Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hugh Foxe

Martyr. Of London.

Hugh Foxe was arrested for heresy in Islington with Cuthbert Symson and John Rough and examined by Bonner on 19 March 1557. 1563, p. 1653, 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2034.

He gave answers to articles brought against him. 1563, p. 1653, 1570, p. 2231, 1576, pp. 1926-27, 1583, p. 2034.

He was burned at Smithfield on 28 March 1558. 1563, p. 1653, 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2034.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Devenish

Martyr. Of unknown occupation. Of London.

John Devenish was examined by Bonner on 19 March 1557. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2034.

He gave answers to articles against him. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, pp. 1926-27, 1583, p. 2034.

He was burned at Smithfield on 28 March 1558. 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2034.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Nichol

(d. 1558)

Martyr. Of Haverford-West, Wales.

William Nichol was burned at Haverford-West in Wales on 9 April 1558. 1563, p. 1654, 1570, p. 2231, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2034.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
NGR: SM 955 155

A borough, a county of itself, and the head of a union, locally in the hundred of Rhos, county of Pembroke. 10.5 miles north from Pembroke. The town, and the county of the town, comprise the parish of St. Mary and part of the parishes of St. Thomas and St. Martin, all in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of St. David's. There is a large extra-parochial area called 'Poor Field'. The living of St. Mary is a vicarage; St. Thomas is a rectory not in charge; and St. Martin is a perpetual curacy.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2058 [2034]

Queene Mary. Cutbert Simson, Hugh Foxe, Iohn Deuenish, William Nicholl Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1557. March.come to the Lordes supper, pray continually. In all thinges geue thankes.

In the name of Iesus shall euery knee bowe.
Cutbert Simson.

Hugh Foxe.Iohn Deuenishe. 
Commentary  *  Close
Hugh Foxe and John Devenish

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and remained basically unchanged in subsequent editions. It was based on their answers to the articles alleged against them and these were taken from the records of their trial.

MarginaliaHugh Foxe, Iohn Deuenishe, Martyrs.WIth Cutbert likewise was apprehended and also suffered (as is before mentioned) Hugh Foxe, and Iohn Deuenish. 

Commentary  *  Close

A letter from Foxe and Devenish to other protestant prisoners is BL, Additional Ms 19400, fos. 84r-86v.

Who being brought into their examinations with the sayd Cutbert, before Boner Byshoppe of London, the xix. day of March, had articles and Interrogatories to them ministred by the sayd officer, albeit not al at one time. For first to the sayd Cutbert seuerall Articles were propounded, then other articles in generall wer ministred to them altogether. The order and maner of which articles, now ioyntly to them ministred here follow, with their aunsweres also to the same annexed, to be seene.

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Articles generally ministred to them all three together, the sayd xix. day of March with theyr answeres to the same annexed.

MarginaliaGeenerall articles. obiected to them all three together.AFter these articles thus ministred and layd to Cutbert Simson, wt his aunsweres likewise vnto the same, the Bishop calling them altogether, obiected to them other positions and articles, the same whiche before are mentioned in the story of Bartlet Greene. pag. 1736. onely the 8. Article out of the same omitted and excepted, which Articles because they are already expressed in the page aboue mentioned, we neede not here to make anye newe reporte thereof, but onely referre the Reader to the place assigned.

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¶ The aunsweres generall of Cutbert Simson, Hugh Foxe, and Iohn Deuinishe, to the Articles by the Bishop to them generally proposed.

MarginaliaTheir aunsweres generall to the articles.TO the first Article they all aunswered affirmatiuely: but Iohn Deuenishe added, that that Churche is grounded vpon the Prophetes and Apostles, Christe being the head corner stone, and how in that Churche there is the true fayth and religion of Christ.

To the second Article, they all confessed and beleeued, that in Christes Catholicke Churche, there are but two Sacramentes, that is to witte, Baptisme, and the supper of the Lord: otherwise they do not beleue the contentes of this Article to be true in any part therof.

