Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1604 [1580]

Q. Mary. The Martyrdome of Iohn Cardmaker, and Iohn Warne Martyrs.
The Martyrdome of Iohn Cardmaker, and Iohn Warne, Vpholster. An. 1555. May. 30.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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In a faithful transcription of Foxe's text, the woodcut shows John Cardmaker talking to 'the sheriffs', with John Warne already bound to the stake. The admonition in his banderole (recut, changing 'idolatry' to 'idolatrie' in 1576) is the equivalent of a sermon text: 'Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry', 1 Cor. 10:14). The crowd, anxious lest Cardmaker might make a last minute recantation, is focused on Warne's words, while the pointing official on the right seems to indicate that the decision still hung in the balance. The woodcut suggests the difference in age between Warne, aged 29, and Cardmaker, who had been a friar before the Dissolution.

MarginaliaThe reioycing of the people at Cardmakers constancyesed, the Lord strengthen thee Cardmaker, the Lord Iesus receiue thy spirite.  

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The Venetian ambassador observed that crowd at Cardmaker's execution sympathised with the martyr (C.S.P. Ven., VI, I, pp. 93-94).

And this continued while the executioner put fire to them, and they both passed thorough the fire to the blessed rest and peace among Gods holy saints and martyrs, to enioy the crowne of triumph and victory prepared for the elect souldiors and warriours of Christ Iesus in his blessed kingdome. To whome be glory and maiesty for euer, Amen.

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¶ The confession of the fayth of Iohn Warne Citizen of London, which he wrote the day before he was burned, the 30. day of May. 1555.  
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Foxe apparently had a copy of this document when he was writing the Rerum, since he states that Warne wrote such a confession of faith on p. 443. If this is the case, than Warne's confession circulated among Marian protestants and was notobtained from an official record.

I beleeue in God the father almighty, maker of heauen and earth.


Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
Warne and Cardmaker: A Confession and a Letter

As is usual when dealing with the literary remains of the martyrs, Foxe's glosses are supportive rather than interventionist or critical; he draws out the basic issues and examples without comment, although there may be something artful in the highlighting of Christ's triumph over death in 'The triumphāt victory ouer death'.

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MarginaliaThe confession of Iohn WarneA Father, because hee is the Father of our Lord Iesus Christ, who is the euerlasting word, whome before all worldes he hath begotten of himselfe, which worde was made flesh, and therein also manifested to be his sonne: in whom he hath adopted vs to be his children, the inheriters of his kyngdom, and therfore he is our father: An almighty God, because he hath of nothing created all things visible and inuisible, both in heauen and in earth, euen all creatures conteyned therin, and gouerneth them.

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And in Iesus Christ his onely sonne our Lord.

The eternall word, perfect God with his father of equal power in all things, of the same substance, of like glory, by whom all things were made, and haue life, & without whom nothing liueth: he was made also perfect mā, and so being very God, and very man in one person, is the onely Sauiour, Redeemer, and Ransomer of them which were lost in Adam our forefather. He is the onely meane of our deliuerance, the hope of our health, the suretie of our saluation.

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Which was conceyued by the holy Ghost, borne of the Virgin Mary.  

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This point, that Christ was born of Mary, is particularly important because it establishes that the martyr was not an Anabaptist. Orthodox protestants, like Foxe, would have been eager to make this point.

According to the Fathers most mercifull promise, this eternal sonne of God, forsaking the heauenly glory, humbled himselfe to take flesh of a virgin, according to þe scriptures, vniting the substance of the Godhed, to the substāce of the manhoode, which he tooke of the substaunce of that blessed virgin Mary, in one person, to become therein the very Massiah, and annointed king and priest, for euer appointed to pacifie the fathers wrath, which was iustlye gone out agaynst vs all for our sinne.

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Suffred vnder Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried, and descended into hell.

He was arraigned before Pontius Pilate the ruler of Iewrie, and so vniustly accused of many crimes, that the Ruler iudged him innocent, and sought meanes to deliuer him: but contrary to knowen iustice, he did let go Barrabas which had deserued death, and deliuered Christ to bee crucified, who deserued no death: which doth declare vnto vs manifestly, that he suffred for our sinnes, & was buffeted for our offences, as the prophets do witnes: thereby to haue it manifested to all men, that is the that Lambe of God that taketh away the sinnes of the world. Therefore sufferyng for our sinnes, he receiued and did beare our deserued condemnation, the paines of death, the tast of abiection, the very terror of hell, yelding his spirit to his father, his body to be buried in earth.

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The third day he rose again from death to lyfe.

To make full and perfect the whole worke of our redemption and iustification, the same crucified body which was layd in the graue, was raised vp againe the third day from death, by the power of hys Father, and glory of hys Godhead: he became the first fruits of the resurrection, & got the victory of death, that all by him might be raised vp from death. Thorough whome all true penitent sinners may now boldly come vnto the father, and haue remission of their sinnes.

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He ascended into heauen, and sitteth on the right hand of God the father almighty.

After that in his death and resurrectiō he had conquered sinne, death, and the deuil, and had bene conuersant 40. days in the earth being seene of the Apostles, & more then v. hundred brethren at once, in the same body in which he wrought the worke of our saluation, MarginaliaThe triumphāt victory ouer death.he ascended into heauen with eternal triumph, for the victory over death, sinne and hel, leauing the passage open, by which all true beleeuers may and shal enter into his kingdom, where he now sitteth at his fathers right hand, that is to say, in power & glory equall, in maiesty coeternall.

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From thence he shal come to iudge the quicke & the dead.

He shal appeare againe in great glory to receiue his elect vnto himselfe, & to put his enemies vnder his feete, chaunging all liuyng men in a moment, and raising vp al that be dead, that all may be brought to his iudgement. In this shall he geue ech man according to his deedes. They which haue folowed him in regeneratiō, which haue their sinnes washed away in hys bloude, & are clothed with hys righteousnes, shall receiue the euerlasting kingdome, and raigne with him for euer: and they which after the race of the corrupt generation of Adam haue followed fleshe and

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