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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Glosses
Names and Places on this Page
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1060 []

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church


Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
1563's disputational digest

This is the unusually heavily (for 1563) annotated passage detailing objections to the arguments of the papists, along with summaries of those arguments; this passage is not in the corresponding places of the subsequent editions. Most of the marginalia help with the general task of breaking down the previous text into the bare bones of argument. Prior to the large tranche of dates and numbers which serve to this effect are some glosses which perhaps seek to set out the basic terms of debate and the distinctions worth making ('The body of Christe present. Eaten. Vnited', 'Really spiritually Sacramentally'). The gloss '2 Papa est lupus rapax. One substāce affirmed of an other denominatiuely' appears to contain a gratuitous insult (Papa est lupus rapax) unjustified by the textual content: this sort of thing was dropped in later editions. The gloss 'Chedsey taken with falsifieng of Iustines wordes' attacks Chedsey for falsifying a patristic source.

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MarginaliaThe body of Christe present. Eaten. Vnited. JN these disputations the controuersie is of the body of Christe, either to be present with vs, or to be eaten of vs, or to be vnited to vs. Whiche presence, eating, and vniting of hym to vs standeth thre maner of ways. MarginaliaReally spiritually Sacramentally. Really. Spiritually. Sacramentally. And these thre things must be cōsidered after thre diuerse respects: for the lacke of the knowledge and consideration whereof, the Papistes, whiche take vpon thē moste to mainteine this matter, are muche deceiued and deceiue many. Of whom I cānot maruel enough, that they being so full of distinctions in all their other questions, in this one matter, neither wyll make distinctiō them selues, nor abide it in other. For who seeith not, that the presence of Christes body is one to the faith and spirite of man (whiche is spirituall) and another to the body of man (whiche is bodely).

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Besydes these two there is also another presence, differing from them bothe, whiche is sacramentall. Of thynges diuers and differring in them selues, we must speake diuersly, except we will confound things together, whiche nature hath distincted a sunder.

Nowe they of the catholicke parte (as they cal thē selues, other men call them Papistes) whether for rudenes they cannot, or wilfulnes they will not se, speaking of the reall presence of Christe, thinke there is no other presence of Christe reall, but in the sacrament, being deceiued therin two maner of waies. MarginaliaA doble error of the Papistes. First that they consider not the nature of a sacrament, which is not to exhibite the thing in dede which it doth represent, but to represent effectually one thinng by another. for that is the propertie of a sacrament, to beare a similitude of one thinge by another thynge: of the whiche two thinges, the one is represented, the other in deede exhibited. Secondly that they consider not the operation of faith, whiche penetratyng vp to heauen, there apprehendeth the reall body of Christe no lesse, yea and more effectually, then if he were here bodely present to the eye.

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To these two, the third error also of these mē, may be added, in that they seme either not to weyghe the operation of Christes paßion inough, or els not to fele the heuy tormēt of sinne, and miserable hūger of mās soule: whiche if they did feale, they would easely perceyue, what a necessary and oportune nourishement to mans conscience were the body of Christe on the crosse broken, and his bloud shed.

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Wherfore these are to be distincted after their ryght termes. For that whiche is Sacramentall, by and by is not reall. And lyke as the reall presence of Christes body, is to be distincted from the spirituall presence: so is to be sayde, of the eatyng, and also of the counityng or coniunction betwixt his body and vs. For as there is a reall eating, so there is a spirituall eating, and also a Sacramentall eating.

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Nowe the Papistes, whensoeuer they speake or reade of the eatyng of Christes body, conceyue no other eating of him, but only of that in the Sacrament and no otherwyse, whiche is false, and the cause of great error: In that they see not, neither do consider howe Christe is eaten, not onely with the symboles or Sacrament, MarginaliaThe eating of Christe with the sacramēt and without the sacrament. but also without the sacrament, whiche eatyng standeth inwardly by faith, and pertayneth to the spirite of man, in apprehending or digesting with the stomacke of fayth those thynges, whiche by the

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outwarde sacrament are represented. And of this spirituall eating of Christ, speaketh the vi. chapter of saynt Iohn.

Besydes this spirituall eating there is also a sacramentall manducation of Christ his body, vnder and with the elementes of bread and wyne: that is, when both the mouth and spirite of man receiueth bothe the bread and the body together, in diuerse and sundry respectes: bread substantially, the body Sacramentally: the spirite receiueth the body onely and not the bread. &c.

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The lyke distinction also is to be made of the vniting or coniunction betwixt Christe and vs, whiche is both reall, spirituall, and sacramentall.

Further here is to be noted that to this sacramentally vniting, eating, and presence of Christ in or vnder the sacrament, belonge twoo thinges: MarginaliaMutation operation in the sacramēt Mutation, and operation, whiche the doctours muche speake of. This mutatiō is double: substantiall and accidentall.

MarginaliaMutation substantial. Substantiall mutation is called when one substaunce is chaūged into another, as water into wine, the rodde of Aaron into a serpent. &c. And this mutation whiche they call transubstantiation, belongeth nothing to the Lordes supper.

MarginaliaMutation accidentall. The other mutation (whiche is accidentall) wherof the doctours entreate, standeth in three poyntes: that is, when the vse, the name, and the honour of the Sacramentall elementes be chaunged.

In vse: as when the vse of common bread is chaūged into a mysticall and heauenly vse.

The name of bread and wyne is chaūged to the name of the body and bloude of Christ. The honour from a not reuerent, to a reuerent receiuing of the same. &c.

MarginaliaOperation About operation the Romyshe Clergie maketh muche adoe, thynking there is no other operation, but only transubstantiation: And this operation they ascribe to the v. woordes of the priest: sayinge that Christ in calling a thyng, maketh the thyng so to be.

We affirme also that the woordes of Christe doo worke, but not as thei do say, to wete they work effectually in the materiall bread and wyne, not in alteryng or transelementing the substaunce there, as Harding saith. pag. 970. col. 1. but in sanctifiēg the foresayd creatures to be a sacrament, whiche can not be but only by the vertue of the word, and of the holy ghost as S. Austen saith de Trinit. lib. 3. cap. 4. for els no priest or creature hath any suche power to make a sacrament.

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Of these forsayde distinctions here foloweth a briefe table, to make the contentes hereof more playne.


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