Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesLatin/Greek TranslationsCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Cole

(1500? - 1580)

LL.D. (1556 - 1557) Archdeacon of Ely (1553). Provost of Eton (1554). Dean of St Paul's (1556). Vicar general to Cardinal Pole. Judge of the archiepiscopal court. Dean of the Arches (1557). (DNB)

Henry Cole was one of the catholic disputants in the Oxford disputations of 1554. During the debates, Cole had short acrimonious exchanges with Cranmer, Ridley and Latimer (1563, pp. 932, 938, 944-46, 951, 955, 969 and 972; 1570, pp. 1591, 1593, 1581[recte 1597]-99, 1602 and 1605-6; 1576, pp. 1358-59, 1362-64, 1367 and 1371; 1583, pp. 1428, 1430, 1433-35, 1438 and 1440-41).

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Later in the disputation, he interrupted the debate and called Latimer a liar (1563, p. 984; 1570, p. 1627; 1576, p 1388; and 1583, p. 1458).

Cole was secretly asked to prepare a funeral sermon for Cranmer. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2063, 1576, p. 1780, 1583, p. 1885.

Cole preached a sermon prior to the martyrdom of Cranmer. 1563, p. 1498, 1570, p. 2065, 1576, p. 1781, 1583, pp. 1885-86.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Henry Cole was chosen by Pole to be a persecutor of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Cole was sent to King's College, Cambridge, to examine certain scholars on 9 January 1557. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2143, 1576, p. 1863, 1583, p. 1956.

He was awarded a doctorate at Cambridge. 1570, p. 2150, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1963.

William Holcot was charged with treason by Cole and Geffre for supporting Cranmer. 1583, p. 2135.

Cole was one of those holding a commission from Cardinal Pole to disinter Peter Martyr's wife and burn her bones. 1563, p. 1558, 1570, p. 2152, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

He was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Bonner sent Thomas Hinshaw before John Harpsfield and Henry Cole. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Elizabeth Young's eighth examination was before Bonner, the dean of St Paul's and Story. 1570, pp. 2273-74, 1576, pp. 1962-63, 1583, pp. 2069-70.

Her ninth examination took place before the dean. 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Cole was committed to the Fleet after the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Harpsfield

(1516 - 1578)

Chaplain to Bishop Bonner. Archdeacon of London (1554 - 1559); dean of Norwich (1558 - 1559). Brother of Nicholas Harpsfield. [DNB; Fasti]

Harpsfield preached a sermon at the commencement of the 1553 convocation (1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1340; and 1583, p. 1410).

He sparred with Philpot in the debates at the 1553 convocation. (See 1563, pp. 909, 912 and 914-15; 1570, pp. 1573-74 and 1576-78; 1576, pp. 1342 and 1345-46 and 1583, pp. 1412 and 1416-17).

He was one of the catholic disputants at the Oxford disputations of 1554; he debated with Cranmer and Ridley (1563, pp. 932-34, 938, 955, 967-69 and 978; 1570, pp. 1591-93 and 1605-6; 1576, pp. 1358-59 and 1370-71; 1583, pp. 1428, 1430 and 1440-41).

Harpsfield disputed on the eucharist for his D.D. on 19 April 1554; Cranmer disputed with him (1563, pp. 986-91; 1570, pp. 1627-32; 1576, pp. 1389-92; 1583, pp. 1459-63).

He gave a Latin oration in St Paul's before King Philip (1570, p. 1643; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

He witnessed Bonner's burning Tomkins' hand with a candle, and he urged Bonner to cease the torture (1570, pp. 1710-11; 1576, p. 1460; 1583, p.1534).

Together with William Chedsey and John Feckenham, Harpsfield attempted to persuade John Hooper to recant after his condemnation on 29 January 1555. The attempt was unsuccessful but it caused false rumors of Hooper's recantation to spread (1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507).

Harpsfield witnessed the degradation of John Rogers and John Hooper on 4 February 1555 (1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508).

He was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555 (1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535).

Harpsfield was one of those who examined Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed on 18 February 1555 (1563, p. 1104). Bonner ordered him to deliver a rebuttal to the confession of faith of Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed (1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541).

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554, arguing the necessity of infant baptism. 1563, pp. 1151-52;1570, pp. 1760-61; 1576, p. 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1587-88

He escorted Thomas Hawkes to the Gatehouse at Westminster on 1 July 1554. 1563, p. 1156; 1570, p. 1765;1576, p. 1765; 1583, p. 1590

John Harpsfield conferred with the bishop of Durham about John Bradford. 1563, p. 1191, 1570, p. 1787, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1609.

