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757 [733]

K. Henry. 7. Maximilianus Emp. The greuances of the germ. A supplication to the Emp.

indistinctly caryed vnto the Court of Rome, which thing S. Bernard, writing to Pope Eugenius, seemeth wōderfully to reproue.

¶ Here ensueth the remedy agaynst the sayd greuaunces.

MarginaliaRemedies against the foresayde greeuances.IF it shal seeme good vnto the Emperors maiesty, 

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This list of remedies for the grievances is translated from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), pp. 322-23.

let it be declared vnto the bishop of Rome, how greuous and intollerable a thing it is vnto the Germaynes, to suffer continually so great charge & greeuances, to pay so great Annates for the confirmation of the Bishops & Archbishops, and especially in such Bishoprickes, whereas the Annates by successe of time, are enhaunced, & in many (as it is sayd) doubled. MarginaliaThe Archbishops Palle of Mētz what it costeth.For the Archbishops sea of Mentz 
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I.e., Mainz.

(as it is sayde) sometime payd onely 10000. floreines: which summe, whē as one which was chosen there, refused to geue, and so cōtinued euen vnto his death, he which was afterward elect, being desirous of confirmation, fearing to withstande the Apostolicke sea: offered the old summe of 10000. floreines: But notwithstanding, he could not get his confirmation, except he would pay þe other 10000. which his prdecessour before him had not payd.

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By this meanes he was compelled to pay 20000. floreines. Which being enrolled in the register of the chamber hath bene exacted of euery archbishop since, vntil these our dayes: and not onely 20000. but also 25000. for theyr newe offices, & new seruants. At last the summe drew to 27000. floreines, which Iames the Archbishop of Mentz was cōpelled to paye, as his Commissary did report. So by this meanes, in a litle time, there was 7. tymes 25000. floreines payd out of the Archbishopricke of Mentz, 

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I.e., Mainz.

vnto Rome for the confirmation of the Archbishop. And when this Archbishop Iames had kept the Archbishopricke scarce foure yeares, the Lord Vriel was elect after him, who was compelled to pay at the least 24000. or 25000. foreines. MarginaliaThe Popes palle dearely bought.Wherof a part he borowed of Marchauntes: but to satisfy and pay them agayne, he was forced to exact a subsidye of his poore subiectes and husband men, whereof some haue not yet satisifed and payd the tribute for the Bishops Palle, so that by this meanes, our people are not onelye tormented and brought to extreme pouertye, but also are moued vnto rebellion to seeke theyr liberty by what meanes soeuer they may, greeuously murmuring agaynste the crueltye of the Clergy.

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The pope also should be admonished, how that, through diuers and sundry wars and battels, the lands of Germany lye desolate & waste, and through many mortalityes the number of mē is diminished, so that for þe scarcenes of husbandmen, the fieldes, for the most part, lye vntild, the toles are by diuers meanes diminished, the mines consumed, & the profites dayly decay, whereby the Archbishops & Byshops should pay theyr annates vnto the Apostolicke sea: besides their other necessary and honest charges: insomuch that not without iuste cause, Iames the Archbishoppe of Mentz 

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I.e., Mainz.

being euen at the poynt of death, sayde that he dyd not so much sorrow for his own death, as for that his poore subiectes should be agayne forced, to pay a greuous exaction for the Palle. MarginaliaThe people polled for the popes Palle. Wherfore let the high Bishop as a godly father and louer of his children, and a faythfull and prudēt pastor, deale more fauourably with his children the Germaynes, least that persecution happen to rise agaynst the Priestes of Christ, and that men folowing the example of the Bohemians, do swarue from the Church of Rome.

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At the least, let him be more fauorable, as often as any Archbishop or bishop happeneth to rule his Church but a few yeares: as it happened to the Bishops of Bamberge, wherof 3. dyed within few yeares. The like also might happen by other bishoprickes, MarginaliaAboue 50. Byshopricks in Germany whereof (as Æneas Syluius witnessed) there are in Germany to the number of 50. besides Abbots, whereof a great number are confirmed at Rome.

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And admitt that in Germany there were greater profite and reuenewes rising of the ground, mines and toles: notwithstanding the Emperour and the other Princes, should lacke treasure and munition of warre agaynst their enemies, and specially the infidels, and to preserue Germany in peace and quietnesse, & to minister iustice vnto euery man: for which purpose, the Councell of the chamber being most holyly instructed and furnished with great cost & charges, doth chiefly serue. Besides that the Emperour hath need of treasure, to suppresse the rebelles in the Empyre, to banish and driue away theeues and murtherers, wherof a great nūber are not ashamed to spoyle churches onely, and to robbe them of theyr goods, but also to assaile the Clergy themselues. Finally our nation and country of Germany, hath need of great riches and treasure, not only for the repayring of Churches & monasteries, but also for hospitals,for children thar are layd out in the streetes, for widowes, for women with childe, for Orphanes, for the mariage of þe daughters of poore men, that they be not defloured, for such as haue neede and necessity, for the olde and weake, for the sicke and the sore, wherof (the more is the sorrow) Germany is fully replenished and filled.

