Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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John CarelessJohn Philpot
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Careless

(d. 1556)

Weaver. Consided by Foxe a 'martyr' (died in prison). Of Coventry.

Uncle to Sir Peter Carew [Hasler, Commons]

John Careless was sent by the mayor of Coventry - together with Baldwin Clarke, Thomas Wilcockes and Richard Estlin - to the privy council on 20 November 1553 for unspecified 'lewde and sediciouse behaviour' on All Hallows Day 1553 (1583, p. 1417). He was imprisoned in the Gatehouse.

A letter by Careless to the condemned brethren in Newgate is attributed to Philpot. 1563, pp. 1449-50.

Careless received letters from John Philpot while he was imprisoned. 1570, pp. 2004-05, 1576, pp. 1726-27, 1583, pp. 1833-34.

Careless received a letter from John Bradford while he was imprisoned in the King's Bench. 1570, pp. 1827-28, 1576, p. 1563, 1583, p. 1645.

Careless received two letters from Thomas Whittle while he was imprisoned in the King's Bench. 1563, p. 1457, 1570, pp. 2018-19 and 2021, 1576, pp. 1739-40 and 1742, 1583, pp. 1847-48 and 1850.

John Careless' first examination was before Dr Martin, marshall of the King's Bench [Sir William Fitzwilliam - DNB + Hasler / Bindoff], Dr Martin's scribe and an unspecified priest in the lord chancellor's house. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During his first examination, Careless was shown some hand-writing, which Martin believed to be that of Careless. The handwriting was that of Henry Hart. Careless knew this because he had been sent a copy by Tyms. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During Careless' first examination, Martin asked Careless if he had knew Henry Hart, to which Careless answered that he did not. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin asked Careless if he knew Master Chamberlain, to which he answered that he did not. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin claimed that Cox had refuted some of Careless's arguments. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Careless told Martin that Tyms had been his bedfellow, and that Tyms had been burned the day before this examination. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin asked Careless what Trew's faith of predestination was. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

During this examination, Martin pretended, according to Foxe, to desire to help Careless survive. He asked Careless if he would like to go to Ireland with Lord Fitzwalter to do the queen's service, to which Careless replied that he was willing to do the queen service as long as he was alive. 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

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At the end of his first examination, Careless was told by Martin that he was one of the most pleasant protestants he had talked to 'except it were Tomson' . 1563, pp. 1529-35, 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

Careless was imprisoned for two years, first in Coventry and then in the King's Bench. 1570, pp. 2101-02, 1576, pp. 1813-14, 1583, pp. 1919-20.

In Coventry jail, the keeper allowed Careless to leave the prison to take part in a Coventry pageant. 1570, p. 2102, 1576, p. 1814, 1583, p. 1920.

Foxe states that Careless desired to be burned, but that he died in prison and was buried in the fields in a dunghill instead. 1570, p. 2102, 1576, p. 1814, 1583, pp. 1920-21.

Careless died in prison 1 July 1556. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2101, 1576, p. 1813, 1583, p. 1919.

Letters: 1563, pp. 1535-38, 1570, pp. 2103-17, 1576, pp. 1814-40, 1583, pp. 1921-34.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Philpot

(1516 - 1555)

Archdeacon of Winchester and martyr. [DNB]

Foxe records Philpot's formative years and character. 1563, p. 1388, 1570, p. 1961, 1576, p. 1688 , 1583, p. 1795.

Philpot was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71).

Philpot was also one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for an opportunity to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms (1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483).

Philpot's account of the debate over transubstantiation was reprinted by Foxe [cf. John Philpot, The trew report of the dysputacyon had and begonne in the convocacyon hows at London the XXVIII daye of Octobre MDLIIII (Emden, 1554). STC 19890, with 1563, pp. 906-16; 1570, pp. 1571-78; 1576, pp. 1340-47; 1583, pp. 1410-17). In Philpot's version of events, he plays the lead role among the six clerics - the others were Walter Phillips, James Haddon, Richard Cheyney, John Aylmer and Thomas Young - in refuting the catholic arguments.

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John Philpot was made archdeacon of Winchester under Ponet. 1563, p. 1388, 1570, p. 1961, 1576, p. 1688, 1583, p. 1795.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

In Philpot's first examination, Story claimed that Philpot was guilty of heresy for speaking against the mass. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

During Philpot's second examination, Story demanded that Philpot be taken to Lollard's Tower, after which he was imprisoned in Bonner's coal house. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Bonner sent Johnson the registrar to speak to Philpot when he was imprisoned in the coal house. 1563, p. 1392, 1570, p. 1964, 1576, p. 1689, 1583, p. 1798.

