Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Julius III Reginald Pole
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Julius III

Pope (1550 - 1555)

Born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte

Received a letter dated 30 November 1554 from King Philip of England announcing the restoration of Catholicism to England (1563, pp. 1011-12; 1570, p. 1650; 1576, pp. 1407-8; 1583, p. 1478).

Received a letter from Cardinal Pole, dated 30 November 1554, announcing the restoration of Catholicism to England (1563, pp. 1012-13 [in Latin, only in this edition]; pp. 1013-14; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79).

Received a message from Parliament asking him to confirm the purchasers of monastic lands and chantry lands in their current ownership (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

Reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English (1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457;1583, p. 1531).

Issued a bull excommunicating anyone who retained monastic lands or Church property (1570, p. 1729;1576, p. 1477; 1583, pp. 1559-60).

Permitted homosexuality in the papal court (1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

Proclaimed a jubilee, presided over the Council of Trent and sponsored the shrine of Our Lady ofLoretto (1563, p. 1117; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

Foxe relates anecdotes concerning his gluttony (1563, pp. 1117-18; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583,p. 1560).

Stephen Gardiner issued instructions for Julius's funeral in April 1555 (1563, p. 1118; 1570, p. 1730;1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

A London woman was imprisoned for refusing to pray for Julius III at his funeral ceremonies (1563, p.1118; 1570, p. 1730; 1576, p. 1477; 1583, p. 1560).

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Reginald Pole

(1500 - 1558)

Archbishop of Canterbury (1555 - 1558) and cardinal. [DNB] Papal legate (1554 - 1557) [Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation; T. F. Mayer, Reginald Pole, Prince and Prophet (2000)]

On 7 November 1554, two ambassadors were sent abroad. The rumour was that they were sent to escort Pole to England (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

Pole landed at Dover on 21 November 1554 and on the same day an act was passed in parliament repealing the act of attainder passed against him in Henry VIII's reign (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475; cf. the account of this in 1563, p. 1008). Another notice of the act of attainder against Pole being repealed (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1481).

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Pole arrived at Lambeth on 24 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

He arrived at parliament on 27 November 1554 and made an oration there, praising England's previous catholic fidelity, deploring the reformation and extolling papal power (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-7; 1583, pp. 1476-78).

He pronounced a papal absolution in parliament on 28 November 1554 (1563, pp. 1010-11; 1570, p. 1649; 1576, p. 1407; 1583, pp. 1477-78).

Reginald Pole sent a letter to Pope Julius III on 30 November 1554 announcing the restoration of catholicism in England. 1563, pp. 1013-14 [in Latin, only in this edition, pp. 1012-13] ; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79; also see 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559.

He was present at Stephen Gardiner's Paul's Cross sermon of 2 December 1554 (1563, p. 1018; 1570, p. 1651; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

He absolved convocation on 6 December 1554 for their perjuries, heresies and schisms (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

As legate to Julius III, Pole reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English. 1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457; 1583, p. 1531.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. Ormanet was chosen because he had the trust of Pope Julius III. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Thomas Causton appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541.

Robert Ferrar appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1099; 1570, p. 1724; 1576, p. 1472; 1583, p. 1555.

The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) was held on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from 'Cardinall Poole'. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

William Stannard, Thomas Freeman and William Adams were condemned to be burned 13 June 1556 but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for their lives. 1563, pp. 1525-26, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1798, 1583, p. 1916.

Pole chose Cuthbert Scot, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole to be a persecutors of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Peter Martyr's wife was reburied in Richard Marshall's dunghill after Cardinal Pole ordered him to oversee the exhumation of her body. 1563, p1559., 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

Reginald Pole died the day after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

[Not related to David Pole.]

1555 [1531]

Queene Mary. Bishop of London his intimation thorough hys Dyoces, concerning absolution.

Marginalia Anno 1555. February. tatem: facile quidem in V. Serenitatis gratiam, hanc illi facultatem concessimus. Et quanquam ille natus subditus noster nondum explicatus fuerat à debitione certæ cuiusdam pecuniæ quā nostro ærario soluere iure tenebatur, tamen maiorem vestri desyderij quam nostri debiti rationem habendam esse duximus. Quin insuper animum & voluntatem gratificandi vestræ Serenitati pro nostra mutua amicia, in qua alia etiam re possumus, cum oportunitas feret, libenter ostendemus. Deus Vest. Serenitatem diutissimè seruet incolumen. Ex Regia nostra Westmonasterij, 18. Febr. 1555.

