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K. Henry. 7. Phrophesics of the Turke and Pope expounded. Phrophesies of Methodius.

to worke his malice and mischiefe, the space of 42. moneths and no more, and then that Sathan should be locked vp for a thousand yeares. MarginaliaApoc. 11. 13. 42. monethes in the Apoc. declared. The computation of which moneths being counted by Sabbates of yeares (after the example of the 69. weekes of Daniel. cap. 11,) 

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Actually Daniel 9:25-6, which 'prophisied' that there would be sixty-nine months between the rebuilding of the Temple at Jerusalem and the destruction of Jerusalem. To make this timeframe accord somewhat with the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in AD 64, many Christian exegetes interpreted a 'month' in Daniel as actually representing seven months. To support his interpretation of Revelation, Foxe is calculating that each month in Revelation actually equals seven months.

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it doth bring vs to the iust yeare and time, when that terrible persecution in the primitiue Church should end, and so it did. MarginaliaSupputation of yeares betwene the beginning & ceasing the persecutions in the primitiue Church.For giue to euery moneth a Sabbat of yeares, that is, recken euery moneth for seauen yeares, and that maketh 294. yeares, which was the full time betweene the 18. yeare of Tiberius, (vnder whome Christ suffered) and the death of Maxentius the last persecutour of the primitiue Church in Europe, subdued by Constantinus, as may appeare by calculating the yeares, moneths and dayes, betweene the said yeare of the reigne of Tiberius, and the latter end of Maxentius: and so haue ye the supputation of the yeare and time, when Satan was first bound vp, after he had raged in the primitiue Church 42. monethes. Which moneths, as is said, being counted by Sabbates of yeares, after the vsuall manner of the Scripture, mounteth to 294. yeares: 
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The numbers do not add up. The fourteenth year of the reign ofTiberius was AD 32-33. Maxentius was slain in AD 312.

and so much was the full time betweene the passion of our Lorde, which was in the 18. yeare of Tiberius, vnto the last yeare of Maxentius. MarginaliaVide supra pag. 385.

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And heere by the way commeth a note to be obserued, that forasmuch as by the number of these 42. monethes, specified in the Apocalips, the Empire of Ropme must necessarily be confessed to be the first beast: MarginaliaThe pope proued to be the seconde beast mentioned in the Apoc. ca. 13.therefore it must by like necessitie follow, the Bishop of Rome to be the second beast, with the two hornes of the Lambe, for that he only hath and doth cause the sayd Empyre of Rome to reuiue and to be magnified, and so doth not the Turke, but rather laboureth to the contrary. Wherfore let euery Christian man be wise and beware betime, how he taketh the marke of the beast, least peraduenture it follow vpon him, MarginaliaEt hic bibet de vino iræ dei Apoc. 14.that he drinke of that terrible cup of wrath mentioned Apocal. chap. 14. 

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Rev. 14:10.

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MarginaliaThe 3. part of the prophesie for the loosing out of Satan.Thirdly, it remayneth to be discussed touching the third point in this foresaid prophesie, that as we haue found out (through the helpe of Christ) the yeare and time of Satās binding, so we search out likewise the time and season of his loosing out, which by the testimonie of Scripture, was appointed to be a thousand yeares after his binding vp, and so rightly according to the time appointed it came to passe. For if we number well by the Scripture the yeare of his binding vp, which was from the passion of our Lorde 294. yeares, and adde thereto a thousand yeares, it mounteth to 1294. which was the very yeare when Ottomannus the first Turke began his reigne: MarginaliaThe beginning of the Turkes progenie.which was the first spring and welhead of all these wofull calamities that the Church of Christ hath felt both in Asia, Affrica, and Europe, almost these three hundreth yeares past. For so wee finde in Chronicles, that the kingdome of the Turkes being first deuided into four families, an. 1280. at length the familie of Ottomanus preuailed, and thereupon came these, whome now we call Turkes: which was about the same time, when Pope Boniface the eight was Byshop of Rome. 

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'About' being the operative word; Boniface VIII - an extreme proponent of papal authority - was pope from 1294-1303.

