Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
George Day
 
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George Day

(1501? - 1556)

Bishop of Chichester (1543 - 1551, 1553 - 1556) [DNB]

George Day was delivered from the Fleet 4 August 1553; he preached at Edward VI's funeral, 8 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1456).

He preached at Mary's coronation, 1 October 1553 (1570; p. 1635, 1576; p. 1395; 1583; p. 1466).

He was one of the commissioners who presided over the deprivation of John Hooper. 1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1506.

Hooper wrote a letter to Day which Foxe mentions, but did not print. 1563, p. 1063; 1570, p. 1686; 1576, p. 1439; 1583, p. 1512.

Day sought to persuade Sir James Hales to submit to Gardiner and abjure his actions, if not his religious convictions. 1563, p. 1116; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p.1458; 1583, p. 1532.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with John Bradford. They talked for three hours. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

John Bradford was asked by Heath and Day to read a book that had done Dr Crome good. 1563, p. 1208, 1570, p. 1797, 1576, 1524, 1583, p. 1617.

Day visited Gardiner in prison. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York, Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, p. 1824-26.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before Bonner and other bishops, including York, Chichester, Bath, John Harpsfield, Chadsey, Bonner, into which entered William Garret, knight, the lord mayor and the sheriff (Thomas Leigh) of London, Sir Martin Bowes, knight,. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

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George Day died before Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

[No relation to John Day the printer or Richard Day the martyr.]

1639 [1615]

Queene Mary. Bishops talking with M. Bradford in prison.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iuly.Harps. The wicked do receaue the very body of Christ, but not the grace of his body.

MarginaliaArgument who so receaue the body of Christ do receiue the fruite and grace of lyfe: no wicked do receiue fruite and grace of lyfe. Ergo, no wicked men receiue the body of Christ.Brad. They receiue not the body. For Christes bodye is no dead carcase: he that receaueth it, receaueth the spirite, which is not without grace I trow. 

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I believe.

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Harps, Well, you haue many erroures. You count the Masse for abhomination, and yet S. Ambrose sayd Masse: MarginaliaMasse in S. Ambrose tyme. and so he read out of a book written a sentence of S. Ambrose to proue it.

Brad. Why sir, the masse as it is nowe, was nothing so in S. Ambrose time. Was not þe most part of the Canon made sithen by Gregory and Scolasticus?

Harps. In deede a great peece of it was made, as ye say, by Gregory: MarginaliaThat is false, for Scolasticus was not before S. Ambrose tyme.but Scolasticus was before Saint Ambrose tyme. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 173, line 26

It is probable he lived - if, as Bellarmine remarks, "Gregorius per Scholasticum intelligit certum aliquem hominem" (De Missa 2. 19) - about Gregory's own time, and of course long after Ambrose. See Clarkson on Liturgies, Lond. 1689, p. 83.

Brad. I weene not: howbeit I will not contend. S. Gregory sayth, that the Apostles sayd Masse without the Canon, onely with the Lordes prayer.

Harps. You say true: for the Canon is not the greatest part of the Masse, MarginaliaThe chiefe parts of the Popish Masse.the greatest part is the sacrifice, eleuation, transubstantiation, and adoration.

Brad. I can away with none of those.

Harps. No, I thinke the same: but yet Hoc facite, telleth plainely the sacrifice of the Church.

Marginalia
Sacrifice of the Church.
Sacrifice for the Church.
Brad. You confound Sacrifices, not discerning betwixt the sacrifice of the Church, and for the Church. The sacrifice of the Church is no propiciatory sacrifice, but a gratulatory sacrifice. 

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Bradford is arguing that the eucharist is a commemoration or celebration, not a sacrifice absolving sin, as Christ's death was.

And as for Hoc facite,  
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'Do this'; the reference is to Christ's words at the Last Supper (Luke 22:19).

is not referred to any sacrifising, but to the whole action of takyng, eatyng, &c.

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MarginaliaNote this doctrine good reader.Harps. You speake not learnedly now: for Christ made his supper onely to the twelue Apostles, not admittyng his mother or any of the seuenty Disciples to it. Nowe the Apostles do signifie the Priestes.

Brad. I thinke that you speake as you would men should vnderstand it: for els you would not keepe the cup away from the Laitie. Wee haue great cause to thanke you, that you will geue vs of your bread. For I perceiue you order the matter so, as though Christ had not commanded it to his whole Church.

MarginaliaEleuation was not brought in in deede before the time of pope Honorius. 3.Harps. Then Harpsfield would haue proued Eleuation 

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The elevation of the Host during the mass.

by a place of Basilius.

