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782 [758]

Byshops of Rome aduaunced by Emperours, Constantinus, Theodosius. &c.

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CUL copy: note the attention to detail in this illustration: tiny, individual brushstrokes are used to suggest the weave of the fabric in the Emperor's clothing. The detail added to the marbling on the right-hand pillar replicates that added to the pillars in other images, such as the 'Vivate Rex' on the verso of the title page. WREN copy: this copy is not as detailed as that in the CUL copy.

tuted but a few holydayes: for Gods one, he hath instituted xl. And if the holyday that God appointeth be simplex, the feast that the Pope appointeth is duplex & triplex. Christ is the head of the church: so is the Pope. Christ geueth influence to his body: so doth the Pope. Christ forgeueth sinne the Pope doth no lesse. Christ expelleth euil spirites by hys power: so pretendeth the pope by hys holy water. Furthermore, where Christ went barefoot vpon the bare ground: he wt his golden shoes is caried on mēs shoulders. And where Christ was called Sanctus Sanctorū: he is called Sanctorum Sāctissim9. Christ neuer practised but only þe spirituall sword: he claimeth both spiritual & tēporal. Christ bought þe church: he both buieth & selleth þe church. And if it be necessary to beleue Christ to be the sauior of the world: so is it necessary to beleue the Pope to be the head of the Church. Christ payed tribute to Cesar: he maketh Cesar pay tribute vnto hym. Finally, the crowne of Christ was of sharpe thorne: þe pope hath 3. crownes of gold vpon his hed, so far exceding Christ the sonne of God in glory of this world, as Christ excedeth hym in the glory of heauē. The image and paterne of whose intollerable pride and exaltation, according as S. Paul doth [illegible text] in his epistle aforesayd, we haue here set forth, not [illegible text] these Tables to be sene, and by his owne factes to be [illegible text] but also in his owne wordes, and registers, [illegible text] Extrauagantes, and Pontificals, expressed as in order [illegible text] willing) shall follow.

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¶ [illegible text] exaltation of Popes aboue Kings and Emperours out of historyes.

MarginaliaIohn Patiarch of Constantinople subdued by B. of Rome. FIrst, after that Italy and the Citie of Rome were ouerrunne by the Gotthes and Vandalles, so that the seate of the Empire was remoued to Constantinople, then began Ioannes Patriarke of Costantinople to to put foorth hymselfe, and would needes be called vniuersall Byshop of the world: but the Byshop of Rome in no case would suffer that, and stopped it. MarginaliaThe Emperours Lieutenaunt of Rauenna subdued by the Lom- After this came the Emperours debitie, and Exarch of Rauenna to rule Italy, but the Bishop Marginaliabardes and Romaine byshops.of Rome thorough ayde of the kyng of Lombardes soone quailed hym.

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Not long after, about the yeare of our Lord. D.C. came Phocas the murderer, who slue the Emperor of Constantinople hys maister Mauritius and his children. MarginaliaBoniface 3. obtained of Phocas to be called vniuersall byshop. By which Phocas the byshops of old Rome aspyred first to their preeminence, to be coūted the headbishops ouer tþehe whole Church and so together with the Lombardes began to rule the Citie of Rome. 

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This summary of papal history from Phocas and Boniface III through to Otto I, is based on on William Tyndale's The Practice of Prelates.(See Expositions and Notes…by William Tyndale, ed. Henry Walter, ParkerSociety [Cambridge, 1849], pp. 258-70).

Afterward when the Lombardes would not yeld vnto him, in accomplishyng hys ambitious desire, but would nedes requyre of the Byshop the sayd citie of Rome MarginaliaPope Zachary putteth downe Childericus the Frēch K. and setteth Pipinus in his place. he styrred vp Pipinus, but first deposed Childiricus the kyng of Fraunce, and so thrusting hym into an Abbay, MarginaliaPipinus & Carolus Magnus set vp by Pope Zachary. set vp in his place Pipinus and his sonne Carolus Magnus, to put downe the sayd kyng of Lombardes called Aistulphus: and so translated the Empyre from Constantinople into Fraunce, deuidyng the spoyle betwene hym and them: MarginaliaHow the byshops of Rome came first to be the head Byshops of the Church. so that the kynges of Fraunce had all the possessions and landes which before belonged to the Empire, and he to receaue of them the quyet possession of the Citie of Rome, wt such donations and Lordshyps, MarginaliaDonation of Constantine a thing false and forged. whiche now they chalenge vnto thē vnder the name of S. Peters patrimonie, which they falsely ascribe to þe donatiō of Constantinus the great.

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It foloweth then in proces of tyme, after the dayes of Pipinus, Carolus, and Ludouicus (who had indued these Byshops of Rome, called now Popes, with large possessions) when the kynges of Fraunce were not so applyable to their becke, to ayde and mainteyne thē agaynst the Princes of Italy, who began then to pynch the sayd Byshops for their wrongfull vsurped goodes, MarginaliaPope Gregory v. practiseth with the Germynes to reduce the Empyre to Germany. [illegible text] they practised with the Germanes to reduce þe Empire to MarginaliaOtho first Germane Emperour. Otho first of that name Duke of spayne 

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I.e., the duke of Saxony.

, referryng the election therof to vij. Princes Electours of Germany, whiche was about. an. 1002. notwithstanding reseruyng still in his handes the negatiue voyce, thynkyng therby to enioye that they had, in quietnes and securitie, and so dyd for a good space.

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At length when some of these Germane Emperours also after Otho began a little to spurne agaynst the sayd

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