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Accaron (Ekron)

Tel Mikne, Israel

Coordinates: 31° 46' 39" N, 34° 51' 7" E

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Antioch (Antioch on the Orontes, Great Antioch, Syrian Antioch) (Antakya)

[Antiochia apud Orontem]


Coordinates: 36° 12' 0" N, 36° 9' 0" E

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Cairo [Kayra; Cairus]


Coordinates: 30° 3' 0" N, 31° 22' 0" E

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(Byzantium, Istanbul) [Bizance]


Coordinates: 41° 0' 44" N, 28° 58' 34" E

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Nicea (Iznik)



Coordinates: 40° 25' 44" N, 29° 43' 10" E

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Lower Galilee, Israel

Coordinates: 32° 47' 23" N, 35° 31' 29" E

795 [771]

K. Hen. 7. Phrophesies of the great Antichriste the Turke. A table of the Turkes.

Philip Melancthon in his preface vpon Bartholomæus Georgienitz Peregrinus, 

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See Bartolomeo Georgevits, De origine imperii Turcorum (Wittenberg,1560), sig. A2v.

wryting of the Origene and manners of the Turks, alledgeth a certaine prophesy of Hiltenus, mentioned hereafter, which foresaid that the Turkes should beare rule in Italy and in Germany. An. 1600.

Now it remaineth in conclusion of these prophesies of the Turks, some thing to say of the Turks owne prophesies, concerning the enduring & ending of their own kingdom, whose propheticall prognostication, being taken out of their owne language, and their own bookes, I thought here to insert, as I finde it alleaged in the booke of the forsayd Bartholomæus Georgienitz, as followeth. 

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This prophecy in its 'Persian' and Latin versions is from Bartolomeo Georgevits, De origine imperii Turcorum as excerpted in Theodore Bibliander, Machumetis Saracenorum principis…Alcoran (Basel, 1550), III, p. 166.

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A Turkish prophecie in the Persian toung of the raigne and ruine of the Turkes.

PAtissahomoz ghelur, Ciaferum memleketi alur, keuzul almai alur, Kapzeiler, iedi y ladegh Gyaur keleci csikmasse, on ikiyladegh onlaron beghlig eder: eufi iapar, baghi diker bahesai baghlar, oglikezi olur, onichi yldensora Hristianon Keleci csichar, ol Turchi gerestine tus chure.

The Latine of the same.

IMperator noster veniet, ethnici Principis regnum capiet, rubrū quoque pomum capiet, in suam potestatem rediget: quod si septimum vsque annum Christianorum gladius non insurrexit, vsque ad duodecimum annum eis dominabitur Domos ædificabit, vineas plantabit, hortos sepibus muniet, liberos procreabit, & post duodecimum annum, apparebit Christianorum gladius, qui Turcam quaqua versum in fugam aget.

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The same in English.

OVr Emperour shal come: he shal get the kingdome of the Gentiles prince: MarginaliaBy the prince of the Gentiles the turkes do here meane the kingdomes and dominions of the Christians, whom they call Gentiles, because they are not circumcised after their maner. also he shal take the red apple andshall bring it vnder his subiection: and if the sworde of the Christians shall not rise vnto the vij. yeare, hee shall haue dominion ouer them vnto the xij. yere. He shal build houses, plant vineyardes, shal hedge about his orchards, shall procreate children: and after the xij. yeare shal appeare the sworde of the Christians, whych shall putte the Turke to flight euery where.

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MarginaliaThe exposition of the turkes prophesie.They whych 

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Bartolomeo Georgevits, De origine imperii Turcorum as excerpted in Theodore Bibliander, Machumetis saracenorum prinpipis…Alcoran (Basel, 1550), III, pp. 166-71.

make declaration of thys Turkishe prophesie do expound this xij. yeare to signify the xij. yeare after the winning of Constantinople: which Constantinople, they say, is ment by the redde apple: And after that xij. yeare, say they, shall rise the sworde of the Christians. &c. and this prophesie being wrytten and translated out of the Persian tounge, with this exposition vpon the same, is to be found in the boke of Bartholomeus Georgienitz. MarginaliaEx Barthol. Georgienitz. Albeit, concerning the exposition therof, it semeth not to be true which is there spoken of the xij. yeare, after the wynning of Constantinople, being nowe 100. yeares since the wynning thereof.

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MarginaliaAn other exposition.Wherefore it may rather seme probable that by the vij. yeare and xii. yeare of the Turkes, this to be the meaning, that if the vij. of the Ottaman Turks do scape the sworde of the Christians, they shall continue, builde and plant. &c. vntill the xij. Turke, which is thys Solymannus, & then after that shall rise the Christians sworde, whych shall put them to flight, and vanquish them in al quarters. And this exposition may seeme to accord with the place of Genesis, MarginaliaGen. 25. Wherin is wrytten of Ismael, that he had xij. sonnes, & no mo: So that this Solymannus being the xij. Turke after Ottomannus, may (by the grace of Christ) be the last, whō we heard credibly to be reported at the printing heereof, to be dead. But howsoeuer this prophecy is to be takē, it appeareth by their owne Oracles, that at length they shalbe ouercome by the Christians.

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A Table describing the times and yeares of the Saracens, Turkes, and Tartarians, for the better explaning of the storie aboue prefixed. 
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The following table, which lists events in Near Eastern history from the death of Muhammed in AD 632 until the fall of Acre, the last Crusader stronghold in the Holy Land, in 1291. This table is Foxe's own composition. When it is dealing with history of the Crusades and the Crusader kingdoms it is fairly reliable, but otherwise it can be very inaccurate; in fact, some of the events and people it describes are fictitious.