On 16 February 1555 John Harpsfield and two others went to see Bradford in prison, to defend the line of bishops in the catholic church. Bradford refuted the argument. 1563, pp. 1202-03, 1570, pp. 1792-93, 1576, pp. 1530-31, 1583, pp. 1614-15.

Smith was examined by Bonner and Harpsfield, among others, met with Harwood in the garden, and was re-examined. Smith was then left in the garden until Harwood was examined, after which Smith was examined again. 1563, pp. 1252-55, 1570, pp. 1870-72, 1576, pp. 1601-03, 1583, pp. 1691-92.

Robert Smith was examined by John Dee, Harpsfield and Bonner on eucharistic doctrine. 1563, p. 1252, 1570, p. 1870, 1576, p. 1601, 1583, p. 1691.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Green told Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. Dr Dale, Master George Mordant and Master Dee were also there. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

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Philpot's eighth examination was before Bonner, John Harpsfield, St David's, Mordant and others. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, p. 1814.

During Philpot's ninth examination, Bonner called for John Harpsfield, who attended the session to examine Philpot, and Chadsey, who had however left for Westminster. 1563, pp. 1420-24, 1570, pp. 1983-85, 1576, pp. 1707-09, 1583, pp. 1815-16.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

Later on the day of his thirteenth examination, Philpot spoke with John Harpsfield, Bonner and Chadsey. 1570, pp. 1996-97, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

John Harpsfield urged Thomas Whittle to recant and composed a bill of submission for Whittle to sign. 1563, pp. 1454-55, 1570, p. 2017, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, pp. 1845-46.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's suscription. It mentioned one of Penbroke's men who wanted license to erect a school. Harpsfield hoped for Penbroke's sake that it be requested, and he and M Johnson (Register) were working to that effect. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47. [In all editions after 1563, the heading incorrectly gives the author of the letter as Nicholas Harpsfield.]

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Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2097.

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Bonner sent Thomas Hinshaw before John Harpsfield and Henry Cole. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Bonner attended evensong with John Harpsfield prior to causing several boys to be beaten in 1558. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2061.

Bonner and Harpsfield laughed at and mocked Edward Benet for his beliefs. 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Harpsfield was committed to the Fleet after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Martin Pugson

Probably a bookseller.

Thomas Hinshaw was an apprentice in St Paul's Churchyard to Martin Pugson. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

[No record of a Pugson as a printer; bookseller is the second most likely profession for St Paul's Churchyard. Possibly a book binder.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Willys

Member of Islington conventicle. Of London.

Robert Willys was arrested with 26 others as a member of an illegal conventicle. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Roger Cholmley

(d. 1565)

Lord chief justice of King's and Queen's Bench (1552 - 1553), privy councillor (under Mary) and MP [Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]. Judge, lieutenant of the Tower. Son of Sir Richard Cholmley [DNB]

Sir Roger Cholmley persuaded the royal guard to support Northumberland against Mary (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, p. 1407).

He was sent to the Tower, with Sir Edward Montagu, on 27 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was released from the Tower together with Sir Edward Montagu on 7 September 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Sir Roger Cholmley was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Cholmley participated in a debate/dinner conversation between Nicholas Ridley and John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, on the nature of the eucharist, held while Ridley was a prisoner in the Tower (1563, p. 931; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, pp. 1357-58; and 1583, p. 1428).

Cholmley came to William Flower at the stake and urged Flower, on pain of damnation, to recant his heretical beliefs. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1577.

George Tankerfield was sent into Newgate by Roger Cholmey and Dr Martin. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Cholmley was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was made to Cholmley. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857. [Foxe erroneously calls him 'Sir Richard Cholmley'.]

Cuthbert Symson was brought before Cholmley, examined and racked. 1563, p. 1651, 1570, p. 2229, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2032.