To the 3. Article they all aunswered affirmatiuely.

To the 4. Article they all aunswered affirmatiuely.

To the 5. Article they all aunswered affirmatiuely, that they do beleue, and haue and will speake agaynst the sacrifice of the Masse, the sacrament of the altar, and likewise agaynst the autho-

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Cutbert Simson, Hugh Foxe, Iohn Deuenishe, in Smithfield. Anno. 1558. March. 28.¶ Three godly Martirs burned in Smithfield.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
As the amount of illustration thickens through the concluding pages of the Book of Martyrs, new small cuts were still appearing alongside the repeating images. This example (Type 1) appears next a recycled print of the same family of cuts, though it seems rather a peculiar new arrival at this stage, since there were already two small blocks showing two men in the flames, and what was needed here was one showing three (which the producers did not have). Does this suggest some kind of bulk commissioning, as well as the cutting of designs specifically tailored to the text?

ritie of the sea of Rome, and are nothing sory for the same but will do it still while they liue.

To the sixt Article, they al answered, and denied to acknowledge the authoritie of the sea of Rome, to be lawfull and good, eyther yet his religion.

To the seuenth Article, they all aunswered affirmatiuely, that they haue, and will doe still while they liue: and Iohn Deuinishe adding thereto, sayde that the sacrament of the aultar as it is now vsed, is no sacrament at all.

To the 8. Article, they all confessed, and beleued all thynges aboue by them acknowledged and declared, to be true, and that they be of the Dioces of London, and iurisdiction of the same.

These three aboue named persons, and blessed witnesses of Iesus Christ, Cutbert, Foxe, and Deuenish as they were altogether apprehended at Islington, as is aboue declared, so the same all three together suffered in Smithfield about the xxviii. day of March, in whose perfect constancie the same Lorde (in whose cause and quarrell they suffered) giuer of all grace, and gouernour of all thinges, be exalted for euer. Amen.

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¶ The suffering and Martyrdome of Wiliam Nichole, put to death by the wicked hands of the papistes at Herefordwest in Wales. 
Commentary  *  Close
William Nichol

The entire account of William Nichol first appeared in the 1563 edition; an informant must have supplied Foxe with the sparse details he had on Nichols.

MarginaliaAprill 9. William Nicoll Martyr.WE finde in al ages from the beginning, that Sathan hath not ceassed at all times, to molest the Churche of Christ with one affliction or other, to the tryall of theyr fayth, but yet neuer so apparauntly at anye time to all the worlde, as when the Lorde hath permitted him power ouer the bodyes of hys saynctes, to the shedding of theyr bloud, and peruerting of religion: for then sleepeth he not I warrant you, from murdering of the same, vnlesse they will fall downe with Achab and Iesabell to worship him and so kill and poyson their owne soules eternally: as in

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of William Nicoll at Herefordwest in Wales.The burning of W. Nicole at Herefordwest in Wales.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
Another repeat of the cut that had illustrated Thomas Tomkyns.

these miserable latter dayes of Queene Mary we haue felt heard and seene practised vppon Gods people. Amonge whome wee finde recorded MarginaliaWilliam Nicoll a simple honest good simple poore man, one William Nicole, who was apprehended by the Champions of the pope, for speaking certayne wordes agaynst the cruell kingdome of Antichriste, and the ninth day of Aprill. 1558. was butcherly burnt and tormented at Herefordwest in Wales, where he ended his life in a most happy and blessed state, and gloriously gaue his soule into the handes of the Lorde, whose goodnes bee praysed for euer, Amen.

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This William Nicoll (as we are informed) was so simple a good soule, þt many esteemed him half foolish. 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 462, fn 1

"Or rather scarce having his wits." Edit. 1563, p. 1654. - ED.

But what he was we know not, but this are we sure he died a good man, and in a good cause, what soeuer they iudge of hym. And the more simplicitie of feeblenes of wit appea-

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