Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Agnes Potten

(d. 1556)


Agnes Potten was the wife of a brewer, Robert Polton, of Ipswich. She was burned 19 February 1556. 1563, pp. 1271, 1503, 1570, p. 1879, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1893.

The night before she was burned, Potten dreamed of the stake and of Queen Mary's friends watching it burn. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

She was burned at Oxford in late February or early March 1556. 1563, p. 1503 [1563 states specifically 19 February 1556, but that this is then changed in subsequent editions to the more vague February/March], 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

[She is also referred to by Foxe as 'Anne Potten' and 'Anne Polton'.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Joan Trunchfield

(d. 1556)

Wife of Michael Trunchfield. Martyr. Of Ipswich.

Joan Trunchfield's husband feared for her safety. She told him not to be fearful when she visited him and their children. 1563, p. 1734, 1583, p. 2144.

Foxe recounts Joan Trunchfield's bravery at the stake. 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

She was burned at Ipswich in late February or early March 1556. 1563, p. 1503 [1563 states specifically 19 February 1556 but this is then changed in subsequent editions to the more vague Feb/March], 1570, p. 2072, 1576, p. 1787, 1583, p. 1894.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Samuel

(d. 1555)


Robert Samuel was a preacher at Barholt, Suffolk. 1563, pp. 1269-71, 1570, pp. 1878-79, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

He was spied on by men of Master Foster, Justice, who later put him in jail. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, pp. 1878-79, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

He was kissed by Rose Sherringham (or Nottingham) on his way to the stake. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Samuel was burned on 31 August 1555. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1879, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1702.

Samuel's letters. 1570, pp. 1880-83, 1576, pp. 1610-13, 1583, pp. 1704-07.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Rose Nattingham

Rose Nattingham kissed Robert Samuel on his way to the stake. The authorities looked for her to burn her too but she avoided them. She told Foxe of the incident herself. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1879, 1576, p. 1575, 1583, p. 1703.

[Foxe also refers to her as 'Pattingham'.]

1728 [1704]

Queene Mary. The Martyrdome of Robert Samuel.

MarginaliaAnn. 1555., in such sort, that standing only on tiptoe, he was faine to stay vp the whole paise or waight of his bodye thereby. MarginaliaThe cruell handling of Robert Samuell in prison.And to make amends for the cruelty or paine that he suffered, they added a farre more greuous torment, keping him without meate and drinke, whereby he was vnmercifully vexed through hunger and thirst: sauing that he had euery day allowed 2. or 3. mouthfuls of bread, and 3. sponefuls of water, to the ende rather that he might be reserued to farther torment, then that they woulde preserue hys lyfe. MarginaliaRobert Samuell famished in prison. O worthy constancie of the Martyr. O pitilesse hearts of papists, worthy to be complained of, and to be accused before God and nature.  

Commentary  *  Close

Note that the statement in the 1563 edition that rage of the 'papists' was worse than the devils in hell was replaced with a somewhat less inflamatory statement in the 1570 edition. This is one of a number of examples of Foxe toning down his language in his second edition.

O the wōderfull strength of Christ in his members? Whose stomacke, though it had ben made of Adamant stone, would not haue relented at these intollerable vexations, and extreme paines aboue nature? MarginaliaRobert Samuell desirous to drinke his owne water and could not.How oftentimes would he haue drūken his owne water, but hys body was so dried vp wyth this long emptinesse, that he was not able to make one drop of water?

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At the laste when he was brought foorth to be burned, 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe had a copy of Samuel's condemnation (BL, Harley 521, fos. 205r-206v), but he did not print or even refer to it. It is not because there was anything embarrassing to Foxe in it, but that he preferred to draw on sympathetic personal testimony, such as he obtained for Samuel, over official records.

