Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1534 [1510]

Queene Mary. The Martyrdome of M. Hooper Martyr.

ring teares vpon his shoulders & in his bosome) who gaue attentiue eares vnto the same: the which prayer hee made vpon the whole Creede, wherein he continued for the space of halfe an houre. Now after he was somewhat entred into his prayer, a boxe was brought and laid before him vpon a stoole, with his pardon (or at the least wise it was fained to be his pardon) from the Queene, if he would turne. At the sight thereof he cried: If you loue my soule, away wt it, if you loue my soule, away with it. MarginaliaM. Hooper refuseth the Queenes pardon.The boxe being taken away,the Lorde Shandoys saide: Seeing there is no remedie, dispatch quickely. Master Hooper sayde: Good my Lord, I trust your Lordship wil geue me leaue to make an ende of my prayers.

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Then said the Lorde Shandoys to sir Edmund Bridges his sonne (which gaue eare before to maister Hoopers prayer at his request:) Edmond, take heede that he do nothing els but pray: if he doe, tel me, and I shall quickly dispatche hym. Whiles this talke was, there stepped one or two in vncalled, whych hearde hym speake these woordes folowing.

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MarginaliaM.Hoopers praier.LOrde (sayd he) I am hell, but thou art heanen: I am swill and a sinke of sinne, but thou art a gratious God and a mercifull redemer. Haue mercy therefore vpon me most miserable and wretched offender, after thy great mercy, and accordinge to thine inestimable goodnesse. Thou that art ascended into heauen, receiue me hel to be partaker of thy ioyes, where thou sittest in equal glory wyth thy father. For well knowest thou Lorde wherefore I am come hither to suffer, and why the wicked doe persecute thys thy poore seruant: not for my sinnes and transgressions committed against thee, but because I will not allowe their wicked doings, to the contaminating of thy bloude, and to the deniall of the knowledge of thy truth, wherewith it did please thee by thy holy spirit to instruct me: the which with as much diligence as a pore wretch might (being thereto called) I haue set foorth to thy glorye. And well seest thou my Lord and God, what terrible paines and cruell torments be prepared for thy creature: such, Lord, as without thy strength none is able to beare, or paciently to passe. But al things that are impossible with man, are possible with thee. Therefore strengthen mee of thy goodnesse, that in the fire I breake not the rules of pacience, or els asswage the terrour of the paines, as shall seeme most to thy glory.

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MarginaliaM. Hooper undresseth himself to the fire.As soone as the Mayor had espied these menne whyche made report of the former wordes, they were commanded away, and could not be suffered to heare any more. Prayer being done, he prepared himself to the stake, and put off his hostesse gowne, and deliuered it to the sheriffes, requiring them to see it restored vnto the owner, and put off the rest of his geare, vnto his doublet and his hose, wherin he would haue burned. But the Sheriffes woulde not permit that, (such was their greedinesse) vnto whose pleasures (good

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man) he very obediently submitted him selfe: and his doublet, hose, and peticote were taken off. Then being in hys shirt, he tooke a poynt from his hose him selfe, & trussed hys shirt betweene his legges, where he had a pound of gunne pounder  

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Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 657, line 36

Dorman, afterwards one of Jewel's antagonists, was present, and in his Disproof of Nowel's Reproof ... takes occasion from this incident to taunt the Protestant Martyrs. See Strype's Mem. vol. iii. p. 230.

in a bladder, and vnder each arme the like quantitie deliuered him by the Garde. So desiring the people to say the Lordes prayer with him, and to pray for hym, (who performed it with teares, during the time of his paines) he went vp to the stake. Now when he was at the stake, three yrons made to binde him to the stake, were brought: one for his necke, an other for his middle, and the thirde for his legges. But he refusing them said: ye haue no neede thus to trouble your selues. For I doubt not but God will geue strength sufficient to abide the extremitie of the fire, wtout bands: notwithstanding, suspecting the frailty and weakenesse of the flesh, but hauing assured confidence in Gods strength, I am content ye doe as ye shall thinke good.

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MarginaliaM. Hooper bound to the stake.So the hoope of yron prepared for hys middle, was brought, whych being made somewhat too shorte (for hys belly was swolne by imprisonment) he shranke and put in his belly wt his hand, vntil it was fastened: and when they offered to haue bound his necke & his legs wyth the other two hoopes of yron, he vtterly refused them, & would haue none, saying: I am wel assured I shall not trouble you.

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Thus being ready, he looked vpon the people, of whom he might be wel sene (for he was both tal, and stoode also on an high stoole) and behelde rounde about him: and in euery corner there was nothing to be seene but weeping and sorowful people. MarginaliaThe weeping of the people at M. Hoopers burning.Then lifting vp his eyes and handes vnto heauen, he praied to himselfe. By and by hee that was appointed to make the fire, came to him, and did aske him forgeuenesse. Of whom he asked why he should forgeue hym, saying: that he knewe neuer any offence he had committed against him. Oh sir (said the mā) I am appoynted to make þe fire. MarginaliaHe forgeueth his executionerTherein (said M. Hooper) thou doest nothing offend me: God forgeue thee thy sinnes & doe thine office, I pray thee. Then the Reedes were cast vp, and he receiued two bundels of them in hys owne handes, embraced them, kissed them , and put vnder either arme one of them, and shewed with his hand how the rest shoulde be bestowed, and poynted to the place where any did lacke. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 658, line 15

Similar tokens of cheerful acquiescence in their painful lot were common with the martyrs: see Saunders's case; also that of Dr. Taylor ... and other instances.

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Anone commandement was geuen that fire should be set too, and so it was. MarginaliaFire put to M. Hooper.But because there were put to no fewer greene fagots then two horses could carry vpon their backs, it kindled not by and by, and was a prety while also before it tooke the Reedes vppon the faggotes. At length it burned aboute him, but the winde hauing full strength in that place (it was also a lowring & a cold morning) it blew the flame from him, so that he was in a maner no more but touched by the fire.

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The burning of M. Iohn Hooper, Bishop at Glocester. An. 1555. Februarie 9.

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Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
In 1570: The burnying of Maister Iohn Hoper Byshop at Glocester The 'description' of Hooper's burning (as it was headed in 1563, when this term was used more often than in later editions) is a graphic transcription of the bishop's suffering in the fire that took so slowly, showing the arm that fell into the flames as he beat his breast. He is depicted frontally which is unusual, and focuses attention on the carefully delineated tension of his shoulders and almost sculpted, seemingly outsize head. Also unusually he is bound to the stake at chest as well as waist. The image is related to that in Foxe's Latin Rerum in ecclesia gestarum of 1559 (Pt I, p. 297) in which Hooper stands erect in a similar pose on the high stool that Foxe refers to, though here he is still clothed and intact, not yet affected by the blaze that surrounds him. Although the image in the continental edition (the dramatic plumes and curls of whose fire is unlike the imagery of the English work) might seem custom made for Hooper, it also served to illustrate Hus (Rerum, Pt II, p. 1). The layout in 1563 also echoes that of the earlier book, allowing a full page to the woodcut with lines of verse below. In both cases a single woman represents the sorrowing crowd, in the Acts and Monuments attracting the seemingly sympathetic attention of the official on her right. Changes to the speech scroll - gothic in 1563, italic 1570, roman 1576, and redone roman 1583, had resulted in damage to the framing line by 1570.

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