Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Sir Roger Cholmley
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Sir Roger Cholmley

(d. 1565)

Lord chief justice of King's and Queen's Bench (1552 - 1553), privy councillor (under Mary) and MP [Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]. Judge, lieutenant of the Tower. Son of Sir Richard Cholmley [DNB]

Sir Roger Cholmley persuaded the royal guard to support Northumberland against Mary (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, p. 1407).

He was sent to the Tower, with Sir Edward Montagu, on 27 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was released from the Tower together with Sir Edward Montagu on 7 September 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Sir Roger Cholmley was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Cholmley participated in a debate/dinner conversation between Nicholas Ridley and John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, on the nature of the eucharist, held while Ridley was a prisoner in the Tower (1563, p. 931; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, pp. 1357-58; and 1583, p. 1428).

Cholmley came to William Flower at the stake and urged Flower, on pain of damnation, to recant his heretical beliefs. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1577.

George Tankerfield was sent into Newgate by Roger Cholmey and Dr Martin. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Cholmley was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was made to Cholmley. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857. [Foxe erroneously calls him 'Sir Richard Cholmley'.]

Cuthbert Symson was brought before Cholmley, examined and racked. 1563, p. 1651, 1570, p. 2229, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2032.

Cholmley sent to Newgate 27 prisoners who were members of an illegal conventicle in Islington. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Thomas Hinshaw was taken by the constables of Islington to appear before Master Cholmley, who sent him to Newgate. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Robert Farrer, haberdasher of London, had two daughters, one of whom was delivered to Sir Roger Cholmley for a sum of money, to be at his commandment, the other sold to Sir William Godolphin, who took her to Boulogne as his lackey, dressed in men's clothing. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

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The lord mayor of London and Chomley examined Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2060, 1576, p. 1952, 1583, p. 2058.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Tingle was a prisoner in Newgate. His keeper realised that Edward Benet had a New Testament and sent him to Cholmley, who imprisoned him in the Compter for 25 weeks. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Benet was apprehended again in Islington and sent before Cholmley but was cut off from the rest. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

[Also referred to as 'Lorde Chiefe Baron' or 'Chomley']

2062 [2038]

Q. Mary. The examination and aunswers of seuen godly persons martyred in Smithfield.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Iune. MarginaliaArticles by B. Boner ministred to the 7. Martyrs aforesayd.churche of this realme of Englande) come to your owne parishe churche, nor yet to the Cathedrall church of this citie and diocesse of London, to heare deuoutly and christianly the Matins, the Masse, the Euensong, song or sayd there in the Latine toung, after the common vsage and maner of the church of this realme.

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2. Second, that ye haue not come to any of the said churches, to pray, to goe in procession, or to exercise your selues there in godly and laudable exercises.

3. Thirde, yee haue not conformed your selues duely to all the laudable customes, rites, and Ceremonies of anye the sayde churches.

4. Fourth, ye haue not bene confessed at due times and places to your owne curate, of your sinnes.

5. Fifth, yee haue not receiued at your sayd Curates handes (as of the minister of Christ) absolution of your sinnes.

6. Sixt, ye haue not at due times and places, of your Curate receiued reuerently and duely the sacrament of the altar.

7. Seuenth, yee haue not faithfully and truely beleeued, that in the said sacrament of the altar there is really and truely the very body and bloud of Christ.

8. Eight, yee haue not by your mouthe, nor otherwise by your deede expressed or declared in any wise, that ye without wauering or doubting doe thinke and beleeue that the faith and religion now obserued in the church of England, is a true faith and religion in all poyntes.

9 Ninthe, yee haue not made any signification, that yee doe in deede approoue, or allowe in any wise, the common seruice in Latine, heere obserued and kepte in the Church of this Realme of Englande.

10. Tenth, ye haue not beleeued, nor doe beleeue at this present, that the seruice in Latine, commonly vsed and obserued in the Churche of this realme, is good and lawfull, and not against the woorde of God.

11. Eleuenth, yee haue in times past liked, allowed, and approued as good and godly and so do like, alow, and approue at this present, the seruice in English, the bookes of Common prayer, the bookes of Communion, the religion setforth and vsed in the time of king Edward the sixt, especially as it was set forthe and vsed in the latter daies of the said king Edward.

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12. Twelfth, ye haue in times past bene very desirous, and so are at this present, that the sayde English seruice, the sayde booke of common praier, the sayd booke of communion, and the sayd religion and faith so set foorth and vsed in King Edwardes time, might nowe againe be restored, set foorth, and vsed, and youre selfe freely at your libertie, without anye restraint, or lets to vse it: and also in all poyntes and things to doe therein, as ye did, especially in the latter daies of the said Edward the sixt.

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13. Thirtene, yee haue of late bene charitably sent to from me the Bishop of London, and also by mouth exhorted, that where of late yee did leaue your Churches, and went in the time of diuine seruice into the fieldes and prophane places, to reade English Psalmes, and certaine English bookes, ye wold leaue of that, and being out of prisone, and at your libertie, come in to youre owne parish churches, there to heare Mattens, Masse, and Euensong, after the common order of the churches of this realme, & to make due confession of your sinnes to your owne curate, and receiue at his handes (as of the ministet of Christ, hauing therein sufficient authoritie) absolution of your sinnes, heare Masse, receiue the Sacrament of the altare with a true faith, according to the beliefe of the catholicke church, and obserue all other the rites and customes of the saide catholicke churche vsed in thys realme of England, aswell in going in procession after the crosse, as also otherwise generally.

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14. Fourtene, ye being so required, haue refused, and do refuse so to do, saying amongst other vaine and light wordes, that forasmuch as yee were imprisoned by the space of sixe weekes, not knowing wherewith you were charged, your petition should be and was, that yee might first aunswere to your former cause, and then ye would be ready to answere me the said bishop to al that by me should be laid to your charge.