Brad. I haue read þe place which seemeth to make nothing for eleuation: but be it as it is,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 173, line 9 from the bottom

The first Edition, p. 1204, reads here, "But Bradford shewinge hym how that place maketh [nothing] for elevation, sayde, this is no time," &c.: following the Latin, "Cæterum Bradfordus, ubi explanato Basilii loco nihil eum ad elevationem pertinere edocuisset, 'Atenim' inquit," &c. (p. 493.)

this is no tyme for me to scan the doubtfull places of the doctors with you. I haue bene in prison long without bookes and al necessaries for study, and now death draweth nye, and I by your leaue must now leaue of, to prepare for him.

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Harps. If I could do you good. I would be right glad ey

ther in soule or body. For you are in a perillous case both wayes.

Brad. Syr I thanke you for your good will. My case is as it is. I thanke God it was neuer so well wt me: for deathe to me shalbe life.

Creswel. It were best for you to desire maister Archedeacon that he woulde make sute for you, that you might haue a time to conferre.

Harps. I will do the best I can, for I pittie his case.

Bradford. Sir, I will not desire anye body to sue for tyme for me. I am not wauering, neither woulde I that anye body should thinke I were so. But if you haue the charity and loue you pretend towardes me, and thereto do thinke that I am in an errour, I thinke the same shuld moue you to do as ye would be done to. As ye thinke of me, so doe I of you, that you are farre out of the way, and I do not only thinke it, but also am thereof most assured. And in thys and such like gentle talke they departed. 

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In STC 3477 (sigs. E5r-E7v) there are accounts of various discussions held with Bradford on 17, 19 and 21 February. These conversations did not concern theological matters but were concerned with the recall of the writ for Bradford's execution and the earl of Derby's efforts to save Bradford's life. Foxe never printed any of this material.

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Addenda: ref page 174, line 10

After the words "they departed," the "Examinations" of 1561 add some talk of Bradford with Claydon and others the same day after dinner, occupying three pages in the Parker Soc. Edition, i. 515-518.

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¶ The talke of Doctor Heth Archbishop of Yorke, and day Byshop of Chichester, with Maister Bradford. 
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ECL 262, fo. 94r-v is a copy of this examination among Foxe's papers. It was written by Augustine Bernher, Hugh Latimer's amanuensis. Bernher may have copied this examination for Latimer or he may have copied it for the benefit of other protestants.

MarginaliaTalke betweene the Byshops & BradfordTHe xxiii. of the same moneth, 

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22 February in STC 3477.

the Archbishop of Yorke, and the Bishop of Chichester came to the Counter to speake with Bradford. When hee was come before them, they both, and especially the Bishop of York, vsed him very gently: they would haue him to sit downe, and because he would not, they also would not sit. So they all stode: & whether he woulde or not, they would needes he shoulde put on, not only his night cap but his vpper cap also,  
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Bradford was wearing a skullcap and, because of Archbishop Heath's exalted rank, he had to dress more formally, putting on a hat over his skull cap.

saying vnto him, that obedience was better then sacrifice.

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Now thus standing together, my Lord of Yorke, began to tell Bradford howe that they were not sent to him, but of loue & charitie they came to him: and he, for that acquayntance also whiche he had with Bradford, more then the Bishoppe of Chichester had: then after commending Bradfordes godly life, he concluded wt this question: how he was certaine of saluation and of his Religion.

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Brad. After thankes for theyr good will. Bradford aunswered: by the word of God, euen by the Scriptures I am certayne of saluation, and Religion.

Yorke. Very well sayd: but how do ye know the worde of God and the scriptures, but by the Church?

Bradford. In deede my Lorde, the Churche was and is a meane to bring a man more speedely to knowe the Scriptures and the worde of God, as was the woman of Samaria a meane that the Samaritans knewe Christ: but

Certayne Bishops talking with Maister Bradford in prison.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The importance of John Bradford and his inspiring letters for Foxe's history is reflected in his being allotted three large narrative illustrations (more than any other individual). The picture of Archbishop Heath of York and Bishop Day of Chichester visiting Bradford in the Counter in an attempt to move his mind shows them in his prison cell using the formal gestures of disputation. The barred windows of the small room and the keeper's keys hanging from his wrist tell of Bradford's confinement, though he is not bareheaded in this lordly presence, nor are the visitors seated, thanks (as the text explains) to the bishops' special courtesy. Inscriptions help readers' identification of the prison keeper and Bradford.

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