Cholmley sent to Newgate 27 prisoners who were members of an illegal conventicle in Islington. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Thomas Hinshaw was taken by the constables of Islington to appear before Master Cholmley, who sent him to Newgate. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Robert Farrer, haberdasher of London, had two daughters, one of whom was delivered to Sir Roger Cholmley for a sum of money, to be at his commandment, the other sold to Sir William Godolphin, who took her to Boulogne as his lackey, dressed in men's clothing. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

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The lord mayor of London and Chomley examined Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2060, 1576, p. 1952, 1583, p. 2058.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Tingle was a prisoner in Newgate. His keeper realised that Edward Benet had a New Testament and sent him to Cholmley, who imprisoned him in the Compter for 25 weeks. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Benet was apprehended again in Islington and sent before Cholmley but was cut off from the rest. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

[Also referred to as 'Lorde Chiefe Baron' or 'Chomley']

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Iselington, Islington, Islyngton
NGR: TQ 305 850

A parish in the Finsbury division of the hundred of Ossulstone, county of Middlesex. 2 miles north by west from London. The living is a vicarage in the jurisdiction of the Commissary of London, concurrently with the Consistorial Court of the Bishop.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2068 [2044]

Q. Mary. The scourging of Tho. Hinshaw and Joh. Milles.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Iuly.for their exercise of prayer and readyng, was this MarginaliaThe story of Thomas Hinshaw.Thomas Hinshaw aboue named, a yong man of the age of 19. or 20. yeares, prentise in Paules churchyard with one M. Pugson. 

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Passages here describing the arrest of other apprentices along with Hinshaw were deleted from the 1570 edition.

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 483, middle

The first Edition, p. 1691, goes on: "where they being in good exercises, as ye have heard, by false spies the matter was knowen to the Papistes, and immediately half a score sent to take them: which when they came, chargyng them in the Quenes name to obey, notwithstanding some of them escaped away, and others were apprehended, to the number of xx or theraboutes, of the which number was this Thomas Hinshaw. Who with the rest," &c.

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Who with the rest was caried to the Constables of Islington, and there euery one of them serched, and led forthwith to the chiefe Iustice MarginaliaW. Cholmley Iustice.M. Cholmley, dwellyng in the Old Baily in London, & by him thā the said Th. Hinshaw was sent to Newgate, & there remainyng prisoner wtout conference with any, about eight weekes, at the last was sent for to Boner Bishop of London, and by MarginaliaBoner Harpsfield. and Cole.hym, Harpsfield and Cole examined. After which examination he was sent to Newgate againe, where hee remayned a three weekes  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 483, line 16 from the bottom

An idiom not unfrequent in early times. Sir Thos. More has: "about a tenne year ago;" Workes, p. 900; and in "The letters relating to the Suppression of Monasteries" (p. 85), "Here departe of theym that be under age upon an eight; and of theym that be above age, upon a five wold departe yf they might."

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followyng. Which tyme being ouerpassed, he was sent for agayne before the sayd bishop, the day beyng Saterday, and with hym had much talke to litle purpose. The next day after also, which was Sonday, they perswaded with him very much in like maner, and perceiuyng they could not bend hym vnto their bowe, in the afternoone, the B. goyng vnto Fulham, tooke hym wyth hym, MarginaliaHinshaw caryed to Fulham and there set in the stockes with bread and water.where immediately after his commyng, he was set in the stockes, remainyng there all the first nighte wyth bread and water.

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The next mornyng the Bish. came and examined hym himselfe, and perceiuyng no yelding to his mynde, he sent M. Harpsfield to talke with him: who after long talke, in the end fell to raging words, callyng the sayd Thomas Hinshaw pieuish boy, and asked him whether he thought he went about to damne his soule, or no, &c. Vnto whiche the sayd Tho. answered, that he was perswaded that they laboured to maintaine their darke and diuelish kingdom, and not for any loue to truth. Then Harpsfield beyng in a mighty rage, told the B. thereof. Whereat the B. fumed & fretted, that scant for anger beyng able to speake, he sayd: Doest thou answer my Archdeacon so, thou naughty boy? I shall handle thee well enough, be assured: MarginaliaHinshaw beaten with he sent for a couple of rods, and caused him to kneele agaynst a long bench in an arbor in his garden, where the sayd Thomas without any enforcement of his part, offered hymselfe to the beatyng, & did abide the fury of the sayd Boner, so long as the fat panched B. could endure with breath, MarginaliaThe boy was beholding to Byshop Boners graund paunch. and til for werines he was fayne to cease, & geue place to his shamefull act. He had two willow rods, but he wasted but one, and so left of. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 484, fn 1

In the original Editions of the Acts and Monuments is a very spirited engraving of this infliction of bishop Bonner. It pourtrays the bishop, with his robes off, belabouring the object of his displeasure in regular schoolboy undress; the representation of this episcopal feat is denominated "The ryght picture and true counterfeyt of Boner, and his crueltye in scourgynge of Goddes Saynctes in his orcharde." - ED.

