Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bury St Edmunds

[St Edmundsbury; Berry; Bery]

West Suffolk

OS grid ref: TL 855 645

Contains a ruined abbey, the shrine of St Edmund

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Chevington [Cheninton]


OS grid ref: TL 785 595

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Diest [Dist]

Flemish Brabant, Belgium

Coordinates: 50° 59' 0" N, 5° 3' 0" E

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NGR: TG 230 070

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Humbleyard, county of Norfolk, of which it is the capital. 108 miles north-east by north from London. The city comprises 33 parishes, and the liberty of the city a further four. Of these 37, three are rectories, 12 are discharged rectories, three are vicarages, one is a discharged vicarage, and 18 are perpetual curacies. St Andrew, St Helen, St James, St Paul and Lakenham are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter; the rest are in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich, of which the city is the seat.

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Further information:

Andrews church (now St Andrews Hall) is at the junction of St Andrews Street and Elm Hill.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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398 [374]

K. Edward. 3. Gunterus poysoned. P. Clements bull. A great commotion at burye.

new election: who refusing Charles aforesayd, elected an other for Emperor, named MarginaliaGunterus de Monte Nigro made Emp.Gunterus de Monte Nigro. Who shortly after falling sicke at Franckford through his phisitions seruaunt was likewise poysoned, whome the foresayd Charles had hyred with money to worke that feate. MarginaliaGunterus the right Emperour poysoned.Gunterus tasting of the poysō, although he did partly cast it vp agayn, yet so much remained within him, as made him vnable afterward to serue that place. Wherfore for cōcordes sake being counsailed thereto by the Germaynes, gaue ouer his Empire to Charles. For els, great bloudshed was like to ensue. This Charles thus ambiciously aspiring to the Emperiall seat contrary to the mindes of the states, and pieres of the Empire, as he did wickedly & vnlawfully come by it: so was he by hys ambitious guiding, the first and principall meane of the vtter ruine of that monarchie. For that he to haue his sonne set vp Emperour after him, conuented and graunted to the Princes electours of Germany, all the publicke taxes & tributes of the Empire. Which couenaunt being once made betwene the Emperour & them, they afterward held so fast, that they caused the Emperour to sweare neuer to reuoke or cal back again the same. MarginaliaThe ruine of the Germaine Empire, and the first cause thereof.By reason whereof, the tribute of the countryes of Germany, which then belonged onely to the Emperor, for the sustentation of hys warres: euer since to this day is dispersed diuersly into the handes of the Princes, and free citties within the sayd monarchie. So that both the Empyre beyng disfornished and left desolate, & the Emperors weakened therby: hauing neyther bene able sufficiētly since to defend themselues, nor yet to resist the Turke, or other forren enemies. Whereof a great part, as ye haue heard, may be imputed vnto the popes. &c. Hieronimus Marius.

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MarginaliaThe yeare of Iubilei reduced to the L. yeare.This Pope Clement first reduced the yeare of Iubeley to euery 50. yeare, which before was kept but on þe hundreth yeare. And so he being absent at Auinion (whiche he then purchased with hys money to the sea of Rome) caused it to be celebrated at Rome, an. 1350. In the whiche yeare were numbred of peregrines goyng in, and comming out euery day at Rome, to the estimation of fiue thousād. MarginaliaPilgrimes in the yeare of Iubilei at Rome. Præmonstrat. The bull of pope Clement geuen out for this present yeare of Iubiley, proceedeth in these wordes as followeth. MarginaliaThe abhominable & blasphemous bull of pope Clement.What person or persons soeuer for deuotiō sake: shal take their perigrination vnto the holy Citty, the same day when he setteth forth out of hys house, he may chuse vnto him what cōfessor or cōfessors eyther in þe way, or where els he listeth: vnto þe which cōfessors, we graunt, by our authority plenary power to absolue all cases papal, as fully as if we were in our proper person there present. Item, we graunt that whosoeuer being truely confessed, shall chaunce by the way to die, hee shall be quite and absolued of all his sinnes. Moreouer, MarginaliaThe pope commaūndeth the Angels.we commaund the Angels of Paradise, to take his soule out of his body being absolued, and to cary it into the glory of Paradise. &c. And in an other Bull, wee will (sayeth he) that no paine of hell shal touche him, graunting moreouer to all and singular person & persons signed with the holy crosse, MarginaliaO blasphemy of the Pope.power and aucthoritie to deliuer and release iij. or iiij. soules, whome they list themselues, out of the paines of purgatorie. &c. MarginaliaEx bulla Clementis.

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This Clement (as mine author affirmeth MarginaliaEx Chrō. Wals. in vit. Edu. 3.) tooke vpon him so prodigally in his Popedome, that hee gaue to hys Cardinals of Rome, Byshoprickes and benefices, whych then were vacant in England: and begā to geue them new titles for the same liuinges hee gaue them in Englande. Wherewith the king (as good cause he had) was offended, and vndid all the prouisions of þe pope within his realme: MarginaliaThe king resisteth the pope.Commanding vnder pain of prisonment and life, no man to be so hardy, as to induce & bring in any such prouisions of the pope, any more within his lād. And vnder the same punishment charged the two Cardinals to void þe realme. An. 1343. MarginaliaThe tenthes of Church goods giuen to the kyng.In the same yeare all the tenthes as well of the templaries as of other spirituall men, were geuen & paide to the king through the whole realme. An. 1343. And thus much cōcerning good Ludouicke Emperour and martyr, & Pope Clement þe 6. his enemy. Wherin, because we haue a little exceeded the course of yeares, wherat we left, let vs returne somewhat back agayn, MarginaliaAnno. 1326. and take such things in order as belong to the church of the England and Scotland, setting forth the reigne of king Edward the 3. and the doinges of the Church, which in hys time haue happened, as the grace of Christ our Lord, will assiste and able vs therunto.

