Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Henry Pendleton
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Henry Pendleton

(d. 1557)

Chaplain to Bishop Bonner. Catholic controversialist [DNB]

In Edward VI's reign, Henry Pendleton boasted of the constancy of his protestant convictions to Laurence Saunders, but re-converted to catholicism in Mary's reign. 1563, p. 1049; 1570, p. 1670; 1576, p. 1426; 1583, pp. 1499-1500.

He witnessed Bishop Bonner burning Thomas Tomkins' hand with a candle. 1570, p. 1710; 1576, p. 1460; 1583, p. 1534.

In Bradford's final examination, the bishop of London refers to Bradford's letter to M Pendleton as proof of Bradford's heresy. 1563, p. 1197, 1570, p. 1788, 1576, p. 1527, 1583, p. 1610.

On 28 March 1555 Dr Pendleton, Master Colier and Stephen Beche visited Bradford in the Counter. 1563, p. 1213, 1570, p. 1802, 1576, p. 1537, 1583, p. 1620.

Bradford questioned Pendleton about why Pendleton changed his religion. 1563, pp. 1213-14, 1570, p. 1800, 1576, p. 1537, 1583, p. 1620.

Bradford told Pendleton that he would receive the same answer as Weston had received: that Bradford would not change his position on transubstantiation. 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1804, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Foxe states that he omitted the talk between Bradford and Pendleton about 'my lord of Canterbury, of Peter Martirs boke, of Pendleto[n]s letter laid to Bradford.' 1563, p. 1214, 1570, p. 1804, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

Pendleton, with Bonner and Feckenham among others, examined Bartlet Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Dr Pendleton took part in the examination of William Tyms, Robert Drakes, Thomas Spurge, Richard Spurge, John Cavel and George Ambrose. 1570, pp. 2076-77, 1576, p. 1791, 1583, pp. 1896-97.

Henry Pendleton repented at his death. 1570, p. 2300, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

1523 [1499]

Queene Mary. The burning of M. Saunders Martyr. Talke betweene M. Saunders and D. Pendleton.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
Lawrence Saunders, burned in a park outside the city of Coventry, is depicted being chained to the stake which he had embraced and kissed as the cross of Christ. There are armed guards all round (their pikes punctuate the background), ready to restrain supportive onlookers like the man on the left. But the stony-faced man below Saunders on the right, given the ugly features of friars and persecutors in other illustrations, shows that not all present were of this cast. The victim's agony was increased (as John Hooper's was to be) by the green wood of the still unlit fire. Foxe could not resist the comparison with St Lawrence, who featured among the 'old martyrs of Christ's church', whose sufferings were portrayed in the large print of the ten first persecutions of the primitive church, first included in 1570. As in other cases the woodcut gives the martyr's last words even though showing him before the fire was kindled. In 1563, the banderole is blank, perhaps (as in the similar case of the seven Smithfield martyrs 1563, p. 1451) indicating doubts or lack of information on the blockmakers' part. This deficiency was made good in the copy now in Ohio State University Library, in which an early hand has inserted 'O lord resieve my soule'. The words added to the scroll in 1570, were 'Welcome life', in italic, thereafter recut in 1576, and 1583, respectively in roman and italic. The missing edge of the scroll is a tell-tale clue to these alterations.

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of M. Laurēce Saunders at Couentry. Anno 1555. February. 8. The burning of Mayster Laurence Saunders at Couentry.

he in his paciēt body did susteine in the flame of fire. For so his cruell enemies hādled him, that they burned him with greene woode, & other smothering rather then burning fewell, which put him to much more payne, but that þe grace & most plentifull consolation of Christ, which neuer forsaketh his seruauntes, & gaue strength to S. Laurence gaue also pacience to this MarginaliaA Comparison betweene Laurence Saunders and S. Laurence.Laurence, aboue all that his tormēts could worke agaynst: which well appered by his quiet stāding, and sweet sleeping in the fire, as is aboue declared.

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MarginaliaStrength to stād in Christ, commeth not of our selues, but it is the gift of God.And to the intent to geue to the Reader to vnderstand the better, what the grace of Christ worketh in his seruāts, and agayne, how feeble & weake man is of himselfe without this grace geuen from aboue, though he seeme otherwise neuer so stout in himselfe: here therfore haue we added to the foresayd story of Laurence Saunders, the communication which in the beginning of his trouble, was betwene him and Doct. Pendleton, by the example whereof, such as stand,may learne to vnderstād and take heed with due feare, & not to bragge, to leane to the grace of the Lord, and not to presume in themselues.

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¶ A certayne communication betwene Laurence Saunders and Doctor Pendleton, in the beginning of Queene Maries tyme.

