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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1287 [1218]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

And this Bland was a man so litle borne for his own commoditye, 

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Advantage, profit.

that no part of his lyfe was separated from the common and publike vtility of al men. For his firste doinges were there imployed to the bringing vp of children in learning and vertue. Vnder whom were trained diuers towardly younge men, whych euen at this present do handsomly florish: in the number of whom is MarginaliaMaister Blād scholmaster to D. Sandes. B. of Worcester.D. Sandes, 
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Bland either taught Sandys at Furness Abbey in Yorkshire or, more likely, at St John's, Cambridge, where they were contemporaries.

a man of such learning and worthynes, as may wel beseme a scholer meete for suche a scholemaister, whom I here gladly name, for his singular giftes of vertue and erudition. After thys he comming to the ministery in the churche of God, or rather being called therto, was inflamed with incredible desire to profite the congregation, which may appeare by this thing: that where as he was cast into Caunterbury pryson, for the preaching of the Gospell, and delyuered once or twyse from thence, at the sute of his frendes: yet would he nedes preach the Gospel agayne, as sone as he was deliuered. Whereupon, he beyng the third time imprysoned, MarginaliaMaister Bland offered by his frendes to be deliuerd refused.when hys frendes yet once agayne would haue found the meanes to haue deliuered him, if he would haue promised to abstayn from preaching: 
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The description of Bland's career is reprinted from the Rerum (p. 503) andreflects what Foxe learned about Bland in exile. It is also somewhat garbled. The mention of Bland's earlier arrest, or arrests, appears to be based on his indictment for heresy in 1543. As far as we know, he was not imprisoned then and there was no second imprisonment. (It is worth noting how Foxe moves from stating that Bland was imprisoned once or twice to affirming that there was a 'third' arrest). After this 'third' arrest (in 1553), Bland was not, by his own account, promised release if he abstained from preaching.

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he stoode in it earnestlye, that he would admit no suche condicion, notablye wel expressing vnto vs the maner and example of an Apostle, which we reade in the Apostle Paule: Who shal separat vs from the loue of Christ? tribulation, or anguishe, or hunger, or nakednes, or daunger, or persecution, or the sworde? &c. But to expresse the whole lyfe & doinges of this godlye martyr, seyng we haue his owne testimonye concerning the same: it shalbe best to referre the Reader to his owne reporte in his owne letters and declaration cōcerning þe same, as here foloweth to be sene, fyrst beginning with his letter wrytten to his father, and so forth orderly, touchyng the whole proces of his doinges.

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¶ A letter of Maister Bland, wrytten to hys Father. 
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What follows is a very long letter, written by Bland to his father sometime between March 1555 and June 1555, describing his arrest and its causes, and what happened to him after that, down to the beginnings of proceedings against him for heresy in 1555.

DEarely beloued father in Christ Iesu, I thanke you for your gentle letters. And to satiffy your mynde, as concerning the troubles whereof ye haue hearde, these shall bothe declare vnto al my vexations that haue chaunced me synce ye were wyth me, and also synce I receyued your last letters. God keepe you euer.

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Your sonne Bland.

FIrst, the thirde daye of September, beyng Sondaye, after seruice ended, and or I had put of my surplise, Iohn Austen came to the table (cōmonlye called the Lordes table) 

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I.e., the communion table. Bland had torn down the altar in the church and, in conformity with advanced protestant practice in Edward VI's reign, had erected a communion table in the nave.

and laide both his handes vpon it, saying: who set this here agayne? (Nowe they saye they tooke the table downe, the sonday before, which I knew not, neyther do I know who set it vp a-

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In Mary's reign, the table was taken down, but someone apparently re-erected it in the nave. Bland is being blamed for this and is saying that he did not know anything about it.

The Clarke  
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Laurence Ramsey, the parish clerk, was an outspoken protestant and a natural suspect.

answered, that he knewe not. Then Austen sayd: he is a knaue that set it here. I was then going downe the churche, marueiling what he ment, and sayd: Good mā Austen, the Quenes highnes hath set forth a proclamation, that ye may moue no sedition. And or I could speake any more, he said: thou art a knaue. And I sayd: wel goodman Austē, that I haue sayd, I haue sayd. By Gods soule quod hee, thou art a verye knaue. Then my clerke spake to him: but what, I am not sure. But he said, ye are both heretick knaues, and haue deceiued vs with this fashion to longe, and if he saye anye seruice here againe, I wyll lay þe table on his face: and in that rage with other toke vp the table, and layd it on a chest in the Chauncell, and sette the trestles by it.  
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Apparently the table was simply a board set upon a pair of trestles.

Wherefore I rode by and by to master Isaac, and shewed him the cause, both how seditiously he had spoken, and performed it with a like dede. Maister Isaac directed a warrant to the Constable or Bosholder,  
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A parish officer with functions identical to that of a petty constable [OED].

which was incontinently serued, so that he was brought before hym the same night, and was bounde by Recognisance, wyth Sureties, to appeare, yf hee were called. But we agreed so wel them, that it was neuer called: for þe table was brought downe, and I was permitted as before.  
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Round one to Bland; with the support of Edward Issacs, a JP and a staunch protestant, he had got a writ that directed that the communion table be restored. At this point, early in Mary's reign with the old Edwardian laws still on the books, the law was still on Bland's side.

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The. xxvi. day of Nouember, being Sonday, Richard Austen, & his brother Thomas came to the foresaid table, after the Communion was done, and as I was going by, then Richarde sayde vnto me: Maister Person, we haue to speake to you. And I sayde, what is your wyl? And he sayd, you knowe that you tooke downe the Tabernacle or selyng, wher in the roode dyd hang, and such other things: we would knowe what receompence you wyll make vs. For the Quenes procedinges ar (as you know) that such must vp agayne. 

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Bland had destroyed the rood loft in the church at Adisham. Marian legislation had decreed that the roodlofts be restored.

Quod I, I know no such procedinges as yet: and as for al that I dyd, I dyd it by commaundemēt. No sayd Thomas Austen: ye wyl not knowe the Quenes procedinges. Yes sayde I, I refuse not to know them.  
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Austen is charging Bland with wilfully defying Mary's orders on the restoration of the roodlofts; Bland is protesting that he is not defying the queen, he is simply unaware of such orders.

Then sayd Rychard, ye are againste the Queenes procedinges: for you sayd that there are abhominable vses and deuelishnes in the Masse. Goodman Austen said I, if I so said, I wyl say it agayne, & God willing, stand to the proofe of it. Maisters all quod Richarde Austen, beare recorde of these woordes, and went his way. Quod Thomas Austen, thou wylt as sone eate this booke, as stand to them. No quod I, not so soone. Tell vs quod he, what that deuilyshnes is, that is in the Masse? I haue oftē preached it vnto you sayde I, and ye haue not beleued it, nor borne it away, nor wyll now neyther, though I shoulde tel you. Thou, quod he, hast tolde vs alwayes lyke an heretike, as thou art. Nowe ye lye goodmā Austen, quod, I by your leaue.

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