Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Acre (Akko; Ptolomais) [Achon; Accon; Akers]


Coordinates: 32° 55' 40" N, 35° 4' 54" E

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Caesarea Maritima [Cesaria]


Coordinates: 32° 30' 0" N, 34° 53' 59" E

319 [296]

K. Henry. 3. The French armie ouerthrowne. The tyrannie of the Pope against the Emperor.

uoured and destroyed them all, MarginaliaThe Frenchmen ouerthrowne. in so much that scarse one man escaped aliue, sauing two Templaries, one Hospitular, and one poore rascall souldiour, whiche brought tydinges hereof to the king.

MarginaliaThe sorowes in the frēch campe for losse of their brethren.These thinges being knowne in the French campe to the king and his souldiours, first of their drowning which were sent to Damiata, then of the ruine and slaughter of the army, with the kinges brother, by the towne of Mansor, there was no little sorrow and heauines on euery side, with great feare, and doubt in themselues, what was best to doe. At last when they sawe no remedye, but they must stand manfully to reuenge the bloud of their brethren, thē the kyng with hys host past ouer the floud of Nilus, and comming to the place where the battayle had bene, MarginaliaThe heads and handes of the Christians cut off.there they beheld theyr fellowes and brethren pitifully lying wt theyr heads and hands cut of. For the Saracens for the reward before promised by the Soldan or Sultan, to them that could bring the head & hand of any Christian, had so mangled the Christians, leauing theyr bodyes to þe wilde beastes. Thus as they were sorowing and lamenting the rufull case of their Christen fellowes, sodenly appeareth þe comming of the Sultan, with a multitude of innumerable thousandes. MarginaliaThe battaile betwene the frēch kyng and the Soldan.Agaynst whom the French men eftsoones prepare themselues to encounter, and so the battaile being strocken vp, the armyes began to ioyne. But alacke for pitie, what could the Frenchmen here do, their number first so maymed, their hartes wounded already with feare and sorow, their bodyes consumed wt penury and famine, their horses for feeblenes not able to serue them? MarginaliaThe French army ouerthrowē The pitifull slaughter of the Frenchmen.In conclusion, the Frenchmen were ouerthrowne, slaine, and dispatched, & seing there was no flying, happy was he that first coulde yeld hymselfe. In which miserable conflict, MarginaliaThe Frēch king with his two brethren taken captiue by the Soldan.the king with his two brethren, and a few that claue vnto him, were taken captiues, to the confusion of all Christen realmes, and presented to the Soldan. All the residue were put to the sword, or els stoode in the mercy of the Saracens whether to be slayne, or to remayne in wofull captiuitie.

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And this was the end of that sorrowful battaile, wher in almost all the nobilitie of Fraunce was slayne, neyther was there one man welneare in all the multitude whiche escaped free, but eyther was slayne, or taken prisoner. Furthermore, they that were slayne or left halfe aliue, had euery one hys head and hand cut off, vppon the Soldans proclamation aboue mentioned.

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The Sultan or Soldan, after the taking of the French king, fraudulently suborning an army of Saracens, to þe number of the French army, with the armes and ensignes of them that were slayne, made toward Damiata, where the Duke of Burgundy, with the French Queene, & Odo the Popes Legate, and other byshops and their garrisons were remaining, supposing vnder the shew of Frēch men to be let in, but the captaynes mistrusting theyr hasty commyng, and misdoubting their visages not like to the French men, shut the gates agaynst them, and so returned they frustrate of their intent.

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The purpose of the Soldan was, if he might haue gotten Damiata, to send the French king hyer vp in the East countries to Calipha the chiefe Pope of Damascus, to encrease the tytles of Mahomet, and to be a spectacle or gasing stocke to all those quarters of the worlde. The maner of which Calipha was neuer left to any Christen prisoner come out, whosoeuer came once in his handes. But for somuch as the Soldan missed hys purpose, he thought by aduise of counsell, to vse the kinges lyfe for hys owne aduauntage in recouering the city of Damiata, as in the end it came to passe. MarginaliaDamiata resigned to the Saracens.For although the king at the first was greatly vnwilling, and had rather die then surrender Damiata againe to the Saracens, yet the conclusion so fel out that the king was put to hys raunsome, and the Citty of Damiata was also resigned, which citty being twise won, and twise lost by the Christians, the Soldan or Saladine afterward caused vtterly to be rased downe to the ground. The raunsome of the king, vppon condition that the Soldan should see himselfe conducted to Achon (which I take to be Cesaria) came to 60000. markes. MarginaliaThe summe of the kynges ransome. The number of Frenchmen, and others which miscaryed in that warre by water and by land came to 80000. persons. MarginaliaThe number of the French men slaine. Hæc Mat. Parisi. fol. 237. 238.

