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758 [734]

K. Henr. 7. Maximilian the Emp. P. Alexan 6. Gemes the Turks brother poysoned by the P.
An Edict of Maximilian Emperour.

WE according to the example 

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Maximilian's edict is translated from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), pp. 324-5.

of our dearely beloued father Fredericke Emperour of Rome, reuerensing the chiefe Pastour of the Church, and all the Clergy, haue suffered no small reuenewes of the Ecclesiasticall dignityes, to be caryed out of our dominion by the Prelats and Clergy that are absent, whose faultes committed by humayne frailty, with Constantine our predecessor, we haue not disdeyned to hide and couer. But for so much as thorugh our liberality, the decay of Gods honour is risen, it is our part to foresee (which are elect vnto the Empyre without any desert) that amongest all other affayres of peace and warre the Churches do not decay, Religion quayle not, or Gods true worship be not diminished: which we haue manifestly experimented and dayly doe perceiue by the insatiable couetousnesse of some, which are neuer satisifed in getting of benefices: through whose absence (being but resident onely vpon one) Gods honour and worship is diminished, houses decay, Churches decrease, the Ecclesiasticall liberty is hurt, learning and monuments are lost and destroyed, hospitality and almes diminished, and by their vnsatiable greedinesse, such of the Clergy as for theyr learning and vertue were worthy of Benefices, and theyr wisedome, profitable in common wealthes, are hindered and put backe. MarginaliaNo man to haue two Canonships or prebēds at once.Wherefore according to the office and duety of our estate, for the loue of the encreaseof Gods honour, we exhort and require that no man from henceforth, hauing any Canonship or Vicarage in one City of our Empyre, shall occupy or possesse a prebend in an other Church of the same City, except he geue ouer the first, within a yeares space, vnto some person fitte and profitable for the Church: neither that he doe by vniust quarelles, vexe or trouble any man in getting of benefices, neither that any man doe falsely fayne himselfe to haue bene of the Emperors houshold, which hath not ben comprehended within the league and agreement made by the Princes, neither that any man attempt to take away the patronages from any lay man, or aggrauate the small prebendes of Curates of Churches, with pensions, neyther that they doe vse in getting of benefices and Bulles, any fraude, deceite, false instrumentes, corrupte witnesses and cloaked Simonye, neyther that any man presume to obteyne any regresse, or other thing contrarye to the sacred Canons, right, honesty, equity and reason, vpon payne of the most greeuous offence of treason: the whiche we will that, not onelye they, going so contrary to God and all honesty: but also all theyr fauourers, which doe helpe, counsell, harbour or geue them any thing, all theyr messengers and writers, proctours, suretyes and other theyr friendes, shall incurre, and receiue condigne punyshment for so great offence and contempt of our commaundemēt. From Oenopont. 
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I.e., Innsbruck.


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¶ Here ensueth the copye of a letter written vnto the Emperour Maximilian,

¶ To our most victorious Lord Maximilian the Emperour, Iacobus Selestadiensis, 
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This is the celebrated humanist Jacob Wimpheling.

most humble commendations.

MOst victorious Emperour,  

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This letter from Jacob Wimpheling to Maximilian is translated fromMatthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), pp. 326-7.

when I had read your maiestyes Epistle, and receiued instructions of your Secretary, I prepared my selfe with all my whole endeuour, to satisfye your maiestyes desire: For euen from my youth hitherto, I haue applyed all my care and study, fyrst for the honour of your maiesty, and consquently for the amplifying of the Germayne nation, and sacred Romayne Empire. Albeit I knowe my selfe farre vnable to satisfye your desire and purpose, and there are many which can fulfill thys matter much better, which haue greater learning and experience of these common matters. There be also with other Princes, and in the Senates of common wealthes, many excellent learned men, which can exonerate and beautify Germany, and perswade to reduce all the Clergy vnto a Christian disciple, and to an vnity & peace of the vniuersall Church. Wherein not onely your Maiesty, but also your predecessonrs, as Charles the great, and his sonne Ludouicus Pius, the Othoes, Conrades, Frederickes, and Henrikes, and last of all, Sigismundus, haue with all labur and diligence trauelled, being stirred thereunto, vndoubtedly throughe the zeale & charity which they bare vnto almighty God, & thāfulnes vnto Christ, for his benefites which he hath bestowed vpon mankinde, and specially for the benefite of his most bitter passion. For Christ became not poore for vs, that we should liue in all riote and wantonnes vpon his patrimony, and shew forth our ambition and couetousnesse: neither did he suffer hunger that wee should glut vp our selues: or suffered labors, chastity, and greuous torments, that we shuld liue in idlenesse, wantōnes, and al kind of voluptuousnesse. Neither they which were contributers, and benefactours to Churches, induing the ministers thereof with theyr temporall riches, had any suche respecte herein, that the Clergye shoulde liue onely in idlenesse, hauing all thinges at theyr wyll, without labour. Surely there was another cause why that they in times past did empouerish themselues and theirs to endow theChurch: veryly that they might the better attend vnto diuine seruice, without care of want of liuing (which they might easily get and gather out of the fieldes, woodes, medowes, and waters) and to the intent that they should liberally geue almes vnto the poore Christians, Widdowes, Orphanes, aged and sicke persons. For in the institutions of the canonicall profession, whiche we suppose waa written by the commaundement of Ludouicus Pius the emperour, and allowed by the counsell of the Byshoppes, thus it is read: The goodes of the Churche (as it is alledged by the fathers, and conteyned in the chapters before) are the vowes of the faythfull, and patrimony of the poore. For the faythfull, thorow the feruentnes of theyr fayth, and loue of Christ being inflamed, hauing an earnest desire of that heauenly kingdome, haue enriched the holy Church with theyr owne goodes, that thereby the souldiors of Christ might be nourished, the Church adourned, the poore refreshed, and captiues according to the oportunitye of time, redemed Wherfore such as haue the administration of those goods, ought diligently to bee looked vpon, that they doe not conuert them vnto theyr owne proper vse, according to theyr substaunce and possibility, they doe not neglecte them in whome Christ is fed and clothed. Prosper is also of the same minde, affirmyng that holy men did not chalenge the Church goods to their owne vse, as their owne proper goodes, but as thinges commended vnto the poore, to be deuided amongest them: For that is to contemne that which a man possesseth, not to possesse a thing for himselfe, but for others, neyther to couet the Church goods with couetousnesse, to haue them himselfe, but to take them with a godly zeale to helpe other. That which the church hath, is commō to all them which haue nothing, neyther ought they to geue any thing of that vnto them, (sayth he) which haue of theyr owne: for to geue vnto them whiche haue enough, is but to cast thinges away. Ex Illyrico.

