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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
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1185 [1116]

Actes and Monumentes of the church

same daye in the after none came vnto hym Iudge Portmā, and talked with him, so long til the time was come that Iudge Hales must come to supper.

Therefore when Portman hadde taken hys leaue, Maister Hales getteth hym to supper wyth a heauye troubled mynde: howebeit he did eate very lytle or no meate at all, being brought to an extreme desperation by the worme of his conscience. Albeit to saye the truth, I do not impute the fall of this man to the perswasions of the commers to hym, nor to so small causes. For in case it be true that one told me, as it is lyke to be true, his aduersaries went a more subtile waye to worke with him then all the world knoweth. For when they had hym sure in the prison, they lyke wily pies found the meanes to shut hym vp into that parte therof, where the noyse of the streetes, the tumulte and concurse, the night and daye troubles of the talke of artificers and comming to and fro of men, and besides the noyse of the prisoners harde by, ringing aboute his heade troubled hym in suche sorte, that he could not take his rest: thinking perchaunce that if theye coulde not winne by any other meanes, yet by the lacke of slepe they might soone make him geue ouer, and come vnto theyr side. And perchaunce therfore thys was the verye policye whye they made hym chaunge prisons so often. But for that I haue no certeyntye of the thynge, I wyll leaue the truth therof to the readers coniecture. And what so euer the cause was, that made hym to relent in the confession of the trueth, vndoubtedly he ws cast fourthwith into a greate repentaunce of the deede, and into a terror of cōscience therby: in somuch as when supper was done, he gate him straight to bed, where he passed ouer al that night in much care and anxietie of mynd.

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And then when it was daye, hee sent aboute syxe of the clocke for a cuppe of beere, as thoughe he were desirouse to drinke. Hys man was yet scarse out of hys chaumber, whē he wyth a penknife had wounded hys selfe in diuers places, and would without fayle haue likewise killed hym selfe, (which argueth that he was not wel in his wit) vnlesse þe goodnes of God had bene a presēt help and preseruatiō vnto hym.

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For assoone as euer hee hadde sent hys seruaunt out of hys chaumber, behold (as God would haue hym) euen in very time he mette with the butler afore the chaumbre dore, whō when he had desired to bring the drinke, hee returneth fourthwith to the chaumber agayne and by that meanes was a let to hys Maister for destroying hym selfe. When Winchester had knowledg of it, strayght waye he taketh

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occasion therby to blaspheme the doctrine of the Gospel, which he openly in the starre chaūber called the doctrine of desperation. Maister Hales being within a while after delyuered, getteth hym selfe home vnto his house, where either for the greatnes of his sorowe, or for lacke of reste and reason, or for lacke of good counsell, or for that he would auoyd the necessity of hearing masse, hauing all thinges set in an order a good whyle before, that perteyned to his testament, castinge hym selfe into a shallow ryuer, was drowned in the yeare. 1555. 

Commentary  *  Close

Actually Hales drowned himself on 4 August 1554 (DNB).

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The vnhappy chaunce of thys so worthy a iudge was surelye the cause of greate sorow and griefe vnto all good men: and it gaue occasion besides vnto certayne diuines to stand somthing in doubte with them selues whether he were reprobate, or saued, or no: about which matter it is not for me to determine, eyther this way or that waye: for he that is our iudge, the same shalbe his iudge: and he it is that will laye all thinges open, when the time commeth. This in the meane tyme is certaine and sure, that the deede of the manne in my mynde ought in no wyse to be allowed: whych if he didde wittingly, then do I discommend the mans reason. But if he did it in phrenesy and as being out of hys witte, then do I greatly pyty his case.

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Yet not withstanding, seing Gods iudgements be secrete, and we be lykewise in dout vpon what mynd and entent he dyd thus punishe hym selfe, and then beside no man is certayne and sure whether he dyd repent or no, me semeth theyr opinion is more sure and indifferent herin, which do rather dysallow the example of the dead, then dispaire of hys saluation.

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Besides that, when we consider the maner of thinges done, we must not onely haue our eye fixed vppon that which is naughty and wickedly done, but we muste also seeke out, and way with our selues what was the cause that moued, and to what ende such thinges were done.

Otherwise if we wil adiudge al those to hel, that haue departed the worlde after this sort, how many examples haue we in the first persecutions of the Churche, of those men who willynglye hauing killed & drowned themselues, onely vpon an honest cause þt bare out the matter, are yet registred in the workes of woorthy writers to their perpetuall prayse. For what shall I thinke of those yong menne, who beyng sought for to doe sacrifice to heathen idols, did cast downe themselues headlong & brake their owne neckes to auoyde suche horrible pollution of themselues. What shall I saye of those virgins of Antioch, who to the end they might

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