Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
John FrontonBristol
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Fronton

Lawyer. Of Bristol.

John Fronton went to Spain when Nicholas Burton was arrested and had his goods seized. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

He persistently visited the Tarragona, chief of the inquisition in Seville, to petition for Nicholas Burton. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Members of the inquisition frustrated Fronton's attempts to help Burton for several months. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Gasco, one of the inquisitors, bid Fronton meet with him after dinner one night. However, Fronton was arrested upon arrival and later brought before the court. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1950, 1583, p. 2056.

Fronton was deemed a heretic for not saying 'Ave Maria'. 1563, p. 1728, 1570, p. 2258, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2056.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bristoll, Brystoll, Bristow, Bristowe
NGR: ST 590 730

A city and county of itself, between the counties of Gloucester and Somerset. 34 miles south-west by south from Gloucester, 12 miles north-west from Bath. Bristol is the seat of a diocese, established in 1542. The city comprises the parishes of All Saints, St. Augustine, Christ Church, St. Owen, St. John Baptist, St. Leonard, St. Mary le Port, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Michael, St. Nicholas, St. Peter, St. Werburgh, St. Stephen and St. Thomas. Also the Temple parish, and parts of St. James, St. Paul, St. Philip and St. Jacob. All are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the bishop. Christ Church, St. John Baptist, St. Mary le Port, St. Michael, St. Peter, St. Stephen and St. Werburgh are discharged rectories. St. Leonard, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Nicholas, The Temple, St. Philip and St. Jacob are discharged vicarages. St. James and St. Thomas are perpetual curacies, the latter annexed to the vicarage of Bedminster, Archdeaconry of Bath, Diocese of Bath and Wells.

[Back to Top]

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

[Back to Top]
2081 [2037]

Q. Mary. The Martyrdome of Nicholas Hunt. The trouble of Iohn Fronton in Spayne.

The maner of the Popish Spaniardes, in carying Nicholas Burton a blessed Martyr of Christ, after most spitefull sort, to the burning.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The case of the English merchant Nicholas Burton, arrested and condemned by the inquisition in Spain, gave Foxe and his illustrators an opportunity to portray the evils of the papal inquisition. The bipartite woodcut shows the condemned riding ignominiously backwards on a donkey or mule, in a heretic's coat and hat adorned with devils, of the kind that medieval heretics such as Jan Hus (portrayed earlier in the Acts and Monuments) had had to wear. Also conspicuous is the inevitable malign friar, scrip at side, becowled, ugly visaged and holding forth, accompanied by a large posse of armed men (one with a ball and chain). In the distance is depicted the culmination of the proceedings, after the vast procession has reached the place of execution, where the martyr is collapsing into the fire, repeating in small the image so familiar in the pages of Foxe's book.

as Spanyardes, vpon a Scaffold ouer agaynst the sayde Inquistion, where their sentences and iudgementes wer read and pronounced agaynst them.

MarginaliaAnno 1558. Nouember.And immediately after the sayd sentences geuen, they were all caryed from thence to the place of execution wyth out þe citty, where they most cruelly burned him, for whose constant fayth God be praysed.

This Nicholas Burton by the way, and in þe flames of fire made so chearfull a countenaunce, embracing death with all pacience and gladnesse, that the tormentors and enemies which stoode by, sayd that the Deuill hadde hys soule before he came to the fire, and therefore they sayd his senses of feeling were past him.

[Back to Top]

It happened 

Commentary  *  Close

The entire account of Fronton is taken from Reginaldus Gonsalvus Montanus, A discovery and playne declaration of of sundry subtill practices of the holy Inquisition of Spayne, trans. Victor Skinner (London: 1568), STC 11996, fos. 59r-60v. A copy of this account appears in Foxe's papers as BL, Lansdowne MS 389, fos. 327r-332v.

