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Jerusalem
 
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Jerusalem

[Hierusalem; Ierusalem; Ierosolyma]

Coordinates: 31° 47' 0" N, 35° 13' 0" E

788 [764]

K. Henry. 7. Prophesies concerning the Turkes and Antichrist.
6Seleuchus Philopator.126Orchanes. Whome Moses his vncle did slay.
7Antiochus Epiphanes, or rather Epimanes.7Mahumetes. 1. He slue Mustaphas his brother.14
8Antiochus Eupator.28Amurathes. 2. Hee slue Mustaphas his bro-
9Demetrius brother of Epiphanes, who killed Eupa-ther.34
tor his cosin.9Mahumtes. 2. He slue his two brethren Turcinus
10Demetrius Nicanor, whome Antiochus Sedetes hisan infant, and Calepinus.73
brother repulsed from his kingdome.10Baiazetes. 2. He warred against his brother De
11Antiochus sedetes. These two last being brethren,mes, which Demes was afterward poisoned
had two sonnes.by Pope Alexander. 6.33
12Antiochus Grypus, & Antiochus Cyricenus. These11Zelymus. He poisoned Baiazetes his father, & his
two striuing together for the kingdome, weretwo brethren, Acomates and Corcutus, wyth
both slaine: and so not lōg after, the kingdomeall their children his owne cosines.7
of Syria came to the hands of Tigranes King12Solymannus. He slue Mustaphas his owne sonne
of Armenia, and so being taken from him, cameand was the death of Gianger his seconde
to the Romaines in the time of Pompeius.sonne.46

MarginaliaThe tyme of Antichrsit examined by prophesies.These two pestilent families and generations, rising out (doubtles) from the bottomles pit, to plague þe people of God, as in number of succession they do not much differ: so in maner of their doings and wicked abhominations, they be as neere agreeing, being both enemies alyke to the people and Church of Christ, both murtherers and paricides of their owne breethren and kindred, both blasphemers of God, and troublers of the whole worlde. Wherein we haue all to learne and note by the way, the terrible anger of almighty God against sinne, and wickednes of men.

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Furthermore, who so is desposed to consideer and cast the course of times, and to marke how things be disposed by the maruelous operation of Gods prouidēce, shal finde the times also of these two aduersaries, in much like sorte to concurre and agree. For in considering with our selues both the Testaments and Churches of God, the first of the Iewes, the second of the Christians, looke what time had the Syrian Kings to rage then in Hierusalem, the same proportion of time hath now the tiranny of þe Turks to murther the Christians: MarginaliaOne Antichrist prefigureth an other.so that the one Antichrist may well represent and prefigure the other. For as by the booke of Machabees may appeare, Antiochus Epiphanes was about the 191. yeares before the passion of our Sauiour, and day of our redemption: so now casting the same number from this present yeare backward, we shall finde it to be about the same yeare and time, when Baiazetes 

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Actually it was Murad I who moved the capital in 1375.

the fourth Turke after Ottoman, began to remoue his Imperiall seate from Bursa in Bithynia, to Adrianople in Europe, which is a City of Thracia. In which yeare & time began all the mischiefe in Europe, as is to be seene before, pag. 738. and this was the yeare of our Lord 1375. Vnto þe which yeare, if we adde 691. it maketh 1566. according to the prophesie of the Apocal. chap. 20. MarginaliaApoc. cap. 20. where it is prophesied of Gog and Magog, that they shall compasse about the tents of the Saincts, and the well beloued Citie, by the which welbeloued Citie, is meant (no doubt) Europa: and this was in the yeare abouesaid 1375. Although touching the precise points of yeares and times, it is not for vs greatly to be exquisite therein, but yet where diligence and studious meditation may helpe to knowledge, I would not wish negligence to be a pretence to ignorāce.

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And thus much for the times of Antiochus and his felowes. Marginalia

Machab. lib. & cap. 1.

The furious crueltie of Antiochus agaynst Gods people.

Now what cruelty this Antiochus exercised against the people of God, it is manifest in the history of the Machabees: 
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1 Macchabees 1:43-67.

where we reade, that this Antiochus in the eight yeare of his reigne, in his second comming to Hierusalem, first gaue forth in commaundement, that all the Iewes should relinquish the law of Moses, and worship the Idole of Iupiter Olimpius, which he set vp in þe temple of Hierusalem. The bookes of Moses and of the Prophetes he burned. He set garrisons of souldiours to warde the Idole. In the Citie of Hierusalem he caused the feastes and reuels of Bacchus to be kept, full of all filthe and wickednes. Olde men, women, and virgines, such as woulde not leaue the lawe of Moses, with cruell tormentes he murthered. The mothers that would not circumcise theyr children, he slue. The children that were circumcised, hee hanged vp by the neckes. The temple he spoiled & wasted. The aultar of God, and candlesticke of gold, with the other ornaments and furniture of the temple, partly he cast out, partly he caried away. Contrary to the lawe of God, he caused them to offer, and to eate Swines fleshe. Great murther and slaughter he made of the people, causing thē either to leaue their lawe, or to lose their liues. Among whome, besides many other, with cruell tormentes he put to death a godly mother with her vij. sonnes, sending hys cruell proclamations through all the land, that whosoeuer kept the obseruauncies of the Sabboth, and other rites of the lawe, and refused to cōdescend to his abhominations, should be executed. By reason whereof the Citie of Hieru-salem was left voide and desolate of all good mē, but there was a great nūber, that were contented to follow & obey his Idolatrous proceedings, and to flatter with the king, became enemies vnto ther brethren. Briefly, no kind of calamity, nor face of miserie could be shewed in any place, which was not there sene. Marginalia1. Machab. cap. 1.Of þe tiranny of this Antiochus, it is historied at large in þe book of Machabees: 
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1 Macchabees 1:43-67.

