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Arsenjan [Arsenga]

Iran

Coordinates: 29° 54' 51" N, 53° 18' 27" E

 
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Belgrade (Sigindunum) [Belgradum]

Serbia

Capital of Serbia

Coordinates: 44° 48' 58.32" N, 20° 28' 53.76" E

 
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Mitylini [Mitylene; Mitilene]

Lesbos, Greece

Capitol of Lesbos

Coordinates: 39° 6' 0" N, 26° 33' 0" E

 
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Pera-Galata

Constantinople

Genoese colony 1273-1453

Coordinates: 41° 1' 22" N, 28° 58' 25" E

767 [743]

K. Henry. 7. The history of the Turkes. Belgradum besieged of the Turkes. Huniades.

there was no corner in all Constantinople, which did not either flow with Christian bloud, or else was pulluted wt abhominable abusing of maids, wiues & matrones, without al reuerēce of nature. Of the which Citizēs, some they murthered, some they rosted vpon spits, of some they fleyed off their skin, hanging thē vp to consume with famine, of othersome they put salt into their woūds, the more terribly to torment them, insomuch, that one of them contended with another who could deuise most strange kinds of new torments and punishments, exercising such crueltie vpon them, that the place where the Citie was before, seemed now to be no citie, but a slaughter house or shambles of Christian mens bodies. MarginaliaA lamentable destruction of the Citie of Constantinople. Amõg the dead bodies, the body also of Constantine the Emperour was found: whose head being brought to Mahumete, he commaunded to be caried vpon a speare through the whole City for a publike spectacle & derision to all the Turkish army. And because he would diminish the number of the captiues, which seemed to him to be very great, he neuer rose from his table, but he put euery day some of the nobles to death, no lesse to fill his cruell minde with bloud, then his body was filled with wine: which he vsed so long to do as any of the nobles of that Citie was left aliue: MarginaliaThe bloudie cruelty of the turk against the Christian captiues.And of the other sorte also, as the stories do credibly report, there passed no day, in the which he did not orderly slay more then three hundreth persons, the residue he gaue to his rascal souldiours to kill, and to do with them what they would. Where is to be noted, that as Constantinus the sonne of Helena, was the first Emperonr of Constantinople, so Constantinus the sonne also of Helena, was the last Emperour thereof 

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The mention of Helena and Constantine is Foxe's insertion.

.

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MarginaliaThe citie of Pera yeldeth it selfe for feare to the turke.Not farre from the said Citie of Constantinople, there was another little City called Pera, & once called Gallatia, situated by the Sea side: who hearing of the miserable destruction of Constantinople, and seing the City flaming with fire, sent certain of their chief mē was speed to Mahumete, declaring vnto him that they neither had sent any helpe to the City of Constantinople, neither yet wrought any detrimēt to any of his army: wherefore they desired & praied him, that as they would gladly yeeld vnto him, so he would be fauourable vnto thē and spare them, & not to punish the giltles with the gilty. Mahumete, although he was not ignoraunt that for feare, rather then of any good will, they submitted themselues, and that they would rather resist him if they had ben able, yet he receiued for that time, the submission of the messengers: but sending wyth them his Embassadour into the Citie, he commanded also his army to follow withall, and to enter with him into the City, which, although it was greatly suspected & misliked of þe Citizens, yet they durst no otherwise do, but suffer them to enter: MarginaliaThe citie of Pera spoyled.which beeing done, the Embassadour gaue a signe to þe souldiours, euery man to do whatsoeuer he was bidden, of whom, some ranne to the walles, some to the temples and Churches, some to þe streetes & houses of the City, plucking all things downe to þe grounde, sacking and raūging with no lesse fury and abhominable filthines, then they had done at Cõstantinople before, sauing only they they absteined frõ murther: but the same day letters came from Mahumete to the Embassadour, that he should spare none, but destroy and murther all that euer were in the Citie: which message, because it seemed to the Embassadour to be too cruell, forsomuch as they had yeelded thēselues, he staied his hand a little vntill night came. MarginaliaDronken Mahumete false of promise.In the meane time drunken Mahumete comming something to himselfe (whome drunkennes had before ouercome) sent his second letters to reuoke the first. MarginaliaThe mercifull prouidence of God in sauing his people.Where againe 

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This sentence is Foxe's insertion.

is to be noted the mercifull prouidence of God towardes his people in their deserued plagues, by staieng the handes, and brideling the fury many times of their enemies, when otherwise the case seemeth to be past all remedy.

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Mahumete thus 

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Except for a few instances, the remainder of the account of Mehmed II is fromCasper Peucer, Chronicon Carionis (Wittenburg,1580), pp. 652-55.

beeing in himselfe not a little aduanced and eleuated by the winning of Cõstantinople, MarginaliaConstantinople made the imperial seat of the turke. where he had now made the Imperiall seat of the Turkish dominion, the third yeare next folowing, to aduēture more masteries, he set out to þe siege of Belgradum, MarginaliaThe siege of Belgradum in Hungary. a City of Hungary, lieng neare to the bankes of Danubius, thinking to haue the like successe there, as he had in the winning of Constantinople, albeit through the Lords disposing, it fel out much otherwise. Within the Citie of Belgradum the same time of the siege thereof, was MarginaliaIoan. Huniades.Ioannes Huniades the valiant Captaine, of whom in diuers places mentiõ hath bene made before, who with a sufficient strength of piked souldiours, albeit in number nothing equal to the Turks army, valiãtly defended the City with great courage, and no lesse successe. In the which siege great diligēce was bestowed, and many of the Turkes slaine. Amõg whom also Mahumete himselfe, being stroken with a pellet vnder the left arme, was faine to be caried out of þe field for halfedead, and the rest so put to flight, that of the Turkes the same time were destroyed to the number, or not much vnder the number of 40. thousãd, Marginalia40000. turkes slain at the siege of Belgradum. besides the losse of all their ordinaunce, which the Turkes in hast of their flight, were forced to leaue behinde them.