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Where by the way this is againe to be noted, that after the decree of Transubstantiation was enacted in þe Councell of Laterane by Pope Innocent the iij. the yeare of our Lord 1215. MarginaliaThe tyme of Transubstantiation. not long after, about the yeare of our Lord 1260. MarginaliaThe tyme of the Turkes.was stirred vp the power and armes of the Oguzians, and of the Orthogules father of Ottomannus: who about the yeare of our Lord 1294. began first to vexe the Christians about Pontus & Bithinia, & so beginning his kingdome anno. 1300. reigned 28. yeares, MarginaliaEx Laonico Chalcondyla. ib. 1.as is afore mētioned. 

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These passages are from Laonicus Chalkokondylas, De origine et rebus gestis Turcorum (Basel, 1556), pp. 3 and 6. But Chalkokondylas does not mention Innocent III; that is Foxe's insertion.

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Mention was made before of Ezechiell prophesieng against Gog, whose words diuers expositours do apply against the Turke, and are these: 

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Ezekiel 38:15-19.

MarginaliaThe prophesie of Ezech. ca. 38.Thou shalt come from thy place, out of the North partes, thou and much people with thee, all riding vpon horses, a great and a mighty army, and thou shalt come vp against my people of Israell as a cloude, to couer the land: Thou shalt be in the latter dayes, and I will bring thee vpon my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes. Thus sayth the Lord God: Art not thou he, of whome I haue spoken in the old time, by the hand of my seruants, the Prophets of Israell, that prophesied in those dayes and yeares, that I woulde bring thee vpon them? At the same time also, when Gog shall come against the lande of Israell, sayth the Lord God, my wrath shall arise in mine anger. For in my indignation, and in the fire of my wrath haue I spoken it: Surely at that time there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israell, so that the fishes of the Sea, the foules of the heauen, the beastes of the field, and all that mooue and creepe vpon the earth, and all the men that are vpon the earth, shall tremble at my presence: the mountaines shall be ouerthrowne: the starres shall fall, and euery wall shall fall to the ground, &c.

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¶ The prophesies of Methodius, Hildegardis and other, concerning the reygne and ruyne of the Turkes.

VNto these testimonies aboue excerped out of the holy Scriptures, let vs adde also the propheticall reuelations of Methodius, Hildegardis, Sybilla, and others. 

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Hildegard is Hildegard of Bingen, a twelfth-century Benedictine visionary, whose writings on the apocalypse were highly regarded in the later Middle Ages. By 'Sibylla' Foxe is referring to the Sibyls, pagan prophetesses who putatively foretold the birth of Christ and were supposed to have predicted events in world history. Texts attributed to the Sibylls were written from the second century BC and throughout the first millennium of the Christian era. Foxe's sources for these oracular writings will be discussed in future commentaries. The Revelations falsely attributed to Methodius, bishop of Patara (d. circa 311), is a collection of apocalyptic materials largely composed in the late seventh century as Islam was on the rise. The Revelations seek to explain the sudden success of the 'false' religion as the fulfillment of Biblical prophecy. The application of Biblical references and figures such as Gog and Magog to Islamic history made this work particularly useful to Foxe.

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MarginaliaMethodius prophesies.This Methodius is thought of some to be the same Methodius, of whome Hierome, and Suidas make mention: which was Bishop first of Olympus in Lycia, then of Tyrus, and suffred martyrdome in the last persecution of the primitiue Church, vnder Diocletian. Vnto whome also Trithemius attributeth the booke intituled: De Quatuor nouissimis temporibus. MarginaliaThe booke of Methodius mistaken.But that can not be, forasmuch as the said Methodius doth cite and alleadge the Maister of Sentence, namely, in his second booke, and sixe distinc. which maister of Sentence, followed more then a thousand yeare after Christ: besides certaine other fabulous matter conteined in the same booke. 
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The 'Master of the Sentences' is the famous theologian Peter Lombard (c. 1100-1160). Foxe is saying that, since Methodius's Revelations contain a reference to Lombard's writings, the Revelations could not have been written by a third century bishop.

Albeit, because he speaketh there of many things cōcerning the state of þe Church vnder Antichrist, and the reformation of Religion, as seemeth rightly to come to passe, and more is like to follow, I thought not to defraude the Reader thereof, leauing the credite of the Authour to his arbitrement, to esteeme and iudge of him as he seeth cause. 
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Note Foxe's refusal to endorse the prophecies in pseudo-Methodius.

Among diuers other places of Methodius, prophesieng of the latter time, these words do follow: 
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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sigs. a8v-b1r.

MarginaliaThe prophesies of Methodius, concerning the turkes.After that the children of Ismaell haue had multiplied in their generations to an infinite and innumerable multitude, in the desert aforesayd, they came out of the wildernesse of Arabie, and entred into the habitable land, and fought with the Kings of the Gentiles, which were in the land of promise, and the land was filled with them. And after 70. weekes, and halfe of their power, wherewith they haue subdued all the kingdome of the Gentiles, their hart was exalted, seeing themselues so to haue preuailed, and to haue conquered all things, &c. And afterward it followeth of the same matter in this sort. 
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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sig. b2r.

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It shall come to passe that the sayde seede of Ismaell, shall issue out and obteine the whole world, with the regions thereof, in the entring of peace, from the land of Ægypt, vnto Ethiopia: & from the floud Euphrates, vnto India: and from the riuer Tigris, to the entring of Nabaot, the kingdome of Ionithus, the sonne of Noe: and from the North, vnto Rome and Illyricum, Ægypt, and Thessalonica, and Albania, and so foorth to the sea Ponticum, whych deuideth the sayd kingdomes from Germanie and Fraunce: and their yoke shall be double vpon the neckes of all nations, and Gentiles: neither shall there be nation or kingdome vnder heauen, which shall be able to stand against them in battaile, vntill the number of eyght weekes of yeares, MarginaliaViij. weekes of yeares, counting euery weeke for a Sabbate of yeres, that is, euery day for a yeare, commeth to 56. yeares.&c.

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Briefly, as in a grosse somme, this shall suffice, to admonish the reader, touching þe meaning and methode of Methodius Prophesies, MarginaliaThe first state or alteration of tymes concerning the comming of the Saracenswhich Methodius first describing the long and tedious afflictions of Christes Church, maketh mention of the seede of Ismaell, 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sigs. c2r-c4v. The Arabs were considered to be descendants of Abraham's son Ishmael, as the Jews were said to be considered to be descendants of his son Isaac.

which comming out of the partes and deserts of Arabie, shall destroy (saith he) and vanquish the whole earth, So that the Christians shall be giuē of God, to the hands of the filthy Barbarians, to be slain, polluted, and captiued: Persia, Armenia, Capadocia, Cilicia, Syria, Ægypt, the East partes, Asia, Spaine, all Grecia, Fraunce, Germania, Agathonia, Sicilia, The Romanes also shall be slaine and put to flight: also the Ilands of the Seas shall be brought to desolation, and to captiuitie, and put to the sword. MarginaliaChristians plagued by the Saracēs.The which tribulation of the Christians shall be without mercy or measure: the raunsome of gold and siluer and other exactions, intolerable, but especially the dwellers of Ægypt and Syria shall be most in the affliction of those times: And Hierusalem shall be filled with multitudes of people brought thether in captiuitie, from the foure windes which are vnder heauen. So that beastes also, and foules, and fish in the water, and the waters of the Sea shall be to them obedient. Cities and Townes, which were before full of people, shall be layde waste. Women with child shall be ript: their children sticked: infantes taken from the mothers, and cast in the streates, and none shall burie them. The rules and sage of the people shall be slaine, and throwne out to the beastes. Churches shall be spoiled: the Priests destroyed: virgines defloured, and men cōpelled to sell their children, and the comming of them shall bee chastisement without mercy, and with them shall go these foure plagues: captiuitie, destruction, perdition, and desolation, wyth much more, which for breuitie I ouerpasse. And this affliction, sayeth hee, shall last eight weekes, or Sabbates of yeares, which I take to signifie eight hundreth yeares, &c. 
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Foxe does not say how he arrived at this figure. One would think that eight weeks of years would be fifty-six years.

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MarginaliaThe seconde state or alteration of the Christians relieued of theyr plagues and tribulationsSecondly, after these terrible plagues thus described by Methodius vpon the Christians, which he sayth shall fall vpon them for their wicked abhominations recited in the first and second chapter of S. Paule to the Romaines: the saide Methodius afterwarde, 

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Pseudo-Methodius, Revelationes (Basel, 1515), sigs. c7v-c8v. Foxe, however, omits the passages from these prophecies in which the King of the Romans would conquer the Turks and slaughter apostate Christians.

in this great distresse of the Christians, being out of all hope and comfort of reliefe, declareth and speaketh of a certaine King of the Greekes or

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Romaines,
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