MarginaliaDaniel. 9.And Daniell prophesieng  
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Daniel 9:4-27.

before of þe same, declareth þt the people of þe Iewes deserued no lesse for their sins and transgressions.

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MarginaliaAntiochus a figure of the Turke.By consent of all writers, this Antiochus beareth a figure of the great Antichrist, which was to folow in the latter end of the world, and is already come, & worketh what he can agaynst vs: MarginaliaEx Lyra in Glosa ordin. cap. 1. Machab. Although as S. Iohn sayth, there haue bene, and be many Antichristes, 

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1 John 2:18. This is an excellent example of the tendency of Foxe and Protestant writers to see Antichrist as a spiritual force and not as an individual.

as parts and members of the body of Antichrist, which are forerūners: yet to speake of þe head & principall Antichrist, & great enemy of Christs Church, he is to come in þe latter end of the world, at what tyme shall be such tribulation, as neuer was sene before: whereby is ment (no doubt) the Tnrke, prefigured by this Antiochus. 
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Foxe cites the great fourteenth century theologian Nicholas of Lyra as his source for this passage but he is really drawing on a summary of Nicholas's views on Antichrist made by Mathias Flacius. The marginal motes made by Paul de Santa Maria, archbishop of Burgos, in a copy of the celebrated 'Postilla' of Nicholas of Lyra, which the arch-bishop sent to his so, were posthumously publuished. These amplifications of Nicholas's work were criticized and largely rejected by Matthias Döring, the provincial of the Franciscans in Saxony. Foxe is drawing this summary of the comments of the three on the identification from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 553.

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By this Antichrist, MarginaliaThe name of Antichrist what it conteyneth.I do also meane all such, which followyng the same doctrine of the Turkes, thinke to be saued by their workes and demerites, & not by their fayth onely in the sonne of God, of what title and professiō els soeuer they be: especially if they vse the like force & violence for the same, as he doth. &c.

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Of the tyranny of this Antiochus aforesayd, and of the tribulations of the Church in the latter tymes both of the Iewes Church, and also of the Christian Church to come, let vs heare & consider the words of Daniell in xj. chap. & also in his vij. chap. Prophecying of þe same as foloweth. 

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For what follows see Daniel 11:30-45.

MarginaliaDan. cap. 11.He shall returne and freat agaynst the holy couenaunt: so shall he do, he shall euen returne and haue intelligence with them that forsake the holy couenaunt. And armes shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the Sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the dayly sacrifice, and they shall set vp the abhominable desolation. And such as wickedly breake the couenaunt, shall flatter with him deceitfully: but the people that doe know their God, shall preuayle and prosper. And they that vnderstand among the people, shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by sword and by flame, by captiuitie, and by spoyle many dayes.

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Now when they shall fall, they shalbe holpen with a little helpe: but many shall cleaue vnto them faynedly. And some of them of vnderstandyng shall fall to be tryed, and to be purged, and to make them white, till the tyme be out: for there is a tyme appointed. And the kyng shall doe what him lyst: he shall exalte himselfe, and magnifie himselfe agaynst all that is God, and shall speake marueilous thynges agaynst the God of Gods, and shall prospere, till the wrath be accomplished: for the determination is made. Neither shall he regard the God of his Fathers, nor the desires of womē, nor care for any God: for he shall magnifie himselfe aboue all. But in his place shall he honour the God Mauzzim, and the God whom his fathers knew not, shall he honour with gold and with siluer, and with precious stones, and pleasaunt thynges.

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Thus shall he doe in the holdes of Mauzzim with a straunge God, whom he shall acknowledge: he shall increase his glory, and shall cause them to rule ouer many, and shall diuide the land for gayne. And at the end of tyme, shall the kyng of the South push at him, and the kyng of the North shall come agaynst hym lyke a whirle wynde, with charets, and with horsemen, and with many shyppes, and he shall enter into the countreys, and shall ouerflow and passe thorough. He shall enter also into the pleasaunt land, and many countreys shalbe ouerthrowen: but these shall escape out of his hand, euen Edom and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch for his handes also vppon the countreys, and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shal haue power ouer the treasures of gold and of siluer, & ouer al the precious thynges of Egypt, and of the Libians, and of the blacke Mores where he shall passe. But the tydynges out of the East and the North, shall trouble him: therfore he shall go forth with great wrath to destroy and roote out many: And he shall plant the ta-

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