Thomas Whittle was imprisoned in the coal house with Philpot. Bonner was so violent with Whittle's beard that he plucked much of it away and made his face black and blue. 1563, p. 1392, 1570, p. 1964, 1576, p. 1689, 1583, p. 1798.

Philpot met with Bonner the second night of his imprisonment in the coal house (his third examination). 1563, pp. 1392-93, 1570, pp. 1964-65, 1576, pp. 1691-92, 1583, pp. 1798-99.

Philpot spoke briefly with Cosin, Bonner's chaplain, before returning to his imprisonment in Bonner's coal house. 1563, p. 1393, 1570, p. 1965, 1576, p. 1692, 1583, p. 1799.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

During Philpot's fourth examination, John Harpsfield brought a book by Irenaeus to Philpot's examiners, who then discussed the Roman church with Philpot. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

During his fifth examination, Philpot asked his examiners which of them could answer Calvin's Institutions, to which Saverson replied that the Genevan church had fragmented and that Calvin had fled. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

Philpot's sixth examination was before the lord chamberlain to Queen Mary, Ferrars, Lord Rich, Lord St John, Lord Windsor, Lord Shandoys, Sir John Bridges, Chadsey and Bonner. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

During his sixth examination, Philpot stated that Joan of Kent was a heretic. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Philpot stated that Cheyney and Rochester could testify to what he had said under his examination. 1563, pp. 1405-12, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Chamberlain was present during Philpot's sixth examination and questioned him on the real presence. 1563, pp. 1405-1412, 1570, pp. 1972-78, 1576, pp. 1698-1702, 1583, pp. 1805-10.

Philpot's seventh examination on 19 November 1555 was before Bonner, Rochester, chancellor of Lichfield, Chadsey and John Dee. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

In Philpot's seventh examination, John Dee is referred to as Master Dee in 1563 and 1570 and then as Doctor Dee in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Johnson the registrar was present during Philpot's seventh examination. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1702-05, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Three private conferences took place between Philpot and Bonner. (The first involved his keeper; the second, his fellow prisoners and his keeper; and the third only Bonner and Philpot.) 1563, pp. 1416-19, 1570, pp. 1980-82, 1576, pp. 1706-07, 1583, pp. 1812-14.

Philpot's eighth examination was before Bonner, John Harpsfield, St David's, Mordant and others. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, p. 1814.

Johnson the registrar was present at Philpot's eighth examination. 1563, pp. 1412-16, 1570, pp. 1978-80, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, pp. 1810-12.

Philpot's ninth examintion was before Bonner and his chaplains, including Cosin. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

During Philpot's ninth examination, Bonner called for John Harpsfield, who attended the session to examine Philpot, and Chadsey, who had, however, left for Westminster. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

Philpot's tenth examination was before Bonner, Johnson and others. 1563, pp. 1424-25, 1570, pp. 1985-86, 1576, pp. 1709-10, 1583, pp. 1816-17.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

In Philpot's eleventh examination, John Dee is referred to as a 'great conjurer' in 1563 and 1570. The reference is removed in 1576 and 1583. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

The bishop of Coventry and Lichfield spoke with Philpot about the nature of the true church. 1563, p. 1444, 1583, p. 1818.

Philpot's twelfth examination on 4 December 1555 was before Bonner, Worcester and Bangor. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

One of Bonner's chaplains (probably Cosin) was present during Philpot's twelfth examination. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot spoke with Worcester, Wright and Chadsey later the same day as his twelfth examination. 1570, pp. 1993-94, 1576, pp. 1717, 1583, p. 1823-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York, Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, p. 1824-26.

Later on the day of his thirteenth examination, Philpot spoke with John Harpsfield, Bonner and Chadsey. 1570, pp. 1996-97, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

The judgement of Philpot took place in the consistory court of St Paul's on 13 and 14 of December, at which Bonner and others were present. 1570, p. 1997, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1826.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before the bishops of London, Bath, Worcester and Lichfield.. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

Foxe includes Bonner's exhortation to Philpot. 1563, p. 1443, 1570, p. 1998, 1576, p. 1710, 1583, pp. 1827-28.

A letter was exhibited by Bonner, concerning the handling of Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, p. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference is made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Philpot was mentioned in letter sent by John Bradford to Lady Fane. 1570, p. 1824, 1576, p. 1560, 1583, p. 1642.

Lady Fane wrote a letter to Bonner. 1563, p. 1445, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, p. 1724, 1583, pp. 1828-29.