MarginaliaTalke betweene M. Saunders, & Doctour Pendleton. D Pendleton a stout preacher of the Gospel in K. Edwards time.AT the chaunge of religion in this Realme, and the beginning of Queene Maries reigne, Doct. Pendleton and M. Saunders men knowne to the world, not only to be learned but also earnest preachers of Gods word in the time of blessed king Edward, met together in the country, where by occasiō they were at that time, and as the case required (by reason of the persecution that was then at hand) fell to debate what was best for them to doe, in so daungerous a season. Whereupon M. Saunders, whether thorow very fraylty in deed of his weake flesh that was loth to tast of the bitter cup, 

Commentary  *  Close

Saunders is referring to Christ's words in the garden of Gethsemane (see Matthew 26:39, Mark 14:36 and Luke 22:42).

though his spirite were ready thervnto: or whether it were vpon the mistrust of hys owne strength, that he might receiue the greater power from aboue: or whether it were not for any one of the sayd causes alone, but for both together, or such like: MarginaliaM. Saunders timerous in Christes cause at the first beginning.semed so fearefull and feeble spirited, that he shewed himselfe in appearance, like either to fall quite from God and his word, whiche he had taught, or at least to betake him to his heeles and to fly the land, rather then to sticke to his profession and abyde by his tackle: so as Doctor Pendleton (who on the cōtrary side, appeared not so big of body, but as bold in courage, nor so earnest before in Pulpit, but as ready now to seale the same with his bloud) tooke vppon him to comfort M. Saūders all that he might, admonishing him (as he could

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do it very well) not to forsake cowardly his flocke when hee had most neede to defende the wolfe from them: neither hauing put to his hand to Gods plough, to start now aside and geue it ouer, nor yet (that is worst of all) hauyng once forsakē Antichrist, to fall either himselfe, or to suffer others by his example to returne to theyr vomit agayne.

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After which and such like perswasions bidding him be of good comfort, and to take a good hart vnto him: what man (quoth he) there is a great deale more cause in me to be afeard thē in you, for as much as you see, I cary a greater masse of flesh vpon my backe then you do, and being so laden with a heauier lump of this vile carkase ought therfore of nature to be more frayle then you: & yet sayth he, MarginaliaThe stout bragges of D. Pendleton at the first beginning.I will see the vttermost drop of this grease of mine moltē away, & the last gobbet of this flesh consumed to ashes, before I wil forsake God and his truth. Wherunto the other answering but litle, & MarginaliaGod geueth strength where feeblenes is confessed.wishing that almighty God woulde geue him more strength thē he presently felt in himselfe, acknowledging his owne weaknes, consēted notwithstanding though it were somewhat fayntly, to ioyne wt him in the profession of the Gospell, & so to go vp to London & set forththe same: wherupon they gaue ech other theyr hāds.

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Now when they were come to London, Lord what a great chaunge was there betwene these two persons. The poore feeble faynt harted Saunders, by the goodnes of almighty God, taking hart of grace to him, seking the same in humility, boldly & stoutly confirmed his flock out of the pulpit, where his charge lay, mightely beating down Antichrist, & lustely preached Christ his maister, for the which he afterward suffered most willingly as is afore declared. Wheras on the other side, MarginaliaExample how feeble man is of himselfe without the Lord support him.Pendleton the proud (who, as it appeared by the sequele, had bene more stout in words, thē constant in deeds, and a greater bragger, then a good warrior) folowed Peter so iustly in crackes, howsoeuer he did in repentance (which God onely knoweth) that he came not so soone to London but he chaūged his tipet, 

Commentary  *  Close

Literally, he changed a garment which he wore as part of his clerical dress. Apparently this was a popular proverb negatively characterizing a change of behaviour (see OED), but Foxe is also taking a jab at the wearing of clerical vestments.

& playd þe Apostata,  
Commentary  *  Close

Apostate or traitor.

preaching in stede of sound doctrine, nothing almost but errors & lyes, aduauncing Antichrist, and ouerthrowing poore Christ with all his mayne:  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 630, fn 2

{Cattley/Pratt cites the gloss and adds:} [This book was published by Miles Coverdale, in 1564...]

so his former boldnes came to nothing, vnlesse it were a contrarye key, becomming of a faithfull pastour a false runnagate, and of a true Preacher a sworne enemy of Gods euerlasting Testament, to the great offence of his brethren, the hurt of hys flock, and the vtter vndoing, withour Gods greater mercy, of his owne soule. Wherein are specially to be considered the deepe and maruellous iudgementes of God, who as he can and doth make strong whome it pleaseth hym, when he seeth his time, & most commonly such as appeare most feeblest: euen so contrariwise throweth he downe o-

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