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OS grid ref: TG 185 345

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OS grid ref: TM 315 865

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Langley Abbey


Premonstratensian abbey founded in 1195

OS grid ref: TG 363 028

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NGR: TG 230 070

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Humbleyard, county of Norfolk, of which it is the capital. 108 miles north-east by north from London. The city comprises 33 parishes, and the liberty of the city a further four. Of these 37, three are rectories, 12 are discharged rectories, three are vicarages, one is a discharged vicarage, and 18 are perpetual curacies. St Andrew, St Helen, St James, St Paul and Lakenham are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter; the rest are in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich, of which the city is the seat.

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Further information:

Andrews church (now St Andrews Hall) is at the junction of St Andrews Street and Elm Hill.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Tombland [Tomelands]


Saxon marketplace

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OS grid ref: TF 885 365

687 [663]

K. Henry. 6. Tho. Pye, J. Mendham, I. Beuerly, I. Skilley, &c. put to penaunce.

to the Reader, after what maner & order al the other were intreated.

First amongst them which were arested and caused to abiure in this yeare afore specified. 1428. was Thom. Pye, and Iohn Mendham of Aldborough, who being conuict upon diuers of the Articles before mentioned, were enioined penance to be done in theyr own parish Church, as by the bishops letter directed to the Deane of Rhodenhall, & þe parish priest of Aldborough, doth more at large appeare, the tenour wherof here ensueth.

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The copy of the Bishop of Norwich his letter.

MarginaliaA letter of the bishop of Norwich.WIlliam by the sufferance of God Bishop of Norwich to our welbeloued sonnes in Christ the Deane of Rodēhal of our Dioces, and to the parishe priest of the parish Churche of Aldborough of the same our dioces, health, grace and benediction. For so much as we, according to our office lawefully proceeding to the correction and amendment of the soules of Thomas Pye and Iohn Mendham of Aldborough of the dioces aforesayd, because they haue holden, beleued and affirmed, diuers and many errours and heresyes, contrary to the determination of the holy Churche of Rome, and the vniuersall church and catholicke fayth, haue enioyned the sayd Thomas and Iohn appearing before vs personally and confessing before vs iudicially that they haue holden, beleued and affirmed, diuers and many errors and heresyes, this penaunce hereunder written for theyr offences to be done and fulfilled in maner, forme and time hereunder written, according as iustice doth require, that is to say, sixe fustigations or displinges about the parish church of Alborough aforesayd, before a solemn procession, sixe seuerall sondayes and three displinges about the market place of Herelston of our sayde Dioces, three principall market dayes, bare necked, head legs and feet, theyr bodyes being couered onely with theyr shyrtes and breeches, either of them carying a taper in his hand of a pound waight, as well rounde about the Church, as about the market place, in euery of the foresayd appoynted dayes, which tapers the last sonday aftter theyr penance finished, MarginaliaThe maner of the popes penaunce. we will that the sayde Iohn & Thomas do humbly and deuoutly offer vnto the high aultar of the parish church of Alborough at the tyme of the offertory of the high Masse the

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The description of the penance of Tho. Pye, and Iohn Mendham.
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As one of the few small woodcuts that seem tailor-made for a specific event, this image, with its blank banderole and Bonner's name attached to the official with the flail, seems clearly misplaced. CUL copy: both men are depicted as very pale indeed, wearing nothing more than white linen cloths around their midriffs. They are being beaten by a cleric dressed entirely in black. Touches of orange are added to their knees, perhaps to suggest wounds. Additional wounds are also displayed on their backs. The penitent on the left has further wounds added freehand to his right arm. There is a scroll in the upper right portion of the illustration, though the smoke and wall details continue across its outline. The illustrator of this volume has continued the colour of the wall over the scroll also. WREN: the men are depicted in the same manner, although the wounds added to the figures use a deeper, more blood-like red. The scroll in this is covered over with the background colour.