John Hooper sent Philpot and his fellow prisoners, Robert Ferrar, John Bradford and Rowland Taylor, a letter dated 6 May 1554 discussing a proposed disputation in Cambridge in which they would represent the protestants. 1570, p. 1687; 1576, p. 1440; 1583, p. 1513.

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Philpot and his fellow prisoners, John Bradford, Robert Ferrar and Rowland Taylor. 1570, pp. 1671-72; 1576, p. 1426; 1583, p. 1500.

In a letter William Tyms wrote to 'God's faithful servants', he named his fellow prisoners in the King's Bench as Robert Ferrar, Rowland Taylor, John Philpot, John Bradford and five other Sussex men. 1570, p. 2082, 1576, p. 1795, 1583, p. 1902.

Green wrote a letter to John Philpot which was not delivered. According to Foxe it was either not delivered because Philpot died or because the jailor prevented its delivery. 1563, pp. 1459-60, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, pp. 1852-53.

Stokesley said a Latin prayer before the condemnation of Philpot. 1570, p. 2000, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, pp. 1827, 1829.

Philpot had a talk with his keeper, Alexander, during which Philpot refused to recant. 1570, pp. 2000-01, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 1829.

The mayor (Macham) heard of the treatment of Philpot in prison and ordered Philpot's irons to be removed. 1563, p. 1443, 1570, p. 2001, 1576, p. 1998, 1583, p. 1830.

Wittrence, the steward of the house, carried the manacled Philpot. 1570, p. 2001, 1576, p. 1998, 1583, p. 1830.

Foxe records Philpot's behaviour prior to his death, when the sheriffs came to collect him. 1563, p. 1447, 1570, pp. 2000-01, 1576, p. 1722-23, 1583, p. 1830.

A prayer was said by Philpot at the stake. He was burned on 18 December 1555. 1563, pp. 1448-49, 1570, p. 2002, 1576, p. 1724, 1583, pp. 1830-31.

Letters. 1563, pp. 1444-50, 1570, pp. 2002-14,1576, pp. 1721-35, 1583, pp. 1829-43.

Philpot wrote a letter to John Careless. 1563, pp. 1535-38.

Careless replied to the letter from John Philpot. 1563, pp. 1536-37, 1570, pp. 2103-04,1576, pp. 1814-15, 1583, p. 1921.

Whittle sent a letter to John Careless in prison, in which he says he has heard reports of Philpot's stoutness in going to his death and asking for a copy of Philpot's nine examinations for a friend. 1570, p. 1457, 1570, pp. 2018-19, 1576, pp. 1739-40, 1583, pp. 1847-48.

[Also referred to as 'Fylpot'.]

1945 [1921]

Queene Mary. Godly Letters of Iohn Careles to M. Philpot and others.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iuly.ryed in the fieldes in a dounghill.

In the meane time while he was in prisō in the kyngs Bench it chaunced he was in gret heauines and perturbation of mind and conscience, wherupon he wrote to M. Philpot being then in the Colehouse. Vppon the occasion hereof Mayster Philpot sent an Epistle consolatory vnto him, specified before among master Philpots letters, pag. 1762. Vnto the which Epistle Iohn Careles maketh aunswere agayne as foloweth.

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¶ Letters of Iohn Careles. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Letters of John Careless

Careless's letters to John Philpot, to his co-religionists in Newgate and his prayer were first printed in the 1563 edition. The letters to Margaret Careless, Bradford, to Green, Whittle and the other prisoners in Newgate, to Tyms, to 'M.C.', to Thomas Upcher (both letters), to Henry Adlington, to 'a faithfull friend' and the letter in Agnes Glascock's book were all first printed in Letters of the Martyrs (yet another indication of the scope and thoroughness of Henry Bull's research). The letter to 'E.K.' was first printed in 1566 along with Nicholas Ridley's Pituous Lamentation. All of the other letters were first printed in the 1570 edition.

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A Letter of Iohn Careles aunswering to the louing Epistle or Letter sent to him before by Mayster Iohn Philpot. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter was first printed in the 1563 edition and then reprinted in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 229-34, and then reprinted in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments. There are two partial copies of this letter among Foxe's papers: ECL 260, fo. 52r-v and ECL 262, fo. 58r. The letter was written shortly after 20 November 1555.

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A faythfull frend is a strong defence, who so findeth suche a one, findeth a treasure.

A faythfull frend hath no peere, the weight of gold and siluer is not to be compared to the goodnes of his fayth.

A faythfull frend is a medicine of life, and they that feare the Lord shall finde him. Ecclesiast. 6.

