Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Thomas WhittleWilliam Cooke
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Whittle

(d. 1556)

Priest. Martyr. From Essex.

Thomas Whittle was imprisoned in the coal house with Philpot. Bonner was so violent with Whittle's beard that he plucked much of it away and made his face black and blue. 1563, p. 1392, 1570, p. 1964, 1576, p. 1689, 1583, p. 1798.

He was apprehended by Edmond Alabaster. 1563, p. 1454, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1846.

Foxe records the bill of submission. 1563, p. 1454, 1570, p. 2017, 1576, pp. 1737-38, 1583, p. 1846.

Foxe includes Whittle's own account of his recantation and his withdrawal. 1563, pp. 1454-55, 1570, p. 2017, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846-47.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Robert Johnson wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle, confirming Cluney's and Harpsfield's reports. He mentions that Sir Thomas More's submission was read to him twice to no good effect. 1563, p. 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Foxe records Bonner's charges and Whittle's answers to the charges. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Bonner plucked at Whittle's beard so hard that it made his face black and blue. 1570, p. 1964 [marginal note].

Whittle repented after his recantation and took his subscription. 1570, p. 1964 [marginal note], pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738.

His last examination and condemnation took place on 14 January 1556. 1563, p. 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

He was burned at Smithfield with Joan Warren on 14 January 1556. 1563, pp. 1451, 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

John Careless wrote a letter to Bartlett Green, Thomas Whittle, Joan Warren, Isabel Foster and certain other prisoners in Newgate. 1570, p. 2107, 1576, p. 1818, 1583, pp. 1924-25.

Thomas Whittle wrote letters to John Careless, John Went and others. 1563, pp. 1457-58, 1570, pp. 2018-22, 1576, pp. 1739-43, 1583, pp. 1847-50.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Cooke

DD (1537). Fellow of All Souls (1527 - 1535) (Foster). Prebend of Kilsby (Lincoln) (1554 - 1559). Deprived after September 1559 (Fasti).

William Cooke was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries. The letter was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Dr Cook took part in the examination of William Tyms, Robert Drakes, Thomas Spurge, Richard Spurge, John Cavel and George Ambrose. 1570, pp. 2076-77, 1576, p. 1791, 1583, pp. 1896-97.

John Jackson was examined by Dr Cook 11 March 1556. Foxe records his questions and answers. 1563, pp. 1611-12, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

Thomas Moore denied transubstantiation when examined by Dr Cook and so was condemned. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, pp. 1855-56, 1583, p. 1949.

Richard Woodman's first examination before Christopherson, Story, Cooke and others took place on 14 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1573-79, 1570, p. 2174-78, 1576, pp. 1877-81, 1583, pp. 1986-89.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Alexander Wimshurst was carried before Story and Cook who asked him where his whore was. Wimshurst defended his wife's honour and her whereabouts. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

1821 [1797]

Queene Mary. The second examination of M. Iohn Philpot, Martyr.
MarginaliaAnno. 1555. October.¶ The second examination of Iohn Philpot before the Queenes Commissioners, M. Cholmley, Roper, D. Story, D. Cooke, and the Scribe, the 24 day of Octo. 1555. at Newgate Sessions Hall.

MarginaliaThe 2. examination of Iohn Philpot before the Commissioners.AT my comming, a man of Algate of myne acquaintāce said vnto me, God haue mercy on you, for you are alredy condemned in this world: for D. Story said, that my L. Chancellor hath commaunded to do you away. After a little consultation had betwene them, M. Cholmley called me vnto him, saying.

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Cholm. M. Philpot, shew your selfe a wise man, & be not stubburne in your owne opinion, but bee conformable to the Queenes proceedyngs, and lyue, and you shall be wel assured of great fauour and reputation.

Phil. I shall do as it becommeth a Christian man to do.

Story. This man is the rankest heretike that hath bene in all my L. Chancellors Dioces, and hath done more hurt then any man els there: therfore hys pleasure is, that hee should haue the law to proceede against him, and I haue spoken with my L. herein, and he willeth him to be committed to the B. of London, & there to recant, or els burne. He houled and wept in the Conuocation house, and such adoe as neuer man did, as all the heretikes doe when they lacke learnyng to aunswer. He shall go after hys fellowes. How sayst thou, wilt thou recant?

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Phil. I know nothyng I haue done, þt I ought to recant.

Story. Well, then I pray you let vs commit him to þe Lollards Tower, there to remaine vntil he be further examined before the B. of London, for he is to fine fedde in the kings Bench, and he hath too much fauour there. 

Commentary  *  Close

Sir William Fitzwilliam, the marshal of the King's Bench, was a protestant sympathiser and was lenient to the protestant prisoners in his custody. (See Thomas S. Freeman, 'Publish and Perish: The Scribal Culture of the Marian Martyrs' in Julia Crick and Alexandra Walsham (eds.), The Uses of Script and Print, 1300-1700 (Cambridge: 2004), p. 237).

