Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Katherine BrandonNicholas Shaxton
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Katherine Brandon

Duchess of Suffolk. (DNB)

Latimer preached in Stamford before the Duchess of Suffolk, in London in convocation and in the garden before King Edward at court. 1563, p. 1353, 1570, p. 1908, 1576, p. 1635, 1583, p. 1739.

Katherine Brandon was believed by Gardiner to be one of his greatest enemies.1570, p. 2283, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

Gardiner sought revenge against Katherine first through her husband, Richard Bertie, by insisting that the sheriff of Lincolnshire bring Bertie before him. 1570, p. 2283, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

Stampford gave a friendly report of Bertie. 1570, p. 2283, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

Boner urged Bertie to make Katherine repent and then released him of his bond. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

Katherine was the executor to the former duke of Suffolk's estate. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

Bertie devised a plan to send Katherine overseas. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1971, 1583, p. 2078.

The emperor Charles V was owed money from the duke of Suffolk's estate. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Bertie went overseas before his wife, who followed him shortly afterwards. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Robert Cranwell, an elderly gentleman, travelled with Katherine and her daughter and others of her household when they went overseas. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Foxe recounts her journey overseas. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Gosling, a merchant of London, learned of Katherine Brandon's departure, and he was a friend of Cranwell's. He housed her as Mrs White and her daughter as his own daughter. 1570, p. 2284, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

She arrived in the duke of Cleves' dominion, where Francis Pernsell (Francis de Rivers) was minister. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Master Perusell secured the protection of the magistrates for Bertie and Katherine. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

John Mason warned Bertie and Katherine that Lord Paget was on his way under a false pretence and that the duke of Brunswick was nearby in the service of the house of Austria against the French king. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Bertie and Katherine departed for Windsheim, under Palgrave's dominion. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

The king of Poland offered Katherine Brandon and her husband assistance during their exile, at the request of John a Lasco. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

They devised with Barlow, former bishop of Chichester, to travel with him. 1570, p. 2286, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas Shaxton

(1485? - 1556)

Bishop of Salisbury (1535 - 1539). Almoner to Anne Boleyn. [DNB]

Shaxton condemned Pygot and Wolsey on 9 October 1555. 1563, p. 1283 [states around 4 October], 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621, 1583, p. 1715.

Bishop Shaxton resigned his post after Latimer resigned his. 1563, p. 1353, 1570, p. 1908, 1576, p. 1635, 1583, p. 1739.

Henry VIII appointed Richard Stokesley (Bishop of London), Stephen Gardiner (Bishop of Winchester), Richard Sampson (Bishop of Chichester), William Repps (Bishop of Norwich), Thomas Goodrich (Bishop of Ely), Hugh Latimer (Bishop of Worcester), Nicholas Shaxton (Bishop of Salisbury) and William Barlow (Bishop of St David's) to compose a book of ecclesiastical institutions called the Bishops' Book. 1563, p. 1472.

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1763 [1739]

Queene Mary. A description of M. Latimer preaching before the King.

MarginaliaAnno. 1555. October.what I shal preach? besides this I asked him diuers other questions, and he would make me none aunswere to any of them all: he had nothing to say.

MarginaliaThe wordes of B. Latimer to the King.Then I turned me to the king, and submitted my selfe to his grace, and sayd: I neuer thought my selfe worthye, nor I neuer sued to be a Preacher before your grace, but I was called to it, and would be willing (if you mislike me) to geue place to my betters: for I graunt there be a greate many, more worthye of the roome then I am. And if it be your graces pleasure so to allowe them for Preachers, I coulde be content to beare theyr bookes after them. But if your grace alow me for a Preacher, I woulde desire your grace to geue me leaue to discharge my conscience, geue me leaue to frame my doctrine according to my audience. I had bene a very dolte to haue preached so at the borders of your realme, as I preach before you grace.

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MarginaliaThe Kinges harte reserted toward B. Latimer.And I thanke almighty GOD (which hath alwayes bene my remedy) that my sayinges were well accepted of the king, for like a gracious Lord he turned into an other communication. It is euen as the Scripture sayth: Cor Regis in manu Domini. i. The Lord directed the kinges hart. Certayne of my frendes came to me with teares in theyr eyes, and told me they looked I shoulde haue bene in the Tower the same night.

