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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1183 [1114]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

tayne yeares, and passinge the vnder degrees had aspired (being rather therunto compelled) to the high benches: he executed his function with such iustice, fidelyty, constancy and conscience, that euen the lawe it selfe seemed no lesse to be printed, and written in his lyfe and doinges, then in the very volumes or papers: he was alwayes so vpright a Iusticier & conscionable Iudge, declyninge corruption, & embracing lawe, and equity. To these his giftes and qualities, were lynked lyke sinceritye & harty affection to religion and the Gospell of Christ. Whereunto he had bene by many yeares most earnestly set & addicted, shewing him selfe to be a Gospellor, no lesse by his word then dede, & no les at home then abrode. And as he was godly hym selfe, so brought he vp hys family, to his godly lyne and order. He had dayly seruice in hys house, which was not ministred by any of hys houshold, or wayting chaplens, but by hys owne selfe, to thentent he might be the better exāple to the rest, ioyning with this deuocion, the often reading of the holy scripture. After this sorte and maner he passed his lyfe all King Edwards time either being busied in wayghtye, and publike affaiers, or els bestowing hys tyme in vertue and godlynes, euen vntill that hys piety, by reason of the chaunge of the Prince and tyme might not, ne could, any more be suffered or permitted. And now as þe chaūge of the world and time was to euery man very daungerous, so to him in especial it appeared most perillous who was in that office and callinge, that he could neither be longe absent from it at London, neither be there occupied without presēt perill or ieoperdy, thus the state of religion being chaunged and altered. Vpon a tyme he being counselled by his frendes and welwillers, to leaue his forensical trade, and to go home, prouiding for his safety by what meanes hee could, either in flying or hiding hym selfe, refused their counsel, trusting to much there (as by and by you shall vnderstand) to hys owne wit. To be short, at the Terme tyme, when other of the lawyers were wonte to come vp to London, he the sayd syr Iames Hales likewise came vp to do his office, and function, perswading & knowing him selfe to be cleare, and inculpable, but as a mouse (according to the old sayd sawe) falling into the glewe pott. Who was not so sone at London, but that the Byshop of Winchester sent for hym, and did expostulate, about the callyng and vexing of certayne preuentlawe Priestes. 

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Hales had arrested priests who had sought to celebrate mass, which was technically still illegal, under laws of Edward VI, which had not yet been repealed.

For as yet, the masse was not by the lawes receaued and restored, although the Quene her selfe by her consēt and example, set it forward, wherwith diuers Priestes being couraged, presumed to saye Masse. And like as in a mayne, and sette battel, there are certayn nymble and light ar-

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med souldiours, which in skirmishes amongest their enemyes goe before the force of battell, euen so in this troublesome tyme there lacked none beforelawe prelates, or lyght armed, but much more lyghte harted souldiers, which ranne before the lawe, who of dutye should rather haue followed and obeyed it. And this was not only to be sene in Kent, but also in diuers other places: for in Oxford as it was told me, there was a certayne Prieste, which there in Magdeleyne colledge preparing hym selfe to saye Masse, and being almost in the myddest therof, was with his vestimentes pulled by one from the alter, and constrayned to blowe a retracte, vntill by the lawe he mighte masse it. 

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This was done by Thomas Bentham, the future bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and by Henry Bull, the editor of Letters of the Martyrs.

Thus Iudge Halles, lyke a seuere Iudge and Iusticier, suffering suche Priestes not to go vnpunyshed, as that before a lawe presumed to saye Masse, got therby the Quenes displeasure: but much more Winchesters euill wil. The which Byshop, 
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It should be noted that Gardiner was interviewing Hales in his capacity as lord chancellor and not in his ecclesiastical role as bishop of Winchester.

allthough he had nothing wherwith iustely he might burden him: yet he did expostulate with hym, as though it were concerning cruelty, who had shewed hym selfe so austere a Iudge against the Priestes. Wherfore I thought best to leaue in record all the whole communication had betwene them, as those that stoode by bare it away.

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¶ The communication betwene the Lord Chauncelor and Iudge Hales, being there among other Iudges to take his othe in Westminster hall. Anno. 1553. vi. of October. 
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This first appeared in Rerum (pp. 262-63) and is an accurate and completereprinting of a small tract: The communication betwene my lord chauncelor and judge Hales in Westminster hall. M. D. Liii. Vi of October (STC 11583). It is now known that this tract was printed on the illegal 'Michael Wood' press, operated in Stamford (Lincs) by John Day. (See Evenden).

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L. Chauncelor, I. Hales.

MAster Hales, ye shall vnderstand, that like as the Quenes highnesse hath heretofore conceiued good opiniō of you, especially, for that ye stood both faythfully and lawfully in her cause of iust succession, refusing to set your hand to the boke, among others that wer agaynst her grace in that behalfe: 

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I.e., to sign the privy council act in 1553 barring Mary from the throne.

so nowe, through your owne late desertes, agaynst certayne her highnes doinges, ye stand not well in her graces fauour. And therfore, before ye take any othe, 
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Hales had come, at the beginning of Michaelmas term, to take his oath of office as a justice of the Common Pleas.

it shallbe necessary for you to make your purgation.

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Hales. I praye you my Lorde what is the cause?

Chaun. Information is geuen, that ye haue indicted certayne Priestes in Kent, for saying Masse.

Hales. My Lord it is not so: I indicted none. but in dede certayne indictamentes of like matter were broughte before me at the laste assises there holden, and I gaue order therin as the lawe required. For I haue professed the law, agaynst which, in cases of iustice, I wyl

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