Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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404 [383]

K. Edw. 3. claymeth the crowne of France. A letter to the French nobles. Battell on the sea.

peace, and deliuered the same accordingly in the church of Espleteline, on monday the 25. day of September, the yere of grace. 1340.

MarginaliaK. Edward returneth from Tourney.This truce thus finished, king Edwarde brake vp hys campe, remoouing his siege from Tourney, & came againe to Gaunt. Frō whence (very early in the morning) he wt a small company tooke shipping, and by long seas came to the tower of Lōdon, very few or none hauing vnderstanding thereof. And being greatly displeased with diuers of his counsel and high officers (for that through their default he was constrained against his will, not hauing money to maintaine hys warres, to condescende vnto the foresayde truce MarginaliaThe kyng deceiued by his officers.) he commanded to be apprehended and brought vnto him to the tower, the Lorde Iohn Stonhore chiefe iustice of England, and syr Iohn Poulteney with diuers others. And the next morning, he sent for the Lorde R. Byshop of Chichester and the Lord Wake, the Lorde Treasurer & diuers other such that were in authority and office, and commanded them al to be kept as prisoners in the said tower, onely the sayd byshop excepted: MarginaliaNo bishop must be imprisoned by the Popes lawe.whom for feare of the constitution of Pope Clement, whych commaunded that no Byshop should be by the king imprisoned, he set at libertie & suffered him to goe his way, & in his place substituted sir Roger Bourcher knight, Lord Chauncelour of England.

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The historie intreating of this matter, reporteth thus that the king had this time vnder him euil substitutes, and couetous officers: MarginaliaCouetous officers. who attēding more to their owne gain, then to the publike honour and commoditie of the realme, left the king destitute and naked of money. 

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Edward III and Archbishop Stratford

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

Wyth whyche crime, also MarginaliaIohn Stratford Archb. of Cant.Iohn Stratford Archbishop then of Caunterbury, was vehemētly noted and suspected, whether of hys true deseruing, or by the setting on of other hereafter shall more appeare. In so much that the king ardently incensed against him, charged him with great falshode vsed against his person, as by these his letters wrytten and directed to the Deane and Chapter of Paules against the sayd Archbishop manifestly appeareth, the tenor of which letter here followeth vnder written.

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Edward by the grace of God king of England and Fraunce, and Lord of Ireland. To his welbeloued in Christ the Deane and Chapter of the Church of S. Paul in London, greeting in the Lord.

MarginaliaThe kyngs letter to the Dean and chapter of Paules.IT is manifest by ancient hystories, but more plainely appeareth by those which daily are practised amongest vs: that many men abusing (through pride) the fauour of Princes, and honour bestowed vpon them, haue maliciously gone about to depraue the laudable endeuour of kings. And nowe that the woordes which we speake may be more manifest vnto our subiects: we suppose that neither you nor they haue forgotten, that we being established in our kingly throne in yonger yeres, and coueting euen then to guide this our regal charge taken vpon vs with wholesome coūsailes, haue called vnto vs Iohn the Bishop of Winchester, nowe Archb. of Cant. whom we supposed for his fidelity and discretion to excede others: whose counsaile in matters appertaining vnto the health of our soule, as in matters also respecting the augmenting and conseruation of our kingdome both spiritually & temporally, we vsed: he was receiued of vs into all familiaritie. Wee found in him also such humanity, that he was saluted by the name of father, and of all next vnto the king had in honour. Now afterwards, when by right of succession the kingdome of France shuld haue descended vnto vs, and was by violent iniurie by the Lorde Philip of Valois holden from vs: the said Archb. by his importune instancie, perswaded vs to enter league of amity with the princes of Almanie, against the sayde Phillip, and to commit our selfe and ours vnto the hazard of warres, promising and affirming that he woulde bring to passe, that the reuenues of our landes and other helpes by him deuised, shoulde suffice aboundantly for the maintenance of our said warres. Adding moreouer, that our only care should be for the furniture of strong and able souldiours, such as were fit for the purpose, and expert in warfare: for the rest, he him selfe would effectually procure, for money conuenient to suffice our necessitie, and the charges thereof. Whereuppon (entending great exployts) we conueyed our army beyond the seas, and with marueilous great charges (as behoued) we set forwarde: we became also bound in great summes of mony, making sure accompt of the aide aforesaid promised vnto vs. But alasse, vnhappy is that man that reposeth confidence in mans deceitfull staffe of brittle reede: wherunto (as sayth the Prophet) if a man leane, it breaketh and pearceth the hand Thus being defrauded of our long looked for subsidie, for very necessities sake, we were constrained to take vpon vs importable charges of debts by grieuous vsurie. And so, our expedition being staied, we were compelled to retyre into England, desisting from our enterprises so valiantly begun. Now, when we were returned into England, we laide before our Archbishop our manifold calamities and misfortunes before rehersed,and thereuppon called a Parliament: wherein the Prelates, noble men and other the faithfull subiectes of our dominions, graunted vnto vs a new subsidie of corne, lambe, wool. &c. besides the tenth graunted by the Cleargie: which subsidie (if it had bene faithfully collected and obtained in due time) had greatly auailed for the expedition of our sayd warres, the paiment of our debts, and confusion of our enemies. Our saide Archbishop promised diligently to do his endeuour, as well in collecting the same, as also in procuring other necessaries to serue to our purpose. Wherupon, trusting vnto these faire promises, hauing all thinges in a readynesse both men and furnished ships, we made saile towards Flaunders, and by the way vpon the dangerous seas buckeled with our enemies (sworne to the destruction of our English nation) of whome we triumphed and were victors, not by our merites (their multitude farre exceeding ours) but by the mercifull clemencie of him that ruleth both winde and sea. Which being done, we passed frō thence with a mighty power for the recouery of our right, & pitched our tentes neare vnto the puissant citie of Tornayes: where being deteined for a time in the siege therof, wearied with continuall toyle, our charges still encreasing, awaiting with silence our promysed ayde: day by day, wee hooped from oure Archbyshoppe to receiue succoure in these our so great necessities. At length being frustrate of all conceyued hope, wee signified vnto our sayde Archbyshop, and other his adherents, by diuers messengers and sundry letters, our great necessitie and perils which we were in for lacke of the sayd subsidie graunted vnto vs. We added also the vtilitie and honour, which we sawe might be atchieued if we had receiued money in time. All this notwithstanding, we receiued from them no succour at all, for that, preferring in their priuate businesse and proper commodities, they cloked their slouth, or rather (as I may call it) their fraude and malice with vaine excuses: and painted glosing wordes, like vnto the deceitful, which (as saith Esay) vse to deride with these words: Manda remāda. &c.