[Back to Top]
that after the Arrest of thys Nicholas Burton aforesayd, immediately all the goodes and Marchaundise whiche he brought with him into Spayne by þe way of trafficke, were according to their common vsage, seised, and taken into the Sequester: amonge the whiche they also rolled vp much that appertayned to an other English Marchaunt, wherwith he was credited as Factour. Wherof so soone as newes was brought to the Marchant aswell of the imprisonment of hys Factoure, as of the Arrest made vppon his goodes, hee sent his Atturney into Spayne with authoritie from hym, to make clayme to his goods, and to demaund them: whose name was I. Fronton Citizen of Bristow.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaThe trouble of Iohn Frontō Citizen of Bristow, in Spaine.When his Atturney was landed at Siuill, and hadde shewed all hys Letters and writinges to the holye house, requiring them that such goodes might be deliuered into his possession, aunswere was made him that hee must sue by Bill, and retayne an Aduocate (but all was doubtlesse to delay him) and they forsoothe, of curtesie assigned hym one to frame his supplication for him, and other such bils of petition, as he had to exhibite into theyr holye Courte, demaunding for eche Bill viii. Rials, albeit they stoode him in no more stead, then if he had put vp none at al. And for the space of three or foure monthes this fellow missed not twise a day, attending euery morning and afternoone at the Inquisitours Palace, suing vnto them vppon hys knees for hys dispatche, but specially to the Byshoppe of Tarracon, who was at that very time chiefe in the Inquisition at Siuill, that he of hys absolute authoritie woulde commaund restitution to be made thereof: but the bootie was so good and so great, that it was very hard to come by it agayne.

[Back to Top]

At the length, after hee had spent whole 4. monthes in

sutes and requestes, and also to no purpose, hee receaued this aunswere from them, that he must shewe better euidence and bring more sufficient certificates out of Englād for proofe of his matter, then those whiche he had already presented to the Courte. MarginaliaNote the rauening extortion of these Inquisitours.Whereupon the party forthwith posted to London, and with all speede returned to Ciuill agayne with more ample and large letters testimonialles and certificates, according to theyr request, and exhibited them to the Court.

[Back to Top]

Notwithstanding, the Inquisitours still shifted hym off, excusing themselues by lacke of leysure, and for þt they were occupyed in greater and more weighty affayres, and with suche aunsweres delayed hym other foure monthes after.

MarginaliaThe vyle procedinges of the Inquisitors of Spayne.At the last, when the party had wellnigh spent all hys money, and therefore sued the more earnestly for hys dyspatch, they referred the matter wholy to the Byshop. Of whom, when he repayred vnto him, he had this aunswere that for himselfe he knew what he had to do: howbeit hee was but one man, and the determination of the matter appertayned vnto the other Commissioners as well as vnto him: and thus by posting & passing it from one to an other, the party could obtayn no end of his sute. Yet for his importunitie sake, they were resolued to dispatche hym, it was on this sort: One of the Inquisitours called Gasco a man very well experienced in these practises, willed the party to resort vnto hym after dinner.

[Back to Top]

The fellow being glad to heare these newes, and supposing that his goodes should be restored vnto hym, and that he was called in for that purpose to talke with þe other that was in prison, to conferre with him about theyr accomptes, the rather through a little misunderstanding, hearing the Inquisitour cast out a word, that it shoulde be needeful for him to talk with the prisoner, and being therupon more then halfe perswaded, that at the lengthe they ment good fayth, did so, and repayred thether about the euening. Immediately vppon his comming, the Iayler was forthwith charged with him, to shut hym vp close in such a certayne prison, where they appoynted hym. MarginaliaIohn Fronton imprisoned by the Spanish Inquisitors for asking his owne goodes.

[Back to Top]

The party hoping at the first that he hadde bene called for about some other matter, and seeing himselfe contrary to his expectation, cast into a darcke dungeon, perceyued at the length that the worlde went with hym farre otherwise then he supposed it would haue done.

But within two or three dayes after, he was brought forth into the Court, where he beganne to demaunde hys

Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield