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K. Henry. 7. Prophesies of the Turke and Pope, which of them is the greater Antichrist.

sate on them, hauing fiery habbergions, and of Iacinth stone, and of brimstone, and the heads of the horses were as the heads of Lyons, and out of their mouthes went foorth fire, and smoake, and brimstone, of these three plagues was the third part of men killed, that is, of the fire, smoake, and brimstone, which proceeded out of their mouthes, &c.

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By the seauenth seale is meant the seauenth and last age of the world, which last age of the world, is from Christ, to the iudgement and resurrection of the dead.

MarginaliaThe 7. trumpets of the 7. Angels in the Apoc. expounded.By the seauen Angels with their seauen Trumpets, is signified the seauen plagues that come in this seauenth and last age of the world.

MarginaliaThe sixt trumpet.By the sixt trumpet of the sixt Angell, is meant the sixte plague comming last and next before the plague of the great iudgement day, which sixt plague is heere described to come by the East Kings, that is, by the Turkes, as foloweth to be seene.

MarginaliaLoosing of the angels vpon the ryuer Euphrates.By losing the Angels which had rule of the great riuer Euphrates, is signified the letting out of the East Kings, that is, the Turkes, out of Scithia, Tartaria, Persia, and Arabia, by whome the third part of Christendome shall be destroyed, as we see it this day hath come to passe.

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It followeth in the prophesie, MarginaliaApoc. 19.Their power shall be in their mouthes, and in their tayles. For their tayles be like Serpents hauing heads, and with them they hurt, 

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Rev. 9:19

&c. Meaning that these Turkes with the words of their mouthes, shall threaten great destruction of fire and sword, to them that will not yeald vnto them, and in the end, when the Christians shall yeald vnto them, trusting to their promises, they like Serpents shall deceaue thē in þe end, & kill them, as appeareth by the story of the Turkes aboue past, pag. 752. 753. 757.

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The like prophesy also after the like words and sence, is to be seene and read in the 16. chap. of the Apoc. MarginaliaApoc. cap. 16. where S. Iohn entreating of seauen cuppes, filled with the wrath of the liuing God, geuē to the hands of 7. Angels, by one of the foure beasts MarginaliaThe 4. beastes in the Apoc. mean the 4. Monarchies. (that is in the time of one of the four Monarchies, which was the Monarchy of Rome) speaketh likewise of the sixt Angell, which poured his viole of Gods wrath vpon the great riuer Euphrates, & the waters thereof dryed vp, that the way of the kings of the East should be prepared,  

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Rev. 16:12

&c.

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By the sixt Angell with the sixte viole, is meant as before, the last plague saue one that shall come vpon þe Christians. By þe Kings of the East MarginaliaThe kings of the East. are meant the Saracens, and 12. Ottoman Turks. By drieng vp the riuer of Euphrates, MarginaliaDrying vp of Euphrates. is signified the way of these Turkes to be prepared by the Lords appointment, to come out of the East to the West parts of the world, to molest and afflict the Christians. It foloweth more in the text. MarginaliaIbid.And I saw three vnclene spirits like frogs, come out of the mouth of the Dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false Prophet, for they are the spirits of deuils, doing wonders, to go vnto the Kings of the whole earth, to assemble and gather them together, to the battayle, against the daye of the great God omnipotent,  

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Rev. 16:13-14.

&c. And it foloweth shortly after, And he assembled them together into a place which is called in Hebrue Armagedon, that is, a trap or trayne of destruction. And immediatly it followeth in the same place, And the seauenth Angell poured out his viole in the ayre, and a mighty voice came from heauen, out of the Throane, saieng, factum est, It is done, or finished, 
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Rev. 16:17. Foxe quoting the angel as saying 'factum est' suggests that he was consulting the Vulgate.

&c.
Whereby it is to be vnderstoode, that toward the last consummation of the world, great force shall be seene, and a mighty army of the enemies shall be collected and gathered against the people, and Saints of the highest, and then commeth the consummation, with factum est, &c.

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Wherefore it is not for naught that the holy Spirite of God in the same place, MarginaliaIbid. a little before the sixt Angell doe poure out his viole, doth exhort all the faithfull, sayeng: MarginaliaAn exhortation of the holy ghost to the faithfull. Behold, I come like a theefe in the night, Blessed is he that watcheth and keepeth his garments, least he walke naked, and men see his fylthynes, &c. 

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Rev. 16:15.

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Nichol. de Lyra, and Paulus Bishop of Burdens, and Mathias Dorinke writing vpon the 13. chap. of the Apoc. MarginaliaApoc. cap. 13. & expounding the mistery of the second beast, rising out of the earth, hauing the hornes of a lambe, &c. doo apply the same to Mahumet and the Turkes, with a solemne declaration made vpon þe same. 

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The marginal motes made by Paul de Santa Maria, archbishop of Burgos, in a copy of the celebrated 'Postilla' of Nicholas of Lyra, which the arch-bishop sent to his so, were posthumously publuished. These amplifications of Nicholas's work were criticized and largely rejected by Matthias Döring, the provincial of the Franciscans in Saxony. Foxe is drawing this summary of the comments of the three on the identification from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 553.