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And thus haue ye the briefe narration of this lamentable peregrination of Lewes the French kyng. In whiche when the French men beyng once or twise well offered by the Soldan, to haue all the kingdome of Ierusalem, and much more in free possession, they not contented with that which was reasonable and sufficient, for greedines to haue all, lost all, hauing at length no more then ther naked bodies could couer, lying dead vpō the ground: & al through the originall cause of the Pope and hys Legate. Bywhose sinister meanes and pestilent pride, not only þe liues of so many Christians were then lost, but also to the sayd Pope is to be imputed all the losse of other citties & Christian regions bordering in the same quarters: for asmuche as by the occasion hereof, the hartes of the Saracens on þe one side were so encouraged, & the courage of the christiās on the other side so much discomfited, that in short space after, both the dominion of Antioch and of Achon, with all other possessions belonging to the Christians, were lost, to the great diminishing of Christes Church.

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During the tyme of this good king lying at Achon or Cesaria, MarginaliaThe two Soldans at variance about the Frēch kyng.almighty God sent such discorde betwene þe Soldan of Halapia, and the Soldā of Babilon, for letting the king so escape, that the sayd Soldan or Salidin of Babilon, to winne the king vnto hys syde, entred league with him (whome both hys brethren, and all his nobles almost at home had forsaken) and remitted hys raunsome, and also restored vnto hym such prisoners as were, in the sayde battayle foūd to be aliue. Thus the Lord worketh, where man commonly forsaketh. Math Paris. fol. 261.

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MarginaliaWhat mischiefe hath come to Christēdom & by what meanes.An other cause moreouer, why the ruine of this French army may worthely be imputed to the Pope, is this: for that whē Lewes the French king perceauing what a necessary frend and helper Fredericke the Emperour might be to hym in these his affayres agaynst the Saracens, and therfore was an earnest suter for him to the Pope to haue hym released, yet neyther he, nor the king of Englande by any meanes could obtayne it. And although the Emperor himselfe offred to pope Innocent with all humble submission to make satisfaction in the Councell of Lyons, MarginaliaHow Frederike the Emperor might haue serued in good stead against the Saracens, but the pope would not suffer him.promising also to expugne all the dominions of the Saracens and neuer to returne into Europe agayn, and there to recouer whatsoeuer the Christians had lost, so that the pope would onely graūt his sonne Henry to be Emperoure after him: yet the proud pope woulde not be mollified, but would needes proceede agaynst hym with both swordes, that is, first with the spirituall sword to accurse hym, and then with the temporall sword to depose him frō his Emperial throne. MarginaliaThe tyranny and deuilish mischiefe of the pope against the Emperour.Through the occasion wherof, not onely the French kinges power went to wracke, but also such a fire of mischiefe was kindled agaynst all Christendome, as yet to this day cannot be quenched. For after this ouerthrowe of the French king and his army, the Christians of Antioch and of other Christen regions theraboutes, being vtterly discouraged, gaue ouer there holdes and Citties. Whereby the Saracens, and after them the Turkes, got such an hand ouer Christēdome, as to this day we al haue great cause to rue and lament. Besides this, where diuers Christians were crossed to go ouer and helpe the Frenche king, the pope for mony dispensed with them to tary still at home.

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But as I sayd, the greatest cause was, that the Emperour, whiche coulde haue done most, was deposed by the Popes tyranny, whereby all those Churches in Asia were left desolate. As touching the whiche Emperour Fredericke, because we haue diuers and sundry tymes made mētion of him before, and for that his story is straunge, hys actes wonderous, and his conflictes tragicall, whiche he sustayned agaynst iiij. or v. Popes one after an other, I thought not out of story in a whole narration to set forth the same, for the reader to consider, what is to be iudged of this Cathedrall Sea of Rome, which had wrought such abhominable mischiefe in the world, as in the sequele of the story following faythfully translated out of Latine into English is to be seene.

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The whole tragicall history of Fredericke, 2. Emperor, translated out of the Latine booke of Nich. Cisnerus. 
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Frederick II

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

FRedericke the second, came out of the auncient house of MarginaliaWhat house Fredericke came of.the Beblines or Gibillines: which Gibillines came of the most famous stocke of the Frenche king and Emperours.

MarginaliaWhat father and mother.He had Fredericke Barbarossa to hys Graundfather, whose sonne Henricus the 6. was Emperoure after hym: who of Constātia, the daughter (or as some write þe neece) of Roger the first, king of Sicile: begate this Fredericke the second.

MarginaliaThe time & maner of his byrth.This Constantia was 50. yeares of age before she was conceaued with him: whom the Emperour Henry 6. to auoyde all doubt and surmise that of her conception & childing might be thought, and to the peril of the Empeir ensue: caused hys regall tent to be pitched abroade in place where euery man might resort. And when the tyme of his Queenes trauaile approched, Constantia (in presence of diuers Ladyes, and Matrons, and other Gentlewomen

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