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K.Hen. 7. Prophesies concerning the Turks and Antichrist. The binding and losing of Sathan.

with the lambs hornes, must signifie the Bishop & Pope of the same City of Rome. The reason whereof is euident, and apparant by that which followeth in the prophecye, 

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Rev. 13:11-12.

where it is declared, MarginaliaThe description of the beast with the two hornes of the Lambe. Apoc. 13.that the seconde beast hauing two hornes of a lambe, receaued and exercised all the power of the first beast, before or in the sight of the said beast, which can not be verefied neither in the Turke nor in any other, Marginalia

The Pope hauing all the rule and power of Rome.


Apoc. 13.

but only in the Pope of Rome, who (as you see) receiueth, vsurpeth, and deriueth to himselfe all the power of that Citie and Monarchy of Rome: In so much that he saith, that when Constantine or Ludouicus yeelded vnto him the rule & kingdome of that Citie, he gaue him but his owne, and that which of right and duty belonged to him before.

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And this authority or power ouer all the Empire of Rome, he worketh not in Asia, or in Constantinople as the Turke doth, but in the sight of the beast which gaue him the power, that is, in the City of Rome it selfe, which is the first beast heere in this prophesy of the Apocalypse described.

MarginaliaThe fourth reason.Fourthly, it foloweth more, And he causeth the earth, and all the inhabitants therein, to worship and honour the first beast, which had a deadly wound, and was cured, &c. 

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Rev. 13:14.

The interpretation of this part, as also of all the other parts of the same chapter, standeth vpon the definition of the first beast, for being graunted, as it can not be denied, that the first beast signifieth the Citie and Empire of Rome, it must consequently follow, that the Bishop (whome we call the Pope) of the same Citie of Rome, must be vnderstoode by the second beast, forsomuch as neither Turke nor any other, but only the Bishop of Rome, hath holden vp the estimation and dignity of that Citie, which began to be in ruine and decay by the Vandalians, Gothes, Herulians, and Lombards, about the yeare of our Lord 456. 
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AD 456 - when Odoacer deposed Romulus Augustulus, the last Roman emperor in the West - is traditionally given as the date for the fall of the Roman empire. But Rome had already been sacked by the Visigoths in 410 and again in 455. The Lombards ruled Rome in the sixth century but, in contrast to the other tribes mentioned, never captured nor occupied the city.

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but afterward by the Bishop of Rome, the pristine state and honor of that Citie reuiued againe, and flourished in as great veneration, as euer it did before. And that is it which þe holy Ghost seemeth heere to meane of the first beast, saieng: That he had a wound of the sword, and was cured. For so it followeth.

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MarginaliaThe fift reason.Fiftly, And he caused all the inhabitants of the earth to make the image of the beast, which had the stripe of the sword and liued. And it was geuen to him to giue life to the image of the beast, and to make the image thereof to speake, and to cause all them that worshipped not the image of the beast, to be killed: forcing all persons both little and great, rich and poore, bond and free, to take the marke of the beast in their right hand, or in their forheads, and that none might buy or sell but they which had the marke, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name, &c. 

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Rev. 13: 15-17.

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MarginaliaRome almost dead.By geuing life to the image of the beast, and making it to speake, is to be presupposed, that þe beast was at a neare point of death, and lay speachles before, insomuch that the Citie of Rome began to lose and change his name, & was called a while Odacria, MarginaliaRoma called Odacria of Odacer King of the Herulians: which by dent of sword surprised the Romans: 

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AD 456 - when Odoacer deposed Romulus Augustulus, the last Roman emperor in the West - is traditionally given as the date for the fall of the Roman empire. But Rome had already been sacked by the Visigoths in 410 and again in 455. The Lombards ruled Rome in the sixth century but, in contrast to the other tribes mentioned, never captured nor occupied the city. Odoacer was not the king of Heruli.

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and yet notwithstanding, by the meanes of this Romane Prelate, the said Citie of Rome, which was then ready to geue the Ghost, so recouered his maiestie and strength againe, that it is hard to say, whether Rome did euer ruffle and rage in his tirannie before, in the time of Nero, Domitian, Diocletian and other Emperors, more tragically then it hath done vnder þe Pope: or whether that Rome had al Kings, Queenes, Princes, Dukes, Lords, and all subiects more vnder obedience and subiection, whē the Emperors raigned, or now in the raigne of the Pope. And therefore it is said not without cause of the holy Ghost: MarginaliaTo geue life to the image of the beast.That is is geuen to him, to geue life and speach to the image of the beast, causing all them to be slaine which will not worship the image of the beast, &c. 
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Rev. 13:15.

MarginaliaThe Image of Rome speaketh again as cruelly as euer it did.As for example heereof, who seeth not what numbers and multitudes of Christian men, women, and children, in all Countreys, haue bene put to the fire and sword? Stories of all times will declare, what hauocke hath bene made of Christen bloud, about the preheminence and maioritie of the Sea of Rome: what Churches and Countreys both Greekes and Latin, haue bene excommunicated: what Kings haue bene deposed, and Emperors stripped from their Imperiall seate, and all because they would not stoupe and bend to the Image of the beast, Marginalia

Et faciet eos occidi, qui non adorauerint imaginem bestiæ.

Apoc. 13.

that is, to the maiesty and title of Rome, aduanced vp so highly now by the Bishop thereof, as it was neuer higher before in the raigne of Nero or Dyoclesian. Wherefore taking the first beast to signifie the Empyre of Rome, which can not be denyed, it is playne, that the second beast must necessarily be applied to the Pope, and not to the Turke, for as much as the Turke seeketh nothing lesse then the aduancement of that Empire, but rather striueth against it, to plucke it downe. 
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Now Foxe is denying that the second beast in Revelation could be identified as the Turk.

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MarginaliaThe sixt reason.The sixt and last argument is grounded vpon the number of the name of the beast, expressed by the holy Ghost inthe same Prophecie, by the letters xxx. In which letters although there lyeth great darcknesse and difficultie to be vnderstoode, yet certaine auncient Fathers whiche were Disciples and hearers of them which heard S. Iohn him selfe, as Irenæus and other do expound the sayd letters coniecturally to containe the name of the beast, and to be the name of a man, vnder this word xxx: Where as els no other name lightly of any person either in Greeke or Latine, will agree to the same, saue onely the foresayd name xxx. Although some latter writers geuing their coniectures vpon the same, doe finde the name of Lateranus in Hebrew Letters, to aunswere to the same number. Some fayne other names, as xxx, or xxx, made wordes, which signifie nothyng, as Diclux, or Luduuic, by Romane letters &c. But of all names properly signifying any mā, none commeth so neare to the number of this mistery (if it go by order of letters) as doth the word xxx, Marginalia

The number of the name of the beast discussed. 666.

xxx. The num-
xxx. ber of
xxx. these let-
xxx. ters in
xxx. greeke, ma-
xxx. keth the
xxx. full number
xxx. of 666.

aforesayd. And this much by the way, MarginaliaNicol. de Lyra and other popish writers deceaued in the 13. chap. of the Apoc.and occasion of Nicolaus de Lyra, Paulus Burgen, Matthias Dorinkus, the author of Fortalilium fidei, and other Cōmentaries moe of the same faction: 
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The marginal motes made by Paul de Santa Maria, archbishop of Burgos, in a copy of the celebrated 'Postilla' of Nicholas of Lyra, which the archbishop sent to his son, were posthumously published. These amplifications of Nicholas's work were criticized and largely rejected by Matthias Döring, the provincial of the Franciscans in Saxony. Foxe is drawing this summary of the comments of the three on the identification from Matthias Flacius, Catalogus testium veritatis (Basel, 1562), p. 553.

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who writyng vpon this xiij. Chapter of the Apocalipse, and not considering the circumstaunces thereof, both are deceaued themselues, and deceaue many other, applying that to the Turke, which can not otherwise be verified but onely vpon the Pope, as may appeare sufficiently by the premisses: Not that I write this of any moode or malice either to the Citie of Rome, or to the person of the Byshop, as beyng Gods creature: but beyng occasioned here to entreate of the Prophecies agaynst the Turkes, would wishe the Readers not to be deceaued, but rightly to vnderstand the simple Scriptures according as they lye, to the entent that the true meanyng therof beyng boolted out, it may be the better knowen what Prophecies directly make agaynst these Turkes, what otherwise.

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In the which Prophecies agaynst the Turkes, now to proceede, let vs come to the 20. Chapter of the Apocalipse, wherein the holy Scripture seemeth playnly and directly to notifie the said Turkes. The wordes of the Prophecie be these. 

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Rev. 20:1-3.

MarginaliaApoc. cap. 20.And I saw an Angell descendyng from heauen, hauyng the key of the bottomlesse pit, and a great chayne in his hand: and he tooke the Dragon, the old Serpent, which is the deuill and Satanas, and bound him vp for a thousand yeares, and cast him in the pit, and sealed him vp, that he should not seduce the people any more, til the thousand yeares were expired: and after that he must be let loose for a litle while. &c.

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And it followeth after:  

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Rev. 20:7-9.

And when the thousand yeares shalbe complete, Satanas shalbe let out of his doungeon, and shall go abroad to seduce the people, which are on the foure corners of the lād of Gog and Magog, to assemble them to battaile: whose number is like to the sandes of the Sea. And they went vp vpon the latitude or breadth of the earth, and compassed about the tentes of the Saintes, and the welbeloued Cities. &c.

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The bynding and loosing out of Sathan examined.

Three things to be noted in thys prophesie.

To the perfect vnderstandyng of this Prophecie, three thynges are necessary to be knowen. First what is ment by byndyng vp, and loosing out of Satanas the old Dragon. Secondly, at what tyme and yeare first he was chayned vp ande sealed for a thousand yeares. Thirdly, at what yeare and tyme these thousand yeares did end, when as he should be loosed out agayne for a litle season. Which three poyntes beyng well examined and marked, the prophecie may easely bee vnderstand directly to be ment of the Turke. Albeit Anagogically some part thereof may also be referred not vnproperly vnto the Pope, as is aboue notified. 
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This is an excellent example of how Foxe could interpret a prophetic image in Revelation as pertaining to two separate historical entities.

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MarginaliaWhat is meant by bynding vp of Sathan.First, by byndyng and loosing of Satanas, seemeth to be ment the ceasing and staying of the cruell and horrible persecution of the Heathen Emperours of Rome, against the true Christians, as is to be sene in the x. first persecutions in the primitiue Church aboue described in the former part of these Actes and Monumentes: in the whiche most bloudy persecutions, Satanas the deuill then raged without all measure, till tyme it pleased almightie God to stoppe this old Serpent, and to tye him shorter. And thus haue you to vnderstād what is ment by the bindyng vp of Sathan for a thousand yeares: whereby is signified that the persecution agaynst the Christians styrred vp by þe beast (that is, in the Empire of Rome, through the instigation of Sathan) shall not alwayes continue, but shall breake vp, after certaine tyme, and shall cease for a thousand yeares. &c.

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MarginaliaThe tyme of bynding vp of Sathan.Now, at what tyme and yeare this persecution, that is, the fury and rage of Sathan should cease, is also declared in the Apocalipse before: where in the chapter. 11. & 13. 

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Rev. 11:2 and Rev. 13:5.

wee reade that the beast afore mētioned, shall haue power

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