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MarginaliaThe prophesie of the Apo. cap. 13. discussed.Which interpretatiō of theirs, although in some pointes it may seeme to haue some appearance of probabilitie, neither can it be denied but that Mahumet & the Turke be pestilent and wicked enemies of Christ our Lord, & most bitter persecutors of his Church, yet as touching the proper & naturall meaning of þe Apostle in that place, speaking of the false lambe, &c. if we consider well all the circumstances of that beast, and marke the consequence of the text, both of that which goeth before, and followeth after, we must needs graunt that Nicol. de Lyra, with hys fellowes, & with al such like of þe Popes schoole, that folow that schoole be deceaued, MarginaliaThe beast hauing hornes like the lambe, must needes meane the Pope.and that the description and inter-pretation of that falshorned lambe, must necessarily be applyed only to the Bishop of Rome, and none other, which is to be proued by sixe principall causes or arguments.

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MarginaliaThe first reason.The first is, for that this beast is described to beare the hornes of a lambe. By the which lambe, no doubt, is ment Christ. By þe hornes of the lambe is signified the outward shew or resemblance of Christ our sauiour: which shew or resemblance can haue no relation to Mahumet, for that he taketh himselfe to be aboue Christ, & Christ as an excellent Prophet of God, sitting at his feete. Wherfore seeing Mahumet commeth neither as equall to Christ, nor as vicar vnder Christ, this prophesy can not agree in him, but only in him which openly in plaine words protesteth, that all Christes lambes and sheepe not singularly, but vniuersally through the whole world, are committed to him, as Vicar of Christ, and successor of Peter, MarginaliaEx Boni. 8. Extr. de Maiorit. & obed. and that all men must confesse the same of necessitie, or else they are none of Christes sheepe, &c 

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Foxe is quoting the passage from Boniface VIII's 1248 collection of canon laws accurately, but he is implying that the pope was claiming secular, as well as spiritual, dominion and this is untrue.

. wherein it is easy to see where the pretensed hornes of the lambe do growe.

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Marginalia

The seconde reason.

Anno. 1553.

The second argument, And he spake like the Dragon, &c. 
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Rev. 13:11.

A Lambes hornes and the mouth of a Dragon, do not agree together. And as they do not agree together in nature, so neither can they be found in any one person, either Turke, or other (if we will iudge truely) so liuely, as in the Bishop of Rome. When thou hearest him call himselfe the Apostolicall Bishop, the Vicar of Christ, the successor of Peter, the seruant of Gods seruants, &c. thou seest in him the two hornes of a lambe, and would thinke him to be a lambe in deede, and such a one as would wash your feete for humilitie: but heare him speake, and you shall find him a dragon. See and reade the Epistle of Pope Martine the fift aboue mentioned, pag. 649. MarginaliaVid. supra. pag. 649. charging, commaunding, and threatning Emperoures, Kinges, Dukes, Princes, Marquesses, Earles, Barons, Knightes, Rectors, Consuls, Proconsuls, with their Shires, Counties, and Vniuersities of their kingdoms, Prouinces, Cities, Townes, Castles, Villages, and other places. See the answere of Pope Vrban. 2. and his message to King William Rufus, pag. 192. Behold the workes and doings of Pope Innocent against King Iohn.

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Note also the answere of another Pope to the King of England, which for the price of the kings head, would not graunt vnto him þe inuesting of his Bishops. Marke well the wordes and doings of Pope Hildebrande against the Emperor Henry the fourth, pag. 175. Also of Pope Alexāder the 2. treading vpon þe neck of Fredericus Barbarossa, not like a lambe treading vpō a dragon, but like a dragon treading vpon a lambe: so that his owne verse might be turned vpon himselfe: MarginaliaThe Pope hath the hornes of a Lambe, but the mouth of a Dragon.tanquam aspis & basiliscus super ouiculam ambulans, & tanquam Leo & draco conculcans agnum. Cōsider moreouer the behauior, maner, cōdition, and property, almost, of all the Popes which haue bene these 600. yeares, and what Dragon or Serpent could be more viperous then their owne doings and words can speake, and giue testimony against themselues.

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MarginaliaThe third reason.It followeth moreouer in the same prophecy of the Apocalipse for the third argument, And he doth all the power of the first beast, presently before his face, and causeth the earth, and all the inhabitants therein to honour the first beast, the stripe of whose deadly wound was cured, &c. 

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Rev. 13:12.

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MarginaliaThe two beastes in the 13. cap. of the Apoc. expounded.In this prophesy ij. things are to be noted: first, what the first beast is, whose power þe second beast doth execute. Secondly, what this second beast is, which so doth exercise his power in his sight. The first of these beastes here in the Apoc. described, hauing 7. heads & 10.hornes, must needes signifie the city of Rome, which may easely be proued by two demonstrations. First by the exposition of þe 17. chap. of the same Apocalips, where is declared and described the sayd beast to stād of 7. hils, & to containe 10. kings, hauing the whole power of the dragon geuen: and also the same citie to be named the whore of Babylon, drunkē wyth the bloud of saints. MarginaliaA description of the Citie and Monarchy of Rome.All whicn properties ioined together, can agree in no wise but only to the heathē Empire of Rome, which Citie at the time of writing these prophesies, had the gouernment of the whole world. The second demonstration or euidence, may be deduced out of the number of the monethes assigned to this beast, Apoc. 13. For so it is written, that this beast had power to make, that is, to worke his malice against Christes people 42. monethes, which monethes counted by sabbates of yeares (that is, euery moneth for seuen yeares) maketh vp the iust number of those yeares, in which the primitiue Church was vnder the terrible persecutions of the heathen Emperors of Rome, as is afore specified, pag. 397.

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Which thing thus standing, proued and confessed, that the first beast must needes signifie the Empire and City of Rome, then must it ncessarely follow that the second beast

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