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To returne nowe to the order of Popes where we left before speaking of Innocentius the eight, after the sayde Innocentius, MarginaliaPope Alexander succeeded Pope Alexander the 6. In which Alexander, among other horrible thinges, this is one to be noted, 

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Foxe has two, not entirely consistent accounts, of Alexander VI's holding the Turkish prince Djem hostage. One comes from John Bale's Catalogus(pp. 626-27). The other is from Sebastion Munster, Cosmographia (Basel, 1559),p. 965.

that when Gemes (Peucerus named him Demes) brother to Balazetes the great Turke, was committed by the Rhodians, to the safe custodye, first of Pope Innocent, then of Alexander the 6. for whose keeping the Pope receiued euery yeare 40000. crownes: yet notwithstanding, whē pope Alexander afterward was cōpelled to send the sayd Gemes to Charles the eight the French king for a pledge: because the Frēch king should not procure the great Turkes fauour, by sending his brother Gemes to him to be slayne, he being hyred by the Turke, MarginaliaThe pope poysoneth Gemes the turks brother, beyng committed to his custodie.caused the sayde Gemes to be poysoned, who in his iourney goinge toward the French king, dyed at Terracina. Ex Hieronymo Mario.

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MarginaliaEx Paul Iouio. lib 2. Ex Peucero. lib. 5. Ex Hieronym. Mario.Moreouer in the sayd Hieronymus Marius it appeareth, MarginaliaThe Pope setteth the great turke against the French K.that this Alexander taking displeasure with the foresayd Charles the French king, about the winning of Naples, sent to Balazetes the Turke, to fight against the foresayd Clarles. Ex eodem.

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Munsterus lib. 4. Cosmog MarginaliaEx Seb. Munstero. lib. 4. Cosmograph. Declaring the foresayd hystorye of Gemes, something otherwise, first calleth him Zizymus, and sayth, that he was first committed by the Rhodians to the french king. And when as Ioannes Huniades afore mentioned, did labor to the French king to haue him, thinking by that meanes to obtaine a noble victory against the Turke, as it was not vnlike: this Alexander the pope, thorow his fraudulent flatterye, gotte him of the Frenche King, into his owne handes: by whose meanes the sayd Gemes afterwarde was poysoned, as is in maner before expressed.

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MarginaliaMancinellus writing against the wickednes of the pope, loste hys handes and tongue.Vnto these poysoned actes 

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This story of Alexander VI's mutilation of a writer who denounced him is taken from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 576.

of the Pope, let vs also adioin his malicious wickednes, with like fury exercised vpō Antonius Mancinellus, which Mancinellus being a mā of excellent learning, because he wrote an eloquēt oratiō against his wicked maners & filthy life, with other vices, he therfore commaunded both his hands & his tong to be cut of, playing much like with him, as Antonius þe tirant once did with M Cicero, for writing agaynst his horrible life. 
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Mark Anthony ordered the Roman orator Cicero killed after Cicero had denounced him in a series of speeches.

MarginaliaPoyson requited with poyson.At length, as one poyson requireth another, this poysoned Pope, as he was sitting with his Cardinals, & other rych Senatours of Rome at dinner, his seruauntes vnwares brought to him a wrong bottell, wherewith he was poysoned, and his Cardinals about him. 
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The stories of Alexander VI's death and of the statue of the angel struck by lightning are from Bale, Catalogus, p. 634.

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In the time of this Pope Alexander, also it happened (whiche is not to bee pretermitted) how that the Aungell whiche stood in the high toppe of the Popes Churche, MarginaliaThe high Angell of the popes pallace throwne downe.was beaten downe with a terrible thunder: which thing semed then to declare the ruine and fall of the Popedome. MarginaliaPope Pius. 3.After this Pope next succeded Pius the 3. about the yeare of our Lord 1503. MarginaliaPope Iulius. 2.After whome came next Iulius the second 

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The following account of Julius II, including the poems and epigraphs, is taken, word-for-word, from Bale, Catalogus, pp. 636 and 642-4.

a man so farre passing all other in iniquity, that Wicelius, &

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