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For hys keper said at the doore yesterday, that he was the finest fellow, and one of the best lerned in England: and with this he rose vp and went his way.

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Cooke. This man most stoutely mainteined heresies since the Queenes comming in, as any that I haue heard of: therfore it is most meete he should be adiudged by the B. of London, for the heresies he hath mainteyned.

Phil. I haue mainteined no heresies.

Cooke. No haue? Did ye not openly speake against the sacrament of the aultar in the Conuocation house? Call you that no heresie? Wilt thou recant that, or not?

Phil. It was the Quenes Maiesties pleasure þt we should reason thereof, not by my seeking, but by other mens procuring, in the hearyng of the Counsaile.

Cooke. Did the Queene geue you leaue to be an heretike? You may be sure her grace wyl not so do. Wel, we wil not dispute the matter with you, my L. of London shall pro-

ceed by inquisition vpon thee, and if thou wilt not recant, thou shalt be burned.

Phil. My L. of London is not myne Ordinary in this behalfe, and I haue already answered vnto myne Ordinary in this matter: and therefore (as I haue sayd before) you shall do me great wrong, to vexe me twise for one matter, since I haue sustained this so long imprisonment, besides the losse of my liuyng.

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Roper. You were a very vnmeet man to be an Archdeacō.

Phil. I know I was as meet a mā as he that hath it now.

Cooke. A meete man quoth he? He troubled M. Roper and the whole countrey.

Phil. There was neuer poore Archdeacon so handled at your handes as I am, and that without any iust cause ye be able to lay vnto me.

Cooke. Thou art no Archdeacon.

MarginaliaIohn Philpot depriued of his Archdeaconry without any lawe.Phil. I am Archdeacon still, although another be in possession of my liuyng: for I was neuer depriued by any law.

Cooke. No sir, that needeth not: for a notorious heretike should haue no Ordinary proceeding about his depriuation: but the B. may vpon knowledge thereof proceed to depriuation.

MarginaliaWhether an heretick suspected may without ordinary processe be depriued of his liuing by his ordinary before his death, & by what lawe.Phil. M. Doctor, you know that the common law is other wise: and besides this, the statutes of this Realme be otherwyse, which geueth this benefit to euery person, thogh he be an heretike, to enioy his liuyng vntill he bee put to the death for the same.

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Cholm. No, there thou art deceyued.

Phil. Vpon the liuyng I passe not. But the vniust dealing grieueth me, that I should bee thus troubled for my conscience, contrary to all law.

Cholm. Why, wyll you not agree that the Queenes Maiestie may cause you to be examined of your fayth?

Phil. Aske you M. Doctor Cooke, and he will tell you that the temporall magistrates haue nothing to doe with matters of fayth for determination thereof. And S. Ambrose sayeth: Diuina Imperatoriæ maiestati non sunt subiecta,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 610, fn 2

[Epist. lib. 5. 33.]

that the thyngs of God are not subiect to the power and authoritie of Princes.

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Cooke. No? may not the temporall power commit you to be examined of your fayth to the bishop?

Phil. Yea sir, I deny not that: but you will not grant that the same may examine any of their owne authoritie.

Cooke. Let hym be had away.

MarginaliaIohn Philpot agayne requireth to see their Commission, and yet it could not be seene: and that also agaynst the lawe.Phil. Your maistership promised mee the last tyme I was before you, I should see your commission by what authoritie you do call me, and whether I by the same be bound to answer to so much as you demaund.

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Maister Philpots beyng in the Colehouse, where he found Thomas Whittle Priest, sittyng in the Stockes.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
John Philpot (whose importance earned him two illustrations in Foxe's work), is here shown imprisoned in the most degrading of places. When told by Dr Story, Bonner's chancellor (for whom a heretic could have no claim to gentle status) that he was to be sent to the Lollards' Tower or the bishop of London's coalhouse, he protested that this would be vile even for a dog. The remark is echoed in the woodcut which shows a cur of a dog, accompanying Master William Roper, one of the prisoner's examiners, at work on the cell floor with a bone. But Philpot chose not to intermit his suffering by accepting the offer of a bed for one night in the gaol-keeper's house in Paternoster Row. He was taken to 'a little blind house' adjoining the ill-famed coalhouse, which, he recorded, was furnished with stocks for both hands and feet (as shown) and (not mentioned but illustrated) great chains attached to the walls. Thomas Whittle (the Essex minister whose full story follows later) whom Philpot found there with a poor man is shown in the stocks, though the text does not say as much. This seems to be an extrapolation from Philpot's statement that 'some before us had tried them [the stocks]'. One of his letters was 'written in a coal-house of darkness out of a pair of stocks'. The term 'blind house' implies a windowless building, and Philpot called it 'a dark comfortless place'. Darkness prevails in the woodcut, despite the single embrasure which casts shafts of light on those in the small cell.

Roper
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