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Hieronymus Zieglerus 

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The anecdote of a heroic Bohemian at Mehmed's siege of Belgradeis taken from Hieronymous Ziegler, Illustrium Germaniae virorum (Ingolstadt,1562), fos. 89v-90r. This is the only time Foxe used this work in his history of theTurks.

MarginaliaEx Hier. Zieglero, in lib. de illustrib. viris Germa. ca. 98. writyng of the siege of this Belgradum, addeth moreouer, that whē Mahumete was at the siege therof, seyng the towne to be so small & weake of it selfe, that it could not be won with all his great multitude, he staryng and faryng like a mad man, commaunded all his brasen peeces to be layd, to battare downe the walles and Towers of the Towne: So that the Christians within the walles were vehemently distressed, for the siege continued both night and day without intermission. Amõg þe rest of the Christians which defended the towne. Hieronymus Zieglerus maketh mentiõ of a certaine Bohemian, much worthy of his condigne cõmendation: MarginaliaThe noble act of a Bohemian in defence of his counrrey.Who beyng vpon the walles, and seyng a Turke with a bãner or ensigne of the Turkes to be gottē vp, by the sight wher of the whole Towne was in daunger to be cõquered and taken, runneth vnto the Turke, and claspyng him about the middle, speakyng to Iohn Capistranus standyng by low, asking him, whether it were any daunger of damnation to him, if he of his voluntary mynde, did cast himselfe with that dogge (so he termed him) downe headlong from the wall, to be slayne with him: what should become of his soule, and whether he might be saued or not. To whõ when the other had aunswered that hee should be saued without doubt, hee eftsoones tombleth him selfe with the Turke, downe of the wall, where by his death he saued the same tyme, the lyfe of all the Citie: Mahumete beyng so wounded and in dispayre of wynnyng the Citie, was caryed (as ye heard) out of the field. Who at length commyng agayne to himselfe, partly for feare and partly for shame, was ready to kill himselfe. MarginaliaThe towne of Belgradum valiauntly defended from the turke.And 
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This sentence is Foxe's insertion.

thus was þe towne of Belgradum at that tyme rescued through Gods prouidence, by the meanes of Ioannes Hunianes and this good Bohemian.

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This siege of Belgradū begã in the yeare of the Lord. 1456. and endured. 46. dayes. At the which siege were nūbred of the Turkes. 200. thousand. Marginalia200. thousand turkes at the siege of Belgradum. Of whom more then 40. thousand (as is aforesayd) were slayne: where the victory fell to the Christians through the prosperous successe geuen of God to Ioannes Huniades, & Capistranus. Which Huniades not long after the sayd victory, through the importune labour and trauaile in defendyng the sayd towne, was taken with a sore sickenesse and thereof departed, MarginaliaThe decease of Ioannes Huniades. to whose valiaunt prowes and singular courage, stories doe geue great laud and commendation.

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Mahumetes the Turke after this done in Europe, returned into Asia to warre, MarginaliaThe turkes war against Vsumcassanos. with Vsumcassanes a Persian, one of the Turkes stocke with whõ he had three battailes. The first was about the Riuer Euphrates, where the Turke lost 10. thousand men, and was put to the worse. In the second field likewise he was discomfited. The third battaile was at Arsēga, where through the terrible noyse of the brasen peeces, the Persian horses disturbed the cãpe, and so was Vsumcassanes ouercome.

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MarginaliaThe turke agayn returneth against the Christians.From thence the Turke reduced agayne his power against the Christians, and first subdued vnto him Synope and all Paphlagonia: MarginaliaSynope, Paphlagonia, Trapezuntus gotten of the turkes. Also the kingdome of Trapezunce, which he beseigyng both by land and water, wanne from the Christians, MarginaliaDauid Emperour of Trapezuntus with hys two sonnes and vncle cruelly killed of the turke.and sent Dauid the kyng of the same with his two sonnes and Calus his vncle, vnto Constantinople, where they were miserably and cruelly put to death, & all the stocke of the Conneni, which were of the kynges stocke, by the Turke were destroyed. Whiche was about the yeare of our Lord. 1459. at which tyme this mischieuous Mahumete was first saluted Emperour.

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MarginaliaCorinthus, Mitylene, Lesbos, Lemnus subdued of the turke.Not long after, he got from the Grecians Corinthus and Mitylene, not without great slaughter of Christen men: in somuch that the whole Citie of Mitylene was vtterly to the grounde almost destroyed. The Isles also of Lemnus & Lesbos he wanne from the Venetians: In the which Ilãd of Lesbos is the Citie of Mitylene aforesayd.

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Not farre frõ this Ile of Lesbos and Mitylene, there is a countrey in Asia toward the sea side borderyng next to Europe, called Mysia, or of some called Mœsia, wherein stode the Citie of Troye. MarginaliaThe falshood of the wretched turke agaynst the prince of Mysia.This countrey Mahumete coueting to wynne rather by policie & falshode, then by doubtfull daunger of warre, secretly sent for the Prince therof to come to speake with him for certaine causes (as he pretended) which should concerne the profite and commoditie of thē both. Which when the king of Mysia, either for shame would not, or for feare durst not denye, he came to him as to conferre vpon necessary affaires in commõ to them appertaining. MarginaliaThe crueltie of the turke against the kyng of Mysia.Mahumete when he had brought that to passe

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