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786 [762]

Henricus. 4. Emperour surrendred his crowne to the Pope.

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CUL copy: This illustration manifests many contradictions in its colouring in. In many ways it is more crudely coloured in than those preceding it. For example, the clothing of the cardinals is in red but in block colour, with no attempt to provide detail or shading. However there is attention to detail in other parts of the picture, such as in the faces and headwear. The depiction of shadows is unrealistic - somewhat medieval in its representation. WREN copy: a very pale version, the cardinals' vestments are in a pale orange wash, rather than a block colour.

approbation, vnction, consecration, and crowne Imperiall, must not disdaine to submit their heades vnder me, & sweare vnto me their allegeaunce. Marginalia19 [illegible text] 19. For so you read in the Decree of pope Iohn, how that princes heretofore haue bene wont to bow & submit their heades vnto Byshops, & not to procede in iudgement agaynst the heades of byshops. Marginalia20. Pope Clement. 5. [illegible text]. 20. If this reuerence & submission was wont to be giuen to Bishops, how much more ought they to submitte their heades to me beyng superiour, not onely to Kyngs, but Emperours, and that for two causes: First for my title of succession that I pope of Rome haue to the Empire, the rowme stādyng vacant. Also for the fulnesse of power that Christ the kyng of kyngs, & Lord of Lordes hath geuen to me though vnworthy in the person of Peter. Marginalia21.
Pope Innocē[illegible text] cap [illegible text]
21. By reason, wherof, seyng my power is not of man but of God who by his celestiall prouidence hath set me ouer his whole vniuersall church maister & gouernour, it belongeth therfore to my office to looke vpon euery mortall sinne of euery Christē man: Marginalia22. Ibidem. 22. Wherby all criminall offēces as well of kyngs as all other, be subiect to my cēsure. 

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This is a good example of how Foxe can distort the sources he is quoting. The rule actually asserts the right of the papacy to hear appeals from bishops regarding offenses committed against them, even by kings, but it does not assertjurisdiction over all criminal offenses.

Marginalia23. Pope Marcellus Causa. 2. q. 6. c. Ad Romanam. 23. in such sort, that in all maner of pleadyng if any maner of person at any tyme either before the sentence giuen or after shall appeale to me, it shalbe lawfull for him so to do. Marginalia24. Innocentius [illegible text]. 24. Neither must kyngs & princes thinke it much to submit thēselues to my iudgement: for so did Valētinianus the worthy Emperour, so did Theodosius, and & Carolus. Marginalia25. Bonifacius [illegible text] ca. [illegible text] 25. Thus you see all must be iudged by me, and I of no man. Yea and though I pope of Rome by my negligēce or euil demeaner be foūd vnprofitable or hurtfull, either to my selfe or to others: yea, if I should draw wt me innumerable soules by heapes to hell, yet nor mortall mā so hardy, so bold, or presūptuous to reproue me. Marginalia26. Glosa. [illegible text] vacant. Ad apostolatus. 26. or to say to me: Domine cur ita facis? i. Syr why do ye so? Marginalia27. Pope Leo. [illegible text] q. 7. c. Nos. 27. For although you read that Balaā was rebuked of his asse, by the which asse our subiectes by Balaā we Prelates are signified: yet that ought to be no example to our subiectes to rebuke vs. Marginalia28. Gregor. 2. q. 7. c. Petrus. 28. And though we read in the Scripture that Peter, who receaued power of the kyngdome, & beyng chief of þe Apostles, might by vertue of his office controlle all other, was content to come & giue aūswere before his inferiours, obiectyng to him his goyng to the Gētiles, yet other inferiours must not learne by this example to be checkmate with their prelates bicause that Peter so tooke it at their hādes, shewing therby rather a dispēsation of humilitie, then the power of his office: by the which power he might haue sayd to thē agayne in this wise: It becommeth not shepe, nor belongeth to their office to accuse their shepheard. &c. Marginalia29. Pope Nicolaus Dict 21 cap. In tantum. 29. For els why was Dioscorus Patriarche of Alexandria condemned and excommunicated at Chalcedone? not for any cause of hys fayth, but onely for that he durst stand agaynst Pope Leo, and durst excommunicate the Byshoppe of Rome: for who is he that hath authoritie to accuse the seate of S. Peter? Marginalia30. Hiero. Caus. 2. q. 7. cap. Paulus. 30. Albeit I am not ignoraūt what S. Hierome writeth, that Paule would not haue reprehended Peter, vnles he had thought himselfe equall vnto him: Marginalia31. Glosa Gratiani ibidem. 31. yet Hierome must thus be expoūded by my interpretatiō, that this equalitie betwixt Peter & Paul cōsisteth not in like office of dignitie, but in purenes of conuersation. Marginalia32.
Glosa. in Dist. 11. cap Quis.
32. For who gaue Paul his licence to preach but Peter, & that by the authoritie of God, saying: Separate to me Paule and Barnabas? &c. 
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Acts 13:2.

Marginalia33. Caus. 2. q. 7. [illegible text] Wherfore be it knowen to all mē that my Church of Rome is prince & head of all natiōs. Marginalia34. Pope Nicolaus Dist. 22. c [illegible text] 34. the mother of the fayth. Marginalia35. Pope Anacletus. Dist. 22. c, [illegible text] 35. the foundatiō Cardinall: wherupō all Churches do depend as the doore doth depend by the hynges. Marginalia36. Pope Pelagius Dist. 21. [illegible text] 36. the first of all other seates, without all spot or blemish. Marginalia37. Pope Nicolaus. Dist. 21. cap. [illegible text] 37. Lady mistres & instructor of all Churches. Marginalia38. Pope Steph. Dist. 19. Enimuero. 38. a glasse & spectacle to all men, to be folowed in all, whatsoeuer she obserueth. Marginalia39. Pope Lucius. 24 q. 1. A rect. 39. Which was neuer founde yet to slide or decline frō the path of Apostolick traditiō, or to be intagled with any newnes of heresie. Marginalia40. Pope Nicolaus. Dist. 22. Omnes. 40. Agaynst whiche Churche of Rome whosoeuer speaketh any euill, is forthwith an hereticke. Marginalia41. Pope Gregorius. Dist. 81 cap [illegible text] 41. yea a very pagane, a witch, & Idolater or infidell. Marginalia42. Pope Leo. Caus. 3. q. 6. cap. Multum. 42. Hauyng fulnesse of power onely in her owne handes in rulyng. Marginalia43. Dist. 20. Decretales. 43. deciding, absoluyng, condēnyng, castyng out or receiuyng in. Marginalia44. Pope Iulius. Caus. 2. q. 6. Qui se. 44. albeit I deny not but other Churches be partakers with her in laboryng and caring.

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