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Besides this diuers other conflictes and combats this godly Bishop susteined in his owne country and Dioces,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 462, middle

Foxe presently enters at large into Latimer's persecution by Hubberdin and others at Bristol, in 1533: but there is also the Report of a Royal Commission which sat at Bristol, 7th May, 29 Hen. VIII. [1537], preserved in the Rolls House, Chapter House Papers, first Series, No. 66; consisting of depositions taken before the Mayor and the other Commissioners ...

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in taking the cause of right and equitye agaynste oppressiō and wrong. As for an other example, there was at that time not far from the dioces of Worcester a certayn Iustice of peace, whom here I will not name, being a good man afterward, and now deceased. This Iustice in purchasinge of certayne land for his brother, or for himselfe, wēt about to wrong or damnify a poore man, who made his cōplaynt to M. Latimer. He first hearing, then tendering his rightfull cause, wrote his letter to the Gentleman: exhorting him to remember himselfe, to consider the cause and to absteine from iniury. MarginaliaB. Latimer taketh the poore mans part agaynst his oppressor. The Iustice of peace not content withall (as the fashion of men is when they are tolde of theyr fault) sendeth word agayne, in greate displeasure, that hee would not so take it at his handes, with suche threatnyng wordes. &c. M. Latimer hearing this, aunswered agayne

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by writing to a certain gentleman: the copy wherof amōg his letters hereafter foloweth in the sequele of this story to be sene.

It were a large & long processe to story out all the doinges, trauels & writings of this christian Bishop neither yet haue we expressed all that came to our handes: but this I thought sufficient for this present. Thus he continued in this laborious function of a Bishop the space of certayne yeares, till the comming in of the 6. Articles. Then beyng distressed through the straightnesse of time, so that either he must lose the quiet of a good conscience, or els must forsake his Bishopricke, he did of his owne free accord resigne his pastorship. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 463, line 4

Latimer and Shaxton resigned the same day, July 1st, 1539. Foxe seems, in this part of his narrative, to have followed Austin Bernher's Preface to Latimer's Sermons on the Lord's Prayer.

MarginaliaBishop Latimer at the comming in of the sixe articles resigned his Bishoprick. At which time Shaxton then bishop of Salisbury resigned likewise with hym his bishopricke.  
Commentary  *  Close

Hugh Latimer resigned as bishop of Worcester and Nicholas Shaxton resigned as bishop of Salisbury, both on 1 July 1539, in protest at the Act of Six Articles.

And so these two remayned a great space vnbishopped, keping silence till the time of king Edwarde of blessed memory. MarginaliaM. Latimer kept silence till the time of King Edward. At what time he first put of his Rochet in his chamber amōg his frendes, sodenly he gaue askip in þe floore for ioy, feling his shoulders so light, and being discharged (as he sayd) of such an heauy burden. Howbeit neither was he so lightened, but that troubles & labors folowed him wheresoeuer he went. MarginaliaThe whole life of M. Latimer full of tribulations. For a litle after he had renounced his bishoprick, first he was almost slayne, but sore brused with the fall off a tree. MarginaliaM. Latimer almost slayne with the fall of a tree. Then comming vp to London for remedye, he was molested & troubled of the bishops, wherby he was again in no little daunger, & at length was cast into the Tower MarginaliaM. Latimer cast into the Tower. where he cōtinually remayned Prisoner,  
Commentary  *  Close

During an offensive against evangelicals in 1546, the final year of Henry VIII's reign, Anne Askew, John Lascelles and two others were burned at the stake, and other prominent evangelicals were arrested. Some, notably Nicholas Shaxton and Edward Crome, recanted. Latimer remained in prison until pardoned when Edward VI came to the throne.

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till the time that blessed K. Edward entred his crown,  
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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 463, line 17

This statement somewhat varies from that of Hilles in a Letter to Bullinger, ("Letters on the Reformation," Parker Soc. 1846, p. 215.) Writing in 1541, he says: "These two bishops were a long time under restraint, because they Would never give their sanction to the statute published against the truth in the year 1539."

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by meanes wherof the goldē mouth of this preacher, long shut vp before, was now opened agayne. MarginaliaM. Latimer restored by K. Edward to liberty of Preaching. And so he beginning a freshe to sette forth his plough agayne,  
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe copied the remainder of his life of Latimer, from this passage through to the prayer that God assist Elizabeth, and her subjects, to build and keep up his temple, from Augustime Bernher's dedicatory epistle (to Katherine Brandon, the dowager duchess of Sufolk) to his 27 Sermons Preached by the ryght Reverende father in God and constaunt Martir of Iesus Christ Maister Hugh Latimer (London: 1562), STC 15276, sigs. A2r-C2r.