same day, and that either of them going about the market place aforesayd: shall make foure seueral pauses or stayes, and at euery of those same pauses, humbly and deuoutly receiue at your handes three displinges: Therefore we straightly charge and commaunde you and either of you, ioyntly and seuerally by vertue of your obedience, that euery sonday and market day, after the recept of our present commaundement, you do effectually admonishe and bring foorth the sayde Thomas Pye and Iohn Mendam to begin and accomplishe theyr sayde penance, and so successiuely to fi-nish the same in maner and forme afore appoynted But if they wil not obey your monitions or rather our commaundementes in this behalfe, and begin and finish their sayd penance effectuallye, you or one of you shall cite them peremptoryly that they or eyther of them appeare before vs or our Commissary, in the chappell of our palace at Norwich, the 12. day after the citatiō so made if it be a court day, or els the next court day folowing, to declare if they or any of them haue cause why they should not be excommunicate for theyr manifest offence in this behalfe committed, according to the forme and order of lawe, and further to receiue such punishmēt, as iustice shall prouide in that behalfe. And what you haue done in the premisses, whether the sayde Thomas and Iohn haue obeyed your admonitions, and performed the said penance or no: we will that you or one of you which haue receiued our sayd commaundement, for the execution thereof, do distinctly certify vs betwene this & the last day of Nouember next comming. Dated at our palace of Norwich vnder our Commissaryes seale, the 8. day of October. an. 1428.

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This (gentle Reader) was for the most part, the order of theyr whole penaunce: howbeit, some were oftentimes more cruelly handled, & after theyr penance they were banished out of the dioces, and other some more straightly vsed by longer imprisōmēt, wherof we will briefly rehearse one or two for example.

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Iohn Beuerley alias Battild,

IOhn Beuerley alias Battild a labourer MarginaliaIohn Beuerley. was attached by the Vicar of Sowthcreke, the parish priest of Waterden and a lawyer, and so deliuered vnto Mayster Wil. Benā the Byshops Commissary, who sent him to the Castle of Norwich there to be kept in irons: wheras afterward he being brought before the commissary, and hauing nothing proued agaynst him, he took an othe, that euery yeare after ward he should confesse his sinnes once a yere to his curat and receiue the Sacrament at Easter, as other Christians did: and for his offence was enioyned that the Friday and Saterday next after he should fast bread and water, and vpon the Saterday to be * Marginalia* alias fustigated. whipped from the pallace of Norwich, going round about by Tomelands, & by S. Michaels Church by Cottle rew, and about the market, hauyng in his hand a waxe candle of two pēce, to offer to þe image of the Trinity after he had done his penaunce. And for so much as he confessed that he had eatē flesh vpō Easter day and was not shriuen in all lent, nor receiued vpon Easter day, the iudge enioyned him that he shoulde fast Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday in Whitson weke, hauing but one meale a day of fish and other white meates, and after hys penāce so done, he should depart out of the dioces, & neuer come there any more.

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Iohn Skilley of Flixton Miller.

IOhn Skilley of Flixton Miller MarginaliaIohn Skilley. being apprehended and brought before the bishop of Norwich þe 14 day of March 1428. for holding & mayntayning the Articles aboue written, was therupon conuict and forced to abiure: and after his abiuration solemnly made (which here to auoyd tediousnes we omit) he had a most sharpe sentence of penance pronoūced agaynst him, the effect wherof being briefly collected, was this: MarginaliaThe penance of Iohn Skilley.That forsomuch as the said Skilley was conuict by his owne confession, for holding and mayntayning the Articles before written, and for receiuing certain good and godly mē into his house, as sir Wil. White priest, and Iohn Wadden, whom they called famous, notorious, and damnable heretickes, and had now abiured the same, being first absolued from the sentence of excommunication which he had incurred by meanes of his opinions, he was enioyned for penaunce 7. yeares imprisonment in the monastery of Langley, in the dioces of Norwiche. And forsomuch as in times past, he vsed vppon the Fridayes to eate flesh, he was enioyned to fast bread & water euery Friday, by the space of that 7. yeares to come, and that by the space of 2. yeares next immediately after the 7. yeares expired, euery wednesday in the beginning of Lēt, & euery Maundy thursday, he should appeare before the bishop or his successor, or cōmissary for the time being, in the cathedrall church of Norwich together with the other penitentiaryes, to do open penance for his offences.

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Besides these there were diuers other of þe same cōpany which þe same yeare were forced to like abiuratiō & penāce, And so to proceed to the next yeare following, which was 1429. there ensueth a great nūber in þe same register, which were examined and did penaunce in like sorte to the number of 16. or 17. In the number of whom was Iohn Baker

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