Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Mrs Thomas Hawkes
 
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Mrs Thomas Hawkes

Thomas Hawkes wrote to his wife, comforting her and instructing her on what to after his death. (1563, pp. 1159-60; 1570, pp. 1768-69; 1576, p. 1510; 1583, pp. 1593-94

1617 [1593]

Queene Mary. Godly and Christian letters of Thomas Haukes Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iune.gone, sodainely and contrary to all expectation, the blessed seruaunt of GOD, MarginaliaA token geuen in the fire that burning is not so intollerable a payne as it was thought.beyng myndefull of his promise afore made, reached vp his hands burning on a light fier (which was marueilous to behold) ouer his head to þe liuing God, and with great reioysing, as seemed, strooke or clapped thē three tymes together together. At the sight whereof there followed such applause & outcry of the people, and especially of them which vnderstode the matter: 

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Note the difference between this description in 1563 and in the subsequent editions. This is another example of Foxe toning down his rehetoric in the 1570 edition.

that þe like hath not cōmonly bene heard: MarginaliaThe end and Martyrdome of Thomas Haukes at Coxhall. 
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Note the difference between this description in 1563 and in the subsequent editions. This is another example of Foxe toning down his rehetoric in the 1570 edition.

And so the blessed Martyr of Christ, straight way sinckyng downe into the fire, gaue vp his spirite. An. 1555. Iune. 10. And thus haue you playnely and expresly described vnto you the whole story, as well of the lyfe, as of the death of Thomas Haukes, a most constant & faythfull witnes of Christes holy Gospell.

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¶ Letters. 
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The Letters of Thomas Haukes

The letters of Haukes to his congregation and to his wife first appeared in the 1563 edition. Foxe may have obtained them from Haukes's widow or family. The letter to Clement Throgmorten, first printed in 1570, almost certainly came from Throgmorton or his family.

¶ An Epistle to the Congregation by Thomas Haukes. 
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This letter first appears in the 1563 edition. It was not reprinted in the Letters of the Martyrs but it was reprinted in all subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments. ECL 260, fol. 57r is a copy of this letter.

 

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Letters of Hawkes

Hawkes' obsession with the avoidance of idolatry is made clear ('He exhorteth her to beware of Idolatry'; 'Idolatry punished of God'; 'Praying to God & not to creatures'). As is usual (and in contrast to the far more disputational section which precedes this one), the glosses accompanying the letters are informative rather than interpretative.

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MarginaliaA letter of Thomas Haukes to the congregation.GRace, mercy, and peace, from God the father, and from our Lord Iesust Christ, bee alway with you all (my deare brethren and sisterne in the Lord Iesus Christ) for euer: and his holy Spirite conduct and leade you all in all your doynges, that you may alwayes direct your deedes according to his holy word, that when he shall appeare to reward euery man according to their woorkes: ye may as obedient children be found watching, ready to enter into his euerlasting kingdome with your lamps burning, 
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The imagery in this passage is from Matthew 25: 1-10.

and when the Bridegrome shall shew himselfe, ye neede not to be ashamed of this life that God has lent you, whiche is but trāsitory, vaine, and like vnto a vapour, that for a season appeareth and vanisheth away: so soone passeth away all our terrestriall honour, glory, and felicitie. For all fleshe (sayth the Prophet) is grasse, and all his glory, as the floure of the fielde, which for a season sheweth her beautie, and as soone as the Lord bloweth vpon it, it withereth awaye, and departeth.  
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Isaiah 40: 6.

MarginaliaThe manifolde daungers which a true Christian hath to passe thorow in this world.For in this transitory and daungerous wildnernes, we are as Pilgrimes and straungers, following the footesteps of Moses, among many vnspeakeable daungers, beholding nothing with our outward man, but all vaine vanities, and vexation of mind: subiect to hunger, colde, nakednesse, bondes, sickenes, losse, labours, banishment, in daunger of that dreadfull dragon, and his sinnefull seede, to be deuoured, tempted, and tormented, who ceaseth not behind euery bush to lay a baite, when we walke awry to haue his pleasure vpō vs, casting abroad his apples in al places, times, and seasons, to see if Adam will be allured and entised to leaue the liuing God & his most holy Commaundements whereby hee is assured of euerlasting life, promising the world at will, to all that will fall downe in all ages, & for a messe of potage, 
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See Genesis 25: 29-34.

sel & set at naught, the euerlasting kingdome of heauen. So frayle is flesh and bloud: And in especiall Israell is most ready to walke awry, when he is filled wyth al maner of riches (as sayth the Prophet.) 
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If Haukes is quoting a biblical verse here it is unclear which one he is quoting.

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Therefore I am bolde in bondes (as entirely desiring your euerlasting health & felicitie) to warne you, and most hartely desire you to watch and pray: for our estate is dangerous, and requireth continuall prayer. MarginaliaThe higher in dignity, the nearer to daunger.For on the hygh mountaynes doth not grow most plenty of grasse, neither are the highest trees farthest from daunger, but seldome sure, & alwaies shaken of euery wind that bloweth. Such a deceitfull thing (saith our sauior) is honor and riches, þt without grace it choketh vp the good seede sowne on hys creatures, & blindeth so their seeing, that they go gropyng at none day in darckenes: it maketh a man thinck himselfe somewhat, þt is nothing at all. For though for our honour we esteeme our selues & stand in our owne light, yet when we shall stand before the liuing God, there shalbe no respect of persons. MarginaliaProuerb. 11. Riches helpe not before God.For riches helpeth not in the day of vengeance: neither can we make the Lord partiall for money. But as ye haue ministred vnto the Saintes, so shall ye receiue þe reward, which I am fully persuaded & assured shal be plenteously poured vppon you all, for þe great goodnes shewed vnto the seruants of the liuing God. And I most hartely beseeche almighty God to poure forth a plenteous reward vpon you for þe same, & that he wil assist you wyth his holy spirite in al your doings, that ye may growe (as you haue begon) vnto such a perfection as may be to gods honour, your owne saluation , and the strengthning of the weake members of christ. MarginaliaGods elect alwayes beare the sclaunder in this worlde.For though the world rage, and blaspheme the elect of God, ye knowe that it did so vnto Christ, his Apostles, and to all that were in the primitiue Church, and shalbe vnto the worldes end.