MarginaliaA letter of Iohn Careles to M. Philpot.THe father of mercy and God of all consolation, comfort you with his eternall spirite (my most deare and faythfull louing frend, good Mayster Philpot) as you haue comforted me by the mighty operation of the same: the euerlasting GOD be praysed therfore for euer. Amen.

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Ah my deare hart and most louing brother, if I should do nothing els day and night, so long as the daies of heauen do endure, but kneele on my knees and read Psalmes, I can neuer be able to render vnto God condigne thankes, for his great mercie, fatherly kindnesse, and most louing cōpassion extended vnto me most vile, sinneful, wicked, and vnworthy wretch. Oh that the Lorde would open my mouth and geue me a thankefull hart, that from the bottome of the same might flow his cōtinuall prayse. Oh that my sinnefull flesh (which is the cause of my sorowe) were cleane separated from me, that I might sing Psalmes of thankesgeuing vnto the Lordes name for euer: that with good Samuels mother I might continually record this noble verse folowing, the which by good experience I haue found most true, praysed be my good God therfore.

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The Lord (sayth that good woman) killeth and maketh aliue: he bringeth downe to hel and fetcheth vp agayne. Marginalia
1. Reg. 2.
Iohn Careles raysed vp by the Lord, out of great heauines.
Praysed be that Lord for euer, yea, and praysed be his name, for that he hath geuē me true experience and liuely feeling of the same. Blessed be the Lord GOD, whose mercy endureth for euer, whiche hath not dealt with me according to my deepe desertes, nor destroyed me in his displeasure when I had iustly deserued it, Oh what rewarde shall I geue agayne vnto the Lorde for all the great benefites that he hath done for my soule? I will gladly receiue the cuppe of saluation at his hand, and will worship his name with prayer & with prayse.

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Ah my deare hart, yea most deare vnto me in the Lord, think not this sodeine chaunge in me, to be some fickle phantasy of my foolish head (as in deede some other woulde surely suspect it to be.) For doubtlesse it is the maruellous doing of the Lord, moste merciful vnto me his vnworthy creature. God for his great mercies sake geue me grace to bee more thankefull vnto him then I heretofore haue bene, and keepe me that I neuer fall forth of hys fauour agayne.

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And now my deare brother, and moste blessed messenger of the Lord, whose beautifull feet haue brought much glad tidings vnto my soule, what shall I doe or say vnto you, in the least part to recompence the fatherlye affection and Godlye care that you continually keepe for me? Oh that God would geue me the spirite of feruent prayer, that I might yet that way supply some litle part of my duty toward you. MarginaliaThis comfort receaued of M. Philpot, read in M. Philpots letters, pag. 1726.Ah my true louing frend, howe soone did you lay aside all other busines, to make a sweete plaster for my wounded conscience, yea and that out of a paynefull payre of stockes, which place must needes be vneasye to write in. But God hath brought you into a straight place, that you mighte set my soule at liberty. Out of your pinching and paynefull seate you haue plentifully poured vppon me your precious narde, the sweete sauour wherof hath greatly refresteed my tyred soule. The Lord likewise refresh you both body & soule, by pouring the oile of his gracious spirit into your sweet hart.

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Ah good Ieremy, hath Phasure put thee thee in the stockes? 

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This reference helps to date this letter; Bishop Bonner placed Philpot in the stocks on 20 November 1555.

MarginaliaIerem. 20.why, now thou hast the right reward of a prophet. Thy glory neuer began to appeare vntill now. I doubt not but shortly, in sted of Ahikam the sonne of Shaphan, MarginaliaIerem. 26.Iesus the sonne of the liuing God wil come and deliuer thee foorth of the handes of all thine enemyes, and will also make good agaynste them and theyr Antichristian Sinagogue, all the wordes that thou hast spoken in his name. The Lord hath made thee this day a strong defended Tower, an yron piller, and a brasen wall MarginaliaIerem. 1.agaynst the whole rable of Antichrist, &

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though they fight against thee neuer so fiercely, yet shall they not ouercome thee, for the Lorde himselfe is with thee to helpe and deliuer thee: MarginaliaIerem. 15.and he will ridde thee out of the handes of the wicked, and will deliuer thee out of the handes of the Tyrantes. And in that you are not busy in casting pearles before swine, MarginaliaMath. 7.nor in geuing the holy thinges vnto dogges, you are much to be cōmended, in my simple iudgement. MarginaliaThe circumspect behauiour of M. Philpot.And sure I am that your circūspect and modest behauiour hitherto hath bene as much to Gods glory & to the shame & confusion of your enemies, as any mans doinges that are gone before you.

