Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Mordaunt

(1490? - 1562)

First baron Mordaunt of Turrey. Privy councillor and a member of several county commissions.(DNB)

John Mordaunt was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Robert Farrer talked with Laurence Sheriff in the Rose tavern and suggested to Sheriff that Elizabeth had been involved in Wyatt's rebellion. Sheriff complained to Bonner about Farrer before Mordaunt, Sir John Baker, Darbyshire, Story, Harpsfield, and others. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2097.

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John Fetty was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

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Nicholas Burton

(d. 1558)

Merchant. Martyr. Of London.

On 5 November 1560 Burton was in Cadiz, when someone feigned a letter to him, asking to speak with him. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

When apprehended Burton asked what charges were being made against him. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

He was imprisoned in Cadiz where he instructed his fellow prisoners in the gospel in Spanish. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

He was later imprisoned in the Triana in Seville. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

When his goods were seized, Burton sent for his attorney, John Fronton, to come to Spain. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

20 December 1558 he was brought into the city of Seville to Auto, where he was condemned and burned. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Cluney

Bonner's summoner. Keeper of Lollards Tower.

Cluney witnessed the degradation of John Hooper and John Rogers on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508. [NB: Described as a bell ringer in 1563, p. 1058, but this was changed to summoner in later editions.]

Bonner's writ for the excommunication of John Tooley was sent to Cluney. 1563, p. 1143; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1582.

Robert Johnson wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle, confirming Cluney's and Harpsfield's reports. He mentioned that Sir Thomas More's submission was read to him twice to no good effect. 1563, p. 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he mentioned Cluney's report. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Margery Mearing was talking with a friend when she saw Cluney, Bonner's summoner, making his way to her house. Cluney took her away to be examined. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2228, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2031.

Cluney took William Living to his own house, robbed him, and then took him to Bonner's coalhouse and put him in the stocks. Cluney eventually brought him meat and then took him to Darbyshire who presented him with a list of names. Cluney took Julian Living to Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1956, 1583, p. 2063.

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John Fetty was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner, who sent him to Lollards Tower and put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

The chaplains had Cluney take William Fetty to his father in Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

The child told his father what had happened, at which point Cluney seized the child and returned him to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

Thomas Green was transferred quickly from Lollards Tower to the coalhouse by Cluney and then put in the stocks. 1563, p. 1685, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1953, 1583, p. 2060.

After examination, Cluney removed Green to prison again, first to the coalhouse and then the salthouse. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

Cluney delivered Green to Trinian, the porter of Christ's hospital, where he was thrown into the dungeon. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

After Elizabeth Young's sixth examination, Darbyshire called on Cluney to take her away. Cluney took her to the stockhouse, where she was kept in irons, and then to Lollards Tower, where she was kept in stocks and irons. 1570, p. 2273, 1576, p. 1962, 1583, p. 2069.

Alexander Wimshurst was sent to Cluney's house in Paternoster Row, where he was to be carried forward to Lollard's Tower, but Cluney, his wife and maid had no time to lock up Wimshurst as they were extremely busy. When Wimshurst was left alone in Cluney's hall, a woman came to him and told him this was his chance to escape, which he took. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

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Edward Benet asked Story to help him out of prison, which he did, only to deliver him to Cluney who put him in stocks in the coalhouse for a week. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

[Foxe occasionally refers to him as 'Richard Cloney'.]

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NGR: SU 425 130

A seaport, borough and market town; a county of itself, locally within the county of Hampshire. 75 miles south west by west from London. The town comprises the parishes of All Saints, Holy Rood, St John and St Lawrence, and St Mary, and St Michael. All (except St Mary) in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Winchester. St Mary is a rectory in the precinct of the town and in the peculiar jurisdiction of the rector. All Souls and St John and St Lawrence are discharged rectories; Holy Rood and St Michael are discharged vicarages.

