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103 []

The letter of Alexander, sent to Roger Archebishop of Yorke, and to the Bishop of Duresme.

ALexander seruus seruorum dei venerabilibus fratribus Rogerio Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, & Hugoni, Dunielmensi Episcopo, Salutem & benedictionem Apostolicam. Exigunt gratißimæ deuotionis obsequia, quæ nobis & ecclesiæ tam deuote, quam laudabiliter exhibuiße noscimini, vt fœlices successus ecclesiæ vobis sicut specialibus describamus, & quasi deuotis ecclesiæ filijs spiritu alibus notum faciamus, quia dignum est, & conueniens, et honestum, vt quos habuimus ita in nostra deuotione firmos et stabiles, de prosperitate nostra et ecclesiæ reddamus hilares et gaudentes. Et mox sub calcem Epistolæ. Sequenti vero die in festo B. Iacobi ab eodem imperatore rogati, ad prædictam ecclesiam. S. Marci, solemnia celebraturi missarum accessimus, & nobis illuc vententibus, imperator extra ecclesiam obus am venit, & dextro Latere nostro deuote suscepto in ecclesiam introduxit. Et peractis mißarum solemnijs dextrauit nos vsque ad portam ipsius ecclesiæ. Et cum ascenderemus palfridum nostrum, strapam tenuit et omnem honorem et reuerentiam nobis exhibuit, quam prædecessores eius notris cōsueuerūt antecessoribus exhibere. Erit itaque sollicitudinis vestræ, nobis et ecclesiæ in prosperis successibus congaudere, et effectum pacis alijs deuotis ecclesiæ filijs aperire, vt hi quos zelus domus domini tangit, de pacis munere diuinitus dato, in domino gaudeant & exultent. Data venetiæ in riuo alto. 7 Kal. Aug.

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The same in English.

ALexander seruant of the seruants of god, to his reuerende brethren Roger Archbyshop of Yorke, and Hugh Bishop of Duresme gretyng, and Apostolicall blessyng. The obsequie and seruice of your kinde deuotion, which hitherto you are knowen to haue geuen bothe deuoutly and laudably to vs and to the church, require that we should describe to you, as to our speciall frendes, the prosperous successe of the church, and to lette you know as spyrituall children of the church, what hath happened to the same. For mete it is, conuenient, and also honest, that you, whome we haue had so fyrme and sure in our deuotion, should now be cheared and made ioyous in the prosperitie of vs & of the churche. And about the ende of the Epystle it foloweth thus.

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MarginaliaA meeke Emperour & a proude Pope.The next day following, which was þe feast of saint Iames, the said Emperoure so requesting, we came to the foresaid churche at saynct Marke, there to celebrate oure solemne Masse, where, as we were comming in the waye, the saide Emperour met vs without the churche, and placing vs on his right hande, brought vs so into the sayd churche. After the Masse was done, placing vs agayne on his right hande, he brought vs to the church doore. MarginaliaThe Emperor holdeth the Popes styrrup.And moreouer when we should take our palfrey, dyd hold our styrrup, exhibiting to vs suche honour and reuerence, as his progenitours were wonte to exhibite to our predecessors. Wherfore these shalbe to incite youre diligence and studye towardes vs, that you reioyce with vs and the churche, in these our prosperous successes, and also, that you shall open the same effect of peace to other deuoute children of the churche, that suche as be touched with the zeale of the house of the Lord, may congratulate and reioyce also in the Lord, for þe great working of peace which he hath geuen.

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Geuē at Venice in the depe riuer, þe 26. of Iuly

This yeare the contention reuiued agayn, spoken of a litle before. Pag. 16. Col. 1. betwenethe 2. Archbishops of Yorke and Canterbury. The occasion wherof was this. The maner & practise of the Pope is, whan he beginneth to lacke money, he sendeth some limityng Cardynall abrode, to fetche some haruest in. So there came this yeare into England (as lightly fewe yeares were without them) a certain Cardinal from Rome called Hugo, or as Houedenus nameth him, Hugezim, who would nedes keepe a counsell at Westminster. To this counsell resorted a great confluence (about middle of Lēt) of Bishops, Abbottes, Priors, Doctours, and suche other of the Clergye. As euery one was there placed in his order, and after his degree, first commeth the Archbishop of Yorke named Roger, who thinking to preuent thother Archbishop, came something soner, and streightway placed himself on the ryght hand of the Cardynal. Richard the Archbishop of Canterbury, folowing shortly after, and seing the firste taken by, refuseth to take the second, complayning of the Archbishop of Yorke, as being preiudicyall to his sea. So while the one would not ryse, the other would not sit downe, rose no small contention betwixt them two. The Archbishop of Canterbury claymed the vpper seate by the preeminence of his Churche. Contrary the Archbyshop of Yorke alledged for hym the olde decree of Gregorye (whereof mention is made before. Page. 16.) by whiche decree thys order was taken betwene these two Metropolitans of Canterbury, and of Yorke, that which of thē two should be first in election, shoulde haue the preeminence in dignity, & goe before the other. Thus they cōtēding to & fro, waxed so warme in words, þt at last they turned to hote blowes. Howe strong tharbishop of Yorke was in reasō & argument I cannot tell. But the Archb. of Cant. was stronger in force & might. Whose seruants being mo in nūber, like valiāt mē, not suffring their Mayster to take suche a foile, so preuailed against York sittīg on þe right hād of þe Cardinal, þt they pluckt him down frō þe hād to þe fote of þe Cardinal, vpō þe ground, treading

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