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MarginaliaIreland first subdued to England.

This order beyng set and ordained, the king wt CCCC. great shippes taketh his iorney to Ireland: where he subdued in shorte time þe whole land vnto him, which at that time was gouerned vnder diuers kynges, to the number of. 5. Of whome foure submitted thēselues vnto the sayd king Henry: onely the fifth, who was the king of Tonacta, denied to be subdued, keping hym in woodes and Marishes.

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In the meane seasō while the king was thus occupied in Ireland, the. 2. Cardinals sēt from the Pope, Theodinus & Albertus wer come to Normādy. Marginalia1172Vnto whō the king the next yere folowing resorted about the moneth of October an. 1172. But before, during the time of the kinges being in Ireland, the B. of Londō, & Ioceline B. of Salisbury had sent to Rome, & procured their absolution frō the Pope. The king returnyng out of Irelande by Wales into Engalnd, and thence to Normandy, there made his purgation before the Popes Legates, as touching the death of the foresayde Becket, to the which he sware he was neither aydyng nor cōsentyng, but onely spake rigorous wordes against him, for that his knightes would not auenge him against the said Thomas. MarginaliaThe kings penance for the death of Becket. For the which cause this penaunce was inioyned hym vnder his othe. First þt he should send so muche money to the holy land, as would find two. C. knights or souldiors for the defense of þe lande.

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Also, that from the term of Christenmasday next following, he should set forth his own person to fight for the holye land the space of thre yeares together: vnlesse he should be otherwise dispensed withal by the Pope.

Item, that if he woulde make his iorney into Spayne, (as the present necessity did requyre) there to fight against the Sarracenes, as long tyme as he shoulde there abide, so longe space mighte he take in prolongyng his iourney toward Ierusalem.

Item, that he shoulde not hinder, nor cause to be hindred by him, any appellations made to the Pope of Rome.

Item, that neyther he, nor his sonne, should recede or disceuer from Pope Alexander, or frō hys Catholyque successours, so long as they shold recoūt him or his sōne for kings catholike.

Item, that the goodes and possessions taken from the church of Canterbury should be restored again fully and amplye as they stoode the yeare before Thomas Becket departed the realme, and that free libertie should be graunted to all suche as were outlawed for Beckets cause, to returne agayne.

Item, that foresayd customes and decrees by hym established agaynst the Church, should be extinct and repelled, suche onely except, that concerned his owne person, &c. besydes other secret fastinges and almoise inioyned hym.

All these former conditions the king with hissonne did bothe agree vnto, debasyng hymself in such sort of humilitye and submission before the two Cardinals: by the occasion wherof, the Cardinal toke no litle glory, vsing this verse of the Psalme: MarginaliaEx quadrilogo.Qui respicit terram, & facit eam tremere: qui tangit montes et fumigant. That is, which loketh vpon the earth, and maketh it to tremble, which toucheth the hylles, and they smoke againe &c. Moreouer it is mentioned in historyes of the sayd kyng, that a litle after, at what tyme William kyng of Scots wyth hys armye made a roade into the realme, MarginaliaKing Henry. ii. goeth pilgrimage with bloudy steps to T. Beckethe returnyng out of Normandy into Englande, came fyrst to Canterbury, who by the way, so soone as he came to the syght of Beckets church, lighting of his horse, & putting of his shoes, wente barefote to his tombe, whose steps wer founde bloudy through the roughnes of þe stones. MarginaliaEx Rog. Houedeno & quadrilogo & aliis.And not only þt, but also receiued farther penaunce by euery Monk of þe cloister a certain discipline of a rod. Which so great deiection of the kynge if it was vnfayned, thou mayst se the blind and lamentable superstitiō and ignorance of those dayes. If it was pretensed (as myght so bee, in time of warre, to get the heartes of the people) yet mayst thou, learned reader, see the slauerye þt kinges and Princes wer brought into at that tyme, vnder the Popes Clergy. Marginalia1174 The city of Canter. almost consumed wyth fyre. Ex Houedono parte. i. continuate historiæ.The same yere when this was (as Houeden wryteth) whiche was. 1174. the whole citie of Canterbury was almost all consumed with fire, and the sayde minster church cleane burnt.

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Marginalia1175The next yeare ensuyng, whiche was. 1175. a conuocation of Byshoppes was holden at Westmynster by Rycharde Archebyshoppe of Canterburye. In whiche conuentycle, beyng present all the Byshoppes and Abbottes of the prouince of Canterbury, MarginaliaControuersy betwene the Sea of Cant. and the Sea of yorke.agreat contentiō rose betwene the two Archbishops of Canterburye and of Yorke, as it hadde done a litle before in king Henry. i. dayes, an. 1113. about obedience þt Yorke should do to Canterbury, that is, whether the Archbishop of Yorke myght beare hys crosse in the dioces of Cāterbury, or not, wher of some thyng was touched before in the fyrste section or tome of this history. Also about the bishopricke of Lincolne, of Chichester, of Worcester, of Hereford, whether these churches wer vnder the iurisdiction of the sea of York or not &c. MarginaliaArcheb. of york appealed tharchbishoppe of Cāt. to the bishop of Rome.Vppon these and other like matters, rose suche controuersye betwene these two Seas, that the one appealed the other to the presence of the Bishop of Rome.

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In this and suche cases lyke, howe muche better had it bene, if the supremacy had remayned more nere in the kinges handes at home, wherby not onely muche labour and trauayle had bene saued, but also the great and wastfull expenses bestowed at Rome, myghte wyth much more fruyt & thanke haue ben conuerted to theyr cures and flockes cōmitted vnto them,

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