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MarginaliaFebruary. 15. MarginaliaThe effect of B. Boners intimation sent into his dioces to receiue the Cardinalls absolution, and to be reconciled to the Pope, in the Lent nexte folowing.The same month, the 19. day was a certaine intimation set foorth and printed in the name of Boner,  

Commentary  *  Close
Bonner's Absolution

Foxe's printing of the absolution and his description of its being issued first appear in the 1563 edition. The document was reprinted from Bishop Bonner's register (Guildhall MS 9531/12, fol. 372r-v), Foxe's major archival source for his first edition. This material was reprinted unchanged in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

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wherein was conteyned a general monition and strait charge geuen to euery man and woman within his Dioces, to prepare themselues against Lent, then neare approchyng, to receyue the glad tidynges of peace and reconciliation sent from Pope Iulius 3. by Poole his Cardinall and Legate De Latere,  
Commentary  *  Close

A papal legate a latere had authority to exercise any papal powers on the pope's behalf, being, in effect, a papal viceroy. Cardinal Pole was legate a latere from November 1554 to May 1557.

and so receyue also the ioyfull benefite of absolution, beyng sent first from the Cardinall to Boner, and from him of euerich of his Archdeacons to be ministred to euery priuate person within his Dioces, that would come the said holy tyme of Lent to his Pastor or Curate to bee confessed, and to receyue of hym wholesome counsaile, penance and absolution: Signifiyng moreouer, that as he was authorised by the foresayd Cardinall, so he for þe same purpose had indued with the like authoritie, al and singular Pastors and Curates within his Dioces, to reconcile and assoyle from their former heresie and schisme, & from the censures of the Church, such as would resort vnto thē. And lest any scruple or doubt rising peradnenture in their consciences, should be any stay or let in this behalfe, he had assigned and deputed therfore through his Dioces certain learned men, to whom they might resort, or els myght open their griefes to any of his Archdeacons, or els come to hys owne person, and so should be resolued.  
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This was a remarkable initiative which potentially vastly increased the workload of Bonner and his staff. It is one of those occasions where Foxe inadvertantly supplies evidence of Bonner's genuine pastoral zeal.

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And therefore all manner of doubtes and obstacles set aside, hee straightly willed and commaunded euery man and woman to come to confession, and to enioy this benefite of reconciliation and absolution, agaynst the first Sonday next after Easter ensuyng, and not to fayle, For the which purpose he had specially commaunded the Pastours and Curates of euery parish, to certifie vp in writyng the names of euery man and woman so reconciled, and so forth. The copy of which intimation here vnder followeth.

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¶ The declaration of the B. of London, to be published to the lay people of his diocesse, concernyng their reconciliation.  
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This document is fol. 372-v of Bishop Bonner's register (London Guildhall MS 9531/12). The form of the absolution, printed just below, is on fol. 372v.

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 708, bottom

This Declaration is in the Bonner Register, folio 372. Foxe's copy has been collated and found very close: three words ... he has added, and he has at the close corrected the Register, which reads, "much profit and estimable profit."

EDmund by the permission of God, B. of London, vnto all and singuler the lay people of his Diocesse, doth send greeting in our sauiour Iesu Christ.

Whereas this noble realme of England, diuidyng it selfe from the vnitie of the catholike church, and from the agreement in religion with all other christian Realmes, hath bene, besides many other miseries & plagues, which Gods indignation hath poured vpon it, grieuously also vexed, and sore infected with many and sondry sortes of sects of heretikes, as Arrians, Anabaptistes, Libertines, Zuinglians, Lutherans, and many other, all which sectes be most repugnant: and contrary one agaynst another, & all agaynst Gods truth, and Christes Catholicke fayth: whereupon hath growen such slaunder to the realme, such malice and disagreement among our selues, the inhabitants thereof, such treasons, tumultes, and insurrections agaynst our prince, such blasphemy and dishonour vnto God, as no mans tong or pen is able to expresse: It hath pleased the goodnes of God to cast his eye of mercy & clemency vpon vs, and to mooue the Popes holines to send his most godly messenger, the most Reuerend father in God, the L. Cardinall Poole Legate de Latere, to bryng vs the glad tidings of peace, and reconciliation, & to reduce and bryng home vnto the folde, the lost sheepe that were gone astray, whose message as it hath been honourablye receyued of the Kyng and Queenes maiesties, euen so the Lords spirituall and temporall, and commons at the last Parliamente hath receyued it, reuokyng all lawes (the which in the tyme of schisme were promulgate against the authoritie of the Popes holynes, and restoryng the same and the church of Rome to all that power which they had in this realme before the sayd schisme, the which reconciliation was also most glad and ioyfully embraced as well of all the clergy and conuocation of the prouince of Cant. as also of many other persons, and beyng so great & necessary, to be extended to euery person of the Realme, it hath pleased the sayd L. Legates grace to geue, & imparte