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MarginaliaOriall colledge and S. Mary hal in Oxford builded by K. Ed 2.This foresayd king Edward the second, in his time builded 2. houses in Oxford for good letters: to wit, Oriall colledge and S. Mary Halle.

MarginaliaA story of the commotion betweene the towne and Abbey of Bury.Here I omit also by the way the furious outrage and conflict which happened in the time of this king, a litle before his death, an. 1326. betweene the townesmen and the Abbey of Bury, 

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Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

wherein the townesmen gathering themselues together in a great multitude (for what cause or oldgrudge betweene them, the Register doth not declare) inuaded and sackt the monastery. And after they had imprisoned þe monkes, they rifled the goodes and treasure of the whole house, spoyling and carying away theyr plate, mony, copes, vestimentes, sensers, crosses, chalises, basens, iewels, cups, masers, bookes, wt other ornaments and implementes of the house, to the value vnestimable. MarginaliaEx latino quodam Registro. In the which conflict certayn also on both sides were slayn. Such was the madnes then of that people, that when they had gathered vnto them a great concourse of seruaunts & light persons of that country to the number of 20. thousand, to whom they promised liberty & freedome: by vertue of such writs whiche they had out of that house, first they got into their hands all theyr euidences, copies & instruments, that they could finde: then they tooke of the lead, that done, setting fire to the Abbey gates they brent vp neare the whole house. After that they proceeded further to the farmes and granges belonging to the sayd Abbey, wherof they wasted spoiled and brent to the nūber of 22. manour places in one weeke: transporting away the corne, horses, cattell, and other moueables belonging to the same, the price wherof is registred to come to 922. li. 5, s. 11. d. besides the valuation of other riches and treasure within the Abbey, which cannot be esteemed.

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The Abbot all this space was at London in the parliament, by whose procurement at length such rescue was sent down, that 24. of the chiefe of the towne (submitting thēselues) were committed to warde: 30. cartes full of the townesmē were caryed to Norwiche, of whome 19. were there hanged, diuers were put to conuict prison. The whole tounship was condemned in seuen score thousand pound, to be payd for damages of the house. Iohn Berton Aldermē, W. Herlng wti 32. priests, 13. women & 138. other of þe sayd town were outlawd. Of whō diuers, after grudging at þe Abbot for breaking promise with thē at London, did confederate themselues together, & priuily in the night cōming to the mannour of Cheninton, where þe Abbot did lye: MarginaliaThe Abbot robbed.brast open the gates, who then entring in, first bounde all his familie: & after they had robbed al his plate, iewels and mony, they tooke the Abbot and shaued him, & secretly wt them conueyed him away to London: where they remouing him from street to streete vnknowne, from thence had him ouer Thames into Kent, at length ouer þe sea they ferried ouer to Dist in Brabante: MarginaliaThe Abbot stolne away to Brabante. where they a sufficient tyme kept him in much penury, misery and thraldome, till at length the matter being searched, they were all excommunicate, first by the archb. of Cant. then by the pope. And at last being known where he was by his friends, was deliuered and rescued out of the theeues handes, and finally brought home with procession, and restored to his house agayn. MarginaliaThe Abbot restored againe. And thus was that abbey with the Abbot of þe same (for what demerites I know not) thus vexed and afflicted about this tyme, as more largely I haue seene in theyr latine register. But thus much briefly, touching the rest I omit here, about the latter end of this Edward the 2. ceaseth the history of Nic. Triuet, and of Flor. Hist. passing ouer to the raigne of the next king.

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King Edward the 3. 
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Edward III and Scotland

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

COncerning the acts & story of K. Edward the 2. his deposing, & cruell death, wrought by the false and counterfet letter of sir Roger Mortimer, sent in the kings name to þe keepers (for þe which he was after charged, drawne, & quartered.) I haue written sufficiently before, and more peraduenture thē the profession of this Ecclesiasticall history wil well admit. Notwithstanding for certayne respects & causes, I thought somewhat to extend my limittes herein the more, wherby both kings & such as clime to be about them may take the better example by the same, the one to haue þe loue of hys subiects, the other to learne to flee ambition, & not to beare themselues to brag of theyr fortune and state, how hye so euer it be. Considering with thēselues nothing to be in this worlde so firme and sure, that may promise it selfe any certayne continuance, & is not in perpetuall danger of mutatiō vnles it be fastened by God his protection.

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MarginaliaKing Edward the 3. Anno. 1327.After the suppression of this king, as is aboue expressed Edward his soone was crowned king of England, beyng about the yeare of 15. & raygned the space of 50. yeares, who was a prince of much and great temperance. In feates of armes very expert, and no lesse fortunate and lucky in all hys warres, as hys father was infortunate before him. In liberallitie also and clemēcy worthely cōmended, briefly in all princely vertues, famous and excellēt. Concerning the memorable acts of which prince, done both in warres and

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