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Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

The reason for the use of this work of reference is that it presents the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take this reference as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2080 [2056]

Queene Mary. A child scourged to death. Nicholas Burton burned in Spayne.

MarginaliaAnno 1558 Nouem.Iohn Mordaunt Knight, one of the Queenes Commissioners, and he vppon examination sent him by Cluny the Bishops Sumner, vnto the Lollardes tower: MarginaliaIohn Fetty agayne apprehended.where he was (euen at the first) put into the paynefull stockes, and had a dish of water set by him, with a stone put into it. MarginaliaThe strayte handling of Iohn Fetty by Syr Iohn Mordant.To what purpose God knoweth, except it were to shew that he shuld look for litle other sustenance. Which is credible inough, if we consider their like practises vpon diuers before mentioned in this history, as amongest other (vppon Richard Smith, who dyed through theyr cruel imprisonmēt. MarginaliaRichard Smith dead in prison through cruell handling. Touching whom, when a godly woman came vnto Doct. Story to haue leaue þt she might bury him, he asked her if he had any straw or bloud in his mouth: but what he ment therby, I leaue to the iudgement of þe godly wise.

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After the foresayd Fetty had thus layn in the prison by the space of xv. dayes, hanging in the stockes, sometyme by the one legge and the one arme, sometime by the other, and otherwhiles by both, it happened that one of his children (a boy, of the age of eight or nine yeares) came vnto þe Bishoppes house to see if he could get leaue to speak with his father. At his comming thether, one of the Bishoppes Chaplaynes met with him and asked him what he lacked, and whome he would haue. The childe answered that hee came to see his father. The Chaplayne asked agayne, who was his father. The boy then tolde him and poynting towardes Lollardes Tower, shewed him that his father was there in prison. Why (quoth the priest) thy father is an hereticke. The childe being of a bold and quicke spirit, and also godly brought vp and instructed by his father in the knowledge of God, answered & sayd: my father is no heretick: but you are an heretick: For you haue Balams mark

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MarginaliaThe cruell handling and scourging of Iohn Fettyes childe.With that the Priest tooke the childe by the hand, & caried him into the Bishops house (whether to the Bishop, or not, I know not, but like enough he did) & there amōgest them they did most shamelesly and without all pitty, to whip and scourge, being naked, this tender childe, that he was all in a gore bloud, and then, in a ioly brag of their Catholicke tyranny, MarginaliaThe miserable tyranny of the Papistes in scourging a childe. they caused Cluny, hauing his coate vpon his arme, to cary the childe in his shyrt vnto his father being in prison, MarginaliaThe childe all bloudy brought to his father in prison. þe bloud rūning downe by his heeles.

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At his comming vnto his father, the child fel down vpon his knees, and asked him blessing. The poore man then beholding his childe, & seeing him so cruelly arrayed, cryed out for sorrow and sayd: Alas Wil, who hath done this to thee? The boy aunswered, that as he was seeking how to come to see his father, a priest with Baalams mark took him into the Bishops house, and there was he so handled. Cluny therwith violently plucked the childe away out of his fathers handes, MarginaliaCluny caryeth the boy agayne to the Byshops house.and caryed him backe agayne into the Bishops house, where they kept him three dayes after.

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And at the three dayes end, Boner (minding to make the matter whole, and somewhat to appease the poore mā, for this their horrible fact) determined to release him, and therfore caused him early in a morning to be brought out of Lollardes tower, into his bedchamber, where he foūd the B. basting of himselfe against a great fire: MarginaliaThe wordes between Boner and Iohn Fetty.& at his fyrst entring into the chamber, Fetty said, God be here & peace. God be here and peace (quoth Boner) that is neither God speede, nor good morrow. If yee kicke agaynst this peace (sayd Fetty) then this is not the place that I seek for.

