Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Blondel, Jean ('the Elder')

Jurat (1539 - 1565). Dismissed in 1565, but pardoned of all previous offences on 18 February 1566. Of the parish of St Saviour, Guernsey. [Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1996), p. 187]

Jean Blondel took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

[Foxe also refers to him as 'Blundel'.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Helier Gosselin

Merchant. Bailiff of S Pierre Port, Guernsey; dismissed in 1563. Elected a jurat in February 1565 but dismissed by the privy council in the same year. [Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey, (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1996) p. 69].

Helier Gosselin took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Jean le Marchant

Jurat (dismissed in 1565, but pardoned of all previous offences on 18 February 1566). Of S Pierre Port, Guernsey. [ See Eagleston, A. J., 'The Dismissal of the Seven Jurats in 1565' in Transactions of la Societe Guernesiaise, xii (1936), pp. 500-16.]

Jean le Marchant took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

[Referred to by Foxe as 'John Marchant'.]

 
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John Alles

[Ogier]

John Alles was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John de la March

John de la March was mistaken by Foxe for one of the jurats who examined Perotine Massey. He was not one of the seven jurats. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

 
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John le Fevre

John le Fevre was mistaken by Foxe for one of the jurats who examined Perotine Massey. He was not one of the seven jurats. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Manatiell

[Ogier]

John Manatiell was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas de Lisle

Nicholas de Lisle was mistaken by Foxe for one of the jurats who examined Perotine Massey. He was not one of the seven jurats. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas Martin

Nicholas Martin took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Peter Bonamy

Jurat (dismissed in 1565, but pardoned of all previous offences on 18 February 1566). Of St Martin, Guernsey. [See Ogier, Reformation and Society in Guernsey (Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1996), p. 57, for the Jurats in Massey's case.]

Foxe states that on 14 July 1556 Perotine Massey was examined before Hellier Gosselin, in the presence of Richard Devike, Pierre Martin, Nicholas Cary, John Blundel, Nicholas de Lisle, John Le Marchant, John le Fevre, Pierre Bonamy, Nicholas Martin, John de la March (jurats), and Jaques Amy. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, pp. 1943-44.

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Peter Bonamy took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Peter Tardise

[Ogier]

Peter Tardise was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Pierre Martin

Pierre Martin is a non-existent jurat added in error to a list of Guernsey jurats mentioned in 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas De Vick

[Ogier]

Thomas Devick took part in the examination and condemnation of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, pp. 1542-43, 1570, pp. 2127-28, 1576, p. 1849, 1583, p. 1943.

He was later forced to beg pardon for his involvement in the deaths of Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1570, pp. 2130-31, 1576, pp. 1851-52, 1583, pp. 1945-46.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas le Coll

[Ogier]

Thomas le Coll was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Panquet

[Ogier]

William Panquet was one of the justices who pronounced the sentence of execution for heresy on Perotine Massey, Katherine Cauches and Guillemine Gilbert. 1563, p. 1543, 1570, p. 2128, 1576, p. 1850 [recte 1838], 1583, p. 1944.

1968 [1944]

Queene Mary. The Martyrdome of Katherine, Guillemine, Perrotine, with an infant burned.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iuly.iudgement on that day, but ordeined the women to come first before the Deane and Curates to be examined of their fayth. MarginaliaKatherine Cawches, Perrotine Massey, Guillemine Guilbert, examined before the Deane & his fellowes.And so the Officers at the commaundement of the Iustices, did fetch and present them before the sayd Deane and Curates. The which being accomplished and done, they were examined a part seuerally one from an other: After which examination they incontinently were returned agayne into prison.

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MarginaliaThe names of the persecutors which sate vpon the death of the three women.Then the xiiij. day of the sayd moneth of Iuly,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 228, line 11 from the bottom

This is the reading in all the editions: they all likewise read "13" in the [text of the Sentence].

in the yeare aforesayd, after the examination aboue specified before Elyer Gosselin Bailiffe, in the presence of Thomas Deuicke, Pierres Martine, Nicholas Cary, Iohn Blondel, Nicholas de Lisle, Iohn Lauerchaunt, Iohn le Feuer, Pierres Bonnamy, Nicholas Martin, Iohn de la March Iurates 
Commentary  *  Close

Technically Foxe was incorrect: Martin, de Lisle, le Fevre and de la March were not jurats.

, Syr Iaques Amy Deane, and the Curates, dyd deliuer before the Iustice vnder the seale of the Deane, & vnder the signes of the Curates, a certayne Act and Sentence, the summe whereof was that Katherine Cawches and her two daughters were found heretickes, and suche they reputed them, and haue deliuered them to Iustice, to do execution, according to the Sentence, of the which the tenour foloweth.

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¶ The Sentence.

