketh any opprobrious or contumelious wordes, in reuilyng or cursing one an other, for so oftētimes as he hath so reuiled, shall pay so many vnces of siluer.

6. Item, a theefe or felon that hath stolne, beyng lawfully conuicted, shall haue his head shorne and boyling pitch poured vpon his head, and fethers or downe strawed vpon the same, wherby he may be knowen, and so at the first landyng place they shall come to, there to be cast vp. &c.

MarginaliaThe French king and K. Richard come to Lyons.These thynges thus set in a readynes, kyng Richard sendyng his nauy by the Spanish Seas, & by the straites of Iubaltarie betwene Spayne and Africa, to meete him at Marsilia, he himselfe went (as is sayd) to Vizeliace, to the French kyng. Which two kynges from thence went to Lyons, where the bridge ouer the floode Rhodanus, for presse of people brake, and many both men and wemē were drowned. By occasion wherof the ij. kynges for the combraunce of their traynes, were constrayned to disseuer them selues for tyme of their iorney, appointyng both to meete together in Sicilie: and so Philip the French kyng tooke his way to Genua, MarginaliaK. Richard commeth to Marsilia.and kyng Richard to Marsilia, where he remained viij. dayes, appointyng there his nauy to meete him. Frō thence crossing ouer to Genua, where the French kyng was, passed forward by the coastes of Italy, and entered into Tyber not farre from Rome, where meetyng with Octomanus Cardinall and Byshop of Hostia, MarginaliaK. Richard complayneth of the filthy Symony of the Popes Court.he did complayne greatly of the filthy Symonie of the Pope and the Popes Court, for receauyng vij. hundreth Markes for consecratyng the Byshop Cenomanensis: Also a thousand and fiue hundreth Markes of William Byshop of Ely for his office Legatine. And likewise an infinite summe of money of the Byshop of Burdeaux, for acquityng hym when he should be deposed for a certein crime layd to his charge by his Clergy. &c.

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MarginaliaKyng Richard departeth from Marsilia.The vij. day of August, in the yeare aforesayd, kyng Richard departed out of Marsilia, after he had there wayted viij. dayes for his nauy, which came not, and so hyeryng xx. Galleys, and x. great Barkes, to shyp ouer his men, sayled by the cost of Italy, and came to Naples, and so partly by horse and wagon, partly by the Sea passing to Falernum, came to Calabria, MarginaliaThe kynges ships ariued at Messana.where after that he heard that his shyps were arriued at Messana in Sicilie he made þe more speede, MarginaliaThe comming of kyng Richard to Messana.and so the xxiij. of September entred Messana, with such a noyse of trumpets and shalmes, with such a route and shew, that it was to the great wonderment and terrour both of the French men, and all other that did heare and behold the sight.

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To the sayd towne of Messana the French kyng was

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