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Vnto the which Articles, all the forenamed 7. (onely Reinold Eastland excepted) made answer in effect as here after followeth.

The aunsweres of the forenamed persons to the Articles aforesayde.

MarginaliaTheir aunsweres to the articles aforesayd.1. TO the first article they aunsweared affirmatiuely, Roger Holland adding that hee came not to their Latine seruice these two yeares before.

Mathewe Ricarby added that he came not to churche since Latine seruice was renewed, because it is against the woorde of God, and Idolatrie committed in creeping to the crosse.

Henry Pond added, if hee had licence then to goe to church, he woulde.

2. To the 2. Article, they all aunsweared affirmatiuelye, Henrye Ponde adding as in the first Article. Iohn Floyd adde that the Latine seruice then vsed, was set vp by man, and not by God, &

this he learned (he sayd) in king Edwardes daies, which he beleued to be true. Robert Southam added, that he refused to come to churche, because it is furnished with idoles, and because the sacrament of the altar he beleeued to be an idoll.

3. To the 3. Article they all aunsweared affirmatiuely. For they sayd, that the customes, rites, and ceremonies of the church then vsed, are not agreeable to Gods woord.

4 5. To the 4 and 5. Articles, they all answeared affirmatiuely, adding that they beleeued no Priest hath power to remit sinne.

6. To the 6. Article 

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Notice that in the 1570 edition, Foxe straightened out the complicated syntax of this article.

Ihon Holiday, Henry Ponde, and Roberte Southam aunsweared, that since the Queenes maiesties raigne, but Robert Southam added, not for 10. yeares before, he had receiued the Sacrament of the altar, either at their Curates hands or any other Priest. Ihon Floyde, Mathewe Ricarby, and Roger Holland answeared affirmatiuely, adding in effecte that the Sacrament of the altare is no Sacrament approoued by the worde of God. &c.

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7. To the 7. Article they all confessed the contentes thereof to be true in euery part: Henry Ponde adding that he knoweth not nor beleeueth any such Sacrament, called the Sacrament of the altare, but confesseth the Sacrament of the Lordes Supper, and beleeueth that to be approoued. Iohn Floyde added that those that kneele and worship the Sacrament of the altare, committe idolatrie. &c.

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8. 9. 10. To the 8 9. 10. Articles, they all confessed the contentes of those Articles to be true. But Iohn Holiday, Henry Pond and Iohn Floyd added, that they do allow the Latine seruice for thē that vnderstandeth the same, so farre as it agreeth with Gods word. For some parte thereof is not agreeable to Gods woorde (they sayd:) but to such as do not vnderstand the sayd seruice in Latine, they doe not allowe it, for it doeth not profite them. Robert Southam added and sayd, that it was a fond question to aske a simple man, whether the Latine seruice be good and lawfull. Mathew Ricarby and Roger Hollande denied the seruice in Latine to be good.

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11. To the 11. Article, they all confessed the same to be true in euery part, sauing Henry Pond, and Mathew Ricarby, who aunsweared in effecte that they coulde not iudge thereof, but leaue them to be tried by the woorde of God.

12. To the 12. Article, they graunted and confessed the same to be true, and desired of God that the seruice were in the English againe.

13. To the 13. Article they all graunted and confessed the same to be true.

14. To the 14. Article they all graunted and confessed the same to be true in euery part.

Thus haue ye the aunsweres of these men to the foresayde Articles, saue that Reginald Eastlande required to aunswere therunto, refused so to do, alleaging þt he knoweth that MarginaliaAn oth to ende a strife lawfull but to beginne a strife it is ende a strife an othe is lawfull, but to beginne a strife an othe is not lawfull, and therefore he nowe refuseth to take his othe in þe beginning of this matter against him. Whereupon being charged by the Bishoppe, he said: for his not aunswearing to the Articles, he was contente to stande vnto the order of the lawe for his punishment, whatsoeuer it should be.

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MarginaliaThe condemnation of Reinold Eastland.The 17. day after of the sayd moneth of Iune, the sayd Eastland appeared againe before the bishop, who stāding firme in that he had sayd before, denied to make any aunswere in that case. &c. Wherupon the sayd Eastland wyth the other 6. his felow prisoners, were assigned by the Bishop to repaire againe to þe same place at afternoone, who being there present in the foresaid consistorie as they were commaunded, and standing altogether before the said Bishop, he beginning thus with them, asked them, if hee had committed them to prisone. They sayde no, but Maister Cholmley and the Recorder of London committed them to Newgate.

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Then being demaunded further by the Bishop, if hee had done any thing or acte to keepe them in prisone, or to hinder their libertie from prisone, to this they answeared, they could not tel. Then the foresaid articles being againe recited to them, all they answered and knowledged them to be the articles, & that they would stād to their answers made to the same. Wherupon the bish. disseuering them a part one frō an other, proceeded with them seuerally, first beginning with Reginald Eastlande, MarginaliaThe wordes of Eastland to the Bishop at his condemnation.who there declared þt he had bene vncharitably handled and talked wtall since his first imprisonment in that behalfe. Then being required to reconcile him selfe againe to the catholike faith, and go from his opinions, he sayd, that he knew nothing why he should recant, and therefore woulde not conforme hym selfe in that behalf. &c. and so the sentence was red against him, and he geuen to the secular power. &c.

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MarginaliaThe condemnation of Iohn Holidaye.After him was called in Iohn Holiday, who likewise being aduertised to renounce hys heresies (as they called them) & to returne to the vnitie of their church, sayde, that MarginaliaThe wordes of Iohn Holidaye.

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