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Now after this scourgyng, the sayd Thom. Hinshaw notwithstandyng did sustaine diuers conflictes and examinations sundry tymes. At last beyng brought before the sayd Bishop in his chappell at Fulham, there hee had procured witnesses, and gathered Articles agaynst hym, which the yong man denied, and woulde not affirme, or consent to any interrogatory there and then ministred, do what they could.

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¶ The Articles were these.

MarginaliaArticles obiected.COncernyng Palmes, Ashes, Holy bread, Holy water, Auriculer confession, receiuyng the Sacrament at Easter, hearyng deuine seruice then set forth, &c.

Whether he had receiued all these, or whether he would receiue them or no.

Item, what he thought of the seruice set forth in K. Edwards tyme, in his latter dayes, and in especiall, what he thought of the veritie of Christes body in the sacrament.

In which all his answers, the sayd Tho. Hinshaw kept an vpright conscience, and entangled himselfe with none of their ceremonies: so mercifull was the Lord vnto hym.

Not long after this his examination, about a fortnight or such a thyng, the foresayd Examinate fell sicke of a burnyng ague, MarginaliaThomas Hinshaw deliuered to Maister Pugson his Maister.wherby he was deliuered vpon entreatie vnto his maister Martin Pugson in Paules Churchyard aforesayd: for the bishop thought verily, he was more like to dye then to lyue. The whiche hys sickenesse endured a tweluemonth or more, so that in the meane tyme Queene Mary dyed. Then he shortly after recouered health, and escaped death, beyng at the writyng of this yet alyue, both witnesse and reporter of the same, the Lord therefore bee praysed, Amen.

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The scourging of Iohn Milles by B. Boner. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Scourging of John Mills

This account first apppeared in the 1563 edition and it remained fundamentally unchanged in subsequent editions. This account is based on testimony from an individual informant or informants.

MarginaliaThe story of Iohn Milles Capper.BEsides the aboue named, was scourged also by þe hāds of the sayd B. one Iohn Milles a Capper, a right faithfull and true honest man in all his dealyngs and conditions. 

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This passage identifying Mills as a capper was added in the 1570 edition.

Who was brother to the foresayd R. Milles burned before at Brainford, as is aboue signified, pag. 1967.  
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See 1563, pp. 1669-70; 1570, pp. .

Who also was apprehended in the same number with them at Islington, as is mentioned also before, pag. 1969. and beyng brought before Boner and there examined, was com-

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maunded to the Colehouse, with the foresayde Tho. Hinshaw, where they remained one night in the stocks. MarginaliaIohn Milles with Thomas Hinshaw layd in the stockes at Fulham.From thence he was sent to Fulham, where hee with the sayde Hinshaw, remayned 8. or 10. dayes in the stockes: during which tyme hee susteined diuers conflictes with the sayde Boner, who had hym oft tymes in Examination, vrgyng hym, and with a sticke which he had in his hand, oft times rappyng him on the head, and flirting him vnder the chin & on the eares, saying he looked downe like a thiefe. Moreouer, after he had assaied all maner of wayes to cause him to recant and could not, at length hauyng him to his Orchard, there within a little arbor, with his owne handes beat hym first with a willowe rod, and that beyng worne well nigh to the stumps, he called for a birchin rod, which a lad brought out of his chamber. The cause why hee so beat him, was this: Boner asked hym when he had crept to the crosse. He answered, not since he came to the yeares of discretion, neither would to be torne with wyld horses. Then Boner bade him make a crosse in his forehed, which he refused to do. Whereupon he had him incontinently to his Orchard, MarginaliaHinshaw and Milles beaten of Boner.and there callyng for rods, sheweth his crueltie vpon hym, as he did vppon Tho. Hinshaw, as is aboue declared.