MarginaliaKatherine Cawches, Perrotine Massey, Guillemine Guilbert, wrongfully condemned by the Deane and Iustices. MarginaliaThe vniust Sentence of the Deane agnynst the 3. Martyrs.AN. dom. millesimo, quingentesimo, quinquagesimo sexto, die verò. xiij. mensis Iulij apud Ecclesiam diui Petri in portu maris insula promotor. per nos Dominum Decanum inquisitio facta fuit de fide Catholica, & super Sacramenta Ecclesiastica, videlicet super Sacramentum Baptismi, confirmationis, pœnitentiæ, ordinis Matrimonij Eucharistiæ, & extremæ vnctionis, nec non super ceremonias Ecclesiæ, ac de veneratione & honoratione beatæ Mariæ & sanctorum, de Missa & eius efficacia, & de ceremonijs Ecclesiæ, videlicet Katherinæ Cawches, eiusdemq; duarum filiarum Guilleminæ & Parotinæ nuncupatarum, & harum tam coniunctim quam separatim & via iuris. Et quamuis pluries ad veniam petendam, & ad delicta sua cognoscenda * Marginalia* Solœicismus catholicus. hortauimus & inuitauimus, quæ quidem prædicta omnino negauerunt & negant, quod locutæ fuerunt aliquod verbum inane, inhonestum, ociosum, & vanum contra fidem catholicam, Sacramenta Ecclesiæ, & alias ceremonias Ecclesiæ. Quapropter auditis negationibus prædictarum, & attestationibus & depositionibus testium per nos visis, consideratis, & bene ponderatis, & per

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opiniones Curatorum & Vicariorum ibidem assistentium super easdem Katherinam & Parotinam, nec non & Guilleminam crimine hereticas inuenimus & reputamus. Quapropter coram vobis Domino Baliuo omnino remittimus vt antea remissimus.

Thomas le Coll de mandato, Iohn Alles, Guillielmus Panquet, Petrus Tardise, & Iohannes Manatiell.

When this was done, commaundement was geuen to the kinges officers, to go to the Castle to fetche the sayde women, to heare the sentence agaynst them in the presence aforesayd. And they appearing before thē, sayd in the eares of all the auditory, that they woulde see theyr accusers, and know them that haue deposed agaynst them, because they might make aunsweres to theyr sayinges and personages and to haue theyr libell accordingly: for they knew not to haue offended the maiesties of the King and Queene, nor of the Church, MarginaliaThe three women willing to be conformed to the Queenes ordinaunces, were not withstanding condemned.but intyrely would obey, obserue and keepe the ordinances of the King and Queene, and of þe Church, as all good and true Subiectes are bound to do. And for any breach of the Kyng and Queenes lawes that they had done, they required iustice. All whiche theyr reasons and allegations notwithstanding, the sayd poore women were condemned, and adiudged to be burnt, vntill they were consumed into Ashes, according to a sentence geuen by Elyer Gosseline Bailife: of the which sentence the tenour hereafter foloweth.

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¶ The effect of the sentence in English.

MarginaliaThe wilfull sentence and murther of Ellyer Gosseline Bailiffe, against the three innocent women in Garnesey.THe xvij. (or as some other thinke the xxvij. day) 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 229, line 18

The words, "or as some others think the 27th," are not in the first Edition. In the conclusion of this sentence the first Edition reads "xiiij;" those subsequent read "xiij."

of the Moneth of Iuly, 1556. Elier Gosselin Bailiffe in the presence of Thomas Deuicke, Pierres Martine, Nicholas Cary, Iohn Bloundell, Nicholas Deuise, Iohn le Marchaunt, Iohn le Feauer, Pierres Bonamy, Nicholas Martine and Iohn de la March Iurates: Katherine Cowches, Perotine Massey, and Guillemyne Guilbert, the sayd Perotine and Guillemyne daughters to the sayd Katherine, are all condemned & iudged this day to be burned, vntil they be consumed to ashes in the place accustomed, with the confiscation of all theyr goodes, moueables, and heritages, to be in the handes of the king and Queenes maiesties, according and after the effect of a sentence deliuered in iustice, by Mayster Deane and the Curates the xiij. day of the moneth of Iuly, in the yeare aforesayd, in the which they haue bene approued heretickes.

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A Lamentable Spectacle of three women, with a sely infant brasting out of the Mothers Wombe, being first taken out of the fire, and cast in agayne, and so all burned together in the Isle of Garnesey. 1556. Iuly. 18. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Katherine Cawches, the mother, Perrotine Massey, Guillomine Guilbert, the two daughters, with an infant the sonne of Perrotine, in the Isle of Garnesey Anno. 1556. Iuly. 18 or as some say, Iuly. 28.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The dreadful account of the three Guernsey martyrs and the baby born and burned in the fire lost nothing in the telling, visual and verbal. This image, one of the most horrific in the book, comes from the hand recognizable in various of the smaller woodcuts (Type 1). The image is not a close transcription of Foxe's text (that of 1570 adding to 1563), which states that the women were tied to three stakes, the mother, Katherine Cawches being in the middle, and her elder daughter Perotine Massey, who was pregnant, on the right. Insecurely chained, the victims collapsed into the fire, and Perotine fell on her side before she gave birth. The steely detachment of the officials at the fire - two on the right positively debonair in their stance, while the two priests on the left seem to be giving dire instructions - could have done nothing to assuage the angry opponents who impugned Foxe's veracity and good faith in telling this story. This is a scene in which spectators play no part, their presence being only suggested by the line of heads behind the staves of the halberdiers. The framing line of this cut was already damaged in 1570.

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