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which was but a trifle in comparison of those paynes that he had passed, certaine there were that hearde hym declare what straunge things had happened vnto hym during the time of his imprisonment: MarginaliaStrange visions that happened to wit, that after he had bene famished or pined with hunger two or three daies together, he then fell into a slecpe, as it were one halfe in a slumber, at which time one clad all in white, seemed to stande before hym, which ministred comfort vnto him by these wordes: Samuel, Samuel, be of good cheare, and take a good heart vnto thee. For after this day shalt thou neuer be either hungry or thirsty: MarginaliaSamuell brought to burning.Which thing came euen to passe accordingly: for speedily after he was burned, and from that time till he should suffer, he fealt neither hunger nor thirst. And this declared he, to the ende (as he sayde) that all men might beholde the wonderfull workes of God. Many moe like matters concerning the great comforte he had of Christe in his afflictions, he could vtter (he sayde) besides this, but that shamefastnes and modestie would not suffer him to vtter it. MarginaliaGreat comfortes ministred by the Lord to Samuell in his painefull prisonment. And yet if it had pleased God, I would he had bene lesse modest in that behalfe, that the loue and care that Christe hathe of his, might haue the more appeared therby vnto vs by such present argumentes, for the more plentifull comfort of the godly, though there be sufficient testimonies of the same in the holy scriptures already.

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MarginaliaAn other memorable vision of Samuell in prison.No lesse memorable it is, and woorthy also to be noted concerning the 3. ladders which he tolde to diuers he sawe in his sleepe, set vp toward heauen: of the which there was one somewhat longer then the rest, but yet at length they became one, ioyning (as it were) all three together. Thys was a forewarning reuealed vnto him, declaring vndoubtedly the martyrdome, first of him selfe, and then the death of two honest women, which were brought foorth and suffered in the same towne anone after.

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As this godly martyr was going to þe fire, there came a certaine maide to him, MarginaliaThe name of this mayde was Rose Nattingham.which tooke him aboute the necke and kissed him, who being marked by them that were present, was sought for the next day after, to be had to prisone and burned, as the very party her self informed me: 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe relates the story of the maid kissing Samuel in the Rerum (pp. 524-25), and he stated that she had told the story of this encounter to Foxe himself in 1563, but Foxe did not name the woman as Rose Nottingham until 1570.

Howbeit, as God of his goodnes wold haue it, she escaped their fiery handes, keeping her selfe secreate in the towne a good while after. But as this maide, called Rose Nattingham, was marueilously preserued by the prouidence of God: so there were two honest women did fall into the rage and furie of that time. MarginaliaTwo godly women, the one a Bruers wyfe, the other a shomakers wyfe apprehended.The one was a Bruers wyfe, the other was a Shoomakers wife, but both together nowe espoused to a newe husband Christ.

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With these two was thys maid 

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This story first appeared in the Rerum and is another indication that RoseNottingham furnished Foxe with her account of Samuel during Foxe's exile in Basel.

aforesaid very familiar and wel acquainted, who on a time geuing counsaile to the one of them, that shee shoulde conuey her selfe away while she had time and space, seeing she could not away with the Quenes vniust procedings, had thys answer at her hands againe: I know well, sayth shee, that it is lawfull enough to flee away, which remedy you may vse, if you list. But my case standeth otherwise. MarginaliaThis godly wife exhorted to flye, would not so doe hauing husbād & children to sticke to.I am tied to an husbande, and haue besides a sorte of yong children at home: and then I know not how my husband, being a carnall man, wil take my departure from him: therefore I am mineded for the loue of Christ and his truthe, to stande to the extremitie of the matter.

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And so the next daye after Samuel suffered, these two godly wiues, the one called Anne Potten,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 375, line 19

Potten's name is Agnes {later in the text}. Michael's wife is also referred to again in the same places.

the other called Ioane Trunchfielde, the wife of Michael Trunchfielde, Shomaker 
Commentary  *  Close

Anne or Agnes Potten was named in 1563, but Joan Trunchfield was not named until 1570.

of Ipswich, MarginaliaAnne Pottē Michaell Trūchfields wyfe.were apprehended and had bothe into prison together. Which as they were both by sexe and nature somewhat tender: so were they at first lesse able to endure the straitnesse of the prisone, and especially the Brewers wife was cast into marueilous great agonies and troubles of minde thereby. But Christ beholding þe weake infirmitie of hys seruaunt, did not faile to helpe her when