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vnto me the sayd B. of London, for my sayd Diocesse, and to all such as I shall appoynt in that behalfe, power & authoritie to absolue and reconcile all and euery person therof, as well of the Clergy as of the Laitie, and as well men as women, the which will renounce their errors, and (beyng penitent) will humbly require to be restored to the vnitie of the Catholike church, as by the letters of the sayde L. Legates grace sent vnto me, and from me sent vnto euery of the Archdeacons within my dioces, more at large may, and doth appeare. And forasmuch as in myne owne person, as well for the multitude of people, as distaunce of places, I cannot minister this benefit vnto euery priuate person my selfe, and for that also the holy tyme of Lent is now at hande, in which euery true christen man ought to come vnto his owne Pastor and Curate, to be of him confessed, and to receyue at his hand wholesome counsaile, penance and absolution: these are therefore as well to geue knowledge vnto euery one of you, as also to signifie & declare, that for that purpose, I haue by the sayd authoritie chosen, named and deputed, and so by these presentes, doe chuse, and depute all and singuler pastors and curates, hauing cure of soules within my Diocesse, and beyng themselues reconciled herein, that they and euery of them by authoritie hereof, shall haue full power and authoritie to absolue all such as be lay persons of their parishes, from heresie and schisme, and from the censures of the Church, into þe which they be fallen by occasion therof also, & to reconcile to the church al such which shal declare themselues penitent, and desirous to enioy the benefit of the sayde reconciliation. And whereas diuers pastors and curates in sondry parishes, peraduenture bee not able to satisfye the myndes, and to appease the consciences of some of theyr parishioners, in cases that shal trouble them, I haue therfore geuen also authoritie to euery Archdeacon of my dioces, within his Archdeaconry, to name and appoynt certayne of the best learned in euery Deanry of their Archdeaconry, to supply that lacke, so that euery man so troubled, may repaire to any one of thē within the said Deanry, whom he shall lyke best, to be instructed and appeased in that behalfe, And also I haue appoynted, that if this beyng done, there shall yet remayne any scruple in the parties conscience, and himselfe not satisfied, then the said partie to repaire vnto one of myne Archdeacons or chaplens, vnto whom his mynd shal be most inclined vnto, or els to repaire vnto myne owne selfe, to bee resolued in his saide scruple or doubt, and to receiue and take such order therin as to one of the sayd Archdeacons, or vnto me shall therin appeare to be most expedient.

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Further certifieng and declaring vnto you, that I haue geuen commaundement herein to all my Archdeacons, that they monish and commaund euery pastor, & Curate within their Archdeaconries, that they hauing knowlege hereof, doe in the first holiday next then followyng, at the masse tyme, when the multitude of people is present, declare all these thyngs vnto their parishioners, and exhort them that they esteeme this grace accordingly, and reconcile themselues to the church before the first Sonday after Easter next ensuyng, which thyng I also do commaunde by the tenour hereof, with intimation that the sayd tyme beyng once past, and they not so reconciled, euery one of them shall haue processe made agaynst hym, accordyug to the Canons, as the cause shall require: for which purpose the pastours and Curates of euery parish shall be cōmanded by their Archdeacon, to certifie me in writyng, of euery man and womans name, that is not so reconciled.

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Further, herewith I do signify and declare vnto you, that our holy father the Pope, Iulius the 3. of that name, lyke a most tender and naturall father, hearyng of the returne and recouery of his prodigall child this Realme of England, hath hymselfe made much ioy and gladnes here at, and also all other true christen Realmes haue done the lyke. Exhorting you therefore in our Lord, not to be vnthankfull your selues, or negligent in this behalfe, but diligently to seeke for it, ioyfully to embrace it, and fruitfully to vse it, remembryng with all the monition and charge which came from me the last yeare, concernyng your commyng to confession in Lent, and receiuyng the sacrament at Easter, which moniton to all effects and purposes, I haue now here repeated and renewed, chargyng you, and also al your Curates therwith. And because al our dueties is, earnestly and deuoutly to pray for the prosperous estate of our souerainges, the King and Queene of this Realm, I do finally require and pray you, as hartily as I can, to pray for their maiesties accordingly, and specially that it may please almighty God, to send vnto her grace a good tyme,and to make her a glad mother, which cannot be but vnto vs all great ioy, much comfort, and inestimable profite. Geuen at London the 19. day of the moneth of Febr,

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