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By meanes whereof (alasse for sorrowe) it came to passe, that whiles good hope of subduing our ennemies gratiously smiled vppon vs, we were constrained (penurie preuailing against vs) to take truce to our shame, the hinderance of our expedition, and no smal reioysing of our euil willers: and so we returned into Flaunders all voide of mony, oppressed with infinite debts, neither had we in our treasuries wherewith to discharge our necessities, nor yet to pay our soldiours wages: in so much, that we were compelled to enter into the deuouring gulfe of vsurie, and to sustaine on our shoulders great burdens of debts, heape vppon heape. This being done, our faithfull frends, companions in warres, and partakers of our tribulations came vnto vs, with whome we consulted diligently by what meanes wee might best deliuer our selues from this dangerous storme of euill fortune. MarginaliaArchbish. of Cant false to the king.They all agreed, affirming certainely, that the protracting of our warres, and cause of our manifolde necessity happened vnto vs through the fault and negligence (or rather the malice) of the sayd Archb. (vpon whose discretion the disposition of the whole kingdome seemed to depend) and other officers whom we had adioyned in counsail with him touching the affaires of our kingdome: vehementlyswearing and murmuring amongst themselues (for that we had left so long vncorrected the insolencie of the byshops and other officers) that if remedy in these cases were not had with spede: they wold withdrawe themselues from our allegeance, and the couenaunt which they had sworne vnto: to the vtter subuersion of our kingdome, our perpetuall ignominie, and the euerlasting shame of our English nation (which God our most mercifull father forbid, shoulde come to passe in our daies, in whom is fixed immoueably the anchor of our hope.) Whereuppon entending the due correction of our officers, MarginaliaEuil officers displaced by the kyng.we remoued from offices (as semed good to our wisdome) diuers persons, whom we suspected in causes euidēt of euil administration of iustice, of subuersion, and oppressiō of our subiects, of corruption, of bribes, and other hainous offences. Others also of inferiour degree offending in the premisses, we caused to be deteined in safe custody, least by their liberty, iustice might be troden vnder foote, and the inquisition of the trueth concerning the premisses not to come to light. Forasmuche therefore as the knowledge of the trueth in these cases might of none more certainly be knowen, then from the secrete brest of our sayd Archbishop, for that nothing pertaining to our information ought to lie hid from him, vnto whome of so long a time had bene committed the administration of our whole common weale, and summe of our businesse: Wee sent vnto him our faithfull subiect Nicholas de Cantilupe with special commandement from vs (all delayes set a part) that he should forthwith make his personall appearance before vs at our City of London. But he (as one alwaies timerous as wel in prosperity as in aduersity, and fearing where no feare was) vntruely alleageth that some of our assistents had threatned hym, and laid wait for his life, if at any time he departed frō the Church of Cant. which (God wee take to witnesse and a pure conscience) wee neuer meant nor any of our assistents.

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MarginaliaArchbish. of Cant. odious to all the clergie.Wee suppose he touched thereby our Cousin, although to all other aswell of the cleargy as comminalty through his malicious misdemeanors he was become odious.

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