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continued, all the time of the said king, labouring in the Lordes haruest most fruitfully, discharging his talent, as well in diuers other places of this realme, as in Stamford, and before the Duches of Suffolk (whose sermons be extant and set forth in print) as also at London in the conuocation house: MarginaliaDiuers Sermons of M. Latimer in K. Edwards timeand especially before the king at the Court, in the same place of the inward garden which was before applied to lasciuious & courtly pastimes there he dispensed the fruitefull word of the glorious Gospell of Iesus Christ, preaching there before the king & hys whole Court, to the edification of many.

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A description of M. Latimer, preaching before K. Edward the 6. in the preaching place at Westminster. MarginaliaM. Latimer Preaching before K. Edward.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The woodcut of Latimer preaching before Edward VI had been used in John Day's 1562 edition of 27 sermons preached by the ryght reverende ... maister Hugh Latimer. (STC 15276) as a foldout in pt 1, after sig. D6. It was a misfit for a quarto volume, and when reused in 1571 in Day's Frutefull sermons, (STC 15277), was uncomfortably set sideways on f.22v, with its heading truncated and the image disappearing into the gutter. Possibly the block, which was the same size as the other large woodcuts in Foxe's work, was designed with that series in mind. The illustration of the outdoor pulpit constructed late in Henry VIII's reign in the Privy Garden of Whitehall is important as giving a clear and seemingly fairly accurate picture of this innovatory preaching centre. This outdoor pulpit erected in the heart of court life in the capital, with a capacity to accommodate a standing congregation of thousands (infinitely larger than that of the chapel royal), also provided for court attendance in an upper gallery or terrace and (under cover) in the council chamber that ran along one side. Edward VI appears at the open window of this projecting casement (for which new glass was provided in 1549) with three courtiers (possibly the foremost bearded figure represents the Duke of Somerset) on his right. Latimer, leaning, book in hand, on the carpeted side of the pulpit which was constructed at the centre of the courtyard and ornamented in the most à la mode renaissance style, is speaking directly to the royal group. Only two women can be made out in this vast throng: the seated woman with book on the pulpit step (something of a symbolic figure) and another standing among the select group in the pulpit, behind the listener who rests on his elbow. The accepted importance of preaching was recognized in a new way in this royal Sermon Court, which, unlike the celebrated pulpit at St Paul's and other old outdoor pulpits across the land, had no association with consecrated ground and burial of the dead. As one of the few illustrations in the Book of Martyrs that was not devoted to martyrs and their sufferings, this woodcut tells us as much about the role of preaching as that of Henry VIII suppressing the pope does about the biblical word. The labels for 'K. Edward' and 'M. Latimer', in italic in 1563 and 1570, were redone (still in italic) in 1576 and again (now in roman, with 'Mayster Latimer') in 1583.

MarginaliaThe diligent traueling of M. Latimer in King Edwardes time.IN this his paynefull trauell he occupied himselfe all K. Edwardes dayes, preaching for the most part euery sonday twise,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 463, line 30

A curious and, it may be thought, a valuable proof of Bishop Latimer's popularity on such occasions occurs in Nichols's "Illustrations of ancient times in England from the Accompts of Churchwardens," &c. (Lond. 1797), under the head of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in 1549; when there was "Paid to William Curlewe for mending of divers pews that were broken when Dr. Lattymer did preach, 0 1 6," p. 13.

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to no small shame of all other loytering and vnpreaching Prelates, which occupy great roomes and do litle good: and that so much more to theyr shame, because he being a sore brused man by the fall of the Tree, mentioned a little before, and aboue lxvij. yeares of age tooke so little ease, and care of sparing himselfe, to doe the people good

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Now to speake here of his indefatigable trauell and diligence in his owne priuate studies, who notwithstanding both hys yeares, and other paynes in preaching, euerye mornyng ordinaryly, Wynter and Sommer, about two of the clocke in the morninge was at his booke most diligently. MarginaliaThe early waking of M. Latimer to his books. Howe carefull his hart was of the preseruation of the Churche and the good successe of the Gospell, hys Letters canne testify, wherewith he continuallye admoni-

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