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This done, he had hym immediately to the Parishe Church of Fulham with the sayd Tho. Hinshaw, & wyth Rob. Willis, 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 485, line 18

The first three English Editions read "with the said Thomas Hinshaw and with Robert Willis." The Robert Willis here mentioned is evidently the same individual with "Robert Willys" mentioned {earlier}; but the editor of the Editions of 1583 took it into his head, that the same family was named either "Milles" or "Willis," and that this Robert Willis was the same individual as Robert Milles, mentioned ... as the brother of John Milles, and as "burnt before at Brentford, as is above signified"; hence he here omits the word "with," evidently for the purpose of connecting Robert Willis as well as Thomas Hinshaw with the word "said:" in conformity with this same notion he conversely alters Milles into Willes; the first time (by an oversight) he leaves Milles to stand, though presently after, he prints "Willes:" here also he throughout prints "John Willes," as the person scourged with Thomas Hinshaw.

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to whom there beyng seuerally called before hym, he ministred certaine Articles, asking if they would subscribe to the same. MarginaliaIohn Milles denyeth to subscribe to B. Boners articles.To the which the sayd Iohn Milles made his answer according to his conscience, denying thē all, except one article which was cōcernyng K. Edwards seruice in English. Shortly after this beating, Boner sent to him in prison MarginaliaAn old coniuring Priest.a certain old priest lately come frō Rome to coniure out the euill spirite from hym, who laying hys hand vpon his hed, began with certaine words pronounced ouer hym, to coniure as hee had bene woont before to do. Milles meruailing what the Priest was about to doe, sayd he trusted no euill spirit to be within hym, & laughed hym to scorne, &c.

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As this Iohn Milles was diuers tymes and oft called before Boner, so much communication and talke passed betwene them, which to recite all, it were too long. And yet it were not vnpleasaunt for the Reader that lusteth to laugh, to see the blynd and vnsauorie reasones of that B. which he vsed to perswade the ignorant withall. As in the processe of his other talke with this Milles, MarginaliaThe vnsauery reasons or talke of Bishop Boner going about to perswade Iohn Milles.Boner going about to perswade hym not to meddle with matters of the scripture, but rather to beleeue other mens teachyng, which had more skill in the same: first asked if he dyd beleue the scripture? Yea, sayd he, that I do. Then the Bish. MarginaliaBoners iudgement, that we should trust more to men, then to the Scriptures of God.Why (quoth he) S. Paul saith: if the man sleepe, the woman is at libertye to goe to another man. If thou were a sleepe hauing a wyfe, wouldst thou be content thy wyfe to take another man? And yet this is the scripture.

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Item, if thou wilt beleue Luther, Zuinglius, and such, then thou canst not go right. But if thou wilt beleue me. &c thou canst not erre. And if thou shouldst erre, yet thou art in no peril, thy bloud should be required at our hands. MarginaliaThis similitude holdeth κατὰ τὴν ἐναντίωσιν. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe marginal note
Foxe text Greek

[This similitude holdeth]κατὰ τὴν ἐναντίωσιν.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

[This similitude holdeth] in accordance with his opposition.

As if thou shouldst go to a far country, & meete with a fatherly man as I am (for these were his termes) and aske the way to the head citie, and he should say, go this way, and thou wilt not beleeue hym, but follow Luther and other heretikes of late dayes, and go a contrary way, how wilte thou come to the place thou askest for? so if thou wilt not beleeue mee, but followe the leadyng of other heretickes, so shalt thou bee brought to destruction, and burne both body and soule.

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MarginaliaRashe and presumptuous iudgement of Boner.As truly as thou seest the bodies of them in Smithfield burnt, so truly their soules doe burne in hell, because they erre from the church.

Oft tymes speaking to the sayde Iohn Milles, hee would say: they call me bloudy Boner. A vengeaunce on you all. I would faine be rid of you, but you haue a delite in burnyng. MarginaliaB. Boners wishe in punishing God Sainctes.But if I might haue my will, I would sowe your mouthes, and put you in sacks, and drowne you.

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MarginaliaThe occasion & maner of deliuering Iohn Milles.Now somewhat to say concerning the deliueraunce of the said Iohn Milles, the same day that he was deliuered, Boner came vnto the stocks where he lay, and asked him how he liked his lodging, and his fare.

Wel said Milles, if it would please God I might haue a little strawe to lye or sit vpon.

Then said Boner: thou wilt shew no token of a christian man. And vpon this his wife came in vnknowyng vnto him, beyng very great with child, and lookyng euery hower for her lying downe, MarginaliaMilles wyfe intreateth for her husband.entreating the Bishop for her husband, & saying, that she would not go out of the house, but there would lay her belly in the bishops house, vnlesse she had her husband with her. How saist þu (quoth Boner) thou heretike? If thy wife miscarie, or thy child, or children

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