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MarginaliaIohn Careles aduise to M. Philpot.Wherefore mine aduise and most earnest desire is, with all other of your louing frendes, that you still keepe that order wyth those bloudthirsty bitesheepes, bishops I should say, that you haue begonne. For though in conclusion they will surely haue your bloud, yet shall they come by it with shame enough, and to theyr perpetuall infamy whiles the world doth endure. They would in deede condemne you in hugger mugger, to darken Gods glory if it might be. But Sathans thoughtes are not vnknowne to you, & the depth of his subtlety is by you well foreseene. Therefore let them do whatsoeuer God shall suffer them to doe: for I know all things shall turne to your best. Though you lye in the darck, slorried with the Bishops blacke coale dust: yet shall you be shortlye restored vnto the heauenly light, and made as white as snowe in Salmon, and as the winges of a Doue that is couered with siluer winges, and her fethers like gold. MarginaliaPsal. 68.You know the vessell, before it be made bright, is soyled with oile and other thinges that it may scoure the better.

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Oh happy be you that you be nowe in the scouring house: for shortly you shalbe set vppon the celestiall shelfe as bright as aungels.  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 172, fn 5

A play upon the word "angel," a silver coin. - ED.

Therfore my deare hart, I will now according to your louing request, MarginaliaI. Careles care turned into ioy.cast away all care, and reioyce with you, and prayse God for you, and pray for you day and night: yea, I wil now with Gods grace sing Psalmes of prayse and thankesgeuing with you. For now my soule is turned to her old rest agayne, and hath takē a sweet nap in Christes lap. I haue cast my care vpon the Lorde, which careth for me, and will be Careles, according to my name, in that respect which you would haue me. I wil leaue out my vnseemely addition as long as I liue: for it can take no place where true fayth and hope is resident. MarginaliaGods gracious worke through M. Philpots letter.So soone as I had read your most godly and cōfortable letter, my sorowes vanished away as smoke in the winde, my spirit reuiued, and comfort came agayne, wherby I am sure the spirit of God was author of it.

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Oh, my good M. Philpot, which art a principall pot in deede filled with most precious liquor, as it appeareth by the plēteous pouring forth of the same: O pot most happy, of the high Potter ordeined to honour, whiche doest conteine suche heauenly treasure in the earthen vessell: Oh pot thrise happy, in whome Christ hath wrought a great miracle, altering thy nature, and turning water into wine, and that of the best, whereout the mayster of the feast hath filled my cuppe so ful, MarginaliaIohn Careles drunken with ioy of the spirite.that I am become drunken in the ioy of the spirit through the same: When Martyrdome shall break thee (O vessell of honour) I know the fragrant sauour of thy precious Narde will much reioyce the heauy hartes of Christes true members although the Iudasses will grudge and murmure at the same. Yea and burst out into words of sclaunder, saying: it is but lost and waste.

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Be not offended deare hart, at my Metaphoricall speach. For I am disposed to be mery, and with Dauid to daunce before the Arke of the Lord: Marginalia2. Reg. 6.and though you play vpon a payre of Organes not very comely or easy to the flesh, yet the sweet soūd that came from the same causeth me thus to do. O that I were with you in body, as presently I am in spirit, that I might sing all care away in Christ: for nowe the time of comforte is come. I hope to be wyth you shortly, if all thinges happen aright: MarginaliaCareles accused to the Councell by certayne backe friendes in Couentrye.For my olde frendes of Couentry haue put the Counsell in remembraunce of me, not 6. dayes agoe, saying that I am more worthy to be burned, then any that was burned yet. Gods blessing on theyr harts for their good report. God make me worthy of that dignity, and hasten the time, that I might set forth his glory.

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Pray for me deare harte, I beseech you, and will all your company to do the same, and I will pray God for you all so long as I liue. And nowe farewell in Christe, thou blessed of Gods owne mouth. I will for a time take my leaue, but not my last farewell. MarginaliaNote how comfortably the Lord worketh in his prisoned Saintes.Blessed be the time that euer I came into the kinges bench, to be ioyned in loue and felowship with such deare children of the Lord. My good brother Bradford shal not be dead whiles you be aliue: for verely the spirit of him doth rest on you in most ample wise. Your letters of comfort vnto me in ech poynt do agree, as though the one were a copy of the other. He hath planted in me, and you do water: the Lorde geue good increase. My deare Brethren and felow prisoners here, haue them humbly and hartelye commended vnto you, and your company, mourning for your misery, but yet reioysing for your plenteous consolation and comfort in Christ. MarginaliaGods prouidence towad his people.We are all chearefull and merry vnder our crosse, and do lacke no necessaryes, praysed bee GOD for his prouidence and great mercy towardes vs for euermore. Amen

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