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¶ Aduertisementes vnto the Emperours Maiesty.

MarginaliaThe Emperour aduertised of the subtill practises of the pope, and popish prelates.LEt the Emperors maiesty foresee 

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This 'advertisement' (or warning) to Maximilian I from the Germanestates is translated from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562),pp. 323-4.

and prouide, that the begging friers do not preach against his maiesty which are wont to complayn gladly vnto the Apostolick sea, fearing to lose their priuiledges, which I would to god, were aswel grounded vpon Christ, as they are vpon profite. Let the Emperours maiesty also beware that the Pope do not geue cōmaundement vnto the Electours, to proceed to the electiō of a new king of Romaines, as he did agaynst Frederick the second, when as the Lantgraue of Thurin, and William Earle of Holland, were elect by the commaundement of the Pope. Let the Emperours maiesty also feare and take heede of all the Prelates of the Churches, and especially of the Presedentes, which by theyr oth are bounde to aduertise the Pope. Let the Emperours Maiesty also feare and beware that the Pope do not take away from his subiectes, their obedience, & prouoke the people bordering vpon him, to make inuasiō into þe Emperours dominiōs and Archduchy of Austrich: which those men, vnder colour of shewing obedience vnto the Popes commaundemēt, be ready to do.

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Let the Emperours Maiesty also take heede of the Apostolicke censures, frō which the pope will in no case refraine. Finally let þe Emperours maiesty diligently foresee & take heede, that the pope do not perswade the people wt most subtile argumētes, contrary to the pragmaticall sanction, 

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This decree asserted the sole right of princes to the revenues from churches in their territories.

excusing himselfe, and getting the good will of þe simple, alledging þt wt great costes & charges, he will repayre þe Church of S. Peter in Rome, MarginaliaThe popes pretence of building S. Peters church in Rome & build in certaine places, against the Turkes, and recouer againe the landes & patrimony pertaining vnto the Church of S. Peter, as he is boūd by his office. Therfore, let your maiesty diligētly forsee and deliberate, how through your most wise & discrete counsaile, if neede shall require, you will answere to those subtilties of the Pope.

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¶ A certaine godly exhortation vnto the Emperours Maiestie.

MarginaliaA supplication or exhortation to Maximilian Emper. for redresse of the church.YOur maiesty cā do nothing better, 

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This exhortation to Maximilian from the German estates is translatedfrom Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 324.

nothing more acceptable, or more worthy eternall remembrāce, thē to moderate the great exactions and oppressions of the Germaines: to take away all occasion frō the laitie, to persecute the Clergy: also to take away þe benefices out of the handes of courtisans, 
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I.e., courtiers.

which can neither preach, comfort, nor counsaile any man (of which benefises, as Æneas Syluius writeth some are equall to the Byshoprickes of Italye) to encrease Gods honour and worship: and so to bridle the auarice & vngodlines of those courtisans, 
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I.e., courtiers.

wherby your maiesty may the better prouide for the children of many noble & famous men and Cityzens in Germanie, which being brought vp from their youth in the vniuersities, learning both the Scriptures and other humaine letters, may without vnquiet vexations, and most sumptuous charges & contentions, aspire to the Ecclesiasticall promotions: who by their coūsaile & prayers, may be helpes vnto the whole Church: For there is no small occasion, why the realme of Fraunce should so florish, hauing so many notable learned mē in it. If the Emperour would abolish this impiety, and restore Germany vnto their auncient liberty, which is now oppressed with greuous tributes, and would make way for learned & honest mē vnto Ecclesiasticall promotions: then might he truely & perpetually be called of all men, & in all places, þe restorer of Germany to his aūciēt libertie, & þe father of his countrey, & should obtayne no lesse glory thereby vnto himselfe, and profite vnto Germany, then if he had by force of armes, subdued any prouince vnto thē: And so shall Germany render no lesse thankes vnto þe saide Maximilian, then vnto all the rest, which hauing translated the Empire from the Grecians vnto Germany, haue raigned many yeares before.

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Hereafter ensueth the copy of a certaine letter of þe Emperour Maximiliā, geuen out in maner of a decree or cōmaundemēt, against certaine abuses of the Clergy. Wherunto we haue also annexed the aunswere of Iacobus Selestadiensis, 

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This is the celebrated humanist Jacob Wimpheling.

vnto the Emperours letters, wherein he seemeth also to haue sought aduise for the remedy of the like abuses which we thought good here not to be omitted.

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¶ An
SS.j.
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