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The cruel burning of Robert Samuel, Martyr. MarginaliaThe Martyrdōe of Rob Samuell burned at Ipswich. An. 1555 August. 31.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
A repeat of the image used for Thomas Wattes.

shee was in thys necessitie. MarginaliaThe Lord Iesus a ready helper in tyme of weakenes.So at the lengthe they bothe suffered after Samuel. Anno 1556. Februarie 19. as shalbe by the Lordes grace declared heereafter. And these (no doubt) were those two Ladders, which being ioyned with the thirde, Samuel sawe stretched vp into heauen. Thys blessed Samuel the seruant of Christ, suffred the 31. of August. Anno 1555.

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The report goeth 

Commentary  *  Close

This interesting story was only added to the account of Samuel in the 1570 edition.

amōg some that were there present, and saw him burne, that his body in burning did shine as bright and white as new tried siluer in the eyes of them that stoode by: as I am infourmed by some which were there, and did beholde the sight.

Letters of Robert Samuel, Preacher.
A letter or exhortation to the pacient suffering of afflictions for Christes cause. 
Commentary  *  Close
Robert Samuel's Letters

Robert Samuel's two letters to a congregation of protestants, one exhorting them to constancy in the face of persecution and the other providing a statement of doctrine, were both first printed in Letters of the Martyrs and were then printed in the 1570 edition and all subsequent editions. The first letter was printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 504-11.

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A Man knoweth not hys time, but as the fishe is taken with the Angle, and as the birdes are caught with the snare: MarginaliaEccle. 9.euen so are men caughte and taken in the perillous time when it commeth vppon them. The time commeth: the day draweth neare. Ezechiel 7. Better it were to dye, (as the Preacher sayeth MarginaliaEccle. 4.) then to liue and see the miserable workes which are done vnder the Sunne: suche sodaine and straūge mutations, such wofull, hainous, and lamentable diuisions so fast approcheth, and none or verye fewe thorowly repenteth. Alas for this sinfull nation, a people of great iniquity & sede of vngratiousnes, corrupting their wayes. They haue forsaken the Lord, they haue prouoked the holy one of Israel to anger, & are gon backward. MarginaliaEsay. 4.Who now liueth not in such securitie and rest, as though all dāgers were cleane ouerpast? MarginaliaComplaynt agaynst England and that not vndeserued, Who now blindeth and buffeteth not Christe, with seest me, and seest me not? Yea, who liueth not nowe in suche felicitie, worldlye pleasures and ioyes, wholy seeking the world, prouiding & craftily shifting for the earthly clod & all carnal appetites, as thoughe sinne were cleane forgotten, ouerthrowne, and deuoured? Like hoggish Gergesites 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 375, line 1

"Gergesites:" in the Letters of the Martyrs (Edit. 1574, p. 505), it is "Gadderns."

MarginaliaMath. 8. MarginaliaEnglish people rightly resembled to the Gergesites. nowe are we more afraide and ashamed of Christe oure Messias, fearing the losse of oure filthy pigges, I meane our transitory goods, and disquieting of our sinfull and mortall bodies in this short, vncertaine and miserable life, then of a Legion of Deuils, MarginaliaMarke. 5.seducing and driuing vs from hearing, reading, and beleeuing Christ Gods eternal sonne, and his holy worde, MarginaliaRom. 10.the power to saue our soules:vnto vanities, lies and fables, and to this bewitching world.

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MarginaliaAboundance of goodes is a thing perilous.Oh perilous aboundance of goods, too much saturity of meates, wealth, and quietnes, which destroied wyth so many soules, those goodly cities Sodom & Gomorre. MarginaliaGene. 19. Ieroboam, so long as he was but a pore man, not yet aduanced to his dignity, liued in þe lawes of God without reprehension: but broughte once to wealth & prosperous estate, hee became a wicked and moste shamefull Idolater. And what made the couetous young mā so loth to folow Christ,

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