Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Elizabeth Lawson

(fl. 1526 - 1563)

Wife of William Lawson. Of Bedfield, Suffolk.

Elizabeth Lawson was apprehended in 1556 by Robert Kitrich and Thomas Elas, the two constables of the town. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

She was laid in a dungeon and then carried to Norwich, then to Bury St Edmunds, where she was condemned. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Sir John Silliard, the sheriff, had her removed to his house and held in irons. As she would still not repent, he returned her to jail. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

She remained in jail for around two years, eight months. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Her sureties were frightened by wicked men after the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Young told Simon Harlston that Elizabeth Lawson's falling-sickness left her as soon as she was imprisoned. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2070.

Elizabeth Young's husband was wicked to her, even when she returned to their marital home (which was her house originally). 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2070.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Robert Kitrich

Constable of Bedfield, Suffolk.

Elizabeth Lawson was apprehended in 1556 by Robert Kitrich and Thomas Elas, the two constables of the town. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

She was laid in a dungeon and then carried to Norwich, then to Bury St Edmunds, where she was condemned. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Elas

Constable of Bedfield, Suffolk.

Elizabeth Lawson was apprehended in 1556 by Robert Kitrich and Thomas Elas, the two constables of the town. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

She was laid in a dungeon and then carried to Norwich, then to Bury St Edmunds, where she was condemned. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
NGR: TM 225 665

A parish in the hundred of Hoxne, county of Suffolk. 4.75 miles west-north-west from Framlingham. The living is a discharged rectory in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk and Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2094 [2070]

Quene Mary. Diuers deliuered by Gods prouidence. Elizabeth Yong examined.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.The Deane. Woman, what remaineth in the sacrament of the aultar, when and after that the Priest hath spoken the words of consecration?

Eliz. A piece of bread. But the Sacrament of Christes body and bloud, which he did institute and leaue amongest his disciples the night before he was betrayed, ministred according to his word, that sacrament I do beleeue.

The Deane. How doest thou beleeue concernyng the bodye of Christ? where is his body, and how many bodies hath hee?

Eliz. Sir, in heauen, he sitteth on the right hand of God.

The Deane. From whence came his humane body?

Eliz. He tooke it of the Virgin Mary.

The Deane. That is flesh, bloud, & bones, as mine is. But what shape hath his spirituall body? hath it face, handes, and feete?

Eliz. I knowe no other body that he hath, but that bodye whereof he ment when he sayd: This is my body whiche is geuen for you: and this is my bloud which shall be shed for you. Whereby he plainly meaneth that body & no other, which he tooke of the virgin Mary, hauyng the perfect shape and proportion of a humane body.

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MarginaliaStory.Story. Then said Story: Ye haue a wise body, for ye must go to the stake.

The Deane. Art thou content to beleeue in the faith of Christes Church? But to aske of thee what Christes church is, or where it is, I let it passe.

Eliz. Sir, to that church I haue ioyned my faith, and from it I purpose neuer to turne by Gods helpe.

The Deane. Wouldst thou not be at home with thy children with a good will?

Eliz. Sir, if it please God to geue me leaue.

The Deane. Art thou content to confesse thy selfe to bee an ignorant and a foolsh woman, and to beleeue as MarginaliaThe beliefe of the Papistes followeth the multitude.our holy Father the Pope of Rome doth, and as the Lorde Cardinals grace doth, and as my Lord the Bishop of London thine Ordinary doth, and as the Kinges grace and the Queenes grace, and all the Nobilitie of England do: yea, and the Emperors grace, and all the noble princes in christendome.

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Eliz Sir, I was neuer wise, but in fewe wordes I shall make you a briefe answer how I do beleeue. I do beleeue all thynges that are written in the Scriptures geuen by the holy Ghost vnto the Church of Christ, set foorth and taught by the church of Christ. MarginaliaTrue belief dependeth not vpon men, but vpon the rule of Gods word.Hereon I ground my faith and on no man.

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Then said Story: and who shall be Iudge?

Eliz. Sir, the scripture.

Story. And who shall read it?

Elizabeth. He vnto whom God hath geuen the vnderstandyng.

Bish. Womā, be reformable, for I would thou were gone, and M. Deane heare hath earnestly sued for thee.

Deane. Woman, I haue sued for thee in deede, and I promise thee if thou wilt be reformable, my Lord will be good vnto thee.

Eliz. I haue bene before my Lord Bishop, and before Maister Chauncellour three times, and haue declared my fayth.

Deane. And yet I know that M. Chancellor will say, that thou art a ranke heretike.

Story. Away with her.

Bish. M. Deane, ye knowe that I may not tary, nor you neither. MarginaliaElizabeth Young committed to the Deane.Let her keeper bryng her home to your own chāber soone at foure a clocke at after noone, and if that ye find her reasonable, then let her goe, for I would that she were gone.

Then sayd the Deane, with a good will, my Lord: and so she was sent vnto the place from whence she came, vntill it was 4. of the clocke at afternoone.

¶ The ix. examination before the Deane, before whom it pleased God to deliuer her.