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A Chaplayne of the Bishops standing by, turned the poore mā about, & thinking to deface him, said in mocking wise: what haue we here? a plaier? whilest this Fetty was standing in the bishops chamber, he espied hanging about the Bishops bed a great payre of blacke beades: MarginaliaBoners Beades.wherupon he said: my Lord, I thinke the hangman is not far off: for the halter (pointing to the beades) is here already. At which wordes the Bishop was in a marueilous rage.

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Then immediately after he espyed also, standing in the sayd Bishops chamber in the windowe, a little Crucifixe (before which belike Boner vsed to kneele in the tyme of his hipocriticall prayers.) MarginaliaBoners Crucifixe.Then he asked the Bish. what it was: and he answered that it was Christ. Was he hādled so cruelly as he is here pictured, quoth Fetty?

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Yea that he was, sayd the Bishop.

MarginaliaB. Boner compared to Cayphas.And euen so cruelly will you handle suche as come before you. For you are vnto Gods people, as Cayphas was vnto Christ.

The Bishop being in a great fury, sayd: thou art a vile hereticke, and I will burne thee, or els I wil spend al that I haue vnto my gowne.

Nay my Lord, sayd Fetty, yee were better to geue it to some poore body, that he may pray for you. But yet Boner bethinking in himselfe of the daunger that the childe was in by theyr whipping, and what perill might ensue therupon, thought better to discharge him: whiche thing was accomplished.

Wherupon, after this and suche talke, the Bishop at

last discharged him, willing him to go home and cary hys childe wt him: whiche he so did, and that with a heauy hart to see hys poore boy in such extreme payne and griefe. But within 14 dayes after the childe dyed, whether thorough this cruell scourging, or any other infirmitie: I know not & therfore I referre þe truth therof vnto þe Lord, who knoweth al secretes, and also to the discreete iudgement of the wise reader. MarginaliaB. Boner for feare of the law in murdering a childe, deliuered the father out of prison. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of a childe scourged to death in Boners house.But howe soeuer it was, the Lorde yet vsed this theyr cruell & detestable fact, as a meanes of his prouidence for the deliuery of this good poore man and faythfull Christian, his name be euer praysed therefore. Amen.

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The cruell handling and burning of Nicholas Burton Englishman and Marchaunt in Spayne. 
Commentary  *  Close
Englishmen Persecuted in Spain

The accounts of Burton, the unnamed Englishman burned on 22 December 1560, Baker, Burgate, Burges and Hoker first appeared in the 1563 edition. In the 1570 edition an account of John Fronton's ordeals was added. This was taken from a translation of Reginaldus Gonsalvius Montanus's account of the Inquisition which was printed by John Day in 1568. ['Reginaldus Gonsalvius Montanus' was a pseudonym. B. A. Vermaseren has persuasively argued that 'Gonsalvius' was really Antonio del Corro, a Spanish theologian who converted to Calvinism and lived in exile in Antwerp and later taught theology at Oxford ('Who was Reginaldus Gonsalvius Montanus?' Bibliotheque d'Hiumanisme et Renaissance 47 [1985], pp. 47-77)].

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 513, line 10

{Cattley/Pratt adds: 'also the trouble of John Fronton there' to the heading.} In the English translation of the "Inquisitionis Hispanicæ Artes" of Gonzalez de Montes - A discovery of the holy Inquisition of Spayne, &c. Lond. 1568 - the name is given (and no doubt more correctly) "John Framton;" fol. 60 verso: or still better, in Strype, "Frampton;" Annals, I. i. pp. 357, 361.

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MarginaliaThe story of Nicholas Burton Martyr in Spayne.FOrasmuch as in our former booke of Actes and Monuments mention was made of the Martyrdome of Nicholas Burton, I thought here also not to omit the same the story being suche as is not vnworthy to be knowne, as wel for the profitable example of his singular constancie, as also for the noting of the extreme dealing and cruell reuenging of those Catholicke Inquisitours of Spayne, who vnder the pretensed visour of Religion, do nothyng but seeke theyr owne priuate gaine and commoditie, with crafty defending and spoyling of other mens goodes, as by the noting of this story may appeare.

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The fift day of the moneth of Nouember, about the yeare of our Lord God. 1560. this MarginaliaNicholas Burtō Londoner.Nicholas Burton Citizen sometyme of London and Marchaunt, dwellyng in the Parishe of little Saint Barthelmew, peaceably and quietly followyng his traffike in the trade of Marchaundise, and beyng in the Citie of Cadix in the parties of Andolazia in Spayne, there came into his lodgyng a Iudas (or as they terme them) a Familiar of the Fathers of the Inquisition. Whom asking for the sayde Nicholas Burton, fayned that hee had a Letter to deliuer to his owne handes: by which meanes he spake with him immediatly And hauing no Letter to deliuer to him then the said Promoter or Familiar, at the motiō of the Deuill his maister, whose messenger he was, inuented an other lye, and sayde that he would take ladyng for London in such shippes as the said Nicholas Burton had fraited to lade, if he would let any: which was partly to know where he laded hys goods, that they might attache them, and chiefly to detract the tyme vntill the Alguisiel, or Sergeant of the sayd Inquisition might come and apprehende the body of the sayd Nicholas Burton: which they dyd incontinently.

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Who then wel perceauyng þt they were not able to burden nor charge him þt he had written, spoken, or done any thyng there in that countrey against the Ecclesiasticall or Temporall lawes of the same Realme, boldly asked them what they had to lay to his charge that they did so Arrest hym and bad them to declare the cause and he would aunswere them. Notwithstanding, they aunswered nothing, but commaunded him with cruell threatnyng woordes to hold his peace, and not to speake one word to them.

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MarginaliaNich. Burton layd in prison, they hauing no cause to charge him with.And so they caryed hym to the cruell and filthy common prison of the same Town of Cadix, where he remayned in yrons 14. dayes amongst theeues.

All which time he so instructed the poore prisoners in the word of God, according to the good talent which God had geuen hym in that behalfe and also in the Spanyshe tongue to vtter the same, that in short space he hadde wel reclaymed sundrye of these superstitious and ignoraunt Spanyardes to embrace the word of God, and to reiecte theyr popish traditions.

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MarginaliaNich. Burton caryed to Ciuill.Which being knowne vnto the officers of the Inquisition, they conueyed hym laden with yrons from thence to a citty called Siuill, into a more cruell and straighter prison called Triana, 

Commentary  *  Close

The Trajana is a district of Seville, not a prison.

where the sayd fathers of the Inquisition proceeded agaynst him secretly according to theyr accustomable cruell tyranny, that neuer after he could be suffered to write or to speake to anye of his nation: so that to this day it is vnknowne who was hys accuser.

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MarginaliaNich. Burton brought to iudgement after a disguised maner.Afterward the the xx. day of December, in the foresayd yeare, they brought the sayde Nicholas Burton with a great number of other prisoners, for professing the true Christian Religion, into the Cittye of Siuill, to a place where the sayde Inquisitours sate in iudgement, whiche they called the Awto, with a Canuas coate, wherupon diuers partes was paynted the figure of on huge Deuill, tormenting a soule in a flame of fire, & on his head a coppyng tanke  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 514, line 19

A conical hat. The word is also spelt coppidtanke, coppentante. "A copentank for Caiphas." Gascoigne's Delicate Diet. 1576. Halliwell's Dictionary under copatain. Coppe seems to have been applied generally to the top of anything elevated: see Prompt. Parvulorum and note, p. 91; and for a representation of the thing itself, Puigblanch's Inquisition unmasked, vol. i. 298; Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew, act v. sc. i.

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of the same worke.

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His tongue was forced out of hys mouthe with a clouen sticke fastened vpon it, that hee shoulde not vtter hys conscience and fayth to the people, MarginaliaNich. Burton with an other Englishman of Southampton condemned.and so he was set with an other englishmā of Southampton, and diuers others condemned menne for Religion, as wel Frenche menne,

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