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Therefore beleue in the light, while ye haue it, least it be taken away from you: If you shall seeme to neglect the great mercy of God that hath bene opened vnto you, and your harts cōsented vnto it þt it is the very and onely truthprounoūced by Gods onely sonne Iesus Christ, by the good will of our heauenly father. Therfore I say in the bowels of my Lord Iesus Christ, sticke fast vnto it: let it neuer departe out of your harts and couersation, that you with vs and we with you, at the great day being one flocke, as we haue one shepheard, may rise to the life immortall, through Iesus Christ our onely Sauiour. Amen.

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Yours in him that liueth for euer.
Thomas Haukes.

Here followeth an other letter of Tho. Haukes sent to his wife after his condemnation, being prisoner in Newgate: the copy wherof is this.

¶ The copy of Thomas Haukes letter to his wife. 
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This letter first appears in the 1563 edition. It is not reprinted in the Letters of the Martyrs, but it is reprinted in each subsequent edition of the Acts and Monuments.

MarginaliaA letter of Tho. Haukes vnto his wyfe.GRace be with you, and peace from God the father, and from our Lord Iesus Christ, which gaue himselfe for our sinnes, to deliuer vs from this present euill worlde, through the good will of God our father, to whō be praise for euer and euer. Amen.

My deare Yokefellow in the Lord, for as much as the Lord hath not onely called me to worke in his vineyarde but hath also fulfilled his good worke in me (I trust to his glory, & to the comfort of al those þt looke for his comming) I thought it my duety (deare yokefellowe) to write vnto you some lessons out of Gods booke: and if you will direct your selfe therafter, doubt not of it, but God, who refuseth none that will come to him with theyr whole hart, will astist you with his holy spirit, and direct you in al his wayes, to his honour, and glory, who graūt it for his mercies sake. Amen.

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MarginaliaLessons for instructions to his wyfe.First I exhort you to feare God, to serue and honour his holye name, loue hym with all your hart, soule and minde to beleue faithfully all his promises, to lay sure hold vpon them, that in al your troubles what so euer they are ye may runne straight to the great mercye of God, and hee will bring you forth of them, keepe you within hys wings then shall ye be sure that neither deuill, flesh, nor hell shall be able to hurt you.

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But take heede: If ye wil not keepe his holy preceptes and lawes, and to the vttermost of your power, cal for the helpe of God to walke in the same, but will leaue them and runne to all abhominations with the wicked world & doe as they do, then be sure to haue your part with the wicked world in the burning lake that neuer shall bee quenched. MarginaliaHe exhorteth her to beware of Idolatry.Therefore beware of Idolatrye, whiche doth most of all stincke before the face of almighty God, and was of al good men most detested from the beginning of the worlde. MarginaliaIdolatry punished of God.For the which, what kingdomes, nations, and realmes God hath punished with most terrible plagues, wt fire, brymstone, hunger, sword, and pestilence. &c. to the vtter subuersion of them, it is manifestly to be seene through the whole Byble. Yea his owne peculiar people, whome he had done so muche for, when they fell from him, and went & serued other gods, contrary to his commaundement, he vtterly destroyed, and rooted them out from of the earth: and as many as dyed in that damnable state (not repenting their abhominable euill) he threw them into þe pit of hell. Again how he hath preserued those that abhorre superstition and Idolatry, and that haue onely taken hold vpon God with their whole hart, to serue him, & to loue him, to feare him, &c. it is most manifestly to be seene euen frō the beginning, out of what great daungers he hath euer deliuered them: yea whē al hope of deliuerāce was past as touchyng their expectation, euen then in þe sight of all his enemies would he work his godly will and purpose, to the vtter amazing and destructiō of all those that were his manifest enemies.

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MarginaliaExhortatiō to prayer.Further I exhort you in the bowels of Christ, that you will exercise and be steadfast in prayer: for prayer is þe onely meane to pearce the heauens to obtayne at the hand of God, what soeuer we desire, so þt it be asked in fayth. Oh what notable thinges do we read in Scriptures that hath bene obtayned through feruent praier? We are commaunded to call vpon him for helpe, ayde and succour iu necessities & troubles, & he hath promised to help vs. MarginaliaPraying to God & not to creatures.Again they that will not cal vpon him, with thesr whole hart, but vpon other dead creatures, in whō there is no help (for there was none found worthy to open the booke, but onely the Lambe Christ whiche was killed for our sinnes) 

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The imagery in this passage is derived from Revalation 20: 12-15.

I saye who that wil refuse his help, must euen by þe terrible iudgment of God, come vtterly to confusion: as it hath, and is dayly manifest to be seene. MarginaliaTo continue in prayer, & to pray in the name onely of Christ.And whatsoeuer you desire of God in your prayer, aske it for Iesus Christes sake, for whom & in whō God hath promised to geue vs all things necessary. And though that which ye aske, come not by and by at þe first and second calling, yet continue still knocking and hee will at the length open his trasures of mercye, so

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