MarginaliaThe 9. examination of Elizabeth Young.WHen it was 4. of the clock at afternoone, as þe houre was appointed, & the Deane was set, he asked her: Art thou a foole now as thou wast to day?

MarginaliaTalke betweene the Deane and Elizabeth Young about receauing the Sacrament.Eliz. Sir, I haue learned but small wisdome since.

Deane. Doest thou thynke that I am better learned then thou?

Eliz. Yes sir, that I do.

Deane. Thinkest thou that I can do thee good?

Eliz. Yea sir, and if it please God that ye will.

Deane. Then I wyll doe thee good in deede. What doest thou receyue when thou receyuest the Sacrament which Christ left among his Disciples the night before hee was betrayed?

Eliz. Sir, that that his Disciples did receiue.

Deane. What did they receyue?

Eliz. Sir, that that Christ gaue them, they receyued.

Deane. What aunswere is this? Was Christ there present?

Eliz. Sir, he was there present, for he instituted his owne sacrament.

Deane. He tooke bread, and he brake it, and gaue it to hys disciples, and sayd: Take, eate, this is my body which shall bee broken for you. When thou receiuest it, doest thou beleeue that thou receiuest his body?

Eliz Sir, when I receiue, I beleeue that through faith I do receiue Christ.

Deane. Doest thou beleeue that Christ is there?

Eliz. Sir, I beleeue that he is there to me, and by fayth I do receyue hym.

Deane. He also tooke the cup and gaue thanks, and gaue it to his Disciples, and sayd: Drinke ye all hereof. This is the cup of the new Testament in my bloude, which is shed for many for the remission of sinnes. When thou doest receiue it after the institution that Christ ordained among his Disciples, the night before he was betraied, doest thou beleeue that Christ is there?

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Eliz. Sir, by faith I beleeue that he is there, and by fayth I do beleeue that I do receiue hym.

Deane. Now thou hast answered me. Remēber that thou sayest, that when thou doest receiue according to the institution of Christ, thou doest receiue Christ.

MarginaliaChrist not absent from his Sacramentes.Eliz. Sir, I beleeue Christ not to be absent from his owne sacrament.

Deane. How long wilt thou continue in that beliefe?

Eliz. Sir, as long as I do lyue by the help of God: for it is and hath bene my beliefe.

Deane. Wilt thou say this, before my Lord?

Eliz. Yea sir.

Deane. Then I dare deliuer thee. Why, thou Calfe, why wouldst thou not say so to day?

Eliz. Sir, ye asked me no such question.

Deane. Then ye would stande in disputation how manye bodies Christ had.

Eliz. Sir, in deed that question ye did aske me.

Deane. Who shall bee thy Sureties that thou wylte appeare before my Lorde of London and me, vpon Friday nexte?

Eliz. Sir, I haue no Sureties, nor knowe not where to haue.

Then spake the Deane vnto two women that stoode there, who had earnestly sued for her, saying: MarginaliaTwo women suretyes for Elizabeth Young.women, wil ye be her sureties that she shall appeare before my Lord of London and me, vpon Friday next.

The Women. Yea sir, and it please you.

Deane. Take heede that I finde you no more a brabler in the Scripture.

Eliz. Sir, I am no brabler in the Scripture, nor yet any man can burthen me therewith.

Deane. Yes, I haue hearde of you well enough what ye are.

Then sayde hee to the two Women: what if a man should touch your conscience, do ye not smell a little of heresie also?

The women. No sir.

Deane. Yes, a litle of the frying pan, or els wherefore haue ye twaine so earnestly sued for her?

The one woman aunswered, because that her children were lyke to perish, and therefore God put me in mynd to sue for her.

Then sayd the other woman: And I gate her chyld a Nurse, and I am threatened to stande to the keepyng of her chylde, and therfore it standeth me in hand for to sue to haue her out.

MarginaliaElizabeth Yoūg vpon suretyes deliuered.Deane. Woman, geue thankes vnto these honest women who haue so earnestly sued for thee, and I promise thee so haue I. These great heretikes will receiue nothyng but in spirit and fayth, and so he rose and departed.

Eliz. Sir, God be praysed, & I thanke you for your goodnes and theirs also, and so he went away: & vpon the friday next because she was acrased,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 548, line 20

This word means weak, debilitated (Richardson's Dict.), and is used by Ridley in its abbreviated form: "Master Latimer was crased" (vii. 427).

her two sureties wente thither and were discharged.

¶ Elizabeth Lawson. 
Commentary  *  Close

Copies of the sentence condemning Elizabeth Lawson survive in Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 164r-165r and 177r-178v.

IN the towne of Bedfield, and in the countie of Suffolk, was dwellyng a godly auncient Matrone named MarginaliaElizabeth Lawson, Confessour.Elizabeth Lawson, about the age of lx. yeares. This Elizabeth was apprehended as an heretike, by the Constables of the same towne, named MarginaliaRobert Kitrich, Tho. Elas, persecutours.Robert Kitrich, and Thomas Elas, in the yeare of oure Lorde, 1556. because she woulde not go to Church to heare Masse, and receyue the Sacrament, and beleeue in it.

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