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AN. 632. MarginaliaThe Saracēs beginne their reigne.Began the kingdome of the Sa-
racens or Arabians, after the death of198.
mahumet the first ringleader of þe mischief
which Saracens reigning in Babylon o-yeres
uer Persia and Asia, continued about
An. 667 
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Jerusalem actually fell to the Moslems in AD 638; the conquest of Persia was complete in 636.

. Ierusalē was taken of the Sa-
racens. These Saracēs after they had sub-
dued Ormisda K. of Persia, set vp to them
selues a new kingdom, calling their chiefe
prince Calipha, which signifieth a general
Lord: and vnder him Seriphes, that is, an198.
vnder prince: And againe vnder him their
Soldan: whych is a ruler or captaine: vn-yeres
der the which Soldanes, all the prouinces
were deuided. And thus ruled they þe space
abouesayd of
An. 703. 
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The conquest of Egypt occurred in AD 641. Cairo did not become the capital until AD 972.

MarginaliaThe Egiptian Saracens or Sultans.The Egyptians being weary
of their subiection vnder the Romaines,
called for helpe of the Saracene Calipha:
and so casting of the Romains, submitted 447.
themselues to the law of the Saracēs, and
had also their Calipha and theyr Babylonyeres 
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If one includes the Fatimid caliphs, than these caliphs ruled Egypt for 530 years from AD 641 until AD 1171..

called Cairus, where their Calipha conti-
nued vnto Saraco or Syracinus.
An. 810. 
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The following sequence of events is fictitious.

Mauginetus or Muchumetus þe
chiefe Sultan of Persia, being at variance
with Imbrael þe Sultane of Babilon, sent
for the aid of the turkes, out of Scythia: by20.
whō, when he had got the victorye against
the Babilonians, the sayd Turkes shortlyyeres
after, conquered the Persians and subdued
their countrey within the space of
An. 830. 
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The following sequence of events is fictitious.

MarginaliaThe Saracēs kingdome ceaseth.The Saracēs being expulsed out
of Asia by the turkes, wandered about A-
frike, Spayne, and Italy, and were in di-
uers places dispersed, and so remaine.
An. 830. 
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Various Turkish kingdoms (notably the Uighars and the Ghazanavids) were established in the seventh to the tenth centuries, but this is probably a reference to the domination of the Seljuk Turks which began in the late tenth century.

MarginaliaThe turkes kingdome beginneth.The Turkes after they had ex-
pulsed the Saracens out of Asia, began to
reigne in Asia, in Persia, & in Arabia, and192.
there reigned without interruption, til the
comming of the Tartarians, the space ofyeres
An. 1009. 
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The Seljuk Turks conquered Jerusalem in 1075.

The Turkes wanne the city
of Hierusalem frō the Saracens: which citie
the Sultan of Egipt wan againe from the
Turkes shortly after, & possessed the same
till the comming of Gotfridus.
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This entry is fictitious. In fact, the Seljuk Turks and the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt were bitter rivals.

Began the first king of þe turkes
called Zaduke, to raign in Asia, and ioyned
league with Calipha of Egypt, and thereyeres
raigned till the conquest of Gotfridus and
the Christians, the space of
An. 1078. 
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Süleyman ibn Kutalmish was the Seljuk ruler of the sultanate of Rûm in Anatolia from 1077-1086. He was a kinsman (but not the nephew) of Alp Arslan, the second Seljuk sultan.

Solymānus nephue to Aspasa-
lem þe turkish king in Asia, otherwise cal-
led Turquinia, subdued Capadocia, which500.
hath continued now since, the space ofyeres
An. 1099. Gotfridus Bulion duke of Lo-
tharing, a christē prince, taking his voiage
into Asia, with 700000. Christen soldiours
first got the city of Nicea against the Sul-
tane of the Turkes: then Lycaonia, Cili-
cia, Syria, afterwarde Mesopotamia, and
Comagena, then Antiochia. An. 1098.
and the next yere recouered Hierusalem, being88.
then in the hands of the Saracens, whych
they a little before had wonne from theyeres
Turkes, as is aforesayde. After this Got-
fridus succeded viij. christian kings, which
kept the kingdome of Hierusalem and A-
sia, both from the Turkes and Saracens,
the space of
An. 1100. 
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After the death of Süleyman ibn Kutalmish in 1086, the Armenians overran the sultanate of Rûm.

The Georgians, which be a peo-
ple of Armenia the greater, vāquished the
Turks out of the kingdom of Persia, after
they had cutte their king in pieces. Wher-
by the Turks flying to Cappadocia, there
remained vnder Solyman, & ioyned them
selues to the Soldan of Egypt, and waxed
thē strong in Asia minor, called now Tur-
An. 1170. When Almericus the vij. king
of Hierusalem after Gotfridus, had ouer-
come the Calipha or Sultan of Egypt, the
Sultan being ouercome, called for the help
of Saracon the Sultane of Syria. Thys
Saracon after 
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Salah al-Din (or Saladin) was the nephew of Shirkuh, a commander of Nur ad-Din, the ruler of Syria. In 1171, Shirkuh and Salah al-Din overthrew the last Fatimid caliph of Egypt.

he had expulsed þe christians
out of Egypt, turned his power against þe
Sultane of Egypt, and vanquishing him,yeres
tooke to him selfe the kingdome of Egypt:
Which kingdom he with his posteritie did
holde till the comming of the Tartarians
and the Mamaluches about the space of
An. 1187. Saladinus the newphew of Sa-
racon the Sultane of Egypt, perceauing
the dissention among the Christian states
of Palestina, got Antioche, where he slewe
Raymundus the Prince with hys owne
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Shirkuh had slain Raymond of Poiters, prince of Antioch, in 1149.

: Then got Tiberias